Tenure Type is the nature of a person's, income unit's, or household's legal right to occupy the dwelling in which they usually reside.
Tenure is determined according to whether the person, income unit, or household owns the dwelling without a mortgage, owns the dwelling but has a mortgage or loan secured against it, is paying rent to live in the dwelling, or has some other arrangement to occupy the dwelling.
Accordingly, the Tenure Type of residents in caravans, manufactured homes, and houseboats is determined according to the tenure of the dwelling, and not the land. Thus, a person who owns a caravan and rents a site in a caravan park is regarded as an owner.
Tenure Type is determined either by responses to questions about ownership, secured loans or mortgages, rental or other arrangements, or by asking the respondent to choose the category that best fits their situation from a range of possible alternatives.
The Tenure Type of the household can be collected by asking the question directly of the household, or of a single reference person. It is inferred that all people or income units in the household have the same Tenure Type unless person or income unit level tenure is collected. If person level tenure information is required, the household reference person may also be asked about the tenure of each other person in the household.
If person level tenure is collected then this can be used to infer the income unit level tenure using the order of preference specified in 'Input categories' and 'Person/Income unit level input categories' (i.e. the category with the lowest code has the highest Tenure Type).
Discussion of issues
The Tenure Type standard is closely linked to the Landlord Type standard. Any changes to either classification therefore cannot be undertaken in isolation. All possible ramifications concerning each classification must be investigated before adopting any change.
Collection and output classification can be at the person, income unit, and household level in this standard. A range of unit levels may be required for understanding within-household transfers and to inform on security of tenure where it differs for the individuals within the household. For example, respondents living within an owner occupied household who pay rent or board to the owner of the household to reside within the dwelling.
Person and income unit level collections can use the same question module. They are to be asked in addition to the Household level tenure questions and are to be asked of each person or income unit in the household who is not a primary tenure person.
For person level tenure it is possible for a landlord to be someone living in the same dwelling, whether related or not. For example, a non-dependent child living in the home of his or her parents and paying rent, is considered a renter. If rent were not paid, the non-dependent child would be classified to the 'rent-free' category. Generally, the distinction will be made by the individuals themselves.
This standard now contains question modules for self completed surveys, and continues to include a shortened question module for surveys that do not or can not output data for the full Tenure Type classification. Survey designers should determine which module they use based on the data requirements, sample size, and time constraints for the survey.
For this version of the standard a change has been made to the derivation of the shortened versions of output categories. Participants of shared equity schemes, previously included in the 'Other Tenure' category of shortened versions of Tenure Type output categories, are now included in 'Owner with a mortgage'. The main reason for this change is that, conceptually, participants of shared equity schemes are a sub-category of home owners, albeit with government assistance by the taking of a minority share in ownership of the property.