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Place of Usual Residence (PURP, IFPURP)
1 Not imputed - State/Territory, SA2 and SA1 stated
2 SA1 imputed - State/Territory and SA2 stated
3 SA2 and SA1 imputed - State/Territory and/or Capital City provided
4 State/Territory, SA2 and SA1 imputed
More information about imputation can be found in the 2016 Census Dictionary.
Prior to the 1961 Census, questions did not differentiate between Place of Enumeration and Place of Usual Residence. A question relating to Place of Usual Residence was first asked in the 1971 Census and has been asked at every census since then.
Place of Usual Residence is a hierarchical classification, ranging from the broadest geographic level (Australia), to the finest level (Statistical Area Level 1). The categories in this variable have changed to reflect the updated Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) used for the 2016 Census. Provision is also made for persons who indicate that they have no usual place of residence.
The majority of cases where Place of Usual residence was imputed are attributable to persons that either did not return a form or returned a form but did not provide any usual address information. A smaller proportion provided address information that was not able to be coded to an Statistical Area Level 1, but was able to be coded to a higher geographic level. For more information, refer to Understanding Census data quality.
Using the Imputation Flag for Place of Usual Residence, the non-response rate for this variable at the Statistical Area Level 2 (SA2) geographic level was 5.3% (3.8% in 2011), and the non-response rate at the Statistical Area Level 1 (SA1) geographic level was 5.4% (3.9% in 2011).
Data usage notes
The technical definition of usual residence refers to the address at which a person lives or intends to live for six months or more. Persons visiting Australia from another country for less than one year are considered overseas visitors. However, the data are self-reported and in some cases, the address that is reported may be that which respondents consider their 'usual address' rather than necessary meeting the technical definition.
Prior to 2016, usual address information for persons staying in a non-private dwelling (hotel, hospitals) on Census night was recorded on a Summary form by a Census Field Officer. In 2016, under the new enumeration method, usual address information was no longer collected during the non-private dwelling enumeration process. If a form was not returned by a respondent in a non-private dwelling, then usual address information was imputed during processing.
A definition of Place of Usual Residence is available in the 2016 Census Dictionary.
For information on variables related to Place of Usual Residence, see UAICP (Usual Address Indicator Census Night).
For more information on the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) and it's recent updates, please refer to the ABS Geography page.
Household form question image
Question 8 as it appeared on the 2016 Census Household Paper Form:
A text only version of the online Census Household form is available from the Downloads tab.
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