Tenure Type is the nature of a person, income unit or household's legal right to occupy the dwelling in which they usually reside.
Tenure is determined according to whether the person/income unit/household owns the dwelling without a mortgage, owns the dwelling but has a mortgage or loan secured against it, is paying rent to live in the dwelling or has some other arrangement to occupy the dwelling.
Operationally Tenure Type is determined by responses to questions about ownership, secured loans or mortgages, rental or other arrangements.
The Tenure Type of persons/income units/households in caravans, manufactured homes and houseboats is determined according to the tenure of the dwelling structure and not the land. Thus, a person who owns a caravan and rents a site in a caravan park is regarded as an owner. The status of the land is indicated by the location of dwelling.
The tenure type of the household can be collected by asking the question directly of the household or of a single reference person. It is inferred that all people/income units in the household have the same tenure type unless person/income unit level tenure is collected.
If person level tenure is collected then this can be used to infer the income unit level tenure using the order of preference specified in 'Input classification' and 'Coding indexes' (i.e. the category with the lowest code has the highest tenure type).
Discussion of issues
Collection and output classification can be at the person, income unit and household level in the revised standard. A range of unit levels may be required for understanding intra-household transfers and to inform on security of tenure where it differs for the individuals within the household, eg. respondents living within an owner occupier household who pay rent or board to the owner of the household to reside within the dwelling. The collection and output of person level tenure already exists in the Survey of Income and Housing (SIH) and the Survey of Disability Aging and Carers (SDAC).
Person level and income unit collection can use the same question modules. They are to be asked in addition to the Household level tenure questions and are to be asked of each person/income unit in the household that has indicated they are not a primary tenure person.
For person level tenure it is possible for a landlord to be a person (whether related or not) in the same dwelling. For example, a non-dependent child living in the home of his or her parents and paying rent, is considered a renter. If rent were not paid, the non-dependent child would be classified to the 'rent-free' category. Generally, the distinction will be made by the individuals themselves.
In this version of the standard, the input and output classification category 'Participant of rent/buy (or shared equity) scheme' has been renamed 'Participant of shared equity scheme'. The change in title has been made to reflect current practice and improve accuracy of reporting against this category.
A shortened question module has been included for surveys that do not or can not output data for the full tenure type classification. Surveys should determine which module they use based on the data requirements, sample size and time constraints for the survey.