National reporting indicators

Mnemonic Variable Release 
C3SPAttainment of certificate III or higher or working towards a non-school qualificationOctober 2022
EMFPEmployment flagOctober 2022
LFFPLabour force participation flagOctober 2022
SVFPLevel of workplace participation survey comparison flagOctober 2022
UEFPUnemployment flagOctober 2022
WTNSQPPeople with or working towards a non-school qualificationOctober 2022New
YR12C2PAttainment of year 12 or certificate II or higherOctober 2022
YR12C3PAttainment of year 12 or certificate III or higherOctober 2022

Supporting variables

Mnemonic Variable Variable TopicRelease 
AGEPAgePopulationJune 2022
EETPEngagement in employment, education and trainingEducation and trainingOctober 2022
HEAPLevel of highest educational attainmentEducation and trainingJune 2022
HOSDHousing suitabilityHousingJune 2022
INGPIndigenous statusAboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoplesJune 2022

Attainment of Certificate III or higher or working towards a non-school qualification (C3SP)

Definition

This variable indicates whether a person has attained a Certificate III or higher or is currently studying a non-school qualification. This allows for calculation of the proportion of the population that has attained the relevant qualifications or is studying for a non-school qualification. This variable can be used for the calculation of the proportion of the population that is employed, as used in the Closing the Gap Target 7 – youth are engaged in employment or education.

Scope

All persons aged 15 years and over

Categories

CodeCategory

1

Attained Certificate III or higher or studying for a non-school qualification

2

Has not attained Certificate III or higher and is not studying for a non-school qualification

@

Not applicable*

V

Overseas visitor*

Number of categories: 4

Not applicable (@) comprises:

  • Persons under 15 years of age
  • Persons whose Non-school qualification: level of education was Not stated or inadequately described and who were not currently attending an educational institution or whose Type of educational institution currently attending was Secondary level or below.
  • Persons who had not completed a Non-school qualification: level of education at Certificate III or higher and whose Type of educational institution currently attending was Not stated
  • Persons whose Non-school qualification: level of education was Not stated or inadequately described and whose Type of educational institution currently attending was Not stated

Question(s) from the Census form

What type of education institution is the person attending?

On the online form the type of education institution attending question is split into two parts. When a respondent selects either 'Primary', 'Secondary' or 'Tertiary institution (e.g. University and vocational education and training, including TAFE and private training providers)' they are presented with a second question to describe the education institution in more detail. 

What type of education institution is the person attending?
What type of education institution is Person 1 attending?

Include secondary colleges and senior high schools under ‘Secondary school’.

For external, online or correspondence students, mark the type of institution in which they are enrolled.

More information

Preschool

Primary school

Secondary school

Tertiary institution (e.g. University and vocational education and training, including TAFE and private training providers)

Other education institution

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: What type of education institution is the person attending?
What type of education institution is Person 1 attending?

Include secondary colleges and senior high schools under ‘Secondary school’.

For external, online or correspondence students, mark the type of institution in which they are enrolled.

More information

Select 'Preschool' for a child who attends an early childhood education program. This may be conducted in conjunction with a centre based day care provider.

Preschool is a structured, play based learning program, primarily aimed at children in the year or two before they commence full-time schooling.

For students attending a combined primary and secondary school (e.g. K-12 school), report the level of schooling based on the year level they are currently attending.

For a person currently studying at home because of lockdowns or other COVID-related reasons, select the type of education institution the person usually attends or is enrolled in.

Question when respondents select 'Primary school'

Attainment of Certificate III or higher or working towards a non-school qualification example - Primary school response selected
What type of primary school is Person 1 attending?

More information

Government

Catholic

Other non-government

More information - Primary

Additional information relating to the question on: What type of education institution is Person 1 attending? Primary school
What type of primary school is Person 1 attending?

More information

‘Other non-government’ are independent education institutions, including Anglican schools and other schools which have associations with religious or secular bodies, or are entirely independent.

Question when respondents select 'Secondary school'

Attainment of Certificate III or higher or working towards a non-school qualification example - Secondary school response selected
What type of secondary school is Person 1 attending?

More information

Government

Catholic

Other non-government

More information - Secondary

Additional information relating to the question on: What type of education institution is Person 1 attending? Secondary school
What type of secondary school is Person 1 attending?

More information

‘Other non-government’ are independent education institutions, including Anglican schools and other schools which have associations with religious or secular bodies, or are entirely independent.

Question when respondents select 'Tertiary institution'

Attainment of Certificate III or higher or working towards a non-school qualification example - Tertiary institution response selected
What type of tertiary education institution is Person 1 attending?

Vocational education and training (including TAFE and private training providers)

University or other higher education

Has the person completed any educational qualification?

Has the person completed any educational qualification?
Has Person 1 completed any educational qualification?

More information

No

No, still studying for first qualification

Yes, trade certificate/apprenticeship

Yes, other qualification (certificate, diploma or degree)

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Has the person completed any educational qualification
Has Person 1 completed any educational qualification?

More information

If the person completed any vocational qualifications as part of their secondary schooling, select 'Yes, other qualification'.

If the person has completed any other qualifications, select the appropriate 'Yes' response. Non-school or higher education qualifications include Certificates I-IV; Trade Certificates; Diplomas and Advanced Diplomas; Bachelor Degrees; Graduate Certificates and Graduate Diplomas; and higher degrees such as a Masters or Doctorate.

What is the level of the highest qualification the person has completed?

What is the level of the highest qualification the person has completed?
What is the level of the highest qualification Person 1 has completed?

For example: Trade Certificate, Bachelor Degree, Associate Diploma, Certificate II, Advanced Diploma.

More information

Level of qualification

More information

Additional instructions relating to the question on: What is the level of the highest qualification Person 1 has completed?
What is the level of the highest qualification Person 1 has completed?

For example: Trade Certificate, Bachelor Degree, Associate Diploma, Certificate II, Advanced Diploma.

More information

If the person has two or more qualifications, only state the highest qualification obtained. For example, if the person has a Graduate Diploma of Education and a Bachelor Degree in Economics, the Graduate Diploma should be reported as the higher qualification.

Qualification levels listed from highest to lowest:
• Doctorate
• Master Degree
• Graduate Diploma
• Graduate Certificate
• Bachelor Degree with Honours
• Bachelor Degree
• Associate Degree
• Advanced Diploma
• Diploma
• Associate Diploma
• Advanced Certificate
• Certificate IV (or Post-trade)
• Certificate III (or Trade)
• Certificate II
• Certificate I

How this variable is created

This variable is created by combining information from:

  • Non-school qualifications: level of education (QALLP)
  • Type of education institution attending (TYPP)

A matrix is included in the downloads to show how the variable is created.

History and changes

This variable was first created in 2016. For 2021, overseas visitors have been separated out from the not applicable category into a separate category.

Data use considerations

This variable was created for National Reporting purposes. Any analyses using this variable that are for other purposes should be done with caution and with reference to the relevant inclusions and exclusions described above.

Categories marked with an '*' are to be excluded from data extracted for national reporting purposes. 

Related variables and glossary terms

  • Attainment of Year 12 or Certificate II or higher (YR12C2P)
  • Attainment of Year 12 or Certificate III or higher (YR12C3P)
  • Non-school qualifications: level of education (QALLP)
  • Type of education institution attending (TYPP)

Downloads

National reporting indicators 2021

Employment flag (EMFP)

Definition

This variable flags whether a person is employed or unemployed/not in the labour force. This variable can be used for the calculation of the proportion of the population that is employed, as used in the Closing the Gap Target 8 – strong economic participation and development of people and their communities.

Scope

All persons aged 15 years and over

Categories

CodeCategory

1

Employed

2

Unemployed or not in the labour force

@

Not applicable*

V

Overseas visitor*

Number of categories: 4

Not applicable – Exclude from table (@) comprises:

  • Persons whose Labour force status (LFSP) was Not stated
  • Persons under 15 years of age

Question(s) from the Census form

Last week, did the person have a job of any kind?

Last week, did the person have a job of any kind?
Last week, did Person 1 have a job of any kind?

A ‘job’ means any type of work including casual, temporary, part-time or full-time work, if it was for one hour or more.

More information

Yes, worked for payment or profit

Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down

Yes, unpaid work in a family business

Yes, other unpaid work

No, did not have a job

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Last week, did the person have a job of any kind?
Last week, did Person 1 have a job of any kind?

A ‘job’ means any type of work including casual, temporary, part-time or full-time work, if it was for one hour or more.

More information

Last week refers to the week before Census night – Tuesday 10 August 2021.

People who did some work for which they will receive some payment (including casual, temporary or part-time work) and it was for one hour or more in the last week select the 'Yes, worked for payment or profit' response.

People not working due to a COVID lockdown...
• who worked at all in the four weeks before the current lockdown, select 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.
• who did not work in the four weeks before the current lockdown, select 'No, did not have a job'.

People on paid leave, for example holiday leave, maternity leave or sick leave, should select 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.

People who have been on unpaid leave...
• for less than four weeks and are not being paid, select ‘Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.
• for four weeks or more and are not being paid, select 'No, did not have a job'.

People who are on workers' compensation and...
• are planning to return to work, select ‘Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.
• won't be returning to work, select 'No, did not have a job'.

People working for the dole are considered not to be in paid work and should select 'No, did not have a job'.

People who are casual or freelance workers and...
• worked in the week before Census night, select 'Yes, worked for payment or profit'.
• did not work last week but worked at some stage in the four weeks before Census night, select ‘Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.
• did not work in the four weeks before Census night, select 'No, did not have a job'.

People who work from home and...
• get paid, select the appropriate 'Yes' response.
• do not get paid, select 'No, did not have a job'.

Retired people should select 'No, did not have a job'. This also applies to people who have never had a job.

In the main job held last week, was the person: Working for an employer; Working in own business?

This question is only applicable for people aged 15 years and over who responded 'Yes, worked for payment or profit' or 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down' to the previous question, 'Last week, did the person have a job of any kind?'

In the main job held last week, was the person: Working for an employer; Working in own business?
In the main job held last week, was Person 1:

If the person had more than one job last week, then ‘main job’ refers to the job in which the person usually works the most hours.

For all persons conducting their own business, including those with their own incorporated (e.g. Pty Ltd) company, as well as sole traders, partnerships and contractors, select ‘Working in own business’.

Working for an employer

Working in own business

Last week, how many hours did the person work in all jobs?

Last week, how many hours did the person work in all jobs?
Last week, how many hours did Person 1 work in all jobs?

Add any overtime or extra time worked and subtract any time off.

More information

Hours worked

More information

Additional instructions relating to the question on: Last week, how many hours did Person 1 work in all jobs?
Last week, how many hours did Person 1 work in all jobs?

Add any overtime or extra time worked and subtract any time off.

More information

Include all hours the person worked for all jobs, even if those hours are not the hours they usually work.

Include any overtime and hours spent working at home.

Do not include time off work, for example, sick leave or annual leave.

If the person did not work any hours, please enter '0'.

Did the person actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?

Did the person actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?
Did Person 1 actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?

Full-time work means 35 hours or more per week.

Examples of actively looking for work include:

• Writing, telephoning or applying to an employer for work
• Having a job interview
• Checking or registering with an employment agency
• Taking steps to purchase or start a business
• Advertising or tendering for work
• Contacting friends or relatives in order to obtain work
• Answering an advertisement for a job

More information

No, did not look for work

Yes, looked for full-time work

Yes, looked for part-time work

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Did the person actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?
Did Person 1 actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?
Full-time work means 35 hours or more per week.

Examples of actively looking for work include:
• Writing, telephoning or applying to an employer for work
• Having a job interview
• Checking or registering with an employment agency
• Taking steps to purchase or start a business
• Advertising or tendering for work
• Contacting friends or relatives in order to obtain work
• Answering an advertisement for a job

More information
All people who are not looking for work, including retired people, should select 'No, did not look for work'.
Select 'No, did not look for work' if the person only looked in newspapers, on the internet or checked notice boards, and did not take any of the active steps listed in the question.

If the person had found a job, could the person have started work last week?

This question is only applicable to people aged 15 years and over who responded 'Yes, looked for full-time work' or 'Yes, looked for part-time work' to the previous question, 'Did the person actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?

If the person had found a job, could the person have started work last week?
If Person 1 had found a job, could they have started work last week?

Yes, could have started work last week

No, already had a job to go to

No, temporarily ill or injured

No, other reason

How this variable is created

Data for this variable is created by making custom categories from Labour force status (LFSP) as shown in the table below:

Labour force status (LFSP)Employment flag (EMFP)

1 Employed, worked full-time

1 Employed

2 Employed, worked part-time

1 Employed

3 Employed, away from work

1 Employed

4 Unemployed, looking for full-time work

2 Unemployed or not in the labour force

5 Unemployed, looking for part-time work

2 Unemployed or not in the labour force

6 Not in the labour force

2 Unemployed or not in the labour force

& Not stated

@ Not applicable*

@ Not applicable (Persons aged under 15 years)

@ Not applicable*

V Overseas visitor

V Overseas visitor*

 

History and changes

This variable was first created in 2016. For 2021, ‘Overseas visitor’ has been separated out from the ‘Not applicable’ category, into a separate category.

Data use considerations

This variable was created for National Reporting purposes. Any analyses using this variable that are for other purposes should be done with caution and with reference to the relevant inclusions and exclusions described above.

Categories marked with an '*' are to be excluded from data extracted for national reporting purposes. 

Closing the Gap

This variable aims to provide data on Target 8 for the National Agreement for Closing the Gap:

  • By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 25-64 who are employed to 62 per cent.

Employment flag (EMFP), Indigenous status (INGP) and Age (AGEP) variables should be used to report on this measure. ‘Not applicable – Exclude from table’ and ‘Overseas visitors – Exclude from table’ categories should not be used for this measure.

Comparing Census with the ABS Labour Force Survey

The Census and Labour Force Survey both collect information about the labour market activity of people aged 15 years and over. While both collections seek to measure the concepts related to employment, unemployment and being outside of the labour force, there are a number of differences between them that should be considered in the use of the data. A summary of the differences between these collections will be available in the 2021 Census and Labour Survey comparison, which is not due for release until 2022. In the meantime, please refer to the previous release, Census of Population and Housing: Understanding the Census and Census Data, Australia, 2016.

Related variables and glossary terms

Labour force participation flag (LFFP)

Definition

This variable flags whether or not a person is participating in the labour force for people who had a stated Labour force status (LFSP). This variable can be used for the calculation of the proportion of the population that is employed, as used in Closing the Gap Target 8 – Strong economic participation and development of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and communities.

Scope

All persons aged 15 years and over

Categories

CodeCategory

1

Participates in the Labour Force

2

Not in the Labour Force

@

Not applicable*

V

Overseas visitor*

Number of categories: 4

Not applicable – Exclude from table (@) comprises:

  • Persons under 15 years of age
  • Persons whose Labour force status (LFSP) was Not stated

Question(s) from the Census form

Last week, did the person have a job of any kind?

Last week, did the person have a job of any kind?
Last week, did Person 1 have a job of any kind?

A ‘job’ means any type of work including casual, temporary, part-time or full-time work, if it was for one hour or more.

More information

Yes, worked for payment or profit

Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down

Yes, unpaid work in a family business

Yes, other unpaid work

No, did not have a job

More information

Additional informtaion relating to the question on: Last week, did the person have a job of any kind?
Last week, did Person 1 have a job of any kind?

A ‘job’ means any type of work including casual, temporary, part-time or full-time work, if it was for one hour or more.

More information

Last week refers to the week before Census night – Tuesday 10 August 2021.

People who did some work for which they will receive some payment (including casual, temporary or part-time work) and it was for one hour or more in the last week select the 'Yes, worked for payment or profit' response.

People not working due to a COVID lockdown...
• who worked at all in the four weeks before the current lockdown, select 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.
• who did not work in the four weeks before the current lockdown, select 'No, did not have a job'.

People on paid leave, for example holiday leave, maternity leave or sick leave, should select 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.

People who have been on unpaid leave...
• for less than four weeks and are not being paid, select ‘Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.
• for four weeks or more and are not being paid, select 'No, did not have a job'.

People who are on workers' compensation and...
• are planning to return to work, select ‘Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.
• won't be returning to work, select 'No, did not have a job'.

People working for the dole are considered not to be in paid work and should select 'No, did not have a job'.

People who are casual or freelance workers and...
• worked in the week before Census night, select 'Yes, worked for payment or profit'.
• did not work last week but worked at some stage in the four weeks before Census night, select ‘Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.
• did not work in the four weeks before Census night, select 'No, did not have a job'.

People who work from home and...
• get paid, select the appropriate 'Yes' response.
• do not get paid, select 'No, did not have a job'.

Retired people should select 'No, did not have a job'. This also applies to people who have never had a job.

In the main job held last week, was the person: Working for an employer; Working in own business

This question is only applicable to people aged 15 years and over who responded 'Yes, looked for full-time work' or 'Yes, looked for part-time work' to the previous question, 'Did the person actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?'

In the main job held last week, was the person: Working for an employer; Working in own business
In the main job held last week, was Person 1:

If the person had more than one job last week, then ‘main job’ refers to the job in which the person usually works the most hours.

For all persons conducting their own business, including those with their own incorporated (e.g. Pty Ltd) company, as well as sole traders, partnerships and contractors, select ‘Working in own business’.

Working for an employer

Working in own business

Last week, how many hours did the person work in all jobs?

Last week, how many hours did the person work in all jobs?
Last week, how many hours did Person 1 work in all jobs?

Add any overtime or extra time worked and subtract any time off.

More information

Hours worked

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Last week, how many hours did the person work in all jobs?
Last week, how many hours did Person 1 work in all jobs?

Add any overtime or extra time worked and subtract any time off.

More information

Include all hours the person worked for all jobs, even if those hours are not the hours they usually work.

Include any overtime and hours spent working at home.

Do not include time off work, for example, sick leave or annual leave.

If the person did not work any hours, please enter '0'.

Did the person actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?

Did the person actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?
Did Person 1 actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?

Full-time work means 35 hours or more per week.

Examples of actively looking for work include:
• Writing, telephoning or applying to an employer for work
• Having a job interview
• Checking or registering with an employment agency
• Taking steps to purchase or start a business
• Advertising or tendering for work
• Contacting friends or relatives in order to obtain work
• Answering an advertisement for a job

More information

No, did not look for work

Yes, looked for full-time work

Yes, looked for part-time work

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Did the person actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?
Did Person 1 actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?
Full-time work means 35 hours or more per week.

Examples of actively looking for work include:
• Writing, telephoning or applying to an employer for work
• Having a job interview
• Checking or registering with an employment agency
• Taking steps to purchase or start a business
• Advertising or tendering for work
• Contacting friends or relatives in order to obtain work
• Answering an advertisement for a job

More information
All people who are not looking for work, including retired people, should select 'No, did not look for work'.
Select 'No, did not look for work' if the person only looked in newspapers, on the internet or checked notice boards, and did not take any of the active steps listed in the question.

If the person had found a job, could the person have started work last week?

This question is only applicable to people aged 15 years and over who responded 'Yes, looked for full-time work' or 'Yes, looked for part-time work' to the previous question, 'Did the person actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?'

If the person had found a job, could the person have started work last week?
If Person 1 had found a job, could they have started work last week?

Yes, could have started work last week

No, already had a job to go to

No, temporarily ill or injured

No, other reason

How this variable is created

Data for this variable is created by making custom categories from Labour force status (LFSP) as shown in the table below:

Labour force status (LFSP)Labour force participation flag (LFFP)

1 Employed, worked full-time

1 Participates in the Labour Force

2 Employed, worked part-time

1 Participates in the Labour Force

3 Employed, away from work

1 Participates in the Labour Force

4 Unemployed, looking for full-time work

1 Participates in the Labour Force

5 Unemployed, looking for part-time work

1 Participates in the Labour Force

6 Not in the labour force

2 Not in the Labour Force

& Not stated

@ Not applicable*

@ Not applicable (Persons aged under 15 years)

@ Not applicable*

V Overseas visitor

V Overseas visitor*

History and changes

This variable was first created in 2016. For 2021, 'Overseas visitors' have been separated out from the 'Not applicable' category into a separate category.

Data use considerations

This variable was created for National reporting purposes. Any analyses using this variable that are for other purposes should be done with caution and with reference to the relevant inclusions and exclusions described above.

Categories marked with an '*' are to be excluded from data extracted for national reporting purposes. 

Comparing Census with the ABS Labour Force Survey

The Census and Labour Force Survey both collect information about the labour market activity of people aged 15 years and over. While both collections seek to measure the concepts related to employment, unemployment and being outside of the labour force, there are a number of differences between them that should be considered in the use of the data. A summary of the differences between these collections will be available in the 2021 Census and Labour Survey comparison, which is not due for release until 2022. In the meantime, please refer to the previous release, Census of Population and Housing: Understanding the Census and Census Data, Australia, 2016.

Related variables and glossary terms

Level of workforce participation survey comparison flag (SVFP)

Definition

This variable approximates a population that is comparable with in-scope survey populations as used in the Closing the Gap Target 8 – strong economic participation and development of people and their communities.

Scope

All persons aged 15 years and over

Categories

CodeCategory
1In scope of national reporting level of workforce participation survey comparison population
@Not applicable*

Number of categories: 2

Not applicable (@) comprises:

  • Persons living in non-private dwellings
  • Persons living in non-classifiable households
  • Persons who reported their Industry of employment (INDP) as ‘Foreign Government Representation’ or ‘Defence’
  • Persons under 15 years of age
  • Visitors (from within Australia)
  • Overseas visitors

Question(s) from the Census form

This variable is not derived from a question, but by other variables.  See 'How this variable is created' for further information.

How this variable is created

To determine the people who are in scope for this variable, the following variables are used:

History and changes

This variable was first created in 2016. No changes have been made for 2021.

Data use considerations

This variable was created for National reporting purposes. Any analyses using this variable that are for other purposes should be done with caution and with reference to the relevant inclusions and exclusions described above.

Categories marked with an '*' are to be excluded from data extracted for national reporting purposes. 

Unemployment flag (UEFP)

Definition

This variable flags whether a person is unemployed or employed for people who reported they are in the labour force. This variable can be used to calculate the proportion of the labour force that is unemployed, as used in Closing the Gap Target 8 – Strong economic participation and development of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and communities.

Scope

All persons aged 15 years and over

Categories

CodeCategory

1

Unemployed

2

Employed

@

Not applicable*

V

Overseas visitor*

Number of categories: 4

Not applicable(@) comprises:

  • Persons under 15 years of age
  • Persons whose Labour force status (LFSP) was Not stated or Not in the labour force

Question(s) from the Census form

Last week, did the person have a job of any kind?

Last week, did the person have a job of any kind?
Last week, did Person 1 have a job of any kind?

A ‘job’ means any type of work including casual, temporary, part-time or full-time work, if it was for one hour or more.

More information

Yes, worked for payment or profit

Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down

Yes, unpaid work in a family business

Yes, other unpaid work

No, did not have a job

More infomation

Additional information realted to the question on: Last week, did the person have a job of any kind?
Last week, did Person 1 have a job of any kind?

A ‘job’ means any type of work including casual, temporary, part-time or full-time work, if it was for one hour or more.

More information

Last week refers to the week before Census night – Tuesday 10 August 2021.

People who did some work for which they will receive some payment (including casual, temporary or part-time work) and it was for one hour or more in the last week select the 'Yes, worked for payment or profit' response.

People not working due to a COVID lockdown...
• who worked at all in the four weeks before the current lockdown, select 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.
• who did not work in the four weeks before the current lockdown, select 'No, did not have a job'.

People on paid leave, for example holiday leave, maternity leave or sick leave, should select 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.

People who have been on unpaid leave...
• for less than four weeks and are not being paid, select ‘Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.
• for four weeks or more and are not being paid, select 'No, did not have a job'.

People who are on workers' compensation and...
• are planning to return to work, select ‘Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.
• won't be returning to work, select 'No, did not have a job'.

People working for the dole are considered not to be in paid work and should select 'No, did not have a job'.

People who are casual or freelance workers and...
• worked in the week before Census night, select 'Yes, worked for payment or profit'.
• did not work last week but worked at some stage in the four weeks before Census night, select ‘Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.
• did not work in the four weeks before Census night, select 'No, did not have a job'.

People who work from home and...
• get paid, select the appropriate 'Yes' response.
• do not get paid, select 'No, did not have a job'.

Retired people should select 'No, did not have a job'. This also applies to people who have never had a job.

In the main job held last week, was the person: Working for an employer; Working in own business

This question is only applicable for people aged 15 years and over who responded 'Yes, worked for payment or profit' or 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down' to the previous question, 'Last week, did the person have a job of any kind?'

In the main job held last week, was the person: Working for an employer; Working in own business
In the main job held last week, was Person 1:

If the person had more than one job last week, then ‘main job’ refers to the job in which the person usually works the most hours.

For all persons conducting their own business, including those with their own incorporated (e.g. Pty Ltd) company, as well as sole traders, partnerships and contractors, select ‘Working in own business’.

Working for an employer

Working in own business

Last week, how many hours did the person work in all jobs?

Last week, how many hours did the person work in all jobs?
Last week, how many hours did Person 1 work in all jobs?

Add any overtime or extra time worked and subtract any time off.

More information

Hours worked

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Last week, how many hours did Person 1 work in all jobs? Add any overtime or extra time worked and subtract any time off. More information Hours worked
Last week, how many hours did Person 1 work in all jobs?

Add any overtime or extra time worked and subtract any time off.

More information

Include all hours the person worked for all jobs, even if those hours are not the hours they usually work.

Include any overtime and hours spent working at home.

Do not include time off work, for example, sick leave or annual leave.

If the person did not work any hours, please enter '0'.

Did the person actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?

Did the person actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks
Did Person 1 actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?

Full-time work means 35 hours or more per week.

Examples of actively looking for work include:
• Writing, telephoning or applying to an employer for work
• Having a job interview
• Checking or registering with an employment agency
• Taking steps to purchase or start a business
• Advertising or tendering for work
• Contacting friends or relatives in order to obtain work
• Answering an advertisement for a job

More information

No, did not look for work

Yes, looked for full-time work

Yes, looked for part-time work

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Did the person actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?
Did Person 1 actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?

Full-time work means 35 hours or more per week.

Examples of actively looking for work include:

• Writing, telephoning or applying to an employer for work
• Having a job interview
• Checking or registering with an employment agency
• Taking steps to purchase or start a business
• Advertising or tendering for work
• Contacting friends or relatives in order to obtain work
• Answering an advertisement for a job

More information

All people who are not looking for work, including retired people, should select 'No, did not look for work'.

Select 'No, did not look for work' if the person only looked in newspapers, on the internet or checked notice boards, and did not take any of the active steps listed in the question.

If the person had found a job, could the person have started work last week?

This question is only applicable to people aged 15 years and over who responded 'Yes, looked for full-time work' or 'Yes, looked for part-time work' to the previous question, 'Did the person actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?'

If the person had found a job, could the person have started work last week?
If Person 1 had found a job, could they have started work last week?

Yes, could have started work last week

No, already had a job to go to

No, temporarily ill or injured

No, other reason

How this variable is created

Data for this variable is created by making custom categories from Labour force status (LFSP) as shown in the table below:

Labour force status (LFSP)Labour force participation flag (LFFP)

1 Employed, worked full-time

2 Employed

2 Employed, worked part-time

2 Employed

3 Employed, away from work

2 Employed

4 Unemployed, looking for full-time work

1 Unemployed

5 Unemployed, looking for part-time work

1 Unemployed

6 Not in the labour force

@ Not applicable*

& Not stated

@ Not applicable*

@ Not applicable (Persons aged under 15 years)

@ Not applicable*

V Overseas visitor

V Overseas visitor*

History and changes

This variable was first created in 2016. For 2021, 'Overseas visitors' have been separated out from the 'Not applicable' category into a separate category.

Data use considerations

This variable was created for National reporting purposes. Any analyses using this variable that are for other purposes should be done with caution and with reference to the relevant inclusions and exclusions described above.

Categories marked with an '*' are to be excluded from data extracted for national reporting purposes. 

Comparing Census with the ABS Labour Force Survey

The Census and Labour Force Survey both collect information about the labour market activity of people aged 15 years and over. While both collections seek to measure the concepts related to employment, unemployment and being outside of the labour force, there are a number of differences between them that should be considered in the use of the data. A summary of the differences between these collections will be available in the 2021 Census and Labour Survey comparison, which is not due for release until 2022. In the meantime, please refer to the previous release, Census of Population and Housing: Understanding the Census and Census Data, Australia, 2016.

Related variables and glossary terms

People with or working towards a non-school qualification (WTNSQP)

Definition

This variable indicates whether a person has a non-school qualification, is working towards a non-school qualification or both. 

Scope

All persons aged 15 years and over

Categories

CodeCategory

1

With a non-school qualification only

2

Working towards a non-school qualification only

3

With and working towards a non-school qualification

4

Not with or working towards a non-school qualification

&

Status not determined/Not stated*

@

Not applicable*

V

Overseas visitor*

Number of categories: 7

Not applicable – Exclude from table (@) comprises:

  • Persons under 15 years of age
  • Persons whose Type of educational institution attending was Primary school

Question(s) from the Census form

What type of education institution is the person attending?

On the online form the type of education institution attending question is split into two parts. When a respondent selects either 'Primary', 'Secondary' or 'Tertiary institution (e.g. University and vocational education and training, including TAFE and private training providers)' they are presented with a second question to describe the education institution in more detail. 

What type of education institution is the person attending?
What type of education institution is Person 1 attending?

Include secondary colleges and senior high schools under ‘Secondary school’.

For external, online or correspondence students, mark the type of institution in which they are enrolled.

More information

Preschool

Primary school

Secondary school

Tertiary institution (e.g. University and vocational education and training, including TAFE and private training providers)

Other education institution

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: What type of education institution is the person attending?
What type of education institution is Person 1 attending?

Include secondary colleges and senior high schools under ‘Secondary school’.

For external, online or correspondence students, mark the type of institution in which they are enrolled.

More information

Select 'Preschool' for a child who attends an early childhood education program. This may be conducted in conjunction with a centre based day care provider.

Preschool is a structured, play based learning program, primarily aimed at children in the year or two before they commence full-time schooling.

For students attending a combined primary and secondary school (e.g. K-12 school), report the level of schooling based on the year level they are currently attending.

For a person currently studying at home because of lockdowns or other COVID-related reasons, select the type of education institution the person usually attends or is enrolled in.

Question when respondents select 'Primary school'

People with or working towards a non-school qualification example - primary school response selected
What type of primary school is Person 1 attending?

More information

Government

Catholic

Other non-government

More information - Primary

Additional information relating to the question on: What type of education institution is Person 1 attending? Primary school
What type of primary school is Person 1 attending?

More information

‘Other non-government’ are independent education institutions, including Anglican schools and other schools which have associations with religious or secular bodies, or are entirely independent.

Question when respondents select 'Secondary school'

People with or working towards a non-school qualification example - secondary school response selected
What type of secondary school is Person 1 attending?

More information

Government

Catholic

Other non-government

More information - Secondary

Additional information relating to the question on: What type of education institution is Person 1 attending? Secondary school
What type of secondary school is Person 1 attending?

More information

‘Other non-government’ are independent education institutions, including Anglican schools and other schools which have associations with religious or secular bodies, or are entirely independent.

Question when respondents select 'Tertiary institution'

People with or working towards a non-school qualification example - tertiary institution response selected
What type of tertiary education institution is Person 1 attending?

Vocational education and training (including TAFE and private training providers)

University or other higher education

Has the person completed any educational qualification?

Has the person completed any educational qualification?
Has Person 1 completed any educational qualification?

More information

No

No, still studying for first qualification

Yes, trade certificate/apprenticeship

Yes, other qualification (certificate, diploma or degree)

More information

Additional instructions relating to the question on: Has the person completed any educational qualification?
Has Person 1 completed any educational qualification?

More information

If the person completed any vocational qualifications as part of their secondary schooling, select 'Yes, other qualification'.

If the person has completed any other qualifications, select the appropriate 'Yes' response. Non-school or higher education qualifications include Certificates I-IV; Trade Certificates; Diplomas and Advanced Diplomas; Bachelor Degrees; Graduate Certificates and Graduate Diplomas; and higher degrees such as a Masters or Doctorate.

What is the level of the highest qualification the person has completed?

What is the level of the highest qualification the person has completed?
What is the level of the highest qualification Person 1 has completed?

For example: Trade Certificate, Bachelor Degree, Associate Diploma, Certificate II, Advanced Diploma.

More information

Level of qualification

More information

Additional instructions relating to the question on: What is the level of the highest qualification the person has completed?
What is the level of the highest qualification Person 1 has completed?
For example: Trade Certificate, Bachelor Degree, Associate Diploma, Certificate II, Advanced Diploma.

More information
If the person has two or more qualifications, only state the highest qualification obtained. For example, if the person has a Graduate Diploma of Education and a Bachelor Degree in Economics, the Graduate Diploma should be reported as the higher qualification.

Qualification levels listed from highest to lowest:
• Doctorate
• Master Degree
• Graduate Diploma
• Graduate Certificate
• Bachelor Degree with Honours
• Bachelor Degree
• Associate Degree
• Advanced Diploma
• Diploma
• Associate Diploma
• Advanced Certificate
• Certificate IV (or Post-trade)
• Certificate III (or Trade)
• Certificate II
• Certificate I

How this variable is created

This variable is created by combining information from:

  • Non-school qualifications: level of education (QALLP)
  • Type of education institution attending (TYPP)

A matrix is included in the downloads to show how the variable is created.

History and changes

This is a new variable for 2021.

Data use considerations

This variable was created for National Reporting purposes. Any analyses using this variable that are for other purposes should be done with caution and with reference to the relevant inclusions and exclusions described above.

Categories marked with an '*' are to be excluded from data extracted for national reporting purposes. 

Report on Government Services (RoGS)

This variable can be used to provide data for indicators in the Report on Government Services (RoGS) Chapter B Child care, education and training sector overview:

  • BA.7 Proportion of 20-64 year olds with or working towards a non-school qualification
  • BA.8 Proportion of 20-64 year olds with or working towards a non-school qualification, by Indigenous status

Employment flag (EMFP), Indigenous status (INGP) and Age (AGEP) variables should be used to report on this measure. ‘Not applicable – Exclude from table’ and ‘Overseas visitors – Exclude from table’ categories should not be used when reporting on this measure.

Related variables and glossary terms

  • Non-school qualifications: level of education (QALLP)
  • Type of education institution attending (TYPP)

Downloads

National reporting indicators 2021

Attainment of Year 12 or Certificate II or higher (YR12C2P)

Definition

This variable indicates whether a person has attained Year 12 or equivalent or Certificate II or higher. This allows calculation of the proportion of the population that has attained the relevant qualifications, as used in the Closing the Gap Target 6 – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students reach their full potential through further education pathways.

Scope

All persons aged 15 years and over

Categories

Code Category

1

Attained Year 12 or equivalent or Certificate II or higher

2

Has not attained Year 12 or equivalent or Certificate II or higher

@

Not applicable*

V

Overseas visitor*

Number of categories: 4

Not applicable – Exclude from table (@) comprises:

  • Persons without Year 12 attainment whose Non-school qualification: level of education was Not stated or inadequately described
  • Persons who did not state their highest year of school completed and who had not completed a Non-school qualification: level of education at Certificate II or higher
  • Persons who did not state their highest year of school completed and whose Non-school qualification: level of education was Not stated or inadequately described
  • Persons under 15 years of age

Question(s) from the Census form

What is the highest year of primary or secondary school the person has completed?

What is the highest year of primary or secondary school the person has completed?
What is the highest year of primary or secondary school Person 1 has completed?

For people currently at school, select the highest year of schooling they have completed, not the year they are currently undertaking.

More information

Year 12 or equivalent

Year 11 or equivalent

Year 10 or equivalent

Year 9 or equivalent

Year 8 or below

Did not go to school

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: What is the highest year of primary or secondary school the person has completed?
What is the highest year of primary or secondary school Person 1 has completed?

For people currently at school, select the highest year of schooling they have completed, not the year they are currently undertaking.

More information

Select 'Year 12 or equivalent' if the person has completed:
• Year 13
• 6th form
• Matriculation
• Highest year of school available.

If the highest year of schooling the person has completed was in primary school, select 'Year 8 or below'.

For persons who left school and then returned after a break, select the highest year of schooling they have completed irrespective of when it was completed.

Include school level education undertaken at other institutions (e.g. at a TAFE).

Has the person completed any educational qualification?

Has the person completed any educational qualification?
Has Person 1 completed any educational qualification?

More information

No

No, still studying for first qualification

Yes, trade certificate/apprenticeship

Yes, other qualification (certificate, diploma or degree)

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Has the person completed any educational qualification?
Has Person 1 completed any educational qualification?

More information

If the person completed any vocational qualifications as part of their secondary schooling, select 'Yes, other qualification'.

If the person has completed any other qualifications, select the appropriate 'Yes' response. Non-school or higher education qualifications include Certificates I-IV; Trade Certificates; Diplomas and Advanced Diplomas; Bachelor Degrees; Graduate Certificates and Graduate Diplomas; and higher degrees such as a Masters or Doctorate.

What is the level of the highest qualification the person has completed?

What is the level of the highest qualification the person has completed?
What is the level of the highest qualification Person 1 has completed?

For example: Trade Certificate, Bachelor Degree, Associate Diploma, Certificate II, Advanced Diploma.

More information

Level of qualification

More information

Additional instructions relating to the question on: What is the level of the highest qualification the person has completed?
What is the level of the highest qualification Person 1 has completed?

For example: Trade Certificate, Bachelor Degree, Associate Diploma, Certificate II, Advanced Diploma.

More information

If the person has two or more qualifications, only state the highest qualification obtained. For example, if the person has a Graduate Diploma of Education and a Bachelor Degree in Economics, the Graduate Diploma should be reported as the higher qualification.

Qualification levels listed from highest to lowest:

• Doctorate
• Master Degree
• Graduate Diploma
• Graduate Certificate
• Bachelor Degree with Honours
• Bachelor Degree
• Associate Degree
• Advanced Diploma
• Diploma
• Associate Diploma
• Advanced Certificate
• Certificate IV (or Post-trade)
• Certificate III (or Trade)
• Certificate II
• Certificate I

How this variable is created

This variable is created by combining information from:

  • Highest year of school completed (HSCP)
  • Non-school qualifications: level of education (QALLP)

A matrix is included in the downloads to show how the variable is created.

History and changes

This variable was first created in 2016. For 2021, 'Overseas visitors' have been separated out from the 'Not applicable' category into a separate category.

Data use considerations

This variable was created for National Reporting purposes. Any analyses using this variable that are for other purposes should be done with caution and with reference to the relevant inclusions and exclusions described above.

Categories marked with an '*' are to be excluded from data extracted for national reporting purposes. 

Report on Government Services (RoGS)

This variable can be used to provide data for indicators in the Report on Government Services (RoGS) Chapter B Child care, education and training sector overview:

  • BA.10 People aged 20-24 years who have completed year 12 (or equivalent) or Certificate II level or above, by Indigenous status

Indigenous status (INGP) and Age (AGEP) will also have to be used to report on these measures. ‘Not applicable’ and ‘Overseas visitors’ categories should not be used when reporting on these measures.

Related variables and glossary terms

  • Highest year of school completed (HSCP)
  • Non-school qualifications: level of education (QALLP)
  • Attainment of Year 12 of Certificate III or higher (YR12C3P)

Downloads

National reporting indicators 2021

Attainment of Year 12 or Certificate III or higher (YR12C3P)

Definition

This variable indicates whether a person has attained Year 12 or equivalent or Certificate III or higher. This allows calculation of the proportion of the population that has attained the relevant qualifications, as used in the Report on Government Services (RoGS) Indicator BA. 12 – Proportion of 20-24 year olds who have completed Year 12 (or equivalent) or Certificate III level or higher.

Scope

All persons aged 15 years and over

Categories

CodeCategory

1

Attained Year 12 or equivalent or Certificate III or higher

2

Has not attained Year 12 or equivalent or Certificate III or higher

@

Not applicable*

V

Overseas visitor*

Number of categories: 4

Not applicable (@) comprises:

  • Persons without Year 12 attainment whose Non-school qualification: level of education was Not stated or inadequately described
  • Persons who did not state their Highest year of school completed and who had not completed a Non-school qualification: level of education at Certificate III or higher
  • Persons who did not state their Highest year of school completed and whose Non-school qualification: level of education was Not stated or inadequately described
  • Persons under 15 years of age

Question(s) from the Census form

What is the highest year of primary or secondary school the person has completed?

What is the highest year of primary or secondary school the person has completed?
What is the highest year of primary or secondary school Person 1 has completed?

For people currently at school, select the highest year of schooling they have completed, not the year they are currently undertaking.

More information

Year 12 or equivalent

Year 11 or equivalent

Year 10 or equivalent

Year 9 or equivalent

Year 8 or below

Did not go to school

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: What is the highest year of primary or secondary school the person has completed?
What is the highest year of primary or secondary school Person 1 has completed?

For people currently at school, select the highest year of schooling they have completed, not the year they are currently undertaking.

More information

Select 'Year 12 or equivalent' if the person has completed:
• Year 13
• 6th form
• Matriculation
• Highest year of school available.
If the highest year of schooling the person has completed was in primary school, select 'Year 8 or below'.

For persons who left school and then returned after a break, select the highest year of schooling they have completed irrespective of when it was completed.

Include school level education undertaken at other institutions (e.g. at a TAFE).

Has the person completed any educational qualification?

Has the person completed any educational qualification?
Has Person 1 completed any educational qualification?

More information

No

No, still studying for first qualification

Yes, trade certificate/apprenticeship

Yes, other qualification (certificate, diploma or degree)

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Has the person completed any educational qualification?
Has Person 1 completed any educational qualification?

More information

If the person completed any vocational qualifications as part of their secondary schooling, select 'Yes, other qualification'.

If the person has completed any other qualifications, select the appropriate 'Yes' response. Non-school or higher education qualifications include Certificates I-IV; Trade Certificates; Diplomas and Advanced Diplomas; Bachelor Degrees; Graduate Certificates and Graduate Diplomas; and higher degrees such as a Masters or Doctorate.

What is the level of the highest qualification the person has completed?

What is the level of the highest qualification the person has completed?
What is the level of the highest qualification Person 1 has completed?

For example: Trade Certificate, Bachelor Degree, Associate Diploma, Certificate II, Advanced Diploma.

More information

Level of qualification

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: What is the level of the highest qualification the person has completed?
What is the level of the highest qualification Person 1 has completed?

For example: Trade Certificate, Bachelor Degree, Associate Diploma, Certificate II, Advanced Diploma.

More information

If the person has two or more qualifications, only state the highest qualification obtained. For example, if the person has a Graduate Diploma of Education and a Bachelor Degree in Economics, the Graduate Diploma should be reported as the higher qualification.

Qualification levels listed from highest to lowest:
• Doctorate
• Master Degree
• Graduate Diploma
• Graduate Certificate
• Bachelor Degree with Honours
• Bachelor Degree
• Associate Degree
• Advanced Diploma
• Diploma
• Associate Diploma
• Advanced Certificate
• Certificate IV (or Post-trade)
• Certificate III (or Trade)
• Certificate II
• Certificate I

How this variable is created

This variable is created by combining information from:

  • Highest year of school completed (HSCP)
  • Non-school qualifications: level of education (QALLP)

A matrix is included in the downloads to show how the variable is created.

History and changes

This variable was first created in 2016. For 2021, 'Overseas visitors' have been separated out from the 'Not applicable' category into a separate category.

Data use considerations

This variable was created for National reporting purposes. Any analyses using this variable that are for other purposes should be done with caution and with reference to the relevant inclusions and exclusions described above.

Categories marked with an '*' are to be excluded from data extracted for national reporting purposes. 

Closing the Gap

This variable can be used to provide data on Target 5 for the National Agreement for Closing the Gap:

  • By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (age 20-24) attaining year 12 or equivalent qualification to 96 per cent

Indigenous status (INGP) and Age (AGEP) will also have to be used to report on this measure. ‘Not applicable’ and ‘Overseas visitors’ categories should not be used for this measure.

Report on Government Services (RoGS)

This variable can be used to provide data for indicators in the Report on Government Services:

  • BA.12 Proportion of 20-24 year olds who have completed year 12 (or equivalent) or Certificate III level or above
  • BA.14 Proportion of 20-64 year olds with qualifications at Certificate III level or above, by age group
  • BA.15 Proportion of 20-64 year olds with qualifications at Certificate III level or above, by Indigenous status

Indigenous status (INGP) and Age (AGEP) will also have to be used to report on these measures. 'Not applicable’ and ‘Overseas visitors’ categories should not be used when reporting on these measures.

Related variables and glossary terms

  • Highest year of school completed (HSCP)
  • Non-school qualifications: level of education (QALLP)
  • Attainment of Year 12 of Certificate II or higher (YR12C2P)

Downloads

National reporting indicators 2021