People in Australia who were born in Iraq

2016 Census Country of birth QuickStats
Area code 0 by 4204
People 67,355
Male 34,726
Female 32,629
Australian citizen 62.5%
Not an Australian citizen 35.3%
Families 24,747
Couples with children 17,000
Couples without children 3,485
One parent families 3,875
Other families 400
All private dwellings 27,225
Median monthly mortgage repayment $1,950
Median weekly rent paid $360

(a) This label has been updated to more accurately reflect the Census concept shown in this data item. The data has not changed.

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People

demographics & education | cultural & language diversity | employment

Demographics & education

People Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Male 34,726 51.6 2,997,173 48.6 7,735,362 49.5 11,546,638 49.3
Female 32,629 48.4 3,166,493 51.4 7,880,175 50.5 11,855,248 50.7

In the 2016 Census, there were 67,355 people in Australia who were born in Iraq. Of these 51.6% were male and 48.4% were female.

View the data quality statements for: Place of Usual Residence (PURP) Country of birth of person (BPLP)

Age
People
Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
0-14 years 5,944 8.8 366,872 6.0 3,777,875 24.2 4,364,607 18.7
15-24 years 8,880 13.2 612,643 9.9 2,197,847 14.1 2,988,390 12.8
25-34 years 13,984 20.8 1,130,884 18.3 1,994,601 12.8 3,368,449 14.4
35-44 years 13,482 20.0 1,021,528 16.6 1,911,355 12.2 3,144,935 13.4
45-54 years 12,295 18.3 961,980 15.6 1,920,340 12.3 3,105,007 13.3
55-64 years 7,149 10.6 840,595 13.6 1,704,198 10.9 2,753,734 11.8
65 years and over 5,617 8.3 1,229,161 19.9 2,109,310 13.5 3,676,765 15.7
Median age 38 -- 44 -- 34 -- 38 --

Of the population born in Iraq who usually live in Australia, 8.8% were aged 0 - 14 years and 8.3% were aged 65 years and over. The median age of people in Australia who were born in Iraq was 38 years.

View the data quality statement for Age (AGEP)
Registered marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Married 36,986 60.2 3,362,174 58.0 5,158,710 43.6 9,148,218 48.1
Separated 3,232 5.3 178,867 3.1 376,863 3.2 608,059 3.2
Divorced 2,918 4.8 464,766 8.0 1,021,844 8.6 1,626,890 8.5
Widowed 2,621 4.3 326,987 5.6 560,940 4.7 985,204 5.2
Never married 15,654 25.5 1,463,996 25.3 4,719,302 39.9 6,668,910 35.0

Of people in Australia aged 15 years and over who were born in Iraq, 60.2% were married, 5.3% were separated, and 4.8% were divorced.

View the data quality statement for Registered marital status (MSTP)
Education Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Pre-school 219 0.3 21,982 0.4 323,754 2.1 347,621 1.5
Primary 3,099 4.6 197,196 3.2 1,717,830 11.0 1,926,880 8.2
Secondary 3,867 5.7 224,770 3.6 1,211,676 7.8 1,446,506 6.2
University or tertiary institution 3,801 5.6 440,789 7.2 713,008 4.6 1,160,630 5.0
Technical or further education 3,651 5.4 152,909 2.5 267,689 1.7 424,870 1.8
Other 2,450 3.6 97,890 1.6 98,429 0.6 198,383 0.8
Institution attended, type not stated 2,288 3.4 117,292 1.9 329,449 2.1 1,707,023 7.3
Not attending an educational institution 47,971 71.2 4,910,840 79.7 10,953,685 70.1 16,189,980 69.2

Of the population born in Iraq who usually live in Australia, 28.8% were attending an educational institution. There were 4.6% in primary school, 5.7% in secondary school and 11.1% in a tertiary or technical institution.

View the data quality statement for Educational institution attendee status (TYSTAP)
Level of highest educational attainment
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Bachelor Degree level and above 10,480 17.1 1,830,410 31.6 2,320,141 19.6 4,181,406 22.0
Advanced Diploma and Diploma level 5,820 9.5 587,176 10.1 1,079,954 9.1 1,687,893 8.9
Certificate level IV 846 1.4 120,064 2.1 425,836 3.6 551,767 2.9
Certificate level III 3,329 5.4 565,803 9.8 1,831,323 15.5 2,442,203 12.8
Year 12 13,550 22.1 1,051,623 18.1 1,902,337 16.1 2,994,097 15.7
Year 11 2,484 4.0 200,856 3.5 724,761 6.1 941,531 4.9
Year 10 4,136 6.7 418,929 7.2 1,588,715 13.4 2,054,331 10.8
Certificate level II 129 0.2 3,313 0.1 9,848 0.1 13,454 0.1
Certificate level I 33 0.1 863 0.0 1,266 0.0 2,176 0.0
Year 9 or below 11,289 18.4 458,176 7.9 1,027,299 8.7 1,529,897 8.0
No educational attainment 5,202 8.5 114,870 2.0 26,748 0.2 145,844 0.8
Not stated 2,660 4.3 264,618 4.6 570,419 4.8 1,974,794 10.4

Of the population born in Iraq who usually live in Australia, 22.1% reported having completed Year 12 as their highest level of educational attainment, 6.8% had completed a Certificate III or IV and 9.5% had completed an Advanced Diploma or Diploma.

View the data quality statement for Level of highest educational attainment (HEAP)

Cultural & language diversity

Year of arrival Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Before 1941 5 0.0 9,289 0.2 -- -- -- --
1941 - 1950 28 0.0 84,378 1.4 -- -- -- --
1951 - 1960 48 0.1 321,721 5.2 -- -- -- --
1961 - 1970 889 1.3 590,106 9.6 -- -- -- --
1971 - 1980 1,286 1.9 541,319 8.8 -- -- -- --
1981 - 1990 1,612 2.4 768,312 12.5 -- -- -- --
1991 - 2000 16,850 25.0 766,940 12.4 -- -- -- --
2001 - 2005 9,969 14.8 559,084 9.1 -- -- -- --
2006 - 2010 13,685 20.3 985,332 16.0 -- -- -- --
2011 - 2016 21,348 31.7 1,324,426 21.5 -- -- -- --
Born in Australia -- -- -- -- 15,615,531 -- -- --

In Australia of people who were born in Iraq, 31.7% arrived in Australia from 2011 - 2016 and 20.3% from 2006 - 2010.

View the data quality statement for Year of arrival in Australia (YARP)
Citizenship Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Australian citizen 42,117 62.5 3,652,290 59.3 15,304,785 98.0 19,278,834 82.4
Not an Australian citizen 23,806 35.3 2,402,591 39.0 86,884 0.6 2,507,458 10.7

In Australia of people who were born in Iraq, 62.5% were Australian citizens.

View the data quality statement for Australian citizenship (CITP)
Birthplace of spouse or partner Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Spouse or partner born overseas 34,375 95.2 2,533,692 72.3 874,386 14.5 3,432,017 35.9
Spouse or partner born in Australia 1,269 3.5 874,386 25.0 4,975,104 82.7 5,872,893 61.4

In Australia of people who were born in Iraq and had a spouse or partner, 95.2% had a spouse or partner who was born overseas and 3.5% had a spouse or partner born in Australia.

Note: Total does not include those spouses or partners who did not state their country of birth.

View the data quality statements for: Country of birth of person (BPLP) Relationship in household (RLHP) Family/household reference person indicator (RPIP)

Religious affiliation, top responses
Results may include 'nfd' for 'not further defined'
Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Catholic 23,775 35.3 1,306,565 21.2 3,895,007 24.9 5,291,834 22.6
Islam 21,138 31.4 372,165 6.0 219,936 1.4 604,240 2.6
Assyrian Apostolic 6,724 10.0 9,677 0.2 3,903 0.0 13,863 0.1
Miscellaneous Religions 5,013 7.4 15,248 0.2 9,497 0.1 25,065 0.1
Christian, nfd 3,255 4.8 211,734 3.4 391,430 2.5 612,371 2.6

In Australia of people who were born in Iraq, the most common responses to the religion question were Catholic 35.3%, Islam 31.4%, Assyrian Apostolic 10.0%, Miscellaneous Religions 7.4% and Christian, nfd 4.8%.

View the data quality statement for Religious affiliation (RELP)
English language proficiency Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Speaks English only 1,995 3.0 2,581,282 41.9 14,190,672 90.9 17,020,421 72.7
Speaks other language and speaks English:  null  null  null  null  null  null
Very well or well 43,755 65.0 2,885,219 46.8 1,122,966 7.2 4,068,598 17.4
Not well or not at all 20,926 31.1 648,470 10.5 157,704 1.0 819,925 3.5

In Australia of people who were born in Iraq, 3.0% spoke English only at home. A further 65.0% spoke another language but also spoke English very well or well.

View the data quality statement for Proficiency in spoken English/language (ENGLP)

Employment

Employment
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Worked full-time 10,158 45.2 2,052,828 58.4 4,491,739 57.5 6,623,065 57.7
Worked part-time 7,139 31.8 1,025,198 29.2 2,421,402 31.0 3,491,503 30.4
Away from work 1,211 5.4 158,027 4.5 397,088 5.1 569,276 5.0
Unemployed 3,966 17.6 277,586 7.9 498,013 6.4 787,452 6.9
Not in the labour force 38,144 62.1 2,221,922 38.3 3,913,066 33.1 6,297,600 33.1

In Australia of people who were born in Iraq and who were in the labour force, 45.2% worked full-time, 31.8% worked part-time and 17.6% were unemployed.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status (LFSP)
Employment - hours worked
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
1-15 hours per week 2,786 15.1 313,561 9.7 890,779 12.2 1,218,823 11.4
16-24 hours per week 2,146 11.6 358,890 11.1 706,291 9.7 1,079,236 10.1
25-34 hours per week 2,205 11.9 352,748 10.9 824,331 11.3 1,193,445 11.2
35-39 hours per week 3,658 19.8 705,848 21.8 1,300,092 17.8 2,031,263 19.0
40 hours or more per week 6,501 35.1 1,346,985 41.6 3,191,643 43.7 4,591,801 43.0

In Australia of people who were born in Iraq and who were employed, 35.1% worked 40 hours or more per week and 19.8% worked 35-39 hours per week.

View the data quality statement for Hours worked (HRSP)
Occupation, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Technicians and Trades Workers 3,239 17.5 405,055 12.5 1,021,688 14.0 1,447,414 13.5
Professionals 3,175 17.1 815,695 25.2 1,536,662 21.0 2,370,966 22.2
Community and Personal Service Workers 2,559 13.8 351,854 10.9 789,597 10.8 1,157,003 10.8
Labourers 2,371 12.8 354,542 11.0 638,102 8.7 1,011,520 9.5
Machinery Operators and Drivers 2,022 10.9 210,138 6.5 447,114 6.1 670,106 6.3

In Australia of people who were born in Iraq, the most common responses for occupation were Technicians and Trades Workers 17.5%, Professionals 17.1%, Community and Personal Service Workers 13.8%, Labourers 12.8% and Machinery Operators and Drivers 10.9%.

View the data quality statement for Occupation (OCCP)
Industry of employment, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Child Care Services 1,142 6.2 42,996 1.3 73,892 1.0 118,234 1.1
Building and Other Industrial Cleaning Services 640 3.5 64,744 2.0 64,388 0.9 131,908 1.2
General Practice Medical Services 563 3.1 38,065 1.2 56,921 0.8 96,014 0.9
Supermarket and Grocery Stores 495 2.7 63,537 2.0 187,929 2.6 254,275 2.4
Hospitals (except Psychiatric Hospitals) 485 2.6 141,550 4.4 265,609 3.6 411,808 3.9

In Australia of people who were born in Iraq, the most common responses for industry of employment were Child Care Services 6.2%, Building and Other Industrial Cleaning Services 3.5%, General Practice Medical Services 3.1%, Supermarket and Grocery Stores 2.7% and Hospitals (except Psychiatric Hospitals) 2.6%.

View the data quality statement for Industry of employment (INDP)
Median weekly income
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Personal 359 -- 615 -- 688 -- 662 --
Family 995 -- 1,725 -- 1,834 -- 1,734 --
Household 1,019 -- 1,562 -- 1,539 -- 1,438 --

In Australia of people who were born in Iraq, the personal weekly median income was $359. Family median weekly income was $995 and Household median weekly income was $1,019.

Median personal weekly income for persons aged 15 years and over born in the selected country. Excludes those who did not state an income.

Family for the selected country of birth is determined by the reference person and/or their spouse/partner's response to country of birth. Median family income excludes families where at least one family member aged 15 years and over did not state an income.

Household for the selected country of birth is determined by the response of any household member (enumerated in the dwelling) to country of birth. Median household income excludes households where at least one member aged 15 years and over did not state an income.

View the data quality statements for: Total personal income (INCP) Total family income (FINF) Total household income (HIND)

Travel to work
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Car 14,058 75.9 1,986,872 61.4 5,009,484 68.5 7,090,101 66.4
Bus or train 1,221 6.6 453,292 14.0 454,116 6.2 915,328 8.6
Other 1,327 7.2 381,664 11.8 672,865 9.2 1,066,965 10.0

In Australia 75.9% of employed people who were born in Iraq travelled to work on census day by car, while 6.6% travelled by bus or train.

View the data quality statement for Method of travel to work (MTWP)
Unpaid work
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 24,513 39.9 3,964,948 68.4 9,000,198 76.0 13,143,914 69.0
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 17,406 28.3 1,677,392 28.9 3,507,061 29.6 5,259,400 27.6
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 10,337 16.8 613,990 10.6 1,489,817 12.6 2,145,203 11.3
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 4,243 6.9 941,091 16.2 2,634,097 22.3 3,620,726 19.0

In Australia 39.9% of people who were born in Iraq did unpaid domestic work in the week before the census, and 28.3% cared for a child or children in the two weeks before the census.

View the data quality statements for: Unpaid domestic work (DOMP) Unpaid child care (CHCAREP) Unpaid assistance (UNCAREP) Voluntary work (VOLWP)

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Less than 5 hours per week 7,946 12.9 1,234,900 21.3 3,013,177 25.5 4,298,593 22.6
5 to 14 hours per week 7,684 12.5 1,509,217 26.0 3,371,602 28.5 4,944,578 26.0
15 to 29 hours per week 3,760 6.1 678,501 11.7 1,479,061 12.5 2,189,776 11.5
30 hours or more per week 5,127 8.3 542,335 9.4 1,136,359 9.6 1,710,970 9.0

In Australia of people who were born in Iraq and who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the census, 12.5% worked 5 to 14 hours, 6.1% worked 15 to 29 hours and 8.3% worked 30 hours or more.

View the data quality statement for Unpaid domestic work, number of hours (DOMP)

Families

family composition | employment status of couple families

Family composition

For information on how migrant families are classified, see the User guide for QuickStats

Family composition Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Couple family without children 3,485 14.1 1,012,440 39.3 1,240,422 36.6 2,291,987 37.8
Couple family with children 17,000 68.7 1,248,241 48.4 1,434,939 42.3 2,716,224 44.7
One parent family 3,875 15.7 282,463 11.0 648,590 19.1 959,543 15.8
Other family 400 1.6 34,059 1.3 65,896 1.9 102,559 1.7
Families with a child under 5 7,731 31.2 446,733 17.3 591,182 17.4 1,037,904 17.1
Families with a child aged 0-15 years 15,070 60.9 977,697 37.9 1,379,763 40.7 2,357,465 38.8

These statistics are for families in Australia. They are for families where the reference person and/or their spouse or partner was born in Iraq. Of these families, 68.7% were couple families with children, 14.1% were couple families without children and 15.7% were one parent families.

Note: Totals for families with a child under 5 and for families with a child aged 0-15 years does not include those families where the reference person and/or their spouse/partner did not state their country of birth.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)

Employment status of couple families

Employment status of parents in couple families
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Both employed, worked full-time 1,341 6.5 475,278 21.0 600,260 22.4 1,084,006 21.6
Both employed, worked part-time 513 2.5 97,948 4.3 103,266 3.9 203,596 4.1
One employed full-time, one part-time 1,447 7.1 424,478 18.8 652,771 24.4 1,086,460 21.7
One employed full-time, other not working 2,995 14.6 390,307 17.3 352,203 13.2 749,886 15.0
One employed part-time, other not working 2,507 12.2 156,274 6.9 141,852 5.3 302,037 6.0
Both not working 10,209 49.9 492,423 21.8 488,403 18.3 1,006,697 20.1
Other (includes away from work) 695 3.4 107,664 4.8 152,346 5.7 264,145 5.3
Labour force status not stated (by one or both parents in a couple family) 772 3.8 116,299 5.1 184,264 6.9 311,381 6.2

These statistics are for families in Australia. They are for families where the reference person and/or their spouse or partner was born in Iraq. Of these families, 6.5% of families had both parents working full-time, 7.1% of families had one parent working full-time and one parent working part-time, and 49.9% of families stated that both parents were not working.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status of parents / partners in families (LFSF)

Dwellings

dwelling structure | mortgage & rent | household composition

Dwelling structure

For information on how migrant households are classified, see the User guide for QuickStats

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling structure
Occupied private dwellings
Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Separate house 17,377 63.8 2,212,954 67.1 5,074,866 76.9 6,041,788 72.9
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 4,665 17.1 466,800 14.1 779,497 11.8 1,055,016 12.7
Flat or apartment 4,868 17.9 585,471 17.7 668,862 10.1 1,087,434 13.1
Other dwelling 124 0.5 20,721 0.6 48,617 0.7 64,425 0.8

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in Iraq, 63.8% were a separate house, 17.9% were a flat or apartment, and 17.1% were a semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling structure (STRD)
Number of bedrooms
Occupied private dwellings
Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
None (includes bedsitters) 140 0.5 17,187 0.5 23,956 0.4 39,769 0.5
1 bedroom 1,266 4.7 176,922 5.4 254,884 3.9 411,252 5.0
2 bedrooms 5,328 19.6 658,470 20.0 1,119,772 17.0 1,562,759 18.9
3 bedrooms 10,656 39.2 1,264,755 38.3 2,787,246 42.2 3,403,190 41.1
4 or more bedrooms 8,934 32.8 1,110,865 33.7 2,287,725 34.7 2,670,758 32.2
Number of bedrooms not stated 894 3.3 71,635 2.2 126,102 1.9 198,351 2.4

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in Iraq, 19.6% had two bedrooms, 39.2% had three bedrooms and 32.8% had four or more bedrooms.

View the data quality statement for Number of bedrooms in a private dwelling (BEDD)

Mortgage & rent

Mortgage and rent
Occupied private dwellings
Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Owned outright 2,482 9.1 970,425 29.4 2,013,505 30.5 2,565,695 31.0
Owned with a mortgage 8,305 30.5 1,122,252 34.0 2,474,999 37.5 2,855,222 34.5
Rented 15,303 56.2 1,099,840 33.3 1,907,007 28.9 2,561,302 30.9
Other tenure type 149 0.5 25,380 0.8 59,681 0.9 78,994 1.0
Tenure type not stated 983 3.6 81,928 2.5 144,494 2.2 224,869 2.7
Median monthly mortgage repayment 1,950 -- 1,950 -- 1,742 -- 1,755 --
Median weekly rent paid 360 -- 370 -- 330 -- 335 --

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in Iraq, 9.1% were owned outright, 30.5% were owned with a mortgage and 56.2% were rented. The median monthly mortgage repayment was $1,950 and the median weekly rent paid was $360.

Median monthly mortgage repayment relates only to occupied private dwellings that are owned with a mortgage (including those being purchased under a rent/buy scheme). It excludes 'visitor only' and 'other non-classifiable' households and dwellings that did not state a monthly repayment value.

Median weekly rent paid relates to occupied private dwellings being rented (including rent-free accommodation). It excludes 'visitor only' and 'other non-classifiable' households and dwellings that did not state a weekly payment value.

View the data quality statements for: Tenure type (TEND) Rent weekly payments (RNTD) Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED)

Household composition

Household composition Born in Iraq % Born in Iraq All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
One family households 22,039 81.0 2,465,248 74.7 4,809,352 72.9 5,751,635 69.4
Multiple family households 1,761 6.5 101,470 3.1 137,593 2.1 155,992 1.9
Single (or lone) person households 2,575 9.5 559,665 17.0 1,403,935 21.3 2,023,542 24.4
Group households 844 3.1 173,452 5.3 248,803 3.8 354,917 4.3

All occupants of a private dwelling complete one census form and are counted as a household. 'Born in Iraq' includes households in Australia where at least one person was born in Iraq. Of those households, 81.0% were one family households and 9.5% were lone person households.

View the data quality statement for Household composition (HHCD)

Small random adjustments have been made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals. For further information, go to the User Guide for QuickStats.

Data reported for Australia and Other Territories now includes Norfolk Island, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. Because Norfolk Island has not previously been included in the Census, any 2011 benchmarks will not include Norfolk Island.