Latest release

Part D - GFS classifications

Australian System of Government Finance Statistics: Concepts, Sources and Methods
Reference period
2015
Released
23/12/2015
Next release Unknown
First release

4.15.

In order for the GFS analytical framework to provide the means with which to assess and measure the impact of government policies and other activity on the Australian economy, financial data must enter the framework. The data that feed through the GFS analytical framework are primarily sourced from the financial accounts of state and territory treasuries, the Department of Finance, local governments and universities. These data are classified to the GFS analytical framework through a range of GFS classifications. The data are then processed and aggregated by the ABS to identify the key GFS analytical balances. For more information on the sources of GFS data and methods of compilation, please see Chapter 14 of this manual.

4.16.

The GFS framework provides for the classification of units by level of government (LOG), jurisdiction (JUR), and institutional sector (INST). It also provides for the economic classification of stocks and flows by type (economic type classification, or ETF), and selected economic flows by function (classification of the functions of government - Australia, or COFOG-A). The COFOG-A replaces the government purpose classification (GPC) breakdown previously used. Each of the classifications are hierarchical in nature and are disaggregated into various subcategories. The degree of disaggregation varies from category to category, and is designed to cater for all analytical requirements. For further information on the classification of units see Chapter 2 and Appendix 1 Part A.

Unit classifications

4.17.

The main GFS classifications applied to units are the level of government (LOG), jurisdiction (JUR), and institutional sector (INST) classifications (for definitions, see Chapter 2 of this manual). Also used is the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification, 2006 (or ANZSIC).

4.18.

Unit classifications are first determined at the time a unit comes into the coverage of GFS. This usually happens when a unit is created by a government in Australia, or when an existing unit is split to more than one unit or is combined with another unit to form a new unit. Once determined, unit classifications are reviewed only when major changes occur to the functions and / or operating environment of the unit.

4.19.

The GFS unit classification process involves examining Acts of Parliaments (where applicable) and the unit’s financial statements (i.e. the income and expenditure (profit and loss) statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement). This process is intended to disclose the range of activities in which the unit engages, and the legislative background to its creation. Such information is used to determine whether the unit qualifies as a separate institutional unit in it's own right, and whether it falls within the scope of GFS. The information (supplemented where necessary by information obtained directly from the unit), is used to determine the classification(s) applicable to the unit. Further information on the classification of units and sectors may be found in Chapter 2 of this manual.

Flows and stocks classifications and frameworks

4.20.

The GFS flows and stocks classifications and frameworks may be viewed from two perspectives, an input perspective and an output perspective. The input perspective takes into account the nature and structure of the data that enter the framework. The main sources of GFS data are government accounts, which provide accounting data that have to be reclassified and reorganised on an economic basis to be suitable for conversion to statistical output. As well, the input perspective identifies flows and stocks (e.g. those subject to consolidation) that do not enter final output as such. The output perspective views the classifications almost entirely (plus additional derived items) as the lists of items that appear in published statistics. The detailed classifications are set out in Appendix 1 Part A, Part B, and Part C of this manual.

4.21.

The main flows and stocks classifications in GFS are the:

  • Economic type framework (ETF);
  • Source destination classification (SDC);
  • Type of asset and liability classification (TALC);
  • Taxes classification (TC); and
  • Classification of the functions of government - Australia (COFOG-A).

Economic type framework (ETF)

4.22.

The economic type framework (ETF) is the primary framework that is used to classify flows and stocks according to their economic nature (e.g. revenues, expenses, transactions in financial assets and liabilities, transactions in non-financial assets, assets, liabilities) in GFS. The structure of the ETF is hierarchical, and consists of a 1-digit level (division), a 2-digit level (subdivision), a 3-digit level (group) and a 4-digit level (class). The divisions reflect the primary financial statements of the government at the broadest level and the subdivisions describe the major components that form part of each financial statement. Each group and class details the assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses which comprise each subdivision. The full classification can be found in Appendix 1 Part A and Part B of this manual. The divisions and subdivisions are shown in Table 4.2 below and include the following:

Table 4.2 - Economic type framework (ETF): Divisions and subdivisions
ETFDescriptor
1Revenue and expenses
 11Revenue
 12Expenses
2Statement of sources and uses of cash
 21Cash flows from operating activities
 22Cash flows from transactions in non-financial assets
 23Cash flows from transactions in financial assets for policy purposes
 24Cash flows from investments in financial assets for liquidity management purposes
 25Cash flows from financing activities
 26Increase / (decrease) in cash held
3Transactions in financial assets and liabilities
 31Transactions in financial assets (net)
 32Transactions in liabilities (net)
4Transactions in non-financial assets
 41Acquisitions of non-financial assets
 42Disposals of non-financial assets
5Other economic flows of assets and liabilities
 51Holding gains and losses (revaluations)
 52Other changes in volume
6Intra-unit transfers
 60Intra-unit transfers
7Supplementary information
 71Memorandum items - balance sheet
 72Contingent liabilities
 73Provisions for doubtful debts
 74Debt maturity
 75Salary sacrifice expenses
 76Own-account capital formation
8Balance sheet
 81Fixed produced assets
 82Other produced assets
 83Non-produced assets
 84Financial assets
 85Liabilities
 86Net worth

 

Revenue and expenses (ETF 1)

4.23.

Revenue (ETF 11) records public sector revenue in the form of taxation revenue (ETF 111); sales of goods and services (ETF 112); property income (ETF 113); other current revenue (ETF 114); and capital revenue (ETF 115). The finer level detail of each of these elements is further discussed in Chapter 6 of this manual.

4.24.

Expense (ETF 12) records public sector expenses in the form of superannuation expenses (ETF 121); other employee expenses (ETF 122); non-employee expenses (ETF 123); depreciation (ETF 124); current transfer expenses (ETF 125); capital transfer expenses (ETF 126); interest expenses (ETF 127); and other property expenses (ETF 128). The finer level detail of each of these elements is further discussed in Chapter 7 of this manual.

The statement of sources and uses of cash (ETF 2)

4.25.

Cash flows from operating activities (ETF 21) record cash flows in the form of cash receipts from operating activities (ETF 211); cash payments for employee expenses (ETF 212); and cash payments for non-employee expenses (ETF 213). The finer level detail of each of these elements is further discussed in Chapter 12 of this manual.

4.26.

Cash flows from transactions in non-financial assets (ETF 22) records cash flows in the form of expenditure on non-financial assets (net) (ETF 221). The finer level detail of this element is further discussed in Chapter 12 of this manual.

4.27.

Cash flows from transactions in financial assets for policy purposes (ETF 23) records cash flows in the form of advances paid (net) (ETF 231); and equity acquisitions, disposals, and sale of equity (net) (ETF 232). The finer level detail of each of these elements is further discussed in Chapter 12 of this manual.

4.28.

Cash flows from investments in financial assets for liquidity management purposes (ETF 24) records cash flows in the form of increase in investments (ETF 241). The finer level detail of this element is further discussed in Chapter 12 of this manual.

4.29.

Cash flows from other financing activities (ETF 25) records cash flows in the form of advances received (net) (ETF 251); borrowing (net) (ETF 252); deposits received (ETF 253); and other financing (net) (ETF 259). The finer level detail of each of these elements is further discussed in Chapter 12 of this manual.

4.30.

Increase / (decrease) in cash held (ETF 26) records cash flows in the form of increase / (decrease) in cash held (ETF 261). The finer level detail of this element is further discussed in Chapter 12 of this manual.

Transactions in financial assets and liabilities (ETF 3)

4.31.

Transactions in financial assets (net) (ETF 31) records transactions in the form of transactions in financial assets (net) (ETF 311). The finer level detail of this element is further discussed in Chapter 8 and Chapter 10 of this manual.

4.32.

Transactions in liabilities (net) (ETF 32) records transactions in the form of transactions in liabilities (net) (ETF 321). The finer level detail of this element is further discussed in Chapter 8 and Chapter 10 of this manual.

Transactions in non-financial assets (ETF 4)

4.33.

Acquisitions of non-financial assets (ETF 41) records transactions in the form of acquisitions of nonfinancial assets (ETF 411). The finer level detail of this element is further discussed in Chapter 8 and Chapter 9 of this manual.

4.34.

Disposals of non-financial assets (ETF 42) records transactions in the form of disposals of non-financial assets (ETF 421). The finer level detail of this element is further discussed in Chapter 8 and Chapter 9 of this manual.

Other economic flows of assets and liabilities (ETF 5)

4.35.

Holding gains and losses (revaluations) (ETF 51) record the value of other economic flows in the form of holding gains and losses (revaluations) (ETF 511). The finer level detail of this element is further discussed in Chapter 11 of this manual.

4.36.

Other changes in volume (ETF 52) record the value of other economic flows in the form of other changes in volume (ETF 521). The finer level detail of this element is further discussed in Chapter 11 of this manual.

Intra-unit transfers (ETF 6)

4.37

Intra-unit transfers (ETF 60) records intra-unit transfers other than holding gains and losses and accrued transactions. This classification is used exclusively by the ABS for the processing of GFS data. Further information on this item may be found in Appendix 1 Part B of this manual.

Supplementary information (ETF 7)

4.38.

Memorandum items - balance sheet (ETF 71) records supplementary information relating to the GFS balance sheet in the form of implicit transfers (ETF 711); liabilities in arrears and related charges (ETF 712); and non-performing loans (ETF 713). The finer level detail of each of these elements is further discussed in Appendix 1 Part B of this manual.

4.39.

Contingent liabilities (ETF 72) records supplementary information relating to the GFS balance sheet in the form of explicit contingent liabilities (ETF 721); and implicit contingent liabilities (ETF 722). The finer level detail of each of these elements is further discussed in Appendix 1 Part B of this manual.

4.40.

Provisions for doubtful debts (ETF 73) records provisions for anticipated doubtful debts during the reporting period. Provisions for doubtful debts are not recognised in GFS, but are recorded in the AGFS15 as part of the supplementary information so that the ABS can derive the face value of financial assets and liabilities which is required for international statistical reporting. Provisions or allowances for doubtful debts are not included in GFS output, and accounts receivable in the balance sheet is recorded gross of such provisions or allowances. Provisions for doubtful debts are further discussed in Chapter 13 Part A, and Appendix 1 Part A of this manual.

4.41.

Debt maturity (ETF 74) records the value of public sector debt in the form of debt by maturity valued at market value (ETF 741). The finer level detail of this element is further discussed in Appendix 1 Part B of this manual.

4.42.

Salary sacrifice expenses (ETF 75) records the value of the benefits supplied by a public sector employer to employees under a salary sacrifice arrangement. The finer level detail of this element is further discussed in Appendix 1 Part B of this manual.

4.43.

Own-account capital formation (ETF 76) records the value of own-account capital formation in the form of own-account superannuation payments (ETF 761); own-account employee payments other than superannuation (ETF 762); and own-account non-employee payments (ETF 763). The finer level detail of each of these elements is further discussed in Appendix 1 Part B of this manual.

Balance sheet (ETF 8)

4.44.

The balance sheet records the value of assets in the form of fixed produced assets (ETF 81); other produced assets (ETF 82); non-produced assets (ETF 83); and financial assets (ETF 84). The finer level detail of these categories is further discussed in Chapter 8, Chapter 9, and Chapter 10 of this manual.

4.45.

Liabilities (ETF 85) record the value of the liabilities of public sector units. The finer level detail of this category is further discussed in Chapter 8, Chapter 9, and Chapter 10 of this manual.

4.46.

Net worth (ETF 86) records the residual of the value of government assets minus government liabilities in the form of net worth (ETF 8611). The finer level detail of this element is further discussed in Chapter 8, Chapter 9, and Chapter 10 of this manual.

Source destination classification (SDC)

4.47.

The source destination classification (SDC) is a classification that is used for the identification of the sectors that are the source and destination of transactions in, and stocks of, financial assets and liabilities in the Australian GFS. It is also used to identify the sectors that are the source and destination of transactions in non-financial assets. In addition, the SDC identifies the source of the funds if a transaction is an operating revenue or a cash receipt, and the destination of the funds if the transaction is an operating expense or a cash payment.

4.48.

The SDC specifically identifies:

  • the institutional sector and level of government of the unit against which the financial claim represented by the asset / liability is held for transactions in, and stocks of, financial assets and liabilities;
  • the institutional sector and level of government of the unit which acquires a non-financial asset or which disposes of a non-financial asset; and
  • the institutional sector and level of government (where applicable) of the unit (including nongovernment units) from which revenues are receivable (the source) or to which expenses are payable (the destination) for each transaction.

4.49.

The SDC classifications are shown below in Table 4.3 as:

Table 4.3 - Source Destination Classification (SDC)
SDCDescriptor
110Commonwealth public non-financial corporations
120Commonwealth public financial corporations
130Commonwealth general government
21jState / territory public non-financial corporations
22jState / territory public financial corporations
23jState / territory general government
31jLocal public non-financial corporations
32jLocal public financial corporations
33jLocal general government
41jControl not further defined public non-financial corporations
42jControl not further defined public financial corporations
43jControl not further defined general government
911Resident private non-financial corporations
912Resident private depository corporations
913Resident households
914Resident non-profit institutions serving households
915Other resident private financial corporations
919Residents not elsewhere classified
921Non-resident private depository corporations
929Non-residents not elsewhere classified

Note: j denotes the state / territory of jurisdiction.

4.50.

The public sector (SDC 100 - 43j) comprises Commonwealth public non-financial corporations, Commonwealth public financial corporations, and Commonwealth general government units (SDC 110, SDC 120, and SDC 130); State / territory public non-financial corporations, State / territory public financial corporations, and State / territory general government units (SDC 21j, SDC 22j, and SDC 23j) which are further disaggregated by state of jurisdiction; Local public non-financial corporations, Local public financial corporations, and Local general government units (SDC 31j, SDC 32j, and SDC 33j) which are further disaggregated by state of jurisdiction; and Control not further defined public non-financial corporations, Control not further defined public financial corporations, and Control not further defined general government units (SDC 41j, SDC 42j, and SDC 43j) which are further disaggregated by state of jurisdiction. Control not further defined units are made up of public universities and other units that are not controlled by any one particular jurisdiction in Australia.

4.51.

The non-public sector consists of resident units which comprise resident private non-financial corporations (SDC 911), resident private depository corporations (SDC 912), resident households (SDC 913), resident non-profit institutions serving households (SDC 914), other resident private financial corporations (SDC 915), and residents not elsewhere classified (SDC 919).

4.52.

The non-public sector also consists of non-resident units which comprise non-resident private depository corporations (SDC 921) and non-residents not elsewhere classified (SDC 929).

Type of asset and liability classification (TALC)

4.53.

The type of asset and liability classification (TALC) is a classification used for the identification of nonfinancial and financial assets and liabilities for GFS output purposes. The structure of the TALC is hierarchical, and consists of a 1-digit level (division), a 2-digit level (group) and a 3-digit level (class). The division distinguishes between government non-financial assets and financial assets or liabilities, the group reflects the type of non-financial asset, financial asset or liability at a broad level and the class reflects the details of the individual assets and liabilities which comprise each group. Further information on the TALC can be found in Chapter 8, Chapter 9, Chapter 10 and Appendix 1 Part A of this manual. The division and group levels of the TALC are shown in Table 4.4 below:

Table 4.4 - Type of asset and liability classification (TALC): Divisions and groups
TALCDescriptor
Non-Financial Assets
1Fixed Produced assets
 11Buildings and structures
 12Machinery and equipment
 13Cultivated biological resources
 14Intellectual property products
2Other produced assets
 21Inventories
 22Valuables
 23Other produced assets
3Non-produced assets
 31Tangible non-produced assets
 32Intangible non-produced assets
 33Other non-produced assets
Financial Assets and Liabilities
4Financial assets
 41Currency and deposits
 42Securities and related assets
 43Loans and placements
 44Insurance, superannuation and standardised guarantee schemes
 45Other financial assets
5Liabilities
 51Currency and deposits
 52Securities and related liabilities
 53Loans and placements
 54Insurance, superannuation and standardised guarantee schemes
 55Other liabilities

 

4.54.

Buildings and structures (TALC 11) record public sector holdings of fixed produced assets in the form of buildings and structures. These comprise dwellings (TALC 111); buildings other than dwellings (TALC 112); land improvements (TALC 113); and other structures not elsewhere classified (TALC 119).

4.55.

Machinery and equipment (TALC 12) record public sector holdings of fixed produced assets in the form of machinery and equipment. These comprise transport equipment (TALC 121); information, computer and telecommunications equipment (TALC 122); and other machinery and equipment not elsewhere classified (TALC 129).

4.56.

Cultivated biological resources (TALC 13) record public sector holdings of fixed produced assets in the form of cultivated biological resources. These comprise animal resources yielding repeat products (TALC 131); and tree, crop, and plant resources yielding repeat products (TALC 132).

4.57.

Intellectual property products (TALC 14) record public sector holdings of fixed produced assets in the form of intellectual property products. These comprise research and development (TALC 141); mineral exploration and evaluation (TALC 142); computer software (TALC 143); databases (TALC 144); entertainment, literary and artistic originals (TALC 145); and intellectual property products not elsewhere classified (TALC 149).

4.58.

Weapons systems (TALC 15) record public sector holdings of fixed produced assets in the form of weapons systems. This comprises weapons systems (TALC 151).

4.59.

Inventories (TALC 21) record public sector holdings of other produced assets in the form of inventories. These comprise inventories - materials and supplies (TALC 211); inventories - work in progress (TALC 212); inventories - finished goods (TALC 213); inventories - goods for resale (TALC 214); and military inventories (TALC 215).

4.60.

Valuables (TALC 22) record public sector holdings of other produced assets in the form of valuables. These comprise valuables (TALC 221).

4.61.

Other produced assets (TALC 23) records public sector holdings of other produced assets. These comprise other not elsewhere classified produced assets (TALC 239).

4.62.

Tangible non-produced assets (TALC 31) record public sector holdings of non-produced assets in the form of tangible non-produced assets. These comprise land (TALC 311); mineral and energy resources (TALC 312); non-cultivated biological resources (TALC 313); water resources (TALC 314); radio spectra (TALC 315); and tangible non-produced assets not elsewhere classified (TALC 319).

4.63.

Intangible non-produced assets (TALC 32) record public sector holdings of non-produced assets in the form of intangible non-produced assets. These comprise marketable operating leases (TALC 321); permits to use natural resources (TALC 322); permits to undertake specified activities (TALC 323); entitlement to future goods and services on an exclusive basis (TALC 324); goodwill and marketing assets (TALC 325); and intangible non-produced assets not elsewhere classified (TALC 329).

4.64.

Other non-produced assets (TALC 33) record public sector holdings of other non-produced assets. These comprise other non-produced assets not elsewhere classified (TALC 339).

4.65.

Currency and deposits (TALC 41 and TALC 51) record public sector holdings of currency and deposit financial assets and liabilities. These comprise cash and deposits (TALC 411 and TALC 511); Special drawing rights (SDRs) (TALC 412 and TALC 512); and monetary gold (bullion) (TALC 414 asset only), and monetary gold (allocated and unallocated) (TALC 414 and TALC 511).

4.66.

Securities and related assets / liabilities (TALC 42 and TALC 52) record public sector holdings of financial assets and liabilities in debt securities and related items. These comprise debt securities (TALC 421 and TALC 521); financial derivatives (TALC 422 and TALC 522); employee stock options (TALC 423 and TALC 523); equity including contributed capital (TALC 424 and TALC 524); and investment fund shares or units (TALC 425 and TALC 525).

4.67.

Loans and placements (TALC 43 and TALC 53) record public sector holdings of loan and placements in the form of financial assets and liabilities. These comprise financial leases (TALC 431 and TALC 531); advances - concessional loans (TALC 432 and TALC 532); advances other than concessional loans (TALC 433 and TALC 533); and loans and placements not elsewhere classified (TALC 439 and TALC 539).

4.68.

Insurance, superannuation and standardised guarantee schemes (TALC 44 and TALC 54) record public sector holdings of financial assets and liabilities in insurance, superannuation, and standardised guarantee schemes. These comprise non-life insurance technical reserves (TALC 441 and TALC 541); life insurance and annuities entitlements (TALC 442 and TALC 542); provisions for defined benefit superannuation (TALC 443 and TALC 543); claims of superannuation funds on superannuation manager (TALC 444 and TALC 544); and provisions for calls under standardised guarantee schemes (TALC 445 and TALC 545).

4.69.

Other financial assets (TALC 45) and other liabilities (TALC 55) record public sector holdings of other financial assets and liabilities. These comprise provisions for employee entitlements other than superannuation (TALC 451 and TALC 551); accounts receivable (TALC 452) / accounts payable (TALC 552); and other financial assets not elsewhere classified (TALC 459) / other liabilities not elsewhere classified (TALC 559).

Taxes classification (TC)

4.70.

The taxes classification (TC) is a classification used for the identification of taxation revenue by type of tax, and is used for output purposes in the Australian GFS. The structure of the TC is hierarchical, and consists of a 1-digit level (division), a 2-digit level (group) and a 3-digit level (class). The division reflects the different types of taxes at the broad level; the group and class provide further detail about the taxes that comprise each division. The full classification of the TC can be found in Chapter 6 and Appendix 1 Part A of this manual. The division and group levels of the TC are shown in Table 4.6 below:

Table 4.6 - Taxes classification (TC): Divisions and groups
TCDescriptor
1Taxes on income, profits and capital gains
 11Income and capital gains taxes levied on individuals
 12Income and capital gains taxes levied on enterprises
 13Income taxes levied on non-residents
2Taxes on employers' payroll and labour force
 21Taxes on employers' payroll and labour force
3Taxes on property
 31Taxes on immovable property
 32Estate, inheritance and gift taxes
4Taxes on provision of goods and services
 41General taxes on provision of goods and services
 42Excises
 43Taxes on international trade
 44Taxes on gambling
 45Taxes on insurance
 46Taxes on financial and capital transactions
5Taxes on the use of goods and performance of activities
 51Motor vehicle taxes
 52Franchise taxes
 53Other taxes on the use of goods and performance of activities

 

4.71.

Income and capital gains taxes levied on individuals (TC 11) records taxes on income, profits, and capital gains in the form of income and capital gains taxes levied on individuals. These comprise personal income tax (TC 111); government health insurance levy (TC 112); mining withholding tax (TC 113); capital gains tax on individuals (TC 114); prescribed payments by individuals (TC 115); fringe benefits tax (TC 116); and other income tax levied on individuals (TC 119).

4.72.

Income and capital gains taxes levied on enterprises (TC 12) records taxes on income, profits, and capital gains in the form of income and capital gains taxes levied on enterprises. These comprise company income tax (TC 121); income tax paid by superannuation funds (TC 122); capital gains taxes on enterprises (TC 123); and prescribed payments by enterprises (TC 124).

4.73.

Income taxes levied on non-residents (TC 13) records taxes on income, profits, and capital gains in the form of income taxes levied on non-residents. These comprise dividend withholding tax (TC 131); interest withholding tax (TC 132); and income taxes levied on non-residents not elsewhere classified (TC 139).

4.74.

Taxes on employer's payroll and labour force (TC 21) records taxes on employers' payroll and labour force. This comprises payroll taxes (TC 211), superannuation guarantee charge (TC 212), and taxes on employers' payroll and labour force not elsewhere classified (TC 219).

4.75.

Taxes on immovable property (TC 31) records taxes on property in the form of taxes on immovable property. These comprise land taxes (TC 311); municipal rates (TC 312); metropolitan improvement rates (TC 313); property owners' contributions to fire brigades (TC 314); and taxes on immovable property not elsewhere classified (TC 319).

4.76.

Estate, inheritance and gift taxes (TC 32) records taxes on property in the form of estate, inheritance, and gift taxes. These comprise estate, inheritance, and gift taxes (TC 321).

4.77.

General taxes on provision of goods and services (TC 41) records taxes on provision of goods and services in the form of general taxes on provision of goods and services. These comprise sales tax (TC 411); and goods and services tax (GST) (TC 412).

4.78.

Excises (TC 42) records taxes on provision of goods and services in the form of excises. These comprise excises on crude oil, LPG and petroleum products (TC 421); excises on beer and potable spirits (TC 422); excises on tobacco products (TC 423); Excise Act duties not elsewhere classified and refunds of Excise Act duties (TC 424); agricultural production taxes (TC 425); and levies on statutory corporations (TC 426).

4.79.

Taxes on international trade (TC 43) records taxes on provision of goods and services in the form of taxes on international trade. These comprise customs duties on imports (TC 431); customs duties on exports (TC 432); and agricultural produce export taxes (TC 433).

4.80.

Taxes on gambling (TC 44) records taxes on provision of goods and services in the form of taxes on gambling. These comprise taxes on government lotteries (TC 441); taxes on private lotteries (TC 442); taxes on gambling devices (TC 443); casino taxes (TC 444); race betting taxes (TC 445); and taxes on gambling not elsewhere classified (TC 449).

4.81.

Taxes on insurance (TC 45) records taxes on provision of goods and services in the form of taxes on insurance. These comprise insurance companies' contributions to fire brigades (TC 451); third party insurance taxes (TC 452); and taxes on insurance not elsewhere classified (TC 459).

4.82.

Taxes on financial and capital transactions (TC 46) records taxes on provision of goods and services in the form of taxes on financial and capital transactions. These comprise financial institutions transactions taxes (TC 461); government borrowing guarantee levies (TC 462); stamp duties on conveyances (TC 463); stamp duties on shares and marketable securities (TC 464); and other stamp duties on financial and capital transactions (TC 465).

4.83.

Motor vehicle taxes (TC 51) records taxes on the use of goods and performance of activities in the form of motor vehicle taxes. These comprise stamp duty on vehicle registration (TC 511); road transport and maintenance taxes (TC 512); heavy vehicle registration fees and taxes (TC 513); and other vehicle registration fees and taxes (TC 519).

4.84.

Franchise taxes (TC 52) records taxes on the use of goods and performance of activities in the form of franchise taxes. These comprise gas franchise taxes (TC 521); petroleum products franchise taxes (TC 522); tobacco franchise taxes (TC 523); and liquor franchise taxes (TC 524).

4.85.

Other taxes on the use of goods and performance of activities (TC 53) records other taxes on the use of goods and performance of activities. These comprise broadcasting station licences (TC 531); television station licences (TC 532); departure tax (TC 533); clean energy and related taxes (TC 534); taxes on the use of goods and performance of activities levied on non-residents (TC 535); and other taxes on the use of goods and performance of activities not elsewhere classified (TC 539).

The classification of the functions of government - Australia (COFOG-A)

4.86.

The classification of the functions of government - Australia (COFOG-A) (formerly known as the government purpose classification (GPC)) is used to classify selected revenues, all expenses, and all transactions in non-financial assets in terms of the government purpose (e.g. health, education, defence) of the expenditure. The COFOG-A is based on the 2008 SNA Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG). For further information on the COFOG-A, see Appendix 1 Part C of this manual.

4.87.

The COFOG-A is grouped according to type of government function or purpose. The structure of the COFOG-A is hierarchical and consists of a 2-digit level (division), a 3-digit level (group) and a 4-digit level (class). The divisions reflect the broad objectives of government; the groups and classes detail the means by which these broad objectives are achieved. The full classification can be found in Appendix 1 Part C of this manual. The divisions are shown in Table 4.7 below and include the following:

Table 4.7 - Classification of the functions of government - Australia (COFOG-A): Divisions
COFOG-ADescriptor
01General public services
02Defence
03Public order and safety
04Economic affairs
05Environmental protection
06Housing and community amenities
07Health
08Recreation, culture and religion
09Education
10Social protection
11Transport

 

4.88.

General public services (COFOG-A 01) include transactions from executive and legislative organs; financial and fiscal affairs; external affairs; foreign economic aid; general services; basic research; research and development on general public services; general public services not elsewhere classified, public debt transactions; and transfers of a general character between different levels of government.

4.89.

Defence (COFOG-A 02) includes transactions from military and civil defence; foreign military aid; research and development on defence; and defence not elsewhere classified.

4.90.

Public order and safety (COFOG-A 03) includes transactions from police services; fire protection services; law courts and associated activities; prisons; research and development on public order and safety; and public order and safety not elsewhere classified.

4.91.

Economic affairs (COFOG-A 04) includes transactions from general and economic affairs, commercial, and labour affairs; agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting; fuel and energy; mining, manufacturing and construction; communication; other industries; research and development on economic affairs; and economic affairs not elsewhere classified.

4.92.

Environmental protection (COFOG-A 05) includes transactions from waste management; waste water management; pollution abatement; protection of biodiversity and landscape; research and development on environmental protection; and environmental protection not elsewhere classified.

4.93.

Housing and community amenities (COFOG-A 06) includes transactions from housing development; community development; water supply; street lighting; research and development on housing and community amenities; and housing and community amenities not elsewhere classified.

4.94.

Health (COFOG-A 07) includes transactions from medical products, appliances and equipment; outpatient services; hospital services; mental health institutions; community health services; public health services; research and development on health; and health not elsewhere classified.

4.95.

Recreation, culture and religion (COFOG-A 08) includes transactions from recreational and sporting services; cultural services; broadcasting, publishing and film production services; religious and other community services; research and development on recreation, culture and religion; and recreation, culture and religion not elsewhere classified.

4.96.

Education (COFOG-A 09) includes transactions from pre-primary and primary education; secondary education; tertiary education; education not definable by level; subsidiary services to education; research and development on education; and education not elsewhere classified.

4.97.

Social protection (COFOG-A 10) includes transactions from sickness and disability; old age; survivors; family and children; unemployment; housing; social exclusion not elsewhere classified; research and development on social protection; and social protection not elsewhere classified.

4.98.

Transport (COFOG-A 11) includes transactions from road transport; bus transport; water transport; railway transport; air transport; multi-mode urban transport; pipeline and other transport; research and development on transport and transport not elsewhere classified.