People in Australia who were born in China

Latest release
2016 Census Country of birth QuickStats
Area code 0 by 6101
People 509,557
Male 224,148
Female 285,409
Australian citizen 36.3%
Not an Australian citizen 62.8%
Families 177,296
Couples with children 86,633
Couples without children 64,675
One parent families 23,518
Other families 2,484
All private dwellings 237,913
Median monthly mortgage repayment $2,000
Median weekly rent paid $420
To view Census data for a different area, see Search Census data.
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People

demographics & education | cultural & language diversity | employment

Demographics & education

People Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Male 224,148 44.0 2,997,173 48.6 7,735,362 49.5 11,546,638 49.3
Female 285,409 56.0 3,166,493 51.4 7,880,175 50.5 11,855,248 50.7

In the 2016 Census, there were 509,557 people in Australia who were born in China. Of these 44.0% were male and 56.0% were female.

View the data quality statements for: Place of Usual Residence (PURP) Country of birth of person (BPLP)

Age
People
Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
0-14 years 20,475 4.0 366,872 6.0 3,777,875 24.2 4,364,607 18.7
15-24 years 111,578 21.9 612,643 9.9 2,197,847 14.1 2,988,390 12.8
25-34 years 138,943 27.3 1,130,884 18.3 1,994,601 12.8 3,368,449 14.4
35-44 years 68,822 13.5 1,021,528 16.6 1,911,355 12.2 3,144,935 13.4
45-54 years 69,551 13.6 961,980 15.6 1,920,340 12.3 3,105,007 13.3
55-64 years 53,344 10.5 840,595 13.6 1,704,198 10.9 2,753,734 11.8
65 years and over 46,844 9.2 1,229,161 19.9 2,109,310 13.5 3,676,765 15.7
Median age 33 -- 44 -- 34 -- 38 --

Of the population born in China who usually live in Australia, 4.0% were aged 0 - 14 years and 9.2% were aged 65 years and over. The median age of people in Australia who were born in China was 33 years.

View the data quality statement for Age (AGEP)
Registered marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Married 260,996 53.4 3,362,174 58.0 5,158,710 43.6 9,148,218 48.1
Separated 7,922 1.6 178,867 3.1 376,863 3.2 608,059 3.2
Divorced 28,343 5.8 464,766 8.0 1,021,844 8.6 1,626,890 8.5
Widowed 12,863 2.6 326,987 5.6 560,940 4.7 985,204 5.2
Never married 178,959 36.6 1,463,996 25.3 4,719,302 39.9 6,668,910 35.0

Of people in Australia aged 15 years and over who were born in China, 53.4% were married, 1.6% were separated, and 5.8% were divorced.

View the data quality statement for Registered marital status (MSTP)
Education Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Pre-school 1,597 0.3 21,982 0.4 323,754 2.1 347,621 1.5
Primary 10,060 2.0 197,196 3.2 1,717,830 11.0 1,926,880 8.2
Secondary 20,994 4.1 224,770 3.6 1,211,676 7.8 1,446,506 6.2
University or tertiary institution 109,268 21.4 440,789 7.2 713,008 4.6 1,160,630 5.0
Technical or further education 16,140 3.2 152,909 2.5 267,689 1.7 424,870 1.8
Other 9,903 1.9 97,890 1.6 98,429 0.6 198,383 0.8
Institution attended, type not stated 6,471 1.3 117,292 1.9 329,449 2.1 1,707,023 7.3
Not attending an educational institution 335,124 65.8 4,910,840 79.7 10,953,685 70.1 16,189,980 69.2

Of the population born in China who usually live in Australia, 34.2% were attending an educational institution. There were 2.0% in primary school, 4.1% in secondary school and 24.6% in a tertiary or technical institution.

View the data quality statement for Educational institution attendee status (TYSTAP)
Level of highest educational attainment
People aged 15 years and over
Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Bachelor Degree level and above 212,234 43.4 1,830,410 31.6 2,320,141 19.6 4,181,406 22.0
Advanced Diploma and Diploma level 41,968 8.6 587,176 10.1 1,079,954 9.1 1,687,893 8.9
Certificate level IV 3,347 0.7 120,064 2.1 425,836 3.6 551,767 2.9
Certificate level III 12,061 2.5 565,803 9.8 1,831,323 15.5 2,442,203 12.8
Year 12 133,300 27.3 1,051,623 18.1 1,902,337 16.1 2,994,097 15.7
Year 11 9,979 2.0 200,856 3.5 724,761 6.1 941,531 4.9
Year 10 15,978 3.3 418,929 7.2 1,588,715 13.4 2,054,331 10.8
Certificate level II 118 0.0 3,313 0.1 9,848 0.1 13,454 0.1
Certificate level I 44 0.0 863 0.0 1,266 0.0 2,176 0.0
Year 9 or below 28,044 5.7 458,176 7.9 1,027,299 8.7 1,529,897 8.0
No educational attainment 9,814 2.0 114,870 2.0 26,748 0.2 145,844 0.8
Not stated 11,208 2.3 264,618 4.6 570,419 4.8 1,974,794 10.4

Of the population born in China who usually live in Australia, 27.3% reported having completed Year 12 as their highest level of educational attainment, 3.2% had completed a Certificate III or IV and 8.6% had completed an Advanced Diploma or Diploma.

View the data quality statement for Level of highest educational attainment (HEAP)

Cultural & language diversity

Year of arrival Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Before 1941 215 0.0 9,289 0.2 -- -- -- --
1941 - 1950 939 0.2 84,378 1.4 -- -- -- --
1951 - 1960 2,856 0.6 321,721 5.2 -- -- -- --
1961 - 1970 3,417 0.7 590,106 9.6 -- -- -- --
1971 - 1980 5,822 1.1 541,319 8.8 -- -- -- --
1981 - 1990 44,500 8.7 768,312 12.5 -- -- -- --
1991 - 2000 64,011 12.6 766,940 12.4 -- -- -- --
2001 - 2005 62,536 12.3 559,084 9.1 -- -- -- --
2006 - 2010 111,871 22.0 985,332 16.0 -- -- -- --
2011 - 2016 190,585 37.4 1,324,426 21.5 -- -- -- --
Born in Australia -- -- -- -- 15,615,531 -- -- --

In Australia of people who were born in China, 37.4% arrived in Australia from 2011 - 2016 and 22.0% from 2006 - 2010.

View the data quality statement for Year of arrival in Australia (YARP)
Citizenship Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Australian citizen 184,848 36.3 3,652,290 59.3 15,304,785 98.0 19,278,834 82.4
Not an Australian citizen 319,763 62.8 2,402,591 39.0 86,884 0.6 2,507,458 10.7

In Australia of people who were born in China, 36.3% were Australian citizens.

View the data quality statement for Australian citizenship (CITP)
Birthplace of spouse or partner Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Spouse or partner born overseas 231,069 91.3 2,533,692 72.3 874,386 14.5 3,432,017 35.9
Spouse or partner born in Australia 13,556 5.4 874,386 25.0 4,975,104 82.7 5,872,893 61.4

In Australia of people who were born in China and had a spouse or partner, 91.3% had a spouse or partner who was born overseas and 5.4% had a spouse or partner born in Australia.

Note: Total does not include those spouses or partners who did not state their country of birth.

View the data quality statements for: Country of birth of person (BPLP) Relationship in household (RLHP) Family/household reference person indicator (RPIP)

Religious affiliation, top responses
Results may include 'nfd' for 'not further defined'
Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
No Religion, so described 373,934 73.4 1,647,084 26.7 5,197,438 33.3 6,933,708 29.6
Buddhism 55,382 10.9 400,332 6.5 156,171 1.0 563,674 2.4
Catholic 12,046 2.4 1,306,565 21.2 3,895,007 24.9 5,291,834 22.6
Christian, nfd 11,809 2.3 211,734 3.4 391,430 2.5 612,371 2.6
Baptist 7,665 1.5 105,653 1.7 234,177 1.5 345,142 1.5

In Australia of people who were born in China, the most common responses to the religion question were No Religion, so described 73.4%, Buddhism 10.9%, Catholic 2.4%, Christian, nfd 2.3% and Baptist 1.5%.

View the data quality statement for Religious affiliation (RELP)
English language proficiency Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Speaks English only 13,381 2.6 2,581,282 41.9 14,190,672 90.9 17,020,421 72.7
Speaks other language and speaks English:  null  null  null  null  null  null
Very well or well 335,344 65.8 2,885,219 46.8 1,122,966 7.2 4,068,598 17.4
Not well or not at all 158,047 31.0 648,470 10.5 157,704 1.0 819,925 3.5

In Australia of people who were born in China, 2.6% spoke English only at home. A further 65.8% spoke another language but also spoke English very well or well.

View the data quality statement for Proficiency in spoken English/language (ENGLP)

Employment

Employment
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Worked full-time 141,320 55.0 2,052,828 58.4 4,491,739 57.5 6,623,065 57.7
Worked part-time 74,250 28.9 1,025,198 29.2 2,421,402 31.0 3,491,503 30.4
Away from work 10,914 4.2 158,027 4.5 397,088 5.1 569,276 5.0
Unemployed 30,345 11.8 277,586 7.9 498,013 6.4 787,452 6.9
Not in the labour force 229,680 47.0 2,221,922 38.3 3,913,066 33.1 6,297,600 33.1

In Australia of people who were born in China and who were in the labour force, 55.0% worked full-time, 28.9% worked part-time and 11.8% were unemployed.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status (LFSP)
Employment - hours worked
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
1-15 hours per week 24,843 11.0 313,561 9.7 890,779 12.2 1,218,823 11.4
16-24 hours per week 26,045 11.5 358,890 11.1 706,291 9.7 1,079,236 10.1
25-34 hours per week 23,366 10.3 352,748 10.9 824,331 11.3 1,193,445 11.2
35-39 hours per week 57,413 25.3 705,848 21.8 1,300,092 17.8 2,031,263 19.0
40 hours or more per week 83,905 37.0 1,346,985 41.6 3,191,643 43.7 4,591,801 43.0

In Australia of people who were born in China and who were employed, 37.0% worked 40 hours or more per week and 25.3% worked 35-39 hours per week.

View the data quality statement for Hours worked (HRSP)
Occupation, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Professionals 63,880 28.2 815,695 25.2 1,536,662 21.0 2,370,966 22.2
Managers 30,963 13.7 403,585 12.5 970,340 13.3 1,390,047 13.0
Technicians and Trades Workers 25,817 11.4 405,055 12.5 1,021,688 14.0 1,447,414 13.5
Clerical and Administrative Workers 25,680 11.3 393,619 12.2 1,040,953 14.2 1,449,681 13.6
Sales Workers 23,914 10.6 242,224 7.5 746,730 10.2 1,000,955 9.4

In Australia of people who were born in China, the most common responses for occupation were Professionals 28.2%, Managers 13.7%, Technicians and Trades Workers 11.4%, Clerical and Administrative Workers 11.3% and Sales Workers 10.6%.

View the data quality statement for Occupation (OCCP)
Industry of employment, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Cafes and Restaurants 16,374 7.2 121,097 3.7 130,007 1.8 253,385 2.4
Takeaway Food Services 6,655 2.9 50,880 1.6 137,140 1.9 189,447 1.8
Higher Education 5,934 2.6 61,774 1.9 93,269 1.3 155,985 1.5
Computer System Design and Related Services 5,919 2.6 82,618 2.6 79,573 1.1 162,884 1.5
Hospitals (except Psychiatric Hospitals) 5,914 2.6 141,550 4.4 265,609 3.6 411,808 3.9

In Australia of people who were born in China, the most common responses for industry of employment were Cafes and Restaurants 7.2%, Takeaway Food Services 2.9%, Higher Education 2.6%, Computer System Design and Related Services 2.6% and Hospitals (except Psychiatric Hospitals) 2.6%.

View the data quality statement for Industry of employment (INDP)
Median weekly income
People aged 15 years and over
Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Personal 374 -- 615 -- 688 -- 662 --
Family 1,303 -- 1,725 -- 1,834 -- 1,734 --
Household 1,257 -- 1,562 -- 1,539 -- 1,438 --

In Australia of people who were born in China, the personal weekly median income was $374. Family median weekly income was $1,303 and Household median weekly income was $1,257.

Median personal weekly income for persons aged 15 years and over born in the selected country. Excludes those who did not state an income.

Family for the selected country of birth is determined by the reference person and/or their spouse/partner's response to country of birth. Median family income excludes families where at least one family member aged 15 years and over did not state an income.

Household for the selected country of birth is determined by the response of any household member (enumerated in the dwelling) to country of birth. Median household income excludes households where at least one member aged 15 years and over did not state an income.

View the data quality statements for: Total personal income (INCP) Total family income (FINF) Total household income (HIND)

Travel to work
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Car 125,550 55.4 1,986,872 61.4 5,009,484 68.5 7,090,101 66.4
Bus or train 47,835 21.1 453,292 14.0 454,116 6.2 915,328 8.6
Other 25,411 11.2 381,664 11.8 672,865 9.2 1,066,965 10.0

In Australia 55.4% of employed people who were born in China travelled to work on census day by car, while 21.1% travelled by bus or train.

View the data quality statement for Method of travel to work (MTWP)
Unpaid work
People aged 15 years and over
Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 279,888 57.2 3,964,948 68.4 9,000,198 76.0 13,143,914 69.0
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 132,123 27.0 1,677,392 28.9 3,507,061 29.6 5,259,400 27.6
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 46,720 9.6 613,990 10.6 1,489,817 12.6 2,145,203 11.3
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 54,731 11.2 941,091 16.2 2,634,097 22.3 3,620,726 19.0

In Australia 57.2% of people who were born in China did unpaid domestic work in the week before the census, and 27.0% cared for a child or children in the two weeks before the census.

View the data quality statements for: Unpaid domestic work (DOMP) Unpaid child care (CHCAREP) Unpaid assistance (UNCAREP) Voluntary work (VOLWP)

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours
People aged 15 years and over
Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Less than 5 hours per week 97,008 19.8 1,234,900 21.3 3,013,177 25.5 4,298,593 22.6
5 to 14 hours per week 98,982 20.2 1,509,217 26.0 3,371,602 28.5 4,944,578 26.0
15 to 29 hours per week 47,791 9.8 678,501 11.7 1,479,061 12.5 2,189,776 11.5
30 hours or more per week 36,110 7.4 542,335 9.4 1,136,359 9.6 1,710,970 9.0

In Australia of people who were born in China and who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the census, 20.2% worked 5 to 14 hours, 9.8% worked 15 to 29 hours and 7.4% worked 30 hours or more.

View the data quality statement for Unpaid domestic work, number of hours (DOMP)

Families

family composition | employment status of couple families

Family composition

For information on how migrant families are classified, see the User guide for QuickStats

Family composition Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Couple family without children 64,675 36.5 1,012,440 39.3 1,240,422 36.6 2,291,987 37.8
Couple family with children 86,633 48.9 1,248,241 48.4 1,434,939 42.3 2,716,224 44.7
One parent family 23,518 13.3 282,463 11.0 648,590 19.1 959,543 15.8
Other family 2,484 1.4 34,059 1.3 65,896 1.9 102,559 1.7
Families with a child under 5 37,748 21.3 446,733 17.3 591,182 17.4 1,037,904 17.1
Families with a child aged 0-15 years 72,153 40.7 977,697 37.9 1,379,763 40.7 2,357,465 38.8

These statistics are for families in Australia. They are for families where the reference person and/or their spouse or partner was born in China. Of these families, 48.9% were couple families with children, 36.5% were couple families without children and 13.3% were one parent families.

Note: Totals for families with a child under 5 and for families with a child aged 0-15 years does not include those families where the reference person and/or their spouse/partner did not state their country of birth.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)

Employment status of couple families

Employment status of parents in couple families
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Both employed, worked full-time 31,294 20.7 475,278 21.0 600,260 22.4 1,084,006 21.6
Both employed, worked part-time 7,383 4.9 97,948 4.3 103,266 3.9 203,596 4.1
One employed full-time, one part-time 20,556 13.6 424,478 18.8 652,771 24.4 1,086,460 21.7
One employed full-time, other not working 29,204 19.3 390,307 17.3 352,203 13.2 749,886 15.0
One employed part-time, other not working 12,701 8.4 156,274 6.9 141,852 5.3 302,037 6.0
Both not working 34,194 22.6 492,423 21.8 488,403 18.3 1,006,697 20.1
Other (includes away from work) 6,436 4.3 107,664 4.8 152,346 5.7 264,145 5.3
Labour force status not stated (by one or both parents in a couple family) 9,535 6.3 116,299 5.1 184,264 6.9 311,381 6.2

These statistics are for families in Australia. They are for families where the reference person and/or their spouse or partner was born in China. Of these families, 20.7% of families had both parents working full-time, 13.6% of families had one parent working full-time and one parent working part-time, and 22.6% of families stated that both parents were not working.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status of parents / partners in families (LFSF)

Dwellings

dwelling structure | mortgage & rent | household composition

Dwelling structure

For information on how migrant households are classified, see the User guide for QuickStats

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling structure
Occupied private dwellings
Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Separate house 117,944 49.6 2,212,954 67.1 5,074,866 76.9 6,041,788 72.9
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 36,721 15.4 466,800 14.1 779,497 11.8 1,055,016 12.7
Flat or apartment 81,092 34.1 585,471 17.7 668,862 10.1 1,087,434 13.1
Other dwelling 1,015 0.4 20,721 0.6 48,617 0.7 64,425 0.8

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in China, 49.6% were a separate house, 34.1% were a flat or apartment, and 15.4% were a semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling structure (STRD)
Number of bedrooms
Occupied private dwellings
Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
None (includes bedsitters) 1,562 0.7 17,187 0.5 23,956 0.4 39,769 0.5
1 bedroom 18,391 7.7 176,922 5.4 254,884 3.9 411,252 5.0
2 bedrooms 60,732 25.5 658,470 20.0 1,119,772 17.0 1,562,759 18.9
3 bedrooms 74,109 31.2 1,264,755 38.3 2,787,246 42.2 3,403,190 41.1
4 or more bedrooms 78,576 33.0 1,110,865 33.7 2,287,725 34.7 2,670,758 32.2
Number of bedrooms not stated 4,538 1.9 71,635 2.2 126,102 1.9 198,351 2.4

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in China, 25.5% had two bedrooms, 31.2% had three bedrooms and 33.0% had four or more bedrooms.

View the data quality statement for Number of bedrooms in a private dwelling (BEDD)

Mortgage & rent

Mortgage and rent
Occupied private dwellings
Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Owned outright 51,576 21.7 970,425 29.4 2,013,505 30.5 2,565,695 31.0
Owned with a mortgage 101,119 42.5 1,122,252 34.0 2,474,999 37.5 2,855,222 34.5
Rented 78,483 33.0 1,099,840 33.3 1,907,007 28.9 2,561,302 30.9
Other tenure type 1,556 0.7 25,380 0.8 59,681 0.9 78,994 1.0
Tenure type not stated 5,179 2.2 81,928 2.5 144,494 2.2 224,869 2.7
Median monthly mortgage repayment 2,000 -- 1,950 -- 1,742 -- 1,755 --
Median weekly rent paid 420 -- 370 -- 330 -- 335 --

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in China, 21.7% were owned outright, 42.5% were owned with a mortgage and 33.0% were rented. The median monthly mortgage repayment was $2,000 and the median weekly rent paid was $420.

Median monthly mortgage repayment relates only to occupied private dwellings that are owned with a mortgage (including those being purchased under a rent/buy scheme). It excludes 'visitor only' and 'other non-classifiable' households and dwellings that did not state a monthly repayment value.

Median weekly rent paid relates to occupied private dwellings being rented (including rent-free accommodation). It excludes 'visitor only' and 'other non-classifiable' households and dwellings that did not state a weekly payment value.

View the data quality statements for: Tenure type (TEND) Rent weekly payments (RNTD) Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED)

Household composition

Household composition Born in China % Born in China All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
One family households 160,827 67.6 2,465,248 74.7 4,809,352 72.9 5,751,635 69.4
Multiple family households 13,154 5.5 101,470 3.1 137,593 2.1 155,992 1.9
Single (or lone) person households 30,601 12.9 559,665 17.0 1,403,935 21.3 2,023,542 24.4
Group households 33,338 14.0 173,452 5.3 248,803 3.8 354,917 4.3

All occupants of a private dwelling complete one census form and are counted as a household. 'Born in China' includes households in Australia where at least one person was born in China. Of those households, 67.6% were one family households and 12.9% were lone person households.

View the data quality statement for Household composition (HHCD)

Small random adjustments have been made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals. For further information, go to the User Guide for QuickStats.

Data reported for Australia and Other Territories now includes Norfolk Island, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. Because Norfolk Island has not previously been included in the Census, any 2011 benchmarks will not include Norfolk Island.