4364.0.55.005 - Australian Health Survey: Biomedical Results for Chronic Diseases, 2011-12  
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Contents >> Chronic kidney disease


Kidney disease is a chronic disease in which a person's kidney function is reduced or damaged. This affects the kidney's ability to filter blood and therefore control the body's water and other hormone levels, leading to increased fluid and waste within the body. This can cause high blood pressure, anaemia, and uremia. Kidney disease is also associated with several other chronic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease, and was the 10th leading cause of death in Australia in 2011.1

The indicators of kidney disease that were measured in the National Health Measures Survey (NHMS) were estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urinary albumin creatinine ratio (ACR). Chronic kidney disease stages were also determined through a combination of participants' eGFR and ACR results.

It is important to note that while abnormal eGFR or ACR results in the NHMS may indicate impaired kidney function, they cannot provide a diagnosis for kidney disease based on a single test alone. Kidney disease can only be confirmed if albuminuria or eGFR of less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m is persistent for at least three months.2


1 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Mar 2013, Causes of Death Australia, ABS cat. no. 3303.0, <https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/3303.0Chapter42011>, Last accessed 02/07/2013.
2 Kidney Health Australia, Jun 2013, Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Management in General Practice. 2nd Edition 2012 <http://www.kidney.org.au//LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=vfDcA4sEUMs%3d&tabid=635&mid=1584>, Last accessed 02/07/2013.

This section contains the following subsection :
      Kidney disease biomarkers
      Chronic kidney disease stages

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