Western Australia

Latest release
2016 Census Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people QuickStats
Geography type State/Territory
Area code 5
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people 75,976
Male 50.0%
Female 50.0%
Median age 23
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander households 26,536
Average people per household 3.3
Median weekly household income $1,210
Median monthly mortgage repayments $1,830
Median weekly rent $216
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People

demographics & education | cultural & language diversity | employment

Demographics & education

People tables are based on a person's place of usual residence on Census night

People Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
Aboriginal 72,920 96.0 67,065 96.3 590,062 90.9
Torres Strait Islander 1,433 1.9 1,308 1.9 32,344 5.0
Both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander 1,623 2.1 1,297 1.9 26,767 4.1

For the 2016 Census in Western Australia, there were 75,976 Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people. Of these, 50.0% were male and 50.0% were female.

View the data quality statements for: Place of Usual Residence (PURP) Indigenous status (INGP)

Age Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
Median age 23 -- 22 -- 23 --
0-4 years 8,409 11.1 8,237 11.8 73,265 11.3
5-14 years 16,962 22.3 16,299 23.4 147,134 22.7
15-24 years 14,074 18.5 13,454 19.3 123,719 19.1
25-34 years 11,452 15.1 9,853 14.1 88,861 13.7
35-44 years 8,860 11.7 8,892 12.8 72,394 11.2
45-54 years 7,894 10.4 6,687 9.6 67,415 10.4
55-64 years 5,136 6.8 3,919 5.6 45,433 7.0
65 years and over 3,192 4.2 2,326 3.3 30,952 4.8

In Western Australia, the median age of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people was 23 years. Of the Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people 33.4% were children aged 0 to 14 years and 4.2% were people aged 65 years and over.

View the data quality statement for Age (AGEP)
Registered marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
Married 11,239 22.2 9,895 21.9 105,086 24.5
Separated 2,212 4.4 1,872 4.1 19,112 4.5
Divorced 2,587 5.1 2,126 4.7 28,796 6.7
Widowed 1,610 3.2 1,601 3.5 13,794 3.2
Never married 32,956 65.1 29,643 65.7 261,980 61.1

In Western Australia, 22.2% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people were married and 9.5% were either divorced or separated.

View the data quality statement for Registered marital status (MSTP)
Social marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
Registered marriage 7,947 19.2 7,100 19.2 86,716 23.1
De facto marriage 8,309 20.1 7,293 19.7 60,051 16.0
Not married 25,162 60.8 22,674 61.2 228,281 60.9

In Western Australia, 19.2% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people were in a registered marriage and 20.1% were in a de facto marriage.

View the data quality statement for Social marital status (MDCP)
Education attendance Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
Pre-school 1,590 5.2 1,799 6.4 16,698 6.4
Primary 10,756 35.4 10,335 36.7 97,859 37.5
Secondary 7,314 24.0 5,053 17.9 65,208 25.0
Technical or further education institution 1,155 3.8 1,213 4.3 14,227 5.5
University or tertiary institution 1,243 4.1 927 3.3 15,489 5.9
Other 479 1.6 350 1.2 5,047 1.9
Not stated 7,887 25.9 8,479 30.1 46,428 17.8

Of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Western Australia, 40.0% were attending an educational institution. Of these, 35.4% were attending a primary school, 24.0% were attending a secondary school and 7.9% were attending a tertiary or technical institution.

View the data quality statement for Educational Institution Attendee Status (TYSTAP)
Level of highest educational attainment
People aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
Bachelor Degree level and above 2,154 4.3 -- -- 24,911 5.8
Advanced Diploma and Diploma level 1,880 3.7 -- -- 23,795 5.5
Certificate level IV 1,436 2.8 -- -- 14,308 3.3
Certificate level III 5,480 10.8 -- -- 56,625 13.2
Year 12 6,950 13.7 -- -- 59,949 14.0
Year 11 4,983 9.8 -- -- 34,674 8.1
Year 10 10,472 20.7 -- -- 77,265 18.0
Certificate level II 92 0.2 -- -- 1,215 0.3
Certificate level I 20 0.0 -- -- 241 0.1
Year 9 or below 6,343 12.5 -- -- 64,604 15.1
No educational attainment 708 1.4 -- -- 4,256 1.0
Not stated 9,070 17.9 -- -- 56,698 13.2

Of people aged 15 and over in Western Australia, 13.7% reported having completed Year 12 as their highest level of educational attainment, 13.7% had completed a Certificate III or IV and 3.7% had completed an Advanced Diploma or Diploma.

2011 benchmarks are not available for this data item.

View the data quality statement for Level of highest educational attainment (HEAP)

Cultural & language diversity

Australian Indigenous language, top responses Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
Kriol 2,367 3.1 1,936 2.8 7,108 1.1
Ngaanyatjarra 1,076 1.4 1,003 1.4 1,091 0.2
Martu Wangka 709 0.9 590 0.8 720 0.1
Nyungar 387 0.5 322 0.5 443 0.1
Yindjibarndi 371 0.5 297 0.4 373 0.1
 null  null  null  null  null  null  null
English only spoken at home 59,629 78.5 54,755 78.6 544,491 83.9

English was the only language spoken at home by 78.5% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Western Australia. Indigenous languages spoken at home include Kriol 3.1%, Ngaanyatjarra 1.4%, Martu Wangka 0.9%, Nyungar 0.5% and Yindjibarndi 0.5%.

View the data quality statement for Language spoken at home (LANP)
Ancestry, top responses Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
Australian 45,794 45.9 39,698 45.8 399,843 45.0
Australian Aboriginal 20,368 20.4 19,086 22.0 140,480 15.8
English 14,567 14.6 11,600 13.4 152,758 17.2
Irish 3,490 3.5 2,508 2.9 45,887 5.2
Scottish 2,659 2.7 1,732 2.0 30,843 3.5

Respondents had the option of reporting up to two ancestries on their Census form, and this is captured by the Ancestry Multi Response (ANCP) variable used in this table. Therefore, the total responses count will not equal the persons count for this area. Calculated percentages represent a proportion of all responses from people in Western Australia (including those who did not state an ancestry).

For Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Western Australia, the most common ancestries were Australian 45.9%, Australian Aboriginal 20.4%, English 14.6%, Irish 3.5% and Scottish 2.7%.

View the data quality statement for Ancestry (ANCP)

Employment

Employment
People who reported being in the labour force, aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
Worked full-time 11,109 47.1 9,991 47.9 106,960 48.0
Worked part-time 5,385 22.8 5,110 24.5 61,049 27.4
Away from work 1,871 7.9 2,058 9.9 14,143 6.4
Unemployed 5,241 22.2 3,709 17.8 40,486 18.2
Not in the labour force 24,363 48.1 21,105 46.8 190,132 44.3

There were 23,606 people who reported being in the labour force in the week before Census night in Western Australia. Of these 47.1% were employed full time, 22.8% were employed part-time and 22.2% were unemployed.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

For information on the Community Development Programme (CDP) please refer to the Census Data Dictionary. CDP data is available in TableBuilder.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status (LFSP)
Occupation, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
Community and Personal Service Workers 2,831 15.4 2,684 15.6 30,991 17.0
Technicians and Trades Workers 2,736 14.9 2,254 13.1 24,399 13.4
Machinery Operators and Drivers 2,631 14.3 2,258 13.1 16,774 9.2
Professionals 2,482 13.5 2,224 13.0 24,339 13.4
Labourers 2,440 13.3 3,044 17.7 27,814 15.3
Clerical and Administrative Workers 2,247 12.2 2,197 12.8 23,174 12.7
Managers 1,149 6.3 979 5.7 12,844 7.1
Sales Workers 1,139 6.2 824 4.8 15,791 8.7

For Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Western Australia, the most common occupations were Community and Personal Service Workers 15.4%, Technicians and Trades Workers 14.9%, Machinery Operators and Drivers 14.3%, Professionals 13.5%, Labourers 13.3%, Clerical and Administrative Workers 12.2%, Managers 6.3% and Sales Workers 6.2%.

View the data quality statement for Occupation (OCCP)
Industry of employment, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
Iron Ore Mining 1,777 9.7 1,186 6.9 1,970 1.1
Primary Education 586 3.2 653 3.8 4,897 2.7
Supermarket and Grocery Stores 454 2.5 302 1.8 5,555 3.1
Local Government Administration 422 2.3 609 3.6 5,511 3.0
Other Social Assistance Services 389 2.1 412 2.4 5,302 2.9

For Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Western Australia, the most common industries of employment were Iron Ore Mining 9.7%, Primary Education 3.2%, Supermarket and Grocery Stores 2.5%, Local Government Administration 2.3% and Other Social Assistance Services 2.1%.

View the data quality statement for Industry of employment (INDP)
Median weekly incomes
People aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
Personal 398 -- 348 -- 441 --
Household 1,210 -- 1,044 -- 1,203 --

The median weekly personal income for Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Western Australia was $398 and the median weekly household income was $1,210.

View the data quality statements for: Total personal income (INCP) Total household income (HIND)

Unpaid work
People aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 28,306 55.9 24,306 53.9 263,334 61.4
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 15,384 30.4 14,168 31.4 136,079 31.7
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 6,219 12.3 5,311 11.8 58,541 13.7
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 6,249 12.3 4,522 10.0 63,303 14.8

In Western Australia, of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, 55.9% did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census. During the two weeks before the Census, 30.4% provided care for children and 12.3% assisted family members or others due to a disability, long term illness or problems related to old age. In the year before the Census, 12.3% of people did voluntary work through an organisation or a group.

View the data quality statements for: Unpaid domestic work (DOMP) Unpaid child care (CHCAREP) Unpaid assistance (UNCAREP) Voluntary work (VOLWP)

Dwellings

dwelling characteristics | dwelling structure

Dwelling characteristics

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling characteristics
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
Average number of people per household 3.3 -- 3.5 -- 3.2 --
Average number of persons per bedroom 1 -- (a) -- 1 --
Average number of registered motor vehicles per dwelling 1.7 -- 1.5 -- 1.7 --

a) There has been change in methodology used to calculate the average number of persons per bedroom. To compare the time series for average number of persons per bedroom please refer to Understanding the Census and Census Data

In Western Australia, for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the average household size was 3.3 persons, with 1 persons per bedroom and 1.7 registered motor vehicles per dwelling.

View the data quality statements for: Number of Bedrooms in Private Dwelling (BEDD) Household composition (HHCD) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

Housing costs
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
Median weekly rent 216 -- 154 -- 250 --
Median monthly mortgage repayments 1,830 -- 1,733 -- 1,660 --

In Western Australia, for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the median weekly rent was $216 and the median monthly mortgage repayment was $1,830.

View the data quality statements for: Rent weekly payments (RNTD) Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

Family household composition
Counts the types of families within family households at the dwelling level
Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
One family household: Couple family with no children 4,014 15.1 3,001 13.6 42,536 16.2
One family household: Couple family with children 8,217 31.0 7,082 32.0 80,803 30.7
One family household: One parent family 6,970 26.3 6,031 27.3 67,528 25.7
One family household: Other family 740 2.8 568 2.6 5,547 2.1
Multiple family household: Couple family with no children 196 0.7 122 0.6 2,223 0.8
Multiple family household: Couple family with children 531 2.0 571 2.6 4,951 1.9
Multiple family household: One parent family 673 2.5 760 3.4 5,768 2.2
Multiple family household: Other family 76 0.3 40 0.2 471 0.2
Other household 5,123 19.3 3,955 17.9 53,195 20.2

In Western Australia, of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander households, 15.9% were a couple family with no children, 33.0% were a couple family with children and 28.8% were a one parent family.

In multiple family households, only the family composition of the primary family is recorded. Other household includes lone person households and group households.

View the data quality statement for Family Household Composition, dwelling level (HCFMD)

Dwelling structure

Dwelling structure
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
Separate house 22,121 83.8 18,449 83.3 211,205 80.7
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 3,075 11.7 2,005 9.1 27,017 10.3
Flat or apartment 952 3.6 1,311 5.9 20,580 7.9
Other dwelling 241 0.9 318 1.4 2,897 1.1

In Western Australia there were 26,536 private dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people. Where a dwelling type was stated, 83.8% were separate houses, 11.7% were semi-detached, row or terrace houses, townhouses etc, 3.6% were flats or apartments and 0.9% were other dwellings.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling structure (STRD)
Tenure
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Western Australia % Western Australia 2011 % 2011 Australia % Australia
Owned outright 2,449 9.2 1,895 8.6 32,045 12.2
Owned with a mortgage 6,725 25.3 5,097 23.0 68,085 25.9
Rented 15,937 60.1 13,866 62.7 150,832 57.3
Other tenure type 220 0.8 156 0.7 1,888 0.7
Tenure type not stated 1,208 4.6 1,115 5.0 10,182 3.9

In Western Australia, of dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, 9.2% were owned outright, 25.3% were owned with a mortgage and 60.1% were rented.

View the data quality statement for Tenure type (TEND)

Small random adjustments have been made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals. For further information, go to the User Guide for QuickStats.

Data reported for Australia and Other Territories now includes Norfolk Island, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. Because Norfolk Island has not previously been included in the Census, any 2011 benchmarks will not include Norfolk Island.