5368.0 - International Trade in Goods and Services, Australia, Jun 2020 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 04/08/2020   
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June key points

  • The balance on goods and services surplus rose $861m to $8,202m in June 2020.
  • Goods and services credits rose $1,219m (3%) to $36,186m.
  • Goods and services debits rose $358m (1%) to $27,984m.

Key figures

Apr 2020
May 2020
Jun 2020
May 20 to Jun 20
% change

Trend estimates(a)
Seasonally adjusted
7 864
7 341
8 202
CREDITS (Exports of goods & services)
Trend estimates(a)
Seasonally adjusted
37 478
34 967
36 186
DEBITS (Imports of goods & services)
Trend estimates(a)
Seasonally adjusted
29 614
27 626
27 984

na not available
(a) Trend series suspended from March 2019

Balance on Goods and Services, Seasonally adjusted
Graph: This graph shows the balance on Goods and services, Seasonally adjusted series

Goods and services summary
  • In seasonally adjusted terms, goods and services credits rose $1,219m (3%) to $36,186m.
  • Non-monetary gold rose $687m (41%)
  • Non-rural goods rose $144m (1%)
  • Rural goods rose $125m (4%)
  • Net exports of goods under merchanting rose $2m (4%)
  • Services rose $260m (4%).

In seasonally adjusted terms, goods and services debits rose $358m (1%) to $27,984m.
  • Consumption goods rose $549m (7%)
  • Intermediate and other merchandise goods rose $429m (5%)
  • Non-monetary gold fell $534m (40%)
  • Capital goods fell $125m (2%)
  • Services rose $40m (1%).

2019-20 Situation

In original terms, the balance on goods and services for 2019-20 was a surplus of $77.4b, an increase of $28.3b on the surplus of $49.1b recorded in 2018-19, resulting from a $22.4b (5%) decrease in goods and services debits and a $5.9b (1%) increase in goods and services credits.

Seasonal adjustment

International Accounts uses the concurrent seasonal adjustment method, meaning that seasonal factors are re-estimated each time new data becomes available. If not appropriately accounted for, unusual events, such as COVID-19, can distort estimates calculated using this method. From March 2020, seasonal factors for series that have been notably impacted by COVID-19 will be calculated using data up to and including February 2020, then projected from March 2020 onwards. This approach, known as the forward factor method, ensures that the seasonal factors are not distorted by COVID-19 impacts.

The ABS has advised users that it had moved to using forward factors for seasonal analysis of a number of series, including Travel Services. Current ABS (and international practice) requires at least three years of data to assess whether a change in the seasonal pattern has occurred. Should COVID-19 result in a long-term change to the seasonal pattern then revisions to these series may occur in the future. The ABS will consult with users on any future methods changes to seasonal adjustment and potential revisions.

For more information on interpreting seasonally adjusted estimates of International travel services please see the May 2020 feature article International Travel Services time series which outlines the matter in greater detail.

Suspension of trend estimates

The trend series attempts to measure underlying behaviour in international trade activity. In the short term, this measurement will be significantly affected by the current COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent changes to regular patterns in international trade that will occur during this time. If the trend estimates in this publication were to be calculated without fully accounting for this unusual event, they would provide a misleading view of underlying international trade activity.

It may be some time before the underlying trend in international trade activity can be accurately estimated. The trend series has therefore been suspended from March 2019 in the time series and will be reinstated when more certainty emerges in the underlying trend in international trade.

COVID-19 in June Month 2020

Quality assurance undertaken by the ABS confirmed that COVID-19 did not result in quality impacts to International Trade in Goods and Services statistics for June 2020. For information on the expected economic impacts of COVID-19, please see the ABS Chief Economist Series paper Measuring natural disasters in the Australian economy.

New ABS Website

The ABS will be launching a new website in 2020. You will soon be able to see how this release will appear on the new website by exploring our Beta site. Regular users of this information are encouraged to explore the Beta site and consider if this will affect the way you access and consume ABS data and information. If you would like more information on the new ABS website, or want to discuss how the transition to the new site might impact you, please email newABSwebsite@abs.gov.au.