Townsville

2016 Census Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people QuickStats
Area code 318
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people 18,007
Male 49.9%
Female 50.1%
Median age 21
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander households 6,302
Average people per household 3.3
Median weekly household income $1,153
Median monthly mortgage repayments $1,603
Median weekly rent $250

(a) This label has been updated to more accurately reflect the Census concept shown in this data item. The data has not changed.

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People

demographics & education | cultural & language diversity | employment

Demographics & education

People tables are based on a person's place of usual residence on Census night

People Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Aboriginal 13,663 75.9 148,940 79.9 590,062 90.9
Torres Strait Islander 2,132 11.8 21,056 11.3 32,344 5.0
Both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander 2,212 12.3 16,487 8.8 26,767 4.1

For the 2016 Census in Townsville, there were 18,007 Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people. Of these, 49.9% were male and 50.1% were female.

View the data quality statements for: Place of Usual Residence (PURP) Indigenous status (INGP)

Age Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Median age 21 -- 22 -- 23 --
0-4 years 2,181 12.1 21,857 11.7 73,265 11.3
5-14 years 4,325 24.0 44,223 23.7 147,134 22.7
15-24 years 3,642 20.2 35,876 19.2 123,719 19.1
25-34 years 2,455 13.6 24,524 13.2 88,861 13.7
35-44 years 1,969 10.9 20,754 11.1 72,394 11.2
45-54 years 1,675 9.3 18,739 10.0 67,415 10.4
55-64 years 1,095 6.1 12,308 6.6 45,433 7.0
65 years and over 665 3.7 8,194 4.4 30,952 4.8

In Townsville, the median age of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people was 21 years. Of the Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people 36.1% were children aged 0 to 14 years and 3.7% were people aged 65 years and over.

View the data quality statement for Age (AGEP)
Registered marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Married 2,156 18.7 26,266 21.8 105,086 24.5
Separated 425 3.7 5,219 4.3 19,112 4.5
Divorced 595 5.2 7,870 6.5 28,796 6.7
Widowed 295 2.6 3,492 2.9 13,794 3.2
Never married 8,032 69.8 77,564 64.4 261,980 61.1

In Townsville, 18.7% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people were married and 8.9% were either divorced or separated.

View the data quality statement for Registered marital status (MSTP)
Social marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Registered marriage 1,719 17.8 22,449 21.1 86,716 23.1
De facto marriage 1,811 18.7 18,992 17.9 60,051 16.0
Not married 6,129 63.5 64,807 61.0 228,281 60.9

In Townsville, 17.8% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people were in a registered marriage and 18.7% were in a de facto marriage.

View the data quality statement for Social marital status (MDCP)
Education attendance Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Pre-school 300 4.1 3,597 4.9 16,698 6.4
Primary 2,768 37.8 29,132 39.8 97,859 37.5
Secondary 2,015 27.5 19,602 26.8 65,208 25.0
Technical or further education institution 257 3.5 3,177 4.3 14,227 5.5
University or tertiary institution 464 6.3 4,645 6.3 15,489 5.9
Other 183 2.5 1,750 2.4 5,047 1.9
Not stated 1,345 18.3 11,357 15.5 46,428 17.8

Of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Townsville, 40.7% were attending an educational institution. Of these, 37.8% were attending a primary school, 27.5% were attending a secondary school and 9.8% were attending a tertiary or technical institution.

View the data quality statement for Educational Institution Attendee Status (TYSTAP)
Level of highest educational attainment
People aged 15 years and over
Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Bachelor Degree level and above 463 4.0 6,490 5.4 24,911 5.8
Advanced Diploma and Diploma level 594 5.2 7,156 5.9 23,795 5.5
Certificate level IV 345 3.0 3,808 3.2 14,308 3.3
Certificate level III 1,516 13.2 17,714 14.7 56,625 13.2
Year 12 2,148 18.7 21,285 17.7 59,949 14.0
Year 11 1,060 9.2 9,701 8.1 34,674 8.1
Year 10 2,127 18.5 21,474 17.8 77,265 18.0
Certificate level II 34 0.3 280 0.2 1,215 0.3
Certificate level I 4 0.0 58 0.0 241 0.1
Year 9 or below 1,479 12.9 15,282 12.7 64,604 15.1
No educational attainment 85 0.7 920 0.8 4,256 1.0
Not stated 1,441 12.5 13,484 11.2 56,698 13.2

Of people aged 15 and over in Townsville, 18.7% reported having completed Year 12 as their highest level of educational attainment, 16.2% had completed a Certificate III or IV and 5.2% had completed an Advanced Diploma or Diploma.

View the data quality statement for Level of highest educational attainment (HEAP)

Cultural & language diversity

Australian Indigenous language, top responses Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Yumplatok (Torres Strait Creole) 262 1.5 5,742 3.1 6,000 0.9
Aboriginal English, so described 23 0.1 183 0.1 625 0.1
Meriam Mir 21 0.1 187 0.1 213 0.0
Kriol 16 0.1 354 0.2 7,108 1.1
Wik Mungkan 11 0.1 440 0.2 444 0.1
 null  null  null  null  null  null  null
English only spoken at home 15,944 88.5 161,165 86.4 544,491 83.9

English was the only language spoken at home by 88.5% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Townsville. Indigenous languages spoken at home include Yumplatok (Torres Strait Creole) 1.5%, Aboriginal English, so described 0.1%, Meriam Mir 0.1%, Kriol 0.1% and Wik Mungkan 0.1%.

View the data quality statement for Language spoken at home (LANP)
Ancestry, top responses Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Australian 10,550 42.0 114,137 43.5 399,843 45.0
Australian Aboriginal 4,092 16.3 36,062 13.8 140,480 15.8
English 3,523 14.0 41,381 15.8 152,758 17.2
Torres Strait Islander 1,234 4.9 13,059 5.0 14,948 1.7
Irish 1,091 4.3 13,013 5.0 45,887 5.2

Respondents had the option of reporting up to two ancestries on their Census form, and this is captured by the Ancestry Multi Response (ANCP) variable used in this table. Therefore, the total responses count will not equal the persons count for this area. Calculated percentages represent a proportion of all responses from people in Townsville (including those who did not state an ancestry).

For Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Townsville, the most common ancestries were Australian 42.0%, Australian Aboriginal 16.3%, English 14.0%, Torres Strait Islander 4.9% and Irish 4.3%.

View the data quality statement for Ancestry (ANCP)

Employment

Employment
People who reported being in the labour force, aged 15 years and over
Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Worked full-time 2,515 43.4 30,836 46.8 106,960 48.0
Worked part-time 1,518 26.2 17,867 27.1 61,049 27.4
Away from work 323 5.6 3,935 6.0 14,143 6.4
Unemployed 1,436 24.8 13,259 20.1 40,486 18.2
Not in the labour force 5,462 47.5 51,070 42.4 190,132 44.3

There were 5,792 people who reported being in the labour force in the week before Census night in Townsville. Of these 43.4% were employed full time, 26.2% were employed part-time and 24.8% were unemployed.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

For information on the Community Development Programme (CDP) please refer to the Census Data Dictionary. CDP data is available in TableBuilder.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status (LFSP)
Occupation, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Community and Personal Service Workers 977 22.5 8,935 17.0 30,991 17.0
Labourers 685 15.7 8,925 17.0 27,814 15.3
Clerical and Administrative Workers 559 12.9 6,728 12.8 23,174 12.7
Technicians and Trades Workers 534 12.3 7,056 13.4 24,399 13.4
Professionals 498 11.4 6,202 11.8 24,339 13.4
Machinery Operators and Drivers 412 9.5 5,130 9.7 16,774 9.2
Sales Workers 338 7.8 4,797 9.1 15,791 8.7
Managers 219 5.0 3,333 6.3 12,844 7.1

For Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Townsville, the most common occupations were Community and Personal Service Workers 22.5%, Labourers 15.7%, Clerical and Administrative Workers 12.9%, Technicians and Trades Workers 12.3%, Professionals 11.4%, Machinery Operators and Drivers 9.5%, Sales Workers 7.8% and Managers 5.0%.

View the data quality statement for Occupation (OCCP)
Industry of employment, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Local Government Administration 177 4.2 2,109 4.0 5,511 3.0
Hospitals (except Psychiatric Hospitals) 176 4.1 1,812 3.4 5,542 3.0
Defence 166 3.9 459 0.9 1,602 0.9
Primary Education 145 3.4 1,434 2.7 4,897 2.7
Other Social Assistance Services 145 3.4 1,349 2.6 5,302 2.9

For Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Townsville, the most common industries of employment were Local Government Administration 4.2%, Hospitals (except Psychiatric Hospitals) 4.1%, Defence 3.9%, Primary Education 3.4% and Other Social Assistance Services 3.4%.

View the data quality statement for Industry of employment (INDP)
Median weekly incomes
People aged 15 years and over
Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Personal 424 -- 453 -- 441 --
Household 1,153 -- 1,222 -- 1,203 --

The median weekly personal income for Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Townsville was $424 and the median weekly household income was $1,153.

View the data quality statements for: Total personal income (INCP) Total household income (HIND)

Unpaid work
People aged 15 years and over
Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 6,763 58.8 75,703 62.9 263,334 61.4
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 3,589 31.2 38,265 31.8 136,079 31.7
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 1,355 11.8 15,171 12.6 58,541 13.7
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 1,473 12.8 18,300 15.2 63,303 14.8

In Townsville, of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, 58.8% did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census. During the two weeks before the Census, 31.2% provided care for children and 11.8% assisted family members or others due to a disability, long term illness or problems related to old age. In the year before the Census, 12.8% of people did voluntary work through an organisation or a group.

View the data quality statements for: Unpaid domestic work (DOMP) Unpaid child care (CHCAREP) Unpaid assistance (UNCAREP) Voluntary work (VOLWP)

Dwellings

dwelling characteristics | dwelling structure

Dwelling characteristics

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling characteristics
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Average number of people per household 3.3 -- 3.3 -- 3.2 --
Average number of persons per bedroom 1 -- 1 -- 1 --
Average number of registered motor vehicles per dwelling 1.5 -- 1.7 -- 1.7 --

There has been change in methodology used to calculate the average number of persons per bedroom. To compare the time series for average number of persons per bedroom please refer to Understanding the Census and Census Data

In Townsville, for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the average household size was 3.3 persons, with 1 persons per bedroom and 1.5 registered motor vehicles per dwelling.

View the data quality statements for: Number of Bedrooms in Private Dwelling (BEDD) Household composition (HHCD) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

Housing costs
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Median weekly rent 250 -- 270 -- 250 --
Median monthly mortgage repayments 1,603 -- 1,733 -- 1,660 --

In Townsville, for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the median weekly rent was $250 and the median monthly mortgage repayment was $1,603.

View the data quality statements for: Rent weekly payments (RNTD) Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

Family household composition
Counts the types of families within family households at the dwelling level
Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
One family household: Couple family with no children 916 14.5 11,886 15.9 42,536 16.2
One family household: Couple family with children 1,884 29.9 23,609 31.6 80,803 30.7
One family household: One parent family 1,805 28.6 19,239 25.8 67,528 25.7
One family household: Other family 143 2.3 1,624 2.2 5,547 2.1
Multiple family household: Couple family with no children 37 0.6 576 0.8 2,223 0.8
Multiple family household: Couple family with children 103 1.6 1,381 1.8 4,951 1.9
Multiple family household: One parent family 140 2.2 1,702 2.3 5,768 2.2
Multiple family household: Other family 8 0.1 117 0.2 471 0.2
Other household 1,270 20.1 14,572 19.5 53,195 20.2

In Townsville, of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander households, 15.1% were a couple family with no children, 31.5% were a couple family with children and 30.8% were a one parent family.

In multiple family households, only the family composition of the primary family is recorded. Other household includes lone person households and group households.

View the data quality statement for Family Household Composition, dwelling level (HCFMD)

Dwelling structure

Dwelling structure
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Separate house 5,181 82.7 60,179 80.9 211,205 80.7
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 614 9.8 6,987 9.4 27,017 10.3
Flat or apartment 409 6.5 6,288 8.5 20,580 7.9
Other dwelling 61 1.0 909 1.2 2,897 1.1

In Townsville there were 6,302 private dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people. Where a dwelling type was stated, 82.7% were separate houses, 9.8% were semi-detached, row or terrace houses, townhouses etc, 6.5% were flats or apartments and 1.0% were other dwellings.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling structure (STRD)
Tenure
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Townsville % Townsville Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Owned outright 474 7.5 7,727 10.3 32,045 12.2
Owned with a mortgage 1,350 21.5 17,634 23.6 68,085 25.9
Rented 4,184 66.5 46,197 61.8 150,832 57.3
Other tenure type 27 0.4 409 0.5 1,888 0.7
Tenure type not stated 257 4.1 2,743 3.7 10,182 3.9

In Townsville, of dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, 7.5% were owned outright, 21.5% were owned with a mortgage and 66.5% were rented.

View the data quality statement for Tenure type (TEND)

Small random adjustments have been made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals. For further information, go to the User Guide for QuickStats.

Data reported for Australia and Other Territories now includes Norfolk Island, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. Because Norfolk Island has not previously been included in the Census, any 2011 benchmarks will not include Norfolk Island.