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Overseas Arrivals and Departures, Australia

Statistics on international travel, including tourism trips, arriving in and departing from Australia. Focusing on short-term trips (less than 1 year)

Reference period
June 2020
Released
14/08/2020

Key statistics

  • Overseas visitor arrivals increased 56.8% since the previous month.
  • Australian resident returns increased 17.8% since the previous month.
  • Overseas visitor arrivals decreased 99.2% since the same month previous year.
  • Australian resident returns decreased 98.1% since the same month previous year.

    Overseas arrivals and departures statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in, and departing from Australia with a focus on short term trips (less than 1 year). It is the number of international border crossings rather than the number of people.

    For all Short-term Visitor Arrivals (STVA) and Short-term Resident Returns (STRR) series, the trend estimates have been suspended from February 2020 and the seasonally adjusted estimates have been suspended from April 2020 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on international travel. For more information, see the end of the Data Quality Issues Appendix on the Methodology page.

    June 2020 original estimates for short-term trips:

    • Overseas visitor arrivals to Australia increased 56.8% since the previous month to 5,400 trips
    • Australian resident returns from overseas increased 17.8% since the previous month to 15,760 trips.
       

    Note: Large percentage changes can be observed due to monthly fluctuations of small numbers

    Download
    Download
    Download
     May '20June '20May '20 to June '20
    % change
    Visitor arrivals — short-term trips    
     Trendnanana
     Seasonally adjustednanana
     Original3 4405 40056.8
    Resident returns — short-term trips    
     Trendnanana
     Seasonally adjustednanana
     Original13 38015 76017.8

    na not available - see the end of the Data Quality Issues Appendix.
     

    1.3 Monthly change

    Visitor arrivals monthly

    Statistics on international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia for short term trips (less than 1 year). It is the number of international border crossings rather than the number of people.

    For all Short-term Visitor Arrivals (STVA) series, the trend estimates have been suspended from February 2020 and the seasonally adjusted estimates have been suspended from April 2020 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on international travel. For more information, see the end of the Data Quality Issues Appendix in the Methodology.

    Key statistics

    Visitors arriving in Australia for a short-term trip in June 2020 (original estimates):

    • Decreased 99.2% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
    • Reported a total of 5,400 trips
    • With New Zealand as the largest source country, accounting for 27% of all visitor arrivals.
       
    Download

    Source countries

    The three leading source countries for visitor arrivals to Australia in June 2020 were:

    • New Zealand (1,440 trips)
    • USA (710)
    • UK (570).
       
    Download

    a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
    b. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.
     

    There were decreases of over 93% recorded for each of the top ten source countries when compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

    Download
    Country of ResidenceJune '20June '19 to June '20
    % change
    New Zealand1 440-98.7
    USA710-98.9
    UK(a)570-98.0
    South Africa190-95.6
    China(b)180-99.8
    Singapore170-99.7
    India160-99.5
    Unit Arab Emir150-93.6
    Hong Kong140-99.3
    Philippines110-99.2

    a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
    b. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.

     

    2.3 Short-term visitor arrivals - top 10 source countries - % change

    State or territory of stay

    All travellers are asked their intended address in Australia upon arrival. State or territory of stay statistics are only available from original estimates as seasonally adjusted and trend estimates are only applied to source countries.

    For those who visited Australia in June 2020, compared to the corresponding month of the previous year, there were decreases of over 96% across all states and territories.

      2.4 Short-term visitor arrivals, state or territory of stay - June 2020 - % change

      2.4 Short-term visitor arrivals, state or territory of stay - June 2020 - % change

      2.4 Short-term visitor arrivals, state or territory of stay - June 2020 - % change

      Map shows negative growth in visitor arrivals by state or territory in June 2020 compared to the same month of the previous year. Tasmania saw a decrease of -99.7%, Queensland saw a decrease of -99.2%, Western Australia saw a decrease of -99.2%, South Australia saw a decrease of -99.5%, the Australian Capital Territory saw a decrease of -98.3%, Victoria saw a decrease of -99.3%. New South Wales saw a decrease of -99.2% and the Northern Territory saw a decrease of -96.0%
      Download
      State or territory of stayJune '19June '20June '19 to June '20
      % change
      NSW235 0501 930-99.2
      Vic.170 7901 140-99.3
      Qld156 5101 320-99.2
      SA16 45090-99.5
      WA62 950510-99.2
      Tas.4 54020-99.7
      NT7 070290-96.0
      ACT6 960120-98.3
      Australia(a)660 3405 400-99.2

      a. Includes Other Territories.

      2.5 Short-term visitor arrivals, state or territory of stay - % change

      Resident returns monthly

      Statistics on international travel movements of residents arriving back in Australia after short term trips (less than 1 year) overseas. It is the number of international border crossings rather than the number of people.

      For all Short-term Resident Returns (STRR) series, the trend estimates have been suspended from February 2020 and the seasonally adjusted estimates have been suspended from April 2020 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on international travel. For more information, see the end of the Data Quality Issues Appendix in the Methodology.

      Key statistics

      In June 2020, Australian residents returning from a short-term trip overseas (original estimates):

      • Decreased 98.1% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
      • Reported a total of 15,760 trips
      • With India as the most popular destination country, accounting for 12% of all those returning.
         
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      Destination countries

      The three leading destination countries for Australian residents in June 2020 were:

      • India (1,850 trips)
      • China (1,440)
      • New Zealand (1,430).
         
      Download

      a. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.
      b. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
       

      Among the top ten destination countries, there were no increases recorded when compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

      The highest decreases were for:

      • Thailand (-99.0%)
      • Singapore (-98.7%)
      • USA (-98.4%)
         
      Download
      Country of stayJune '20June '19 to June '20
      % change
      India1 850-89.9
      China(a)1 440-97.1
      New Zealand1 430-98.2
      USA1 370-98.4
      UK(b)1 300-98.0
      Pakistan940-57.1
      Thailand370-99.0
      Nepal370-80.1
      Singapore370-98.7
      Taiwan360-93.0

      a. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.
      b. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.

       

      3.3 Short-term resident returns - top 10 destination countries - % change

      State or territory of residence

      All travellers are asked their intended address in Australia upon arrival. State or territory of residence statistics are only available from original estimates as seasonally adjusted and trend estimates are only applied to destination countries.

      For those residents who returned to Australia in June 2020, compared to the corresponding month of the previous year, there were decreases of over 98% across all states and territories.

        3.4 Resident returns, state or territory of stay - June 2020 - % change

        Resident returns, state or territory of stay - June 2020 - % change (original estimates)

        3.4 Resident returns, state or territory of stay - June 2020 - % change

        Map shows negative growth in Australian residents who returned to their home state or territory in June 2020, compared to the same month of the previous year. Western Australia saw a decrease of -98.6%, the Australian Capital Territory saw a decrease of -98.0%, Tasmania saw a decrease of -98.7%, Queensland saw a decrease of -97.7%, Victoria saw a decrease of -98.3%, New South Wales saw a decrease of -98.0%, South Australia saw a decrease of -98.7% and the Northern Territory saw a decrease of -98.6%.
        Download
        State or territory of residenceJune '19June '20June '19 to June '20
        % change
        NSW277 4605 680-98.0
        Vic.236 4104 010-98.3
        Qld152 7403 510-97.7
        SA41 060540-98.7
        WA101 9401 480-98.6
        Tas.9 260120-98.7
        NT6 880100-98.6
        ACT16 170320-98.0
        Australia(a)841 95015 760-98.1

        a. Includes Other Territories.
         

        3.5 Short-term resident returns, state or territory of residence - % change

        Visitor arrivals by state or territory

        New South Wales

        This series of feature articles provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the state and territory level. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which started in China in December 2019.

        Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

        Key statistics

        Visitors arriving in New South Wales for a short-term trip (less than 1 year) in June 2020:

        • Decreased 99.2% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
        • There were 1,920 short-term visitor arrivals.
        • Largest source countries were New Zealand, USA and UK.
           

        Of all arrivals to New South Wales travelling on an international student visa in June 2020, there was a:

        • Decrease of 18,030 students (close to 100%) compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.
           
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        Visitors arriving in New South Wales for a long-term trip (1 year or more) in June 2020:

        • Decreased 99.3% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
        • There were 110 long-term visitor arrivals.
           

        Source countries

        The three leading source countries for visitor arrivals to New South Wales in June 2020 were:

        • New Zealand (600 trips)
        • USA (210)
        • UK (200).
           
        Download

        a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
        b. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.
         

        There were decreases of over 89% recorded for each of the top ten source countries when compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

        Download
        Country of ResidenceJune '20June '19 to June '20
        % change
        New Zealand600-98.1
        USA210-99.3
        UK(a)200-97.9
        South Africa100-92.2
        China(b)90-99.7
        Unit Arab Emir70-89.9
        Singapore70-99.4
        Hong Kong60-99.2
        India60-99.5
        Philippines40-99.4

        a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
        b. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.

         

        4.3 Short-term visitor arrivals, NSW - top 10 source countries - % change

        For additional information relating to COVID-19 see the Recent changes Section.

        International students

        In June 2020 there were just under 20 arrivals to New South Wales travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of nearly 100% or 18,030 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

        Due to the small number of movements, no further analysis has been undertaken.

        Victoria

        This series of feature articles provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the state and territory level. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which started in China in December 2019.

        Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

          Key statistics

          Visitors arriving in Victoria for a short-term trip (less than 1 year) in June 2020:

          • Decreased 99.3% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
          • There were 1,140 short-term visitor arrivals.
          • Largest source countries were New Zealand, UK and USA.
             

          Of all arrivals to Victoria travelling on an international student visa in June 2020, there was a:

          • Decrease of 14,120 students (nearly 100%) compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.
             
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          Visitors arriving in Victoria for a long-term trip (1 year or more) in June 2020:

          • Decreased 99.4% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
          • There were just over 70 long-term visitor arrivals.
             

          Source countries

          The three leading source countries for short-term visitor arrivals to Victoria in June 2020 were:

          • New Zealand (430 trips)
          • UK (130)
          • USA (100).
             
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          a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
          b. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.

          There were decreases of over 95% recorded for each of the top ten source countries when compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

          Download
          Country of ResidenceJune '20June '19 to June '20
          % change
          New Zealand430-98.2
          UK(a)130-97.8
          USA100-99.0
          China(b)60-99.8
          India50-99.6
          Hong Kong40-99.3
          Unit Arab Emir30-95.2
          Indonesia30-99.8
          South Africa20-96.2
          Singapore20-99.9

          a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
          b. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.

           

          5.3 Short-term visitor arrivals, Vic. - top 10 source countries - % change

          For additional information relating to COVID-19 see the Recent changes Section.

          International students

          In June 2020 there were nearly 20 arrivals to Victoria travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of nearly 100% or 14,120 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

          Due to the small number of movements, no further analysis has been undertaken.

          Queensland

          This series of feature articles provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the state and territory level. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which started in China in December 2019.

          Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

            Key statistics

            Visitors arriving in Queensland for a short-term trip (less than 1 year) in June 2020:

            • Decreased 99.2% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
            • There were 1,320 short-term visitor arrivals.
            • Largest source countries were New Zealand, UK and USA.
               

            Of all arrivals to Queensland travelling on an international student visa in June 2020, there was a:

            • Decrease of 7,860 students (99.8%) compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.
               
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            Visitors arriving in Queensland for a long-term trip (1 year or more) in June 2020:

            • Decreased 99.2% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
            • There were nearly 50 long-term visitor arrivals.
               

            Source countries

            The three leading source countries for short-term visitor arrivals to Queensland in June 2020 were:

            • New Zealand (320 trips)
            • UK (150)
            • USA (110).
               
            Download

            a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
             

            Although Ukraine increased by 48% when compared to the corresponding month of the previous year this is due to change in very small numbers. All other top ten source countries decreased by over 95%.

            Download
            Country of ResidenceJune '20June '19 to June '20
            % change
            New Zealand320-99.3
            UK(a)150-98.0
            USA110-99.3
            Ukraine6048.0
            South Africa50-96.3
            PNG50-98.5
            Philippines30-98.3
            Canada30-98.6
            Taiwan30-99.5
            Unit Arab Emir30-95.4

            a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.

             

            6.3 Short-term visitor arrivals, Qld - top 10 source countries - % change

            For additional information relating to COVID-19 see the Recent changes Section.

            International students

            In June 2020 there were nearly 20 arrivals to Queensland travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of 99.8% or 7,860 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

            Due to the small number of movements, no further analysis has been undertaken.

            South Australia

            This series of feature articles provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the state and territory level. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which started in China in December 2019.

            Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

            Key statistics

            Visitors arriving in South Australia for a short-term trip (less than 1 year) in June 2020:

            • Decreased 99.5% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
            • There were 89 short-term visitor arrivals.
               
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            Visitors arriving in South Australia for a long-term trip (1 year or more) in June 2020:

            • Decreased 99.6% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
            • There were 6 long-term visitor arrivals.
               

            International students

            In June 2020 there were fewer than 10 arrivals to South Australia travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of nearly 100% or 1,740 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

            Due to the small number of movements, no further analysis has been undertaken.

            Western Australia

            This series of feature articles provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the state and territory level. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which started in China in December 2019.

            Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

              Key statistics

              Visitors arriving in Western Australia for a short-term trip (less than 1 year) in June 2020:

              • Decreased 99.2% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
              • There were 510 short-term visitor arrivals.
              • Largest source countries were UK, Singapore and New Zealand.


              Of all arrivals to Western Australia travelling on an international student visa in June 2020, there was a:

              • Decrease of 2,750 students (nearly 100%) compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.
                 
              Download


              Visitors arriving in Western Australia for a long-term trip (1 year or more) in June 2020:

              • Decreased 99.2% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
              • There were nearly 30 long-term visitor arrivals.
                 

              Source countries

              The three leading source countries for short-term visitor arrivals to Western Australia in June 2020 were:

              • UK (80 trips)
              • Singapore (60)
              • New Zealand (60).
                 
              Download

              a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
               

              There were decreases of over 61% recorded for each of the top ten source countries when compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

              Download
              Country of ResidenceJune '20June '19 to June '20
              % change
              UK(a)80-97.9
              Singapore60-99.7
              New Zealand60-98.9
              Indonesia30-99.5
              USA20-99.1
              Philippines20-97.8
              Spain20-86.2
              Italy20-96.6
              Ukraine20-61.6
              Poland20-81.6

              a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.

               

              8.3 Short-term visitor arrivals, WA - top 10 source countries - % change

              For additional information relating to COVID-19 see the Recent changes Section.

              International students

              In June 2020 there were fewer than 10 arrivals to Western Australia travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of nearly 100% or 2,750 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

              Due to the small number of movements, no further analysis has been undertaken.

              Tasmania

              This series of feature articles provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the state and territory level. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which started in China in December 2019.

              Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

                Key statistics

                Visitors arriving in Tasmania for a short-term trip (less than 1 year) in June 2020:

                • Decreased 99.7% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
                • There were just over 10 short-term visitor arrivals.
                   
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                Visitors arriving in Tasmania for a long-term trip (1 year or more) in June 2020:

                • Decreased 99.3% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
                • There were fewer than 10 long-term visitor arrivals.

                 

                International students

                In June 2020 there were no arrivals to Tasmania travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of 100% or 430 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

                Due to the small number of movements, no further analysis has been undertaken.

                Northern Territory

                This series of feature articles provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the state and territory level. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which started in China in December 2019.

                Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

                  Key statistics

                  Visitors arriving in the Northern Territory for a short-term trip (less than 1 year) in June 2020:

                  • Decreased 96% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
                  • There were 290 short-term visitor arrivals.
                     
                  Download


                  Visitors arriving in the Northern Territory for a long-term trip (1 year or more) in June 2020:

                  • Decreased 96.6% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
                  • There were just over 10 long-term visitor arrivals.
                     

                  International students

                  In June 2020 there were no arrivals to the Northern Territory travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of 100% or 130 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

                  Due to the small number of movements, no further analysis has been undertaken.

                  Australian Capital Territory

                  This series of feature articles provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the state and territory level. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which started in China in December 2019.

                  Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

                    Key statistics

                    Visitors arriving in Australian Capital Territory for a short-term trip (less than 1 year) in June 2020:

                    • Decreased 98.3% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
                    • There were 120 short-term visitor arrivals.
                       
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                    Visitors arriving in Australian Capital Territory for a long-term trip (1 year or more) in June 2020:

                    • Decreased 97.8% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
                    • There were nearly 20 long-term visitor arrivals.
                       

                    International students

                    In June 2020 there were fewer than 10 arrivals to Australian Capital Territory travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of 99.7% or 930 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

                    Due to the small number of movements, no further analysis has been undertaken.

                    International student arrivals - Australia - June 2020

                    This feature article provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the national level for international student arrivals. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which was first detected in China in December 2019.

                    Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

                    Key statistics

                    Of all arrivals to Australia travelling on an international student visa in June 2020, there was a:

                    • Decrease of 45,980 students (nearly 100%) compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
                       

                    International students

                    Travel restrictions introduced from February 2020 in response to the outbreak of COVID-19 have continued to disrupt the movement of international students this month. In 2019, China was the largest source country nationally. Educational exports are an important contributor to the Australian economy.

                    In June 2020 there were nearly 60 arrivals to Australia travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of nearly 100% or 45,980 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year, as shown in graph 12.1 below.

                    Download

                    a. International student visa holders whether it be for a short-term (less than 1 year) or long-term (1 year or more) duration. This is not the same as when a traveller self reports 'education' as their main reason for journey.
                    b. English Language Intensive Courses for Overseas Students.

                    Visitor arrivals - financial year - 2019-20

                    Compares annual international travel arrivals overtime by source country, by state and territory, by age and sex, by main reason for journey and by median duration of trip. All analysis in this section is done on short-term trips (less than 1 year).

                    Key findings

                    Visitors arriving in Australia in 2019-20.

                    • There were 6.7 million visitor arrivals, down 27.9% on the previous year and the lowest since 2013-14
                    • New Zealand was the largest source country, with over 1 million visitors nationally, and the largest for Qld and Tas.
                    • China was the largest for NSW, Vic., SA and the ACT, with almost 900,000 visitors nationally
                    • There were more visits by women than men. Ten years earlier, the opposite was true.
                    • The main reason for travel was holiday (46%)
                    • Nationally, the median duration of stay in Australia was 12 days.
                       

                    ​​​​​​​Short-term visitor arrivals

                    There were 6.7 million visitor arrivals in 2019-20. This was down 27.9% on the previous year with 2.6 million fewer arrivals. This was the lowest annual number of visitors since 2013-14.

                    The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on travel to and from Australia commenced in February 2020 with the start of border entry restrictions by the Australian Government to those from mainland China. Monthly declines of nearly 100% have been recorded since the tighter border restrictions of entry or exit were introduced from 20 March 2020.

                    Download
                    2019-20'000% change(a)
                    Jul790.42.1
                    Aug789.26.4
                    Sep695.00.7
                    Oct774.02.7
                    Nov815.91.7
                    Dec1 077.71.9
                    Jan766.64.8
                    Feb685.4-26.1
                    Mar331.9-60.3
                    Apr2.2-99.7
                    May3.4-99.5
                    Jun5.4-99.2
                    Annual total6 737.2-27.9

                    a. Percentage change when compared to the same period of the previous year.

                     

                    13.1 Short-term visitor arrivals by month

                    Visitor arrivals to Australia has generally been increasing over recent decades, with a strong continuous increase over the past ten years.

                    • Peaks were seen during Brisbane Expo in 1988 and the Sydney Olympics in 2000
                    • Decreases were experienced during the Asian financial crisis in 1998, after the 2001 September 11 attacks in the USA, the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003 and the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) in 2008.


                    However, due to the impact of COVID-19, a significant decline has been observed from February 2020 onwards. Prior to the pandemic there were a record 9.5 million visitors to Australia in the year ending January 2020.

                      13.2 Short-term visitor arrivals (m), Australia - year ending up to June 2020

                      Short-term visitor arrivals (m), Australia - year ending up to June 2020

                      13.2 Short-term visitor arrivals (m), Australia - year ending up to June 2020

                      This graph represents the historic peaks and troughs in short-term visitor arrivals to Australia from 1980 through to 2020.
                      Events impacting short-term visitor arrivals include:
                      Brisbane Expo in 1988;
                      Asian Financial Crisis in 1998;
                      Sydney Olympics in 2000;
                      2001 September 11 attacks on September 11 in 2001;
                      Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003;
                      Global Financial Crisis (GFC) in 2008;
                      COVID-19 outbreak from February 2020 onwards.

                      Graph and data - short-term visitor arrivals

                      Download

                      Source countries

                      Residents from nearly every country around the world visited Australia in 2019-20:

                      • New Zealand (1.0 million visits) was the largest source country for visitor arrivals
                      • China (900,000) was the second largest with strong growth (130%) over the decade
                      • Short-term visitor arrivals from all top 5 source countries fell from early 2020 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
                         
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                      a. Top 5 source countries based on year ending June 2020.
                      b. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.
                      c. Includes United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
                       

                      Among the top 10 source countries, there was also strong growth from other Asian countries over the last decade until recent declines were recorded for all due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

                      Download
                      Country of Residence'0002018-19 to 2019-20
                      % change
                      2009-10 to 2019-20
                      % change
                      New Zealand1 028-26.9-7.4
                      China(b)900-37.2130.4
                      USA581-28.417.7
                      UK(c)562-21.7-17.1
                      Japan375-22.53.8
                      Singapore316-32.127.0
                      India285-23.4122.3
                      Malaysia259-33.526.5
                      Hong Kong227-26.560.8
                      Korea, South192-31.5-4.3

                      a. Top 10 source countries based on year ending June 2020.
                      b. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.
                      c. Includes United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.

                       

                      13.4 Short-term visitor arrivals, Australia - top 10 source countries(a) - 2019-20

                      State or territory of stay

                      All travellers are asked their intended address in Australia upon arrival. The proportion of short-term visitor arrivals by intended state or territory in 2019-20, were as follows:

                      • NSW (36.0% of all short-term visitors)
                      • Vic. (26.5%)
                      • Qld (21.6%)
                      • SA (3.0%)
                      • WA (9.9%)
                      • Tas. (1.1%)
                      • NT (0.8%)
                      • ACT (1.2%).


                      In 2009-10 this pattern was slightly different, with more visitors intending to stay in Qld than in Vic.

                      All states and territories recorded growth in international visitors in the ten year period except for the Northern Territory and Queensland. Victoria had the largest growth with 655,000 more visitors.

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                      At the state and territory level, the mix of source countries varies from that at the national level.

                      During 2019-20:

                      • China was the leading source country for NSW, Vic., SA and the ACT
                      • New Zealand provided the most visitors for Qld and Tas.
                      • The UK for WA
                      • The USA for the NT.
                         

                      Ten years earlier in 2009-10, New Zealand was the leading source country for NSW, Vic., Qld, and Tas. However, the UK was the leading source country for SA and WA, and the USA for the NT and ACT.

                      Age and sex

                      There were more visits to Australia by women than men in 2019-20 (3.5 million women compared with 3.2 million men). The opposite was true in 2009-10 (2.9 million men and 2.7 million women).

                      In 2019-20, men visiting Australia had a median age of 41 years while women visiting had a median age of 40 years. The largest group of visitor arrivals was aged between 25 and 29 years. There was a comparatively large number of 56 year old women who arrived in 2019-20. The largest source country for this age group was China. This is due to the combined effect of a large volume of Chinese visitors during the year and the demography of China with its largest age cohort of women being 56.

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                      Main reason for journey

                      In 2019-20, the most frequently stated main reason for journey by short-term visitors to Australia was:

                      • Holiday (46.3%)
                      • Visiting friends and relatives (30.9%)
                      • Business (6.7%)
                      • Education (6.9%).
                         

                      Female visitors were more likely than males to record their main reason for journey as holiday (48.7% of all females compared with 43.7% of all males), visiting friends and relatives (33.5% compared with 28.0%), and education (7.0% compared with 6.8%). Male visitors, on the other hand were more likely to travel to Australia for business (10.5% of all males compared with 3.3% of all females), to attend a convention/conference (4.1% compared with 2.6%), and for employment (3.1% compared with 1.9%).

                      Duration of stay

                      Visitors are asked their intended duration in Australia upon arrival.

                      During 2019-20, the median duration of stay in Australia was 12 days. However, this varied between the states and territories and between the numerous source countries. It also varied depending on a traveller's main reason for journey.

                      In 2019-20, the median duration of days for those visiting SA was 18 days, whereas for Qld it was 10 days. Those from India (with a median duration of stay of 53 days) stated their intention to stay longer than most others but this also varied between the states and territories. Those from Japan only visited for 6 days on average.

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                       NSW
                      days
                      Vic.
                      days
                      Qld
                      days
                      SA
                      days
                      WA
                      days
                      Tas.
                      days
                      NT
                      days
                      ACT
                      days
                      Aust.(b)
                      days
                      India346131766191916253
                      UK(c)182021222122192020
                      China(d)131512311521139014
                      USA101212141414151211
                      Hong Kong101110121010111410
                      Malaysia998117119118
                      Singapore89910811798
                      Korea (South)711101610149138
                      New Zealand66871191177
                      Japan6761178676
                      All countries111310181414161712

                      a. Top 10 source countries are based at the Australia level.
                      b. Includes Other Territories.
                      c. Includes United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
                      d. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.

                       

                      13.7 Short-term visitor arrivals, Australia - top 10 source countries(a) by state/territory of stay - median duration of stay - 2019-20

                      The median duration of stay of short-term visitors to Australia varied by their reason for journey:

                      • Those travelling for education (123 days) and employment (122 days) stayed the longest
                      • Visiting friends and relatives (17 days)
                      • Holiday (10 days)
                      • Business travellers stayed the shortest (6 days).

                      Resident returns - financial year - 2019-20

                      Compares annual international travel for resident returns overtime by destination country, by state and territory, by age and sex, by main reason for journey and by median duration of trip. All analysis in this section is done on short-term trips (less than 1 year).

                      Key findings

                      Australian residents returning to Australia in 2019-20.

                      • There were 8.6 million resident returns from overseas, down 23.8% on the previous year and the lowest since 2012-13
                      • New Zealand continued to be the leading destination country for Australians travelling overseas, with 1.1 million trips
                      • New Zealand was the leading destination for those living in NSW, Vic., Qld, Tas. and the ACT and Indonesia for those in SA, WA and the NT
                      • The main reason for travel was holiday (57%)
                      • Nationally, the median duration away was 15 days.
                         

                      Short-term resident returns

                      There were 8.6 million resident trips overseas in 2019-20. This was down 23.8% on the previous year with 2.7 million fewer trips taken. This was the lowest annual number of resident trips since 2012-13.

                      The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on travel to and from Australia commenced in February 2020 with the start of border entry restrictions by the Australian Government to those from mainland China. Monthly declines of nearly 100% have been recorded since the tighter border restrictions of entry and exit were introduced from 20 March 2020.

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                      2019-20'000% change(a)
                      Jul1 122.6-1.0
                      Aug931.01.6
                      Sep992.81.9
                      Oct1 146.0-0.2
                      Nov849.84.9
                      Dec749.72.3
                      Jan1 397.40.3
                      Feb785.45.3
                      Mar538.4-28.6
                      Apr17.0-98.1
                      May13.4-98.5
                      Jun15.8-98.1
                      Annual total8 559.2-23.8

                      a. Percentage change when compared to the same period of the previous year.

                       

                      14.1 Short-term resident returns by month

                      Australian residents travelling overseas has generally been increasing over recent decades, with a number of decreases observed over time due to various historical events such as the:

                      • Early 1990s recession in Australia
                      • September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001
                      • Bali bombings in 2002
                      • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003
                      • Global Financial Crisis (GFC) in 2008
                         

                      For the past 15 years, a strong continuous increase can be seen up until March 2020 onwards due to the impact of COVID-19. Prior to the pandemic, there were 11.4 million resident trips overseas in the year ending February 2020.

                        14.2 Short-term resident returns, Australia - year ending up to June 2020

                        Short-term resident returns (m), Australia - year ending up to June 2020

                        14.2 Short-term resident returns, Australia - year ending up to June 2020

                        This graph represents the historic peaks and troughs in short-term resident returns to Australia from 1980 through to 2020.
                        Events impacting short-term resident returns include:
                        Early 1990's Recession in the early 1990's;
                        2001 September 11 attack on September 11 in 2001;
                        2002 Bali bombings in 2002;
                        Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003;
                        Global Financial Crisis (GFC) outbreak in 2008;
                        COVID-19 outbreak from February 2020 onwards.

                        Graph and data - short-term resident returns

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                        Destination countries

                        Australians travelled across the globe during 2019-20:

                        • New Zealand (1.14 million trips) remained the leading destination country
                        • Indonesia was the second most popular destination (1.08 million)
                        • The USA (778,700) was the third leading destination but with a peak in 2016-17
                        • Short-term resident returns from all top 5 destination countries fell from early 2020 due to the impact of COVID-19.
                           
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                        a. Top 5 destination countries based on year ending June 2020.
                        b. Includes United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
                        c. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.
                         

                        Among the top 10 destination countries, the strongest growth over the last decade was for Australians visiting Asian countries until recent declines were recorded for all due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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                        Destination Country'0002018-19 to 2019-20
                        % change
                        2009-10 to 2019-20
                        % change
                        New Zealand1 145-20.78.8
                        Indonesia1 077-17.966.4
                        USA779-27.822.7
                        UK(b)528-20.911.5
                        China(c)397-35.038.5
                        Japan393-18.7128.4
                        Thailand383-32.3-10.0
                        India347-16.6119.3
                        Singapore304-25.126.8
                        Fiji256-25.9-12.6

                        a. Top 10 destination countries based on year ending June 2020.
                        b. Includes United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
                        c. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.

                         

                        14.4 Short-term resident returns, Australia - top 10 destination countries(a) - 2019-20

                        ​​​​​​​State or territory of residence

                        All travellers are asked their intended address in Australia upon arrival. The proportion of short-term resident returns by their state or territory of residence in 2019-20, were as follows:

                        • NSW (33.4% of all short-term resident returns)
                        • Vic. (27.4%)
                        • Qld (18.3%)
                        • SA (4.5%)
                        • WA (12.6%)
                        • Tas. (1.0%)
                        • NT (0.8%)
                        • ACT (1.9%).
                           

                        In 2009-10, this pattern was very similar with a slightly higher proportion of those travelling overseas from NSW (35.6%) and WA (14.6%).

                        All states and territories recorded growth in residents taking overseas trips in the ten year period. Victoria had the largest growth with 741,000 more trips.

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                        At the state and territory level, the mix of destination countries varied from that at the national level.

                        During 2019-20:

                        • New Zealand was the leading destination country for residents of NSW, Vic., Qld, Tas. and the ACT
                        • Indonesia was the leading destination for those from SA, WA and the NT.
                           

                        Ten years earlier in 2009-10, New Zealand was the leading destination for residents of all state and territories except for WA and the NT (for which Indonesia was the leading destination).

                        Age and sex

                        There were more trips taken overseas by Australian men than women in 2019-20 (4.4 million men compared with 4.1 million women), similar to 2009-10 (3.5 million men and 3.2 million women).

                        In 2019-20, Australian men and women travelling overseas had a similar median age (42 years and 40 years respectively). Among those aged 18 to 30, there were more trips undertaken by women than men.

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                        Main reason for journey

                        In 2019-20, the most frequently stated main reason for journey by Australian residents returning home after a short-term trip was:

                        • Holiday (57%)
                        • Visiting friends and relatives (27%)
                        • Business (7%).


                        Female residents were more likely than males to record their main reason as a holiday (60% of all females compared with 55% of all males), visiting friends and relatives (29% compared with 25%) and for education (1.4% compared with 1.2%). Male residents were more likely to travel overseas for business (11% of all males compared with 4% of all females), to attend a convention/conference (3% compared with 2%), and for employment (2% compared with 1%).

                        Duration of stay

                        For Australian residents returning from overseas their exact duration away is measured.

                        During 2019-20, the median duration away for Australians on a short-term trip was 15 days. However, this varies between the states and territories and between the numerous destination countries. It also varies greatly depending on a traveller's main reason for journey.

                        In 2019-20, the median duration away overseas for Victorians, South Australians, Tasmanians and those from the ACT was 16 days, whereas for those from WA was 13 days. Those travelling to the UK and India were usually away for an average of 25 days each which was longer than all the other top 10 destinations. Those travelling to Fiji and New Zealand were away for 8 days on average.

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                         NSW
                        days
                        Vic.
                        days
                        Qld
                        days
                        SA
                        days
                        WA
                        days
                        Tas.
                        days
                        NT
                        days
                        ACT
                        days
                        Aust.(b)
                        days
                        UK(c)252627262432222625
                        India232725292421312525
                        China(d)202118191818182020
                        USA151717182019211616
                        Japan141514161517161615
                        Thailand121214131213131412
                        Indonesia11101098119109
                        Singapore89910811799
                        New Zealand8891113121398
                        Fiji8988981188
                        All countries151615161316141615

                        a. Top 10 destination countries are based at the Australia level.
                        b. Includes Other Territories.
                        c. Includes United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
                        d. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.

                         

                        14.7 Short-term resident returns, Australia - top 10 destination countries(a) by state/territory of residence - median duration of stay - 2019-20

                        The duration of stay of short-term trips by Australian residents going overseas varied by their reason for journey:

                        • Those travelling for employment stayed away the longest (28 days)
                        • Education (23 days)
                        • Visiting friends and relatives (22 days)
                        • Holiday (14 days)
                        • Business travellers stayed the shortest (7 days).

                        Recent changes

                        Suspension of seasonally adjusted and trend estimates from Apr and Feb 2020

                        The seasonally adjusted estimates have been suspended from April 2020 for all Short-term Visitor Arrival (STVA) and Short-term Resident Return (STRR) series due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on international travel.

                        The trend estimates have been suspended from February 2020 for all STVA and STRR series.

                        Both series will be reintroduced when patterns in the underlying behaviour of passenger travel movements stabilise. Original estimates can be produced and will continue to be published as usual. For more details please see paragraphs 20-35 of the Methodology and the ABS Feature Articles: Methods changes during the COVID-19 period (cat. no. 1359.0 for June 2020); When It's not "Business-as-usual": Implications for ABS Time Series (cat. no. 1350.0 for Aug 2009).

                        COVID-19 From Feb 2020

                        In response to the need for additional data and analysis due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the ABS is releasing a series of feature articles containing additional state and territory level analysis of overseas visitor arrivals over the coming months, as well as national and state and territory information on arrivals of overseas students. See the left hand navigation pane to access information on a specific state/territory or article.

                        The World Health Organisation (WHO) commenced daily situation reports of the COVID-19 outbreak on 21 January 2020 and identified it as an international health emergency on 30 January. This was less than a month after suspected cases were reported in Wuhan, China. The Australian Government placed travel restrictions on those travelling to Australia initially from mainland China commencing 1 February. Other restrictions from other countries soon followed as the crisis worsened around the globe. From 20 March 2020, all overseas travel was banned, with few exceptions. For more information, see the Prime Minister's media release on border restrictions or the Smartraveller page from the Australian government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade website.

                        Data notes

                        This release contains overseas movement data which should not be interpreted as 'persons'. See Explanatory Note 7 in the Methodology for more detail.

                        The statistics in this release have been rounded. See Explanatory Notes 36-38 in the Methodology for more detail.

                        Inquiries

                        For further information about these and related statistics, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070. The ABS Privacy Policy outlines how the ABS will handle any personal information that you provide to the ABS.

                        Data downloads

                        I-notes

                        1. For all Short-term Visitor Arrivals (STVA) and Short-term Resident Returns (STRR) series, the trend estimates have been suspended from February 2020 and the seasonally adjusted estimates have been suspended from April 2020 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on international travel. For more information, see the end of the Data Quality Issues Appendix.
                        2. For further information about the data, including updates or changes, see the Methodology page of this issue and the related Appendices such as Data Quality Issues.
                        3. Short-term arrival movements are usually based on a sample and subject to sampling error. However, from April 2020 a full enumeration has been undertaken due to the small volume of international travel movements caused by the impact of COVID-19. See paragraphs 10-12 of the Methodology page of this issue.
                        4. Occasionally situations occur that necessitate breaks being applied to the trend series. For an overview of the breaks currently included in the trend series, see paragraphs 32-33 of the Methodology page of this issue.

                        Table 1: Total movement, arrivals - category of movement

                        Table 2: Total movement, departures - category of movement

                        Table 3: Short-term movement, visitors arriving - selected countries of residence: trend

                        Table 4: Short-term movement, visitors arriving - selected countries of residence: seasonally adjusted

                        Table 5: Short-term movement, visitors arriving - selected countries of residence: original

                        Table 6: Short-term movement, visitors arriving - intended length of stay and main reason for journey: original

                        Table 7: Short-term movement, residents returning - selected destinations: trend

                        Table 8: Short-term movement, residents returning - selected destinations: seasonally adjusted

                        Table 9: Short-term movement, residents returning - selected destinations: original

                        Table 10: Short-term movements, residents returning - length of stay and main reason for journey: original

                        Table 11: Short-term movement, visitors arriving - state of intended stay: original

                        Table 12: Short-term movement, residents returning - state of intended stay: original

                        Previous catalogue number

                        This release previously used catalogue number 3401.0.