4510.0 - Recorded Crime - Victims, Australia, 2018 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/06/2019   
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Victims of Family and Domestic Violence related offences

This chapter presents data about victims of selected Family and Domestic Violence (FDV)-related offences. The scope of this data has been limited to the personal offences of Homicide and related offences (including Murder, Attempted murder and Manslaughter), Assault, Sexual assault and Kidnapping/abduction).

Victims of these selected offences have been determined to be FDV-related where the relationship of offender to victim, as stored on police recording systems, where an FDV flag has been recorded by police, or falls within a specified family or domestic relationship, or (for the purposes of this release, this includes Partner, Ex-partner, Parent or ‘Other family member’) (see the Explanatory Notes for details).

For further information see the Explanatory Notes.


Homicide and related offences

In 2018 over one-third (38%) of all Homicide and related offences were FDV-related (142 FDV-related victims). (Table 22)

The majority of these were victims of Murder (66% or 93 victims), which was an increase of 14 victims from the previous year. (Table 22)

For victims of FDV-related Homicide in 2018:

  • More than half (53%) were female (75 female victims and 65 male victims)
  • Over two-fifths (42%) were aged 45 years and over (60 victims)
  • Close to half (45%) occurred within an Intimate partner relationship (64 victims)
  • Most occurred at a residential location (92% or 130 victims)
  • A knife was the most common weapon type used (45% or 39 victims) (Tables 22 and 23)

Western Australia recorded the largest number of FDV-related Homicide offences (37 victims) across all jurisdictions for which data is published in 2018. (Table 23)


Assault

In 2018 at least two out of five Assaults recorded were FDV-related, ranging from 38% in the Australian Capital Territory to 61% in Western Australia1 . (Table 22)

Between 2017 and 2018 the victimisation rate for Assault decreased in:
  • Western Australia – from 725 to 684 victims per 100,000 persons
  • Northern Territory – from 1,820 to 1,762 victims per 100,000 persons
  • Australian Capital Territory – from 237 to 205 victims per 100,000 (Table 22)

This rate increased in:
  • New South Wales – from 366 to 374 victims per 100,000 persons
  • South Australia – from 413 to 420 victims per 100,000 persons
  • Tasmania - from 275 to 277 victims per 100,000 persons (Table 22)

Sex and age

In 2018 there were more female victims of FDV-related Assault than male victims across all the states and territories for which Assault data is published. This ranged from 66% in New South Wales (19,675 victims) to 81% in the Northern Territory (3,542 victims). (Table 22)

This was in contrast to the total Assault population (which includes non FDV-related offences) where males accounted for a higher proportion of victims than females in some states and territories (New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory with 54%, or 35,657 and 1,257 victims, respectively). (Tables 7 and 22)

Victims of FDV-related(a) Assault, Proportion (%) of females by selected jurisdiction(b), 2018

Graph Image for Victims of FDV-related Assault, Proportion of females by selected jurisdiction, 2018

Footnote(s): (a) Victims of selected offences have been determined to be FDV–related where the relationship of offender to victim, as stored on police recording systems, falls within a specified family or domestic relationship, or where an FDV flag has been recorded, following a police investigation (see Explanatory Notes. (b) Assault data not published for Victoria and Queensland (see Explanatory Notes). (c) Includes FDV-related and non FDV-related female victims.

Commonwealth of Australia 2019

Victims of FDV-related Assault were most commonly aged between 25 and 34 years, ranging from 22% in the Australian Capital Territory to 33% in the Northern Territory. (Table 24)

Relationship of offender to victim, location and weapon used

For victims of FDV-related Assault in 2018:
  • The majority of offences occurred at a residential location ranging from 42% in the Northern Territory to 86% in New South Wales
  • The proportion of weapon used during the offence ranged from 4% in New South Wales to 42% in the Northern Territory (Table 24)

Relationship of offender to victim types:
  • Female victims of Assault were more commonly offended against by an intimate partner in all of the selected states and territories for which Assault and Relationship of Offender to victim data is published, ranging from 64% in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory to 86% in Tasmania
  • Males were most commonly offended against by an intimate partner in Tasmania (76%), Northern Territory (52%) and South Australia (49%) and most commonly by an Other family member2 in the Australian Capital Territory (48%) and New South Wales (47%) (Table 24)


Sexual assault

There were 8,830 victims of FDV-related Sexual assault in 2018, which accounted for a third (34%) of all victims of Sexual assaults recorded nationally. (Table 22)

This was the highest number of victims of FDV-related Sexual assault recorded for the FDV since the beginning of the data series in 2014. (Table 22)

Sex and age

In 2018 females were sexually assaulted at a rate six times higher than males, with 61 female victims per 100,000 females and 9 male victims per 100,000 males. This rate has been consistent since the beginning of this data series in 2014. (Table 22)

Victims of FDV-related(a) Sexual assault, Victimisation rate(b) by sex

Graph Image for Victims of FDV-related Sexual assault, Victimisation rate by sex
Footnote(s): (a) Victims of selected offences have been determined to be FDV–related where the relationship of offender to victim, as stored on police recording systems, falls within a specified family or domestic relationship, or where an FDV flag has been recorded, following a police investigation (see Explanatory Notes). (b) Rate per 100,000 persons for the sex of interest (see Explanatory Notes).

Commonwealth of Australia 2019

The majority of female victims were aged under 19 years (54% or 4,140 victims). For males this proportion was higher at 72% (or 826 victims). (Table 25)

Relationship of offender to victim, location and weapon used

For victims of FDV-related Sexual assault in 2018:
  • The majority of offences occurred at a residential location (89% or 7,837 victims)
  • Almost all offenders did not use a weapon (94% or 8,302 victims) (Table 25)

Relationship of offender to victim types:
  • Most experienced victimisation within an ‘Other family member’3 relationship
  • More females experienced victimisation within an intimate partner relationship than males ranging from 26% in Queensland to 53% in the Australian Capital Territory (Table 25)


Kidnapping/abduction

Between 2017 and 2018 the number of victims of FDV-related Kidnapping/abduction recorded nationally decreased by 8% (or 13 victims) to 143 victims. (Table 22)

For five consecutive years females have made up over 68% of all recorded FDV-related Kidnapping/abduction victims, and accounted for 83% (or 119 female victims) in 2018. (Table 22)

Close to half (48%) of all these victims were aged between 20 and 34 years (68 victims). The majority of Kidnaping/abductions took place at a residential location (74% or 106 victims) in 2018. (Table 26)


1Assault data are published for all states and territories except for Victoria and Queensland (see Explanatory Notes for more information).
2Other family member included, but is not limited to: parents, children, siblings, grandparents, aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews, cousins.
3Relationship of offender to victim data for Western Australia is unavailable see Explanatory Notes