6401.0 - Consumer Price Index, Australia, June 2020 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 29/07/2020   
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This document was added or updated on 07/08/2020.

Capital cities comparison

All groups CPI


All Groups CPI, Percentage change from previous quarter
Graph: All Groups CPI, Percentage change from previous quarter

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) fell 1.9% in the June quarter in original terms and fell 2.0% in seasonally adjusted terms. Annually, the CPI fell 0.3%.

  • At the All groups level, all capital cities recorded a fall, ranging from Adelaide (-1.0%) to Darwin (-2.5%).
  • Furnishings, household equipment and services fell in all capital cities due to free child care, which recorded a fall of 95.0% in all cities. Differences in the capital city movements at the All groups level can largely be explained by the weight of child care in each city.

Weight of Child care to the CPI for each capital city

Sydney
Melbourne
Brisbane
Adelaide
Perth
Hobart
Darwin
Canberra
Weighted average
of 8 capital cities

Child care weight (%)
1.52
0.95
1.31
0.70
0.82
0.70
1.24
1.68
1.17

Source: ABS 2019 (cat. no. 6470.0.55.002)
  • Transport fell in all capital cities due to price falls in automotive fuel with lower oil prices following a drop in global demand. Automotive fuel decreases ranged from -14.1% in Darwin to -20.1% in Perth.
  • Education fell in all capital cities due to price falls for preschool and primary education, due to the effect of free child care on before and after school care. This was combined with free preschool in term 2 for many schools in NSW, Victoria and Queensland, and a refund of compulsory school levies in Tasmania. Falls in preschool and primary education ranged from -2.8% in Perth to -22.6% in Sydney.
  • Housing fell in most capital cities due to rents, with falls ranging from -0.2% in Canberra to -2.0% in Sydney. Hobart and Adelaide were the only cities to record rises in rents, with increases of 0.2% and 0.1% respectively.
  • Annually at the All groups level, there were four capital cities in the June quarter which saw falls ranging from Canberra (-0.6%) to Darwin (-1.8%). The offsetting cities saw rises ranging from Perth (+0.1%) to Hobart (+1.3%).

All Groups CPI, All groups index numbers and percentage changes

Index number(a)
Percentage change
Jun Qtr 2020
Mar Qtr 2020 to Jun Qtr 2020
Jun Qtr 2019 to Jun Qtr 2020

Sydney
114.7
-2.3
-1.0
Melbourne
115.7
-1.8
0.3
Brisbane
113.6
-2.2
-1.0
Adelaide
114.6
-1.0
0.8
Perth
112.1
-1.2
0.1
Hobart
115.6
-1.4
1.3
Darwin
109.0
-2.5
-1.8
Canberra
112.8
-2.3
-0.6
Weighted average of eight capital cities
114.4
-1.9
-0.3

(a) Index reference period: 2011-12 = 100.0.


Capital city highlights

Sydney (-2.3%)
  • Automotive fuel (-19.6%)
  • Preschool and primary education (-22.6%); which included free preschool in term 2
  • Rents (-2.0%) due to soft rental market conditions and high vacancy rates.

Melbourne (-1.8%)
  • Automotive fuel (-19.5%)
  • Preschool and primary education (-18.8%), which included free preschool in term 2
  • Rents (-1.1%).

Brisbane (-2.2%)
  • Automotive fuel (-19.2%)
  • Electricity (-14.8%); due to the Queensland Government's $200 utility rebate,
  • Preschool and primary education (-11.7%), which included free preschool in term 2.

Adelaide (-1.0%)
  • Automotive fuel (-19.0%)
  • Preschool and primary education (-7.9%).

Perth (-1.2%)
  • Automotive fuel (-20.1%)
  • Electricity (-4.3%).

The fall was partially offset by:
  • New dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers (+1.8%); due to project house builders passing through input cost rises.

Hobart (-1.4%)
  • Automotive fuel (-17.4%)
  • Secondary education (-10.4%) which included a refund of all compulsory school levies for government schools
  • Preschool and primary education (-10.6%).

Darwin (-2.5%)
  • Maintenance and repair of the dwelling (-50.4%); due to the introduction of the Northern Territory Government's Home Improvement Scheme
  • Automotive fuel (-14.1%).

Canberra (-2.3%)
  • Automotive fuel (-19.3%)
  • Preschool and primary education (-15.1%).


Quarterly percentage change by capital city
Sydney
Melbourne
Brisbane
Adelaide
Perth
Hobart
Darwin
Canberra
Weighted average of eight capital cities

All groups
-2.3
-1.8
-2.2
-1.0
-1.2
-1.4
-2.5
-2.3
-1.9
Food & non-alcoholic beverages
0.5
0.4
0.2
1.0
0.8
0.3
0.3
0.4
0.5
Alcohol & tobacco
1.6
1.4
1.9
1.7
1.5
1.8
1.8
1.3
1.5
Clothing & footwear
0.5
-0.5
0.7
0.4
-0.8
0.1
1.7
0.5
0.1
Housing
-1.0
-0.6
-1.3
-0.2
0.1
0.2
-6.0
0.0
-0.7
Furn. hhold equip & serv.
-14.7
-9.8
-11.9
-5.5
-6.7
-6.2
-11.3
-17.7
-11.2
Health
-0.1
-0.4
-0.2
0.2
-0.3
-0.9
1.1
-0.7
-0.2
Transport
-5.9
-7.0
-7.7
-7.4
-7.1
-6.6
-4.5
-6.7
-6.8
Communication
-1.3
-1.4
-1.3
-1.3
-1.3
-1.3
-1.3
-1.3
-1.3
Recreation & culture
-1.3
-0.9
-1.2
-0.3
-0.6
-0.8
-1.2
-1.4
-1.0
Education
-5.8
-3.1
-3.3
-1.9
-0.6
-6.6
-1.8
-2.8
-3.7
Insurance & financial serv.
0.2
0.6
0.4
0.7
0.5
-0.2
-0.2
0.8
0.3