Toowoomba

2016 Census Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people QuickStats
Area code 317
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people 5,779
Male 48.5%
Female 51.5%
Median age 19
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander households 2,446
Average people per household 3.3
Median weekly household income $1,210
Median monthly mortgage repayments $1,540
Median weekly rent $290

(a) This label has been updated to more accurately reflect the Census concept shown in this data item. The data has not changed.

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People

demographics & education | cultural & language diversity | employment

Demographics & education

People tables are based on a person's place of usual residence on Census night

People Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Aboriginal 5,420 93.8 148,940 79.9 590,062 90.9
Torres Strait Islander 182 3.1 21,056 11.3 32,344 5.0
Both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander 177 3.1 16,487 8.8 26,767 4.1

For the 2016 Census in Toowoomba, there were 5,779 Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people. Of these, 48.5% were male and 51.5% were female.

View the data quality statements for: Place of Usual Residence (PURP) Indigenous status (INGP)

Age Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Median age 19 -- 22 -- 23 --
0-4 years 747 12.9 21,857 11.7 73,265 11.3
5-14 years 1,572 27.2 44,223 23.7 147,134 22.7
15-24 years 1,152 19.9 35,876 19.2 123,719 19.1
25-34 years 686 11.9 24,524 13.2 88,861 13.7
35-44 years 616 10.7 20,754 11.1 72,394 11.2
45-54 years 506 8.8 18,739 10.0 67,415 10.4
55-64 years 296 5.1 12,308 6.6 45,433 7.0
65 years and over 205 3.5 8,194 4.4 30,952 4.8

In Toowoomba, the median age of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people was 19 years. Of the Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people 40.1% were children aged 0 to 14 years and 3.5% were people aged 65 years and over.

View the data quality statement for Age (AGEP)
Registered marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Married 789 22.8 26,266 21.8 105,086 24.5
Separated 156 4.5 5,219 4.3 19,112 4.5
Divorced 273 7.9 7,870 6.5 28,796 6.7
Widowed 83 2.4 3,492 2.9 13,794 3.2
Never married 2,166 62.5 77,564 64.4 261,980 61.1

In Toowoomba, 22.8% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people were married and 12.4% were either divorced or separated.

View the data quality statement for Registered marital status (MSTP)
Social marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Registered marriage 716 23.0 22,449 21.1 86,716 23.1
De facto marriage 486 15.6 18,992 17.9 60,051 16.0
Not married 1,909 61.4 64,807 61.0 228,281 60.9

In Toowoomba, 23.0% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people were in a registered marriage and 15.6% were in a de facto marriage.

View the data quality statement for Social marital status (MDCP)
Education attendance Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Pre-school 116 4.7 3,597 4.9 16,698 6.4
Primary 1,024 41.2 29,132 39.8 97,859 37.5
Secondary 746 30.0 19,602 26.8 65,208 25.0
Technical or further education institution 118 4.8 3,177 4.3 14,227 5.5
University or tertiary institution 190 7.7 4,645 6.3 15,489 5.9
Other 67 2.7 1,750 2.4 5,047 1.9
Not stated 222 8.9 11,357 15.5 46,428 17.8

Of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Toowoomba, 42.9% were attending an educational institution. Of these, 41.2% were attending a primary school, 30.0% were attending a secondary school and 12.4% were attending a tertiary or technical institution.

View the data quality statement for Educational Institution Attendee Status (TYSTAP)
Level of highest educational attainment
People aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Bachelor Degree level and above 217 6.3 6,490 5.4 24,911 5.8
Advanced Diploma and Diploma level 181 5.2 7,156 5.9 23,795 5.5
Certificate level IV 118 3.4 3,808 3.2 14,308 3.3
Certificate level III 569 16.4 17,714 14.7 56,625 13.2
Year 12 634 18.3 21,285 17.7 59,949 14.0
Year 11 294 8.5 9,701 8.1 34,674 8.1
Year 10 643 18.5 21,474 17.8 77,265 18.0
Certificate level II 9 0.3 280 0.2 1,215 0.3
Certificate level I 0 0.0 58 0.0 241 0.1
Year 9 or below 469 13.5 15,282 12.7 64,604 15.1
No educational attainment 17 0.5 920 0.8 4,256 1.0
Not stated 237 6.8 13,484 11.2 56,698 13.2

Of people aged 15 and over in Toowoomba, 18.3% reported having completed Year 12 as their highest level of educational attainment, 19.9% had completed a Certificate III or IV and 5.2% had completed an Advanced Diploma or Diploma.

View the data quality statement for Level of highest educational attainment (HEAP)

Cultural & language diversity

Australian Indigenous language, top responses Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Aboriginal English, so described 10 0.2 183 0.1 625 0.1
Gamilaraay 9 0.2 27 0.0 92 0.0
Burarra 4 0.1 6 0.0 997 0.2
Kalaw Kawaw Ya/Kalaw Lagaw Ya 3 0.1 912 0.5 939 0.1
Yumplatok (Torres Strait Creole) 3 0.1 5,742 3.1 6,000 0.9
 null  null  null  null  null  null  null
English only spoken at home 5,586 96.7 161,165 86.4 544,491 83.9

English was the only language spoken at home by 96.7% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Toowoomba. Indigenous languages spoken at home include Aboriginal English, so described 0.2%, Gamilaraay 0.2%, Burarra 0.1%, Kalaw Kawaw Ya/Kalaw Lagaw Ya 0.1% and Yumplatok (Torres Strait Creole) 0.1%.

View the data quality statement for Language spoken at home (LANP)
Ancestry, top responses Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Australian 4,306 52.8 114,137 43.5 399,843 45.0
English 1,695 20.8 41,381 15.8 152,758 17.2
Australian Aboriginal 537 6.6 36,062 13.8 140,480 15.8
Irish 497 6.1 13,013 5.0 45,887 5.2
German 321 3.9 6,083 2.3 16,332 1.8

Respondents had the option of reporting up to two ancestries on their Census form, and this is captured by the Ancestry Multi Response (ANCP) variable used in this table. Therefore, the total responses count will not equal the persons count for this area. Calculated percentages represent a proportion of all responses from people in Toowoomba (including those who did not state an ancestry).

For Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Toowoomba, the most common ancestries were Australian 52.8%, English 20.8%, Australian Aboriginal 6.6%, Irish 6.1% and German 3.9%.

View the data quality statement for Ancestry (ANCP)

Employment

Employment
People who reported being in the labour force, aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Worked full-time 980 48.8 30,836 46.8 106,960 48.0
Worked part-time 550 27.4 17,867 27.1 61,049 27.4
Away from work 90 4.5 3,935 6.0 14,143 6.4
Unemployed 390 19.4 13,259 20.1 40,486 18.2
Not in the labour force 1,411 40.6 51,070 42.4 190,132 44.3

There were 2,010 people who reported being in the labour force in the week before Census night in Toowoomba. Of these 48.8% were employed full time, 27.4% were employed part-time and 19.4% were unemployed.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

For information on the Community Development Programme (CDP) please refer to the Census Data Dictionary. CDP data is available in TableBuilder.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status (LFSP)
Occupation, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Labourers 290 17.9 8,925 17.0 27,814 15.3
Community and Personal Service Workers 278 17.1 8,935 17.0 30,991 17.0
Technicians and Trades Workers 225 13.9 7,056 13.4 24,399 13.4
Professionals 212 13.1 6,202 11.8 24,339 13.4
Clerical and Administrative Workers 184 11.4 6,728 12.8 23,174 12.7
Machinery Operators and Drivers 167 10.3 5,130 9.7 16,774 9.2
Sales Workers 151 9.3 4,797 9.1 15,791 8.7
Managers 84 5.2 3,333 6.3 12,844 7.1

For Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Toowoomba, the most common occupations were Labourers 17.9%, Community and Personal Service Workers 17.1%, Technicians and Trades Workers 13.9%, Professionals 13.1%, Clerical and Administrative Workers 11.4%, Machinery Operators and Drivers 10.3%, Sales Workers 9.3% and Managers 5.2%.

View the data quality statement for Occupation (OCCP)
Industry of employment, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Hospitals (except Psychiatric Hospitals) 61 4.0 1,812 3.4 5,542 3.0
Other Social Assistance Services 61 4.0 1,349 2.6 5,302 2.9
Takeaway Food Services 49 3.2 1,338 2.5 4,469 2.5
Supermarket and Grocery Stores 48 3.2 1,674 3.2 5,555 3.1
Cafes and Restaurants 41 2.7 861 1.6 2,888 1.6

For Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Toowoomba, the most common industries of employment were Hospitals (except Psychiatric Hospitals) 4.0%, Other Social Assistance Services 4.0%, Takeaway Food Services 3.2%, Supermarket and Grocery Stores 3.2% and Cafes and Restaurants 2.7%.

View the data quality statement for Industry of employment (INDP)
Median weekly incomes
People aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Personal 474 -- 453 -- 441 --
Household 1,210 -- 1,222 -- 1,203 --

The median weekly personal income for Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Toowoomba was $474 and the median weekly household income was $1,210.

View the data quality statements for: Total personal income (INCP) Total household income (HIND)

Unpaid work
People aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 2,244 64.7 75,703 62.9 263,334 61.4
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 1,160 33.5 38,265 31.8 136,079 31.7
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 464 13.4 15,171 12.6 58,541 13.7
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 553 16.0 18,300 15.2 63,303 14.8

In Toowoomba, of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, 64.7% did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census. During the two weeks before the Census, 33.5% provided care for children and 13.4% assisted family members or others due to a disability, long term illness or problems related to old age. In the year before the Census, 16.0% of people did voluntary work through an organisation or a group.

View the data quality statements for: Unpaid domestic work (DOMP) Unpaid child care (CHCAREP) Unpaid assistance (UNCAREP) Voluntary work (VOLWP)

Dwellings

dwelling characteristics | dwelling structure

Dwelling characteristics

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling characteristics
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Average number of people per household 3.3 -- 3.3 -- 3.2 --
Average number of persons per bedroom 1 -- 1 -- 1 --
Average number of registered motor vehicles per dwelling 1.8 -- 1.7 -- 1.7 --

There has been change in methodology used to calculate the average number of persons per bedroom. To compare the time series for average number of persons per bedroom please refer to Understanding the Census and Census Data

In Toowoomba, for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the average household size was 3.3 persons, with 1 persons per bedroom and 1.8 registered motor vehicles per dwelling.

View the data quality statements for: Number of Bedrooms in Private Dwelling (BEDD) Household composition (HHCD) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

Housing costs
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Median weekly rent 290 -- 270 -- 250 --
Median monthly mortgage repayments 1,540 -- 1,733 -- 1,660 --

In Toowoomba, for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the median weekly rent was $290 and the median monthly mortgage repayment was $1,540.

View the data quality statements for: Rent weekly payments (RNTD) Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

Family household composition
Counts the types of families within family households at the dwelling level
Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
One family household: Couple family with no children 372 15.2 11,886 15.9 42,536 16.2
One family household: Couple family with children 809 33.1 23,609 31.6 80,803 30.7
One family household: One parent family 688 28.2 19,239 25.8 67,528 25.7
One family household: Other family 44 1.8 1,624 2.2 5,547 2.1
Multiple family household: Couple family with no children 10 0.4 576 0.8 2,223 0.8
Multiple family household: Couple family with children 30 1.2 1,381 1.8 4,951 1.9
Multiple family household: One parent family 53 2.2 1,702 2.3 5,768 2.2
Multiple family household: Other family 0 0.0 117 0.2 471 0.2
Other household 436 17.9 14,572 19.5 53,195 20.2

In Toowoomba, of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander households, 15.6% were a couple family with no children, 34.4% were a couple family with children and 30.3% were a one parent family.

In multiple family households, only the family composition of the primary family is recorded. Other household includes lone person households and group households.

View the data quality statement for Family Household Composition, dwelling level (HCFMD)

Dwelling structure

Dwelling structure
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Separate house 2,029 83.1 60,179 80.9 211,205 80.7
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 274 11.2 6,987 9.4 27,017 10.3
Flat or apartment 117 4.8 6,288 8.5 20,580 7.9
Other dwelling 21 0.9 909 1.2 2,897 1.1

In Toowoomba there were 2,446 private dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people. Where a dwelling type was stated, 83.1% were separate houses, 11.2% were semi-detached, row or terrace houses, townhouses etc, 4.8% were flats or apartments and 0.9% were other dwellings.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling structure (STRD)
Tenure
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Toowoomba % Toowoomba Queensland % Queensland Australia % Australia
Owned outright 231 9.4 7,727 10.3 32,045 12.2
Owned with a mortgage 634 25.9 17,634 23.6 68,085 25.9
Rented 1,498 61.1 46,197 61.8 150,832 57.3
Other tenure type 12 0.5 409 0.5 1,888 0.7
Tenure type not stated 77 3.1 2,743 3.7 10,182 3.9

In Toowoomba, of dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, 9.4% were owned outright, 25.9% were owned with a mortgage and 61.1% were rented.

View the data quality statement for Tenure type (TEND)

Small random adjustments have been made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals. For further information, go to the User Guide for QuickStats.

Data reported for Australia and Other Territories now includes Norfolk Island, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. Because Norfolk Island has not previously been included in the Census, any 2011 benchmarks will not include Norfolk Island.