Latest release

Regional internal migration estimates, provisional

Provisional statistics on internal migration at state/territory and capital city levels

Reference period
June 2020
Released
2/11/2020
Next release 2/02/2021
First release

Key statistics

  • 85,500 people moved interstate in the three months to the end of June 2020.
  • 14,800 less people moved interstate compared with the June 2019 quarter.
  • Capital cities had a net loss of 10,500 people from internal migration, the largest quarterly net loss on record.

Interstate migration

People may take some time to update their address information when they move. The ABS method for these statistics assumes an average of three months for this to occur. As a result, some movements included in this release may have occurred outside the reference quarter (including after 30 June 2020).

In the June 2020 quarter, 85,500 people moved interstate. This was 2,300 (3%) less than the number who moved in the previous quarter and 14,800 (15%) less than in the June 2019 quarter.

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Net migration is the difference between arrivals and departures. It can be positive (more arrivals than departures) or negative (more departures than arrivals).

Queensland gained the most people from net interstate migration (+6,800) over the June 2020 quarter, while New South Wales lost the most (-4,000).

Victoria had the largest change in net migration, decreasing from +600 people in the previous quarter to -3,000 in the June 2020 quarter. This was a result of arrivals decreasing from 18,200 to 15,900 and departures increasing from 17,600 to 19,000.

Quarterly interstate migration
Jun-19 arrJun-19 depJun-19 netMar-20 arrMar-20 depMar-20 netJun-20 arrJun-20 depJun-20 net
NSW24,33629,705-5,36921,00526,545-5,54021,80825,763-3,955
Vic.22,20819,7722,43618,19517,60559015,93018,972-3,042
Qld26,59621,1735,42324,35318,0856,26824,14117,3916,750
SA6,1537,065-9125,7365,953-2175,7935,689104
WA8,4279,450-1,0237,0337,257-2246,6896,916-227
Tas.3,6603,2324283,0322,7342983,1602,773387
NT3,4434,393-9503,3784,033-6553,2073,467-260
ACT5,4695,502-335,0405,560-5204,7234,480243
Total100,292100,292-87,77287,772-85,45185,451-

The number of interstate movers in the June 2020 quarter (85,500 people) was the lowest for a June quarter since 2014 (84,900).

More people moved from Victoria to New South Wales (6,900) than from New South Wales to Victoria (6,100), for the first time since the June 1997 quarter.

Capital city migration

In the June 2020 quarter there was a net loss of 10,500 people from Australia's greater capital cities through internal migration. This was a larger net loss than in the previous quarter (-10,100) and the June 2019 quarter (-4,300).

The net loss was the result of 47,500 arrivals (down from 55,700 in the June 2019 quarter) from and 57,900 departures (down from 60,000 in June 2019) to non-capital city areas.

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Brisbane gained the most people through net internal migration (+3,200) while Melbourne lost the most (-8,000) in the June 2020 quarter.

Melbourne had the largest change in net migration, from -2,200 people in the previous quarter to -8,000 in the June 2020 quarter. Sydney had the next largest change, from -8,100 to -6,000.

Quarterly internal migration, greater capital cities
Jun-19 arrJun-19 depJun-19 netMar-20 arrMar-20 depMar-20 netJun-20 arrJun-20 depJun-20 net
Sydney19,07326,016-6,94316,10124,188-8,08717,25323,217-5,964
Melbourne23,65523,50515019,24321,406-2,16317,06025,017-7,957
Brisbane23,92419,5544,37019,83817,9641,87420,34617,1363,210
Adelaide7,0517,799-7486,3886,834-4466,7076,885-178
Perth11,71511,691249,1669,238-729,4169,003413
Hobart2,0662,269-2031,7381,904-1661,8441,888-44
Darwin2,6573,529-8722,7033,265-5622,5622,769-207
Canberra5,4695,502-335,0405,560-5204,7234,480243
Total55,70359,958-4,25545,48455,626-10,14247,45357,937-10,484

The net loss of people through internal migration for the capital cities in the June 2020 quarter (-10,500) was the largest quarterly net loss since this series commenced in 2001.

Melbourne's net loss (-8,000) was its largest quarterly net loss on record, while Sydney's net loss (-6,000) was its smallest quarterly net loss since September 2016 (-4,700).

New South Wales

  • There was a net loss of 4,000 people in the June 2020 quarter, compared with 5,500 in the previous quarter and 5,400 in the June 2019 quarter.
  • The net loss in the June 2020 quarter was the smallest net loss for the state since September 2016 (-2,400 people).
  • Interstate arrivals increased from 21,000 in the previous quarter to 21,800 in the June 2020 quarter, while departures decreased from 26,500 to 25,800.
  • June 2020 quarter arrivals were the highest for a quarter since December 2019, and departures were the lowest since September 2017.
  • In net terms, New South Wales gained the most people from Victoria (+800) and lost most to Queensland (-4,000). New South Wales had a net gain of people from Victoria for the first time since the June 1997 quarter.

Greater Sydney

  • There was a net loss of 6,000 people for Greater Sydney in the June 2020 quarter, compared with 8,100 in the previous quarter.
  • Sydney had a net loss of 3,700 people to the rest of the state, compared with 4,100 in the previous quarter.
  • Sydney's June 2020 quarter net loss was its smallest since September 2016.

Victoria

  • There was a net loss of 3,000 people in the June 2020 quarter, compared with net gains of 600 in the previous quarter and 2,400 in the June 2019 quarter.
  • The net loss in the June 2020 quarter was the first net loss for the state since the June 2008 quarter (-600 people), and the largest quarterly loss since March 1996 (-3,200).
  • Interstate arrivals decreased from 18,200 in the previous quarter to 15,900 in the June 2020 quarter, while departures increased from 17,600 to 19,000.
  • June 2020 quarter arrivals were the lowest for a quarter since September 2014, and departures were the highest since December 2019.
  • In net terms, Victoria only gained people from Western Australia (+100) and lost most to Queensland (-2,100). Victoria had a net loss of people to New South Wales for the first time since the June 1997 quarter.

Greater Melbourne

  • There was a net loss of 8,000 people for Greater Melbourne in the June 2020 quarter, compared with 2,200 in the previous quarter.
  • Melbourne had a net loss of 5,900 people to the rest of the state, compared with 3,000 in the previous quarter.
  • Melbourne's June 2020 quarter net loss was its largest quarterly net loss on record.

Queensland

  • There was a net gain of 6,800 people in the June 2020 quarter, compared with 6,300 in the previous quarter and 5,400 in the June 2019 quarter.
  • The net gain for the June 2020 quarter was the largest net gain for the state since December 2019 (+6,900 people).
  • Interstate arrivals decreased from 24,400 in the previous quarter to 24,100 in the June 2020 quarter, while departures decreased from 18,100 to 17,400.
  • June 2020 quarter arrivals were the lowest for a quarter since September 2019, and departures were the lowest since September 2016.
  • In net terms, Queensland gained the most people from New South Wales (+4,000) and lost only to Tasmania (-50).

Greater Brisbane

  • There was a net gain of 3,200 people for Greater Brisbane in the June 2020 quarter, compared with 1,900 in the previous quarter.
  • Brisbane had a net gain of 900 people from the rest of the state, compared with a small net loss of 40 in the previous quarter.
  • Brisbane's June 2020 quarter net gain was its largest since December 2019.

South Australia

  • There was a net gain of 100 people in the June 2020 quarter, compared with net losses of 200 in the previous quarter and 900 in the June 2019 quarter.
  • The net gain for the June 2020 quarter was the first quarterly net gain for the state since September 2002 (+100 people).
  • Interstate arrivals increased from 5,700 in the previous quarter to 5,800 in the June 2020 quarter, while departures decreased from 6,000 to 5,700.
  • June 2020 quarter arrivals were the highest for a quarter since December 2019, and departures were the lowest since September 2014.
  • In net terms, South Australia gained the most people from New South Wales (+300) and lost most to Queensland (-300).

Greater Adelaide

  • There was a net loss of 200 people for Greater Adelaide in the June 2020 quarter, compared with 400 in the previous quarter.
  • Adelaide had a net loss of 40 people to the rest of the state, compared with 100 in the previous quarter.
  • Adelaide's June 2020 quarter net loss was its lowest since March 2006.

Western Australia

  • There was a net loss of 200 people in the June 2020 quarter, compared with 200 in the previous quarter and 1,000 in the June 2019 quarter.
  • The net losses for the March and June 2020 quarters were the smallest quarterly net losses for the state since September 2013 (-30 people).
  • Interstate arrivals decreased from 7,000 in the previous quarter to 6,700 in the June 2020 quarter, while departures decreased from 7,300 to 6,900.
  • June 2020 quarter arrivals were the lowest for a quarter since September 2018, and departures were the lowest since September 2010.
  • In net terms, Western Australia only gained people from the Northern Territory (+70) and lost most to Victoria (-100).

Greater Perth

  • There was a net gain of 400 people for Greater Perth in the June 2020 quarter, compared with a net loss of 70 in the previous quarter.
  • Perth had a net gain of 600 people from the rest of the state, compared with 200 in the previous quarter.
  • Perth's June 2020 quarter net gain was its largest since December 2019.

Tasmania

  • There was a net gain of 400 people in the June 2020 quarter, compared with 300 in the previous quarter and 400 in the June 2019 quarter.
  • The net gain for the June 2020 quarter was the highest quarterly net gain for the state since December 2019 (+400 people).
  • Interstate arrivals increased from 3,000 in the previous quarter to 3,200 in the June 2020 quarter, while departures increased from 2,700 to 2,800.
  • In net terms, Tasmania gained the most people from New South Wales (+200).

Greater Hobart

  • There was a net loss of 40 people for Greater Hobart in the June 2020 quarter, compared with 200 in the previous quarter.
  • Hobart had a net gain of 30 people from the rest of the state, compared with a net loss of 70 in the previous quarter.
  • Hobart's June 2020 quarter net loss was its lowest since March 2019, when it had a net gain (+80 people).

Northern Territory

  • There was a net loss of 300 people in the June 2020 quarter, compared with 700 in the previous quarter and 1,000 in the June 2019 quarter.
  • The net loss for the June 2020 quarter was the lowest quarterly net loss for the territory since June 2013 (-80 people).
  • Interstate arrivals decreased from 3,400 in the previous quarter to 3,200 in the June 2020 quarter, while departures decreased from 4,000 to 3,500.
  • June 2020 quarter arrivals were the lowest for a quarter since September 2019, and departures were the lowest since September 2014.
  • In net terms, the Northern Territory gained the most people from New South Wales (+70) and lost most to Queensland (-200).

Greater Darwin

  • There was a net loss of 200 people for Greater Darwin in the June 2020 quarter, compared with 600 in the previous quarter.
  • Darwin had a net gain of 100 people from the rest of the territory, compared with 90 in the previous quarter.
  • Darwin's June 2020 quarter net loss was its lowest since December 2015.

Australian Capital Territory

  • There was a net gain of 200 people in the June 2020 quarter, compared with net losses of 500 in the previous quarter and 30 in the June 2019 quarter.
  • The net gain for the June 2020 quarter was the largest quarterly net gain since December 2018 (+500 people).
  • Interstate arrivals decreased from 5,000 in the previous quarter to 4,700 in the June 2020 quarter, while departures decreased from 5,600 to 4,500.
  • June 2020 quarter arrivals were the lowest for a quarter since September 2019, and departures were the lowest since September 2016.
  • In net terms, the Australian Capital Territory gained the most people from New South Wales (+200) and lost most to Queensland (-80).

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Catalogue number

This content is released under ABS catalogue number 3412.0.55.005.