People in Australia who were born in Timor-Leste

2016 Census Country of birth QuickStats
Area code 0 by 5206
People 9,237
Male 4,523
Female 4,714
Australian citizen 92.6%
Not an Australian citizen 6.0%
Families 4,834
Couples with children 3,171
Couples without children 980
One parent families 604
Other families 76
All private dwellings 5,379
Median monthly mortgage repayment $1,800
Median weekly rent paid $300

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People

demographics & education | cultural & language diversity | employment

Demographics & education

People Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Male 4,523 49.0 2,997,173 48.6 7,735,362 49.5 11,546,638 49.3
Female 4,714 51.0 3,166,493 51.4 7,880,175 50.5 11,855,248 50.7

In the 2016 Census, there were 9,237 people in Australia who were born in Timor-Leste. Of these 49.0% were male and 51.0% were female.

View the data quality statements for: Place of Usual Residence (PURP) Country of birth of person (BPLP)

Age
People
Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
0-14 years 118 1.3 366,872 6.0 3,777,875 24.2 4,364,607 18.7
15-24 years 231 2.5 612,643 9.9 2,197,847 14.1 2,988,390 12.8
25-34 years 814 8.8 1,130,884 18.3 1,994,601 12.8 3,368,449 14.4
35-44 years 1,819 19.7 1,021,528 16.6 1,911,355 12.2 3,144,935 13.4
45-54 years 2,679 29.0 961,980 15.6 1,920,340 12.3 3,105,007 13.3
55-64 years 1,917 20.7 840,595 13.6 1,704,198 10.9 2,753,734 11.8
65 years and over 1,662 18.0 1,229,161 19.9 2,109,310 13.5 3,676,765 15.7
Median age 51 -- 44 -- 34 -- 38 --

Of the population born in Timor-Leste who usually live in Australia, 1.3% were aged 0 - 14 years and 18.0% were aged 65 years and over. The median age of people in Australia who were born in Timor-Leste was 51 years.

View the data quality statement for Age (AGEP)
Registered marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Married 5,994 65.7 3,362,174 58.0 5,158,710 43.6 9,148,218 48.1
Separated 284 3.1 178,867 3.1 376,863 3.2 608,059 3.2
Divorced 518 5.7 464,766 8.0 1,021,844 8.6 1,626,890 8.5
Widowed 567 6.2 326,987 5.6 560,940 4.7 985,204 5.2
Never married 1,755 19.2 1,463,996 25.3 4,719,302 39.9 6,668,910 35.0

Of people in Australia aged 15 years and over who were born in Timor-Leste, 65.7% were married, 3.1% were separated, and 5.7% were divorced.

View the data quality statement for Registered marital status (MSTP)
Education Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Pre-school 6 0.1 21,982 0.4 323,754 2.1 347,621 1.5
Primary 57 0.6 197,196 3.2 1,717,830 11.0 1,926,880 8.2
Secondary 116 1.3 224,770 3.6 1,211,676 7.8 1,446,506 6.2
University or tertiary institution 227 2.5 440,789 7.2 713,008 4.6 1,160,630 5.0
Technical or further education 124 1.3 152,909 2.5 267,689 1.7 424,870 1.8
Other 93 1.0 97,890 1.6 98,429 0.6 198,383 0.8
Institution attended, type not stated 161 1.7 117,292 1.9 329,449 2.1 1,707,023 7.3
Not attending an educational institution 8,478 91.5 4,910,840 79.7 10,953,685 70.1 16,189,980 69.2

Of the population born in Timor-Leste who usually live in Australia, 8.5% were attending an educational institution. There were 0.6% in primary school, 1.3% in secondary school and 3.8% in a tertiary or technical institution.

View the data quality statement for Educational institution attendee status (TYSTAP)
Level of highest educational attainment
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Bachelor Degree level and above 959 10.5 1,830,410 31.6 2,320,141 19.6 4,181,406 22.0
Advanced Diploma and Diploma level 578 6.3 587,176 10.1 1,079,954 9.1 1,687,893 8.9
Certificate level IV 198 2.2 120,064 2.1 425,836 3.6 551,767 2.9
Certificate level III 638 7.0 565,803 9.8 1,831,323 15.5 2,442,203 12.8
Year 12 1,953 21.4 1,051,623 18.1 1,902,337 16.1 2,994,097 15.7
Year 11 425 4.7 200,856 3.5 724,761 6.1 941,531 4.9
Year 10 974 10.7 418,929 7.2 1,588,715 13.4 2,054,331 10.8
Certificate level II 16 0.2 3,313 0.1 9,848 0.1 13,454 0.1
Certificate level I 4 0.0 863 0.0 1,266 0.0 2,176 0.0
Year 9 or below 1,758 19.3 458,176 7.9 1,027,299 8.7 1,529,897 8.0
No educational attainment 956 10.5 114,870 2.0 26,748 0.2 145,844 0.8
Not stated 435 4.8 264,618 4.6 570,419 4.8 1,974,794 10.4

Of the population born in Timor-Leste who usually live in Australia, 21.4% reported having completed Year 12 as their highest level of educational attainment, 9.2% had completed a Certificate III or IV and 6.3% had completed an Advanced Diploma or Diploma.

View the data quality statement for Level of highest educational attainment (HEAP)

Cultural & language diversity

Year of arrival Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Before 1941 0 0.0 9,289 0.2 -- -- -- --
1941 - 1950 11 0.1 84,378 1.4 -- -- -- --
1951 - 1960 5 0.1 321,721 5.2 -- -- -- --
1961 - 1970 61 0.7 590,106 9.6 -- -- -- --
1971 - 1980 2,206 23.9 541,319 8.8 -- -- -- --
1981 - 1990 3,509 38.0 768,312 12.5 -- -- -- --
1991 - 2000 2,507 27.2 766,940 12.4 -- -- -- --
2001 - 2005 157 1.7 559,084 9.1 -- -- -- --
2006 - 2010 220 2.4 985,332 16.0 -- -- -- --
2011 - 2016 267 2.9 1,324,426 21.5 -- -- -- --
Born in Australia -- -- -- -- 15,615,531 -- -- --

In Australia of people who were born in Timor-Leste, 2.9% arrived in Australia from 2011 - 2016 and 2.4% from 2006 - 2010.

View the data quality statement for Year of arrival in Australia (YARP)
Citizenship Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Australian citizen 8,558 92.6 3,652,290 59.3 15,304,785 98.0 19,278,834 82.4
Not an Australian citizen 558 6.0 2,402,591 39.0 86,884 0.6 2,507,458 10.7

In Australia of people who were born in Timor-Leste, 92.6% were Australian citizens.

View the data quality statement for Australian citizenship (CITP)
Birthplace of spouse or partner Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Spouse or partner born overseas 5,361 88.0 2,533,692 72.3 874,386 14.5 3,432,017 35.9
Spouse or partner born in Australia 615 10.1 874,386 25.0 4,975,104 82.7 5,872,893 61.4

In Australia of people who were born in Timor-Leste and had a spouse or partner, 88.0% had a spouse or partner who was born overseas and 10.1% had a spouse or partner born in Australia.

Note: Total does not include those spouses or partners who did not state their country of birth.

View the data quality statements for: Country of birth of person (BPLP) Relationship in household (RLHP) Family/household reference person indicator (RPIP)

Religious affiliation, top responses
Results may include 'nfd' for 'not further defined'
Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Catholic 4,871 52.8 1,306,565 21.2 3,895,007 24.9 5,291,834 22.6
No Religion, so described 1,824 19.8 1,647,084 26.7 5,197,438 33.3 6,933,708 29.6
Buddhism 1,388 15.0 400,332 6.5 156,171 1.0 563,674 2.4
Christian, nfd 276 3.0 211,734 3.4 391,430 2.5 612,371 2.6
Chinese Religions 79 0.9 3,880 0.1 2,443 0.0 6,385 0.0

In Australia of people who were born in Timor-Leste, the most common responses to the religion question were Catholic 52.8%, No Religion, so described 19.8%, Buddhism 15.0%, Christian, nfd 3.0% and Chinese Religions 0.9%.

View the data quality statement for Religious affiliation (RELP)
English language proficiency Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Speaks English only 1,115 12.1 2,581,282 41.9 14,190,672 90.9 17,020,421 72.7
Speaks other language and speaks English:  null  null  null  null  null  null
Very well or well 5,438 58.8 2,885,219 46.8 1,122,966 7.2 4,068,598 17.4
Not well or not at all 2,585 28.0 648,470 10.5 157,704 1.0 819,925 3.5

In Australia of people who were born in Timor-Leste, 12.1% spoke English only at home. A further 58.8% spoke another language but also spoke English very well or well.

View the data quality statement for Proficiency in spoken English/language (ENGLP)

Employment

Employment
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Worked full-time 3,630 65.9 2,052,828 58.4 4,491,739 57.5 6,623,065 57.7
Worked part-time 1,260 22.9 1,025,198 29.2 2,421,402 31.0 3,491,503 30.4
Away from work 259 4.7 158,027 4.5 397,088 5.1 569,276 5.0
Unemployed 360 6.5 277,586 7.9 498,013 6.4 787,452 6.9
Not in the labour force 3,517 38.6 2,221,922 38.3 3,913,066 33.1 6,297,600 33.1

In Australia of people who were born in Timor-Leste and who were in the labour force, 65.9% worked full-time, 22.9% worked part-time and 6.5% were unemployed.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status (LFSP)
Employment - hours worked
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
1-15 hours per week 349 6.8 313,561 9.7 890,779 12.2 1,218,823 11.4
16-24 hours per week 360 7.0 358,890 11.1 706,291 9.7 1,079,236 10.1
25-34 hours per week 553 10.7 352,748 10.9 824,331 11.3 1,193,445 11.2
35-39 hours per week 1,674 32.5 705,848 21.8 1,300,092 17.8 2,031,263 19.0
40 hours or more per week 1,961 38.1 1,346,985 41.6 3,191,643 43.7 4,591,801 43.0

In Australia of people who were born in Timor-Leste and who were employed, 38.1% worked 40 hours or more per week and 32.5% worked 35-39 hours per week.

View the data quality statement for Hours worked (HRSP)
Occupation, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Labourers 1,235 24.0 354,542 11.0 638,102 8.7 1,011,520 9.5
Machinery Operators and Drivers 924 18.0 210,138 6.5 447,114 6.1 670,106 6.3
Technicians and Trades Workers 598 11.6 405,055 12.5 1,021,688 14.0 1,447,414 13.5
Managers 558 10.9 403,585 12.5 970,340 13.3 1,390,047 13.0
Clerical and Administrative Workers 535 10.4 393,619 12.2 1,040,953 14.2 1,449,681 13.6

In Australia of people who were born in Timor-Leste, the most common responses for occupation were Labourers 24.0%, Machinery Operators and Drivers 18.0%, Technicians and Trades Workers 11.6%, Managers 10.9% and Clerical and Administrative Workers 10.4%.

View the data quality statement for Occupation (OCCP)
Industry of employment, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Takeaway Food Services 244 4.8 50,880 1.6 137,140 1.9 189,447 1.8
Cafes and Restaurants 227 4.5 121,097 3.7 130,007 1.8 253,385 2.4
Supermarket and Grocery Stores 219 4.3 63,537 2.0 187,929 2.6 254,275 2.4
Hospitals (except Psychiatric Hospitals) 160 3.2 141,550 4.4 265,609 3.6 411,808 3.9
Other Warehousing and Storage Services 153 3.0 16,253 0.5 22,594 0.3 39,412 0.4

In Australia of people who were born in Timor-Leste, the most common responses for industry of employment were Takeaway Food Services 4.8%, Cafes and Restaurants 4.5%, Supermarket and Grocery Stores 4.3%, Hospitals (except Psychiatric Hospitals) 3.2% and Other Warehousing and Storage Services 3.0%.

View the data quality statement for Industry of employment (INDP)
Median weekly income
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Personal 603 -- 615 -- 688 -- 662 --
Family 1,688 -- 1,725 -- 1,834 -- 1,734 --
Household 1,686 -- 1,562 -- 1,539 -- 1,438 --

In Australia of people who were born in Timor-Leste, the personal weekly median income was $603. Family median weekly income was $1,688 and Household median weekly income was $1,686.

Median personal weekly income for persons aged 15 years and over born in the selected country. Excludes those who did not state an income.

Family for the selected country of birth is determined by the reference person and/or their spouse/partner's response to country of birth. Median family income excludes families where at least one family member aged 15 years and over did not state an income.

Household for the selected country of birth is determined by the response of any household member (enumerated in the dwelling) to country of birth. Median household income excludes households where at least one member aged 15 years and over did not state an income.

View the data quality statements for: Total personal income (INCP) Total family income (FINF) Total household income (HIND)

Travel to work
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Car 3,924 76.2 1,986,872 61.4 5,009,484 68.5 7,090,101 66.4
Bus or train 455 8.8 453,292 14.0 454,116 6.2 915,328 8.6
Other 353 6.9 381,664 11.8 672,865 9.2 1,066,965 10.0

In Australia 76.2% of employed people who were born in Timor-Leste travelled to work on census day by car, while 8.8% travelled by bus or train.

View the data quality statement for Method of travel to work (MTWP)
Unpaid work
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 5,616 61.6 3,964,948 68.4 9,000,198 76.0 13,143,914 69.0
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 2,773 30.4 1,677,392 28.9 3,507,061 29.6 5,259,400 27.6
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 1,136 12.5 613,990 10.6 1,489,817 12.6 2,145,203 11.3
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 707 7.8 941,091 16.2 2,634,097 22.3 3,620,726 19.0

In Australia 61.6% of people who were born in Timor-Leste did unpaid domestic work in the week before the census, and 30.4% cared for a child or children in the two weeks before the census.

View the data quality statements for: Unpaid domestic work (DOMP) Unpaid child care (CHCAREP) Unpaid assistance (UNCAREP) Voluntary work (VOLWP)

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Less than 5 hours per week 1,749 19.2 1,234,900 21.3 3,013,177 25.5 4,298,593 22.6
5 to 14 hours per week 2,058 22.5 1,509,217 26.0 3,371,602 28.5 4,944,578 26.0
15 to 29 hours per week 964 10.6 678,501 11.7 1,479,061 12.5 2,189,776 11.5
30 hours or more per week 852 9.3 542,335 9.4 1,136,359 9.6 1,710,970 9.0

In Australia of people who were born in Timor-Leste and who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the census, 22.5% worked 5 to 14 hours, 10.6% worked 15 to 29 hours and 9.3% worked 30 hours or more.

View the data quality statement for Unpaid domestic work, number of hours (DOMP)

Families

family composition | employment status of couple families

Family composition

For information on how migrant families are classified, see the User guide for QuickStats

Family composition Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Couple family without children 980 20.3 1,012,440 39.3 1,240,422 36.6 2,291,987 37.8
Couple family with children 3,171 65.6 1,248,241 48.4 1,434,939 42.3 2,716,224 44.7
One parent family 604 12.5 282,463 11.0 648,590 19.1 959,543 15.8
Other family 76 1.6 34,059 1.3 65,896 1.9 102,559 1.7
Families with a child under 5 693 14.3 446,733 17.3 591,182 17.4 1,037,904 17.1
Families with a child aged 0-15 years 2,109 43.6 977,697 37.9 1,379,763 40.7 2,357,465 38.8

These statistics are for families in Australia. They are for families where the reference person and/or their spouse or partner was born in Timor-Leste. Of these families, 65.6% were couple families with children, 20.3% were couple families without children and 12.5% were one parent families.

Note: Totals for families with a child under 5 and for families with a child aged 0-15 years does not include those families where the reference person and/or their spouse/partner did not state their country of birth.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)

Employment status of couple families

Employment status of parents in couple families
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Both employed, worked full-time 1,008 24.2 475,278 21.0 600,260 22.4 1,084,006 21.6
Both employed, worked part-time 149 3.6 97,948 4.3 103,266 3.9 203,596 4.1
One employed full-time, one part-time 611 14.7 424,478 18.8 652,771 24.4 1,086,460 21.7
One employed full-time, other not working 916 22.0 390,307 17.3 352,203 13.2 749,886 15.0
One employed part-time, other not working 286 6.9 156,274 6.9 141,852 5.3 302,037 6.0
Both not working 843 20.3 492,423 21.8 488,403 18.3 1,006,697 20.1
Other (includes away from work) 195 4.7 107,664 4.8 152,346 5.7 264,145 5.3
Labour force status not stated (by one or both parents in a couple family) 151 3.6 116,299 5.1 184,264 6.9 311,381 6.2

These statistics are for families in Australia. They are for families where the reference person and/or their spouse or partner was born in Timor-Leste. Of these families, 24.2% of families had both parents working full-time, 14.7% of families had one parent working full-time and one parent working part-time, and 20.3% of families stated that both parents were not working.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status of parents / partners in families (LFSF)

Dwellings

dwelling structure | mortgage & rent | household composition

Dwelling structure

For information on how migrant households are classified, see the User guide for QuickStats

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling structure
Occupied private dwellings
Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Separate house 4,018 74.7 2,212,954 67.1 5,074,866 76.9 6,041,788 72.9
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 657 12.2 466,800 14.1 779,497 11.8 1,055,016 12.7
Flat or apartment 668 12.4 585,471 17.7 668,862 10.1 1,087,434 13.1
Other dwelling 26 0.5 20,721 0.6 48,617 0.7 64,425 0.8

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in Timor-Leste, 74.7% were a separate house, 12.4% were a flat or apartment, and 12.2% were a semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling structure (STRD)
Number of bedrooms
Occupied private dwellings
Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
None (includes bedsitters) 24 0.4 17,187 0.5 23,956 0.4 39,769 0.5
1 bedroom 130 2.4 176,922 5.4 254,884 3.9 411,252 5.0
2 bedrooms 610 11.3 658,470 20.0 1,119,772 17.0 1,562,759 18.9
3 bedrooms 2,016 37.5 1,264,755 38.3 2,787,246 42.2 3,403,190 41.1
4 or more bedrooms 2,464 45.8 1,110,865 33.7 2,287,725 34.7 2,670,758 32.2
Number of bedrooms not stated 133 2.5 71,635 2.2 126,102 1.9 198,351 2.4

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in Timor-Leste, 11.3% had two bedrooms, 37.5% had three bedrooms and 45.8% had four or more bedrooms.

View the data quality statement for Number of bedrooms in a private dwelling (BEDD)

Mortgage & rent

Mortgage and rent
Occupied private dwellings
Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Owned outright 1,638 30.5 970,425 29.4 2,013,505 30.5 2,565,695 31.0
Owned with a mortgage 2,226 41.5 1,122,252 34.0 2,474,999 37.5 2,855,222 34.5
Rented 1,322 24.6 1,099,840 33.3 1,907,007 28.9 2,561,302 30.9
Other tenure type 35 0.7 25,380 0.8 59,681 0.9 78,994 1.0
Tenure type not stated 146 2.7 81,928 2.5 144,494 2.2 224,869 2.7
Median monthly mortgage repayment 1,800 -- 1,950 -- 1,742 -- 1,755 --
Median weekly rent paid 300 -- 370 -- 330 -- 335 --

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in Timor-Leste, 30.5% were owned outright, 41.5% were owned with a mortgage and 24.6% were rented. The median monthly mortgage repayment was $1,800 and the median weekly rent paid was $300.

Median monthly mortgage repayment relates only to occupied private dwellings that are owned with a mortgage (including those being purchased under a rent/buy scheme). It excludes 'visitor only' and 'other non-classifiable' households and dwellings that did not state a monthly repayment value.

Median weekly rent paid relates to occupied private dwellings being rented (including rent-free accommodation). It excludes 'visitor only' and 'other non-classifiable' households and dwellings that did not state a weekly payment value.

View the data quality statements for: Tenure type (TEND) Rent weekly payments (RNTD) Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED)

Household composition

Household composition Born in Timor-Leste % Born in Timor-Leste All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
One family households 4,345 80.9 2,465,248 74.7 4,809,352 72.9 5,751,635 69.4
Multiple family households 377 7.0 101,470 3.1 137,593 2.1 155,992 1.9
Single (or lone) person households 516 9.6 559,665 17.0 1,403,935 21.3 2,023,542 24.4
Group households 134 2.5 173,452 5.3 248,803 3.8 354,917 4.3

All occupants of a private dwelling complete one census form and are counted as a household. 'Born in Timor-Leste' includes households in Australia where at least one person was born in Timor-Leste. Of those households, 80.9% were one family households and 9.6% were lone person households.

View the data quality statement for Household composition (HHCD)

Small random adjustments have been made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals. For further information, go to the User Guide for QuickStats.

Data reported for Australia and Other Territories now includes Norfolk Island, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. Because Norfolk Island has not previously been included in the Census, any 2011 benchmarks will not include Norfolk Island.