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Community Development Programme Participation (CDPP)
Community Development Programme Participation is a person variable that is created based on the response to the question of whether the person had a job of any kind in the week prior to the Census on the Interviewer Household Form.
Community Development Programme Participation is derived from mark boxes to indicate the responses to question 42 on the Interviewer Household Form. An image of this question is provided below.
It is a multi-mark question and the following multi-mark rules apply. If a respondent answered they had a CDP job as well as a non-CDP job, the non-CDP job has precedence over the CDP job and they were classified as not a CDP participant (note that this does not relate to CDP participation rules). If there was not enough information to determine whether the respondent was a CDP participant or not, they were classified as 'not stated'. For example, if 'no, did not have job' was the only response marked.
The derivation rules for classifying a applicable person (15 years and over who responded using Interviewer Household Form) are summarised below.
Introduced in July 2015, the Community Development Programme (CDP) is a Government initiative assisting job seekers in remote areas to gain the skills, training and capabilities needed to find sustainable employment and contribute to their communities through a range of flexible activities. The programme aims to improve the economic and social well-being of remote communities. CDP replaced the Remote Jobs and Communities Program (RJCP), which replaced the Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) scheme in July 2013. CDEP was operating during the 2011 Census and was captured in 2011 data.
Non-response rate only applies to data items that directly reflect responses to individual Census form questions. Because of the way this variable is derived, the non-response rate for the Community Development Programme Participation variable cannot be determined. However, as an indication of the quality of the Community Development Programme Participation variable, 10.4% of applicable persons did not answer question 42 on the Interviewer Household Form. The non-response rate to the 2011 question was 6.8% (see data usage notes section below).
For more information about non-response rates, refer to Understanding Census data quality.
Data usage notes
The CDP involves a broader range of activities than would be captured by the question asked on the Interviewer Household Form, which aims to identify participation in a CDP job.
People assigned the 'not stated' category in the Community Development Programme Participation variable included those who did not answer the question and those who responded 'No, did not have a job' and then did not answer subsequent questions. Some of these people may have been CDP Participants.
A person's response to the question on the Interviewer Household Form, in conjunction with responses to other labour force questions on the form, were used to assign a labour force status. Because of the changing history of participation requirements and programs in remote areas, CDP participants use mixed terminology to describe the kinds of activities they are participating in, and have differing views about whether or not they consider different activities a ‘job’. Some CDP participants may have answered this question by stating that they are in a ‘CDP job’, while others may not. The question asked was aimed at identifying participation for the purposes of deriving labour force status, rather than measuring CDP participation.
As part of the changes from Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) scheme in 2011 to Community Development Programme (CDP) in 2016, payment arrangements for participants were changed, which changed the nature of their labour force status.
This difference in the classification of people participating in these programmes in 2011 and 2016 may contribute to changes in comparisons over time of labour force (employment and unemployment) numbers in discrete Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.
A definition of Community Development Programme Participation is available in the 2016 Census Dictionary.
For more information related to Community Development Programme Participation, see the data quality statement for Labour Force Status.
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2900.0 - Census of Population and Housing: Understanding the Census and Census Data, Australia , 2016
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