This is not the latest release View the latest release

Overseas Arrivals and Departures, Australia

Statistics on international travel, including tourism trips, arriving in and departing from Australia. Focusing on short-term trips (less than 1 year)

Reference period
June 2020
Released
14/08/2020

Key statistics

  • Overseas visitor arrivals increased 56.8% since the previous month.
  • Australian resident returns increased 17.8% since the previous month.
  • Overseas visitor arrivals decreased 99.2% since the same month previous year.
  • Australian resident returns decreased 98.1% since the same month previous year.

    Overseas arrivals and departures statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in, and departing from Australia with a focus on short term trips (less than 1 year). It is the number of international border crossings rather than the number of people.

    For all Short-term Visitor Arrivals (STVA) and Short-term Resident Returns (STRR) series, the trend estimates have been suspended from February 2020 and the seasonally adjusted estimates have been suspended from April 2020 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on international travel. For more information, see the end of the Data Quality Issues Appendix on the Methodology page.

    June 2020 original estimates for short-term trips:

    • Overseas visitor arrivals to Australia increased 56.8% since the previous month to 5,400 trips
    • Australian resident returns from overseas increased 17.8% since the previous month to 15,760 trips.
       

    Note: Large percentage changes can be observed due to monthly fluctuations of small numbers

    Download
    Download

    1.3 Monthly change

     May '20June '20May '20 to June '20
    % change
    Visitor arrivals — short-term trips    
     Trend
    na
    na
    na
     Seasonally adjusted
    na
    na
    na
     Original
    3 440
    5 400
    56.8
    Resident returns — short-term trips    
     Trend
    na
    na
    na
     Seasonally adjusted
    na
    na
    na
     Original
    13 380
    15 760
    17.8
    na not available - see the end of the Data Quality Issues Appendix.
     

    Visitor arrivals monthly

    Statistics on international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia for short term trips (less than 1 year). It is the number of international border crossings rather than the number of people.

    For all Short-term Visitor Arrivals (STVA) series, the trend estimates have been suspended from February 2020 and the seasonally adjusted estimates have been suspended from April 2020 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on international travel. For more information, see the end of the Data Quality Issues Appendix in the Methodology.

    Key statistics

    Visitors arriving in Australia for a short-term trip in June 2020 (original estimates):

    • Decreased 99.2% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
    • Reported a total of 5,400 trips
    • With New Zealand as the largest source country, accounting for 27% of all visitor arrivals.
       
    Download

    Source countries

    The three leading source countries for visitor arrivals to Australia in June 2020 were:

    • New Zealand (1,440 trips)
    • USA (710)
    • UK (570).
       
    Download

    a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
    b. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.
     

    There were decreases of over 93% recorded for each of the top ten source countries when compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

    2.3 Short-term visitor arrivals - top 10 source countries - % change

    Country of ResidenceJune '20June '19 to June '20
    % change
    New Zealand
    1 440
    -98.7
    USA
    710
    -98.9
    UK(a)
    570
    -98.0
    South Africa
    190
    -95.6
    China(b)
    180
    -99.8
    Singapore
    170
    -99.7
    India
    160
    -99.5
    Unit Arab Emir
    150
    -93.6
    Hong Kong
    140
    -99.3
    Philippines
    110
    -99.2
    a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
    b. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.

     

    State or territory of stay

    All travellers are asked their intended address in Australia upon arrival. State or territory of stay statistics are only available from original estimates as seasonally adjusted and trend estimates are only applied to source countries.

    For those who visited Australia in June 2020, compared to the corresponding month of the previous year, there were decreases of over 96% across all states and territories.

    2.4 Short-term visitor arrivals, state or territory of stay - June 2020 - % change

    2.4 Short-term visitor arrivals, state or territory of stay - June 2020 - % change

    2.4 Short-term visitor arrivals, state or territory of stay - June 2020 - % change

    Map shows negative growth in visitor arrivals by state or territory in June 2020 compared to the same month of the previous year. Tasmania saw a decrease of -99.7%, Queensland saw a decrease of -99.2%, Western Australia saw a decrease of -99.2%, South Australia saw a decrease of -99.5%, the Australian Capital Territory saw a decrease of -98.3%, Victoria saw a decrease of -99.3%. New South Wales saw a decrease of -99.2% and the Northern Territory saw a decrease of -96.0%

    2.5 Short-term visitor arrivals, state or territory of stay - % change

    State or territory of stayJune '19June '20June '19 to June '20
    % change
    NSW
    235 050
    1 930
    -99.2
    Vic.
    170 790
    1 140
    -99.3
    Qld
    156 510
    1 320
    -99.2
    SA
    16 450
    90
    -99.5
    WA
    62 950
    510
    -99.2
    Tas.
    4 540
    20
    -99.7
    NT
    7 070
    290
    -96.0
    ACT
    6 960
    120
    -98.3
    Australia(a)
    660 340
    5 400
    -99.2
    a. Includes Other Territories.

    Resident returns monthly

    Statistics on international travel movements of residents arriving back in Australia after short term trips (less than 1 year) overseas. It is the number of international border crossings rather than the number of people.

    For all Short-term Resident Returns (STRR) series, the trend estimates have been suspended from February 2020 and the seasonally adjusted estimates have been suspended from April 2020 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on international travel. For more information, see the end of the Data Quality Issues Appendix in the Methodology.

    Key statistics

    In June 2020, Australian residents returning from a short-term trip overseas (original estimates):

    • Decreased 98.1% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
    • Reported a total of 15,760 trips
    • With India as the most popular destination country, accounting for 12% of all those returning.
       
    Download

    Destination countries

    The three leading destination countries for Australian residents in June 2020 were:

    • India (1,850 trips)
    • China (1,440)
    • New Zealand (1,430).
       
    Download

    a. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.
    b. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
     

    Among the top ten destination countries, there were no increases recorded when compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

    The highest decreases were for:

    • Thailand (-99.0%)
    • Singapore (-98.7%)
    • USA (-98.4%)
       

    3.3 Short-term resident returns - top 10 destination countries - % change

    Country of stayJune '20June '19 to June '20
    % change
    India
    1 850
    -89.9
    China(a)
    1 440
    -97.1
    New Zealand
    1 430
    -98.2
    USA
    1 370
    -98.4
    UK(b)
    1 300
    -98.0
    Pakistan
    940
    -57.1
    Thailand
    370
    -99.0
    Nepal
    370
    -80.1
    Singapore
    370
    -98.7
    Taiwan
    360
    -93.0
    a. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.
    b. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.

     

    State or territory of residence

    All travellers are asked their intended address in Australia upon arrival. State or territory of residence statistics are only available from original estimates as seasonally adjusted and trend estimates are only applied to destination countries.

    For those residents who returned to Australia in June 2020, compared to the corresponding month of the previous year, there were decreases of over 98% across all states and territories.

    3.4 Resident returns, state or territory of stay - June 2020 - % change

    Resident returns, state or territory of stay - June 2020 - % change (original estimates)

    3.4 Resident returns, state or territory of stay - June 2020 - % change

    Map shows negative growth in Australian residents who returned to their home state or territory in June 2020, compared to the same month of the previous year. Western Australia saw a decrease of -98.6%, the Australian Capital Territory saw a decrease of -98.0%, Tasmania saw a decrease of -98.7%, Queensland saw a decrease of -97.7%, Victoria saw a decrease of -98.3%, New South Wales saw a decrease of -98.0%, South Australia saw a decrease of -98.7% and the Northern Territory saw a decrease of -98.6%.

    3.5 Short-term resident returns, state or territory of residence - % change

    State or territory of residenceJune '19June '20June '19 to June '20
    % change
    NSW
    277 460
    5 680
    -98.0
    Vic.
    236 410
    4 010
    -98.3
    Qld
    152 740
    3 510
    -97.7
    SA
    41 060
    540
    -98.7
    WA
    101 940
    1 480
    -98.6
    Tas.
    9 260
    120
    -98.7
    NT
    6 880
    100
    -98.6
    ACT
    16 170
    320
    -98.0
    Australia(a)
    841 950
    15 760
    -98.1
    a. Includes Other Territories.
     

    Visitor arrivals by state or territory

    New South Wales

    This series of feature articles provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the state and territory level. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which started in China in December 2019.

    Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

    Key statistics

    Visitors arriving in New South Wales for a short-term trip (less than 1 year) in June 2020:

    • Decreased 99.2% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
    • There were 1,920 short-term visitor arrivals.
    • Largest source countries were New Zealand, USA and UK.
       

    Of all arrivals to New South Wales travelling on an international student visa in June 2020, there was a:

    • Decrease of 18,030 students (close to 100%) compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.
       
    Download


    Visitors arriving in New South Wales for a long-term trip (1 year or more) in June 2020:

    • Decreased 99.3% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
    • There were 110 long-term visitor arrivals.
       

    Source countries

    The three leading source countries for visitor arrivals to New South Wales in June 2020 were:

    • New Zealand (600 trips)
    • USA (210)
    • UK (200).
       
    Download

    a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
    b. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.
     

    There were decreases of over 89% recorded for each of the top ten source countries when compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

    4.3 Short-term visitor arrivals, NSW - top 10 source countries - % change

    Country of ResidenceJune '20June '19 to June '20
    % change
    New Zealand
    600
    -98.1
    USA
    210
    -99.3
    UK(a)
    200
    -97.9
    South Africa
    100
    -92.2
    China(b)
    90
    -99.7
    Unit Arab Emir
    70
    -89.9
    Singapore
    70
    -99.4
    Hong Kong
    60
    -99.2
    India
    60
    -99.5
    Philippines
    40
    -99.4
    a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
    b. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.

     

    For additional information relating to COVID-19 see the Recent changes Section.

    International students

    In June 2020 there were just under 20 arrivals to New South Wales travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of nearly 100% or 18,030 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

    Due to the small number of movements, no further analysis has been undertaken.

    Victoria

    This series of feature articles provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the state and territory level. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which started in China in December 2019.

    Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

      Key statistics

      Visitors arriving in Victoria for a short-term trip (less than 1 year) in June 2020:

      • Decreased 99.3% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
      • There were 1,140 short-term visitor arrivals.
      • Largest source countries were New Zealand, UK and USA.
         

      Of all arrivals to Victoria travelling on an international student visa in June 2020, there was a:

      • Decrease of 14,120 students (nearly 100%) compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.
         
      Download


      Visitors arriving in Victoria for a long-term trip (1 year or more) in June 2020:

      • Decreased 99.4% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
      • There were just over 70 long-term visitor arrivals.
         

      Source countries

      The three leading source countries for short-term visitor arrivals to Victoria in June 2020 were:

      • New Zealand (430 trips)
      • UK (130)
      • USA (100).
         
      Download

      a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
      b. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.

      There were decreases of over 95% recorded for each of the top ten source countries when compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

      5.3 Short-term visitor arrivals, Vic. - top 10 source countries - % change

      Country of ResidenceJune '20June '19 to June '20
      % change
      New Zealand
      430
      -98.2
      UK(a)
      130
      -97.8
      USA
      100
      -99.0
      China(b)
      60
      -99.8
      India
      50
      -99.6
      Hong Kong
      40
      -99.3
      Unit Arab Emir
      30
      -95.2
      Indonesia
      30
      -99.8
      South Africa
      20
      -96.2
      Singapore
      20
      -99.9
      a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
      b. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.

       

      For additional information relating to COVID-19 see the Recent changes Section.

      International students

      In June 2020 there were nearly 20 arrivals to Victoria travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of nearly 100% or 14,120 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

      Due to the small number of movements, no further analysis has been undertaken.

      Queensland

      This series of feature articles provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the state and territory level. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which started in China in December 2019.

      Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

        Key statistics

        Visitors arriving in Queensland for a short-term trip (less than 1 year) in June 2020:

        • Decreased 99.2% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
        • There were 1,320 short-term visitor arrivals.
        • Largest source countries were New Zealand, UK and USA.
           

        Of all arrivals to Queensland travelling on an international student visa in June 2020, there was a:

        • Decrease of 7,860 students (99.8%) compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.
           
        Download


        Visitors arriving in Queensland for a long-term trip (1 year or more) in June 2020:

        • Decreased 99.2% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
        • There were nearly 50 long-term visitor arrivals.
           

        Source countries

        The three leading source countries for short-term visitor arrivals to Queensland in June 2020 were:

        • New Zealand (320 trips)
        • UK (150)
        • USA (110).
           
        Download

        a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
         

        Although Ukraine increased by 48% when compared to the corresponding month of the previous year this is due to change in very small numbers. All other top ten source countries decreased by over 95%.

        6.3 Short-term visitor arrivals, Qld - top 10 source countries - % change

        Country of ResidenceJune '20June '19 to June '20
        % change
        New Zealand
        320
        -99.3
        UK(a)
        150
        -98.0
        USA
        110
        -99.3
        Ukraine
        60
        48.0
        South Africa
        50
        -96.3
        PNG
        50
        -98.5
        Philippines
        30
        -98.3
        Canada
        30
        -98.6
        Taiwan
        30
        -99.5
        Unit Arab Emir
        30
        -95.4
        a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.

         

        For additional information relating to COVID-19 see the Recent changes Section.

        International students

        In June 2020 there were nearly 20 arrivals to Queensland travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of 99.8% or 7,860 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

        Due to the small number of movements, no further analysis has been undertaken.

        South Australia

        This series of feature articles provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the state and territory level. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which started in China in December 2019.

        Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

        Key statistics

        Visitors arriving in South Australia for a short-term trip (less than 1 year) in June 2020:

        • Decreased 99.5% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
        • There were 89 short-term visitor arrivals.
           
        Download


        Visitors arriving in South Australia for a long-term trip (1 year or more) in June 2020:

        • Decreased 99.6% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
        • There were 6 long-term visitor arrivals.
           

        International students

        In June 2020 there were fewer than 10 arrivals to South Australia travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of nearly 100% or 1,740 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

        Due to the small number of movements, no further analysis has been undertaken.

        Western Australia

        This series of feature articles provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the state and territory level. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which started in China in December 2019.

        Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

          Key statistics

          Visitors arriving in Western Australia for a short-term trip (less than 1 year) in June 2020:

          • Decreased 99.2% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
          • There were 510 short-term visitor arrivals.
          • Largest source countries were UK, Singapore and New Zealand.


          Of all arrivals to Western Australia travelling on an international student visa in June 2020, there was a:

          • Decrease of 2,750 students (nearly 100%) compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.
             
          Download


          Visitors arriving in Western Australia for a long-term trip (1 year or more) in June 2020:

          • Decreased 99.2% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
          • There were nearly 30 long-term visitor arrivals.
             

          Source countries

          The three leading source countries for short-term visitor arrivals to Western Australia in June 2020 were:

          • UK (80 trips)
          • Singapore (60)
          • New Zealand (60).
             
          Download

          a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
           

          There were decreases of over 61% recorded for each of the top ten source countries when compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

          8.3 Short-term visitor arrivals, WA - top 10 source countries - % change

          Country of ResidenceJune '20June '19 to June '20
          % change
          UK(a)
          80
          -97.9
          Singapore
          60
          -99.7
          New Zealand
          60
          -98.9
          Indonesia
          30
          -99.5
          USA
          20
          -99.1
          Philippines
          20
          -97.8
          Spain
          20
          -86.2
          Italy
          20
          -96.6
          Ukraine
          20
          -61.6
          Poland
          20
          -81.6
          a. Includes the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.

           

          For additional information relating to COVID-19 see the Recent changes Section.

          International students

          In June 2020 there were fewer than 10 arrivals to Western Australia travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of nearly 100% or 2,750 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

          Due to the small number of movements, no further analysis has been undertaken.

          Tasmania

          This series of feature articles provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the state and territory level. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which started in China in December 2019.

          Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

            Key statistics

            Visitors arriving in Tasmania for a short-term trip (less than 1 year) in June 2020:

            • Decreased 99.7% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
            • There were just over 10 short-term visitor arrivals.
               
            Download


            Visitors arriving in Tasmania for a long-term trip (1 year or more) in June 2020:

            • Decreased 99.3% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
            • There were fewer than 10 long-term visitor arrivals.

             

            International students

            In June 2020 there were no arrivals to Tasmania travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of 100% or 430 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

            Due to the small number of movements, no further analysis has been undertaken.

            Northern Territory

            This series of feature articles provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the state and territory level. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which started in China in December 2019.

            Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

              Key statistics

              Visitors arriving in the Northern Territory for a short-term trip (less than 1 year) in June 2020:

              • Decreased 96% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
              • There were 290 short-term visitor arrivals.
                 
              Download


              Visitors arriving in the Northern Territory for a long-term trip (1 year or more) in June 2020:

              • Decreased 96.6% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
              • There were just over 10 long-term visitor arrivals.
                 

              International students

              In June 2020 there were no arrivals to the Northern Territory travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of 100% or 130 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

              Due to the small number of movements, no further analysis has been undertaken.

              Australian Capital Territory

              This series of feature articles provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the state and territory level. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which started in China in December 2019.

              Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

                Key statistics

                Visitors arriving in Australian Capital Territory for a short-term trip (less than 1 year) in June 2020:

                • Decreased 98.3% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
                • There were 120 short-term visitor arrivals.
                   
                Download


                Visitors arriving in Australian Capital Territory for a long-term trip (1 year or more) in June 2020:

                • Decreased 97.8% compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
                • There were nearly 20 long-term visitor arrivals.
                   

                International students

                In June 2020 there were fewer than 10 arrivals to Australian Capital Territory travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of 99.7% or 930 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

                Due to the small number of movements, no further analysis has been undertaken.

                International student arrivals - Australia - June 2020

                This feature article provides detail of overseas traveller movements at the national level for international student arrivals. The additional information is provided in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19 which was first detected in China in December 2019.

                Visitor arrivals statistics are international travel movements of persons arriving in Australia. It is the number of trips rather than the number of people. All data in this article has used original estimates as trend and seasonally adjusted estimates are not available for all variables being analysed.

                Key statistics

                Of all arrivals to Australia travelling on an international student visa in June 2020, there was a:

                • Decrease of 45,980 students (nearly 100%) compared to the corresponding month of the previous year
                   

                International students

                Travel restrictions introduced from February 2020 in response to the outbreak of COVID-19 have continued to disrupt the movement of international students this month. In 2019, China was the largest source country nationally. Educational exports are an important contributor to the Australian economy.

                In June 2020 there were nearly 60 arrivals to Australia travelling on an international student visa. This was a decrease of nearly 100% or 45,980 students compared to the corresponding month of the previous year, as shown in graph 12.1 below.

                Download

                a. International student visa holders whether it be for a short-term (less than 1 year) or long-term (1 year or more) duration. This is not the same as when a traveller self reports 'education' as their main reason for journey.
                b. English Language Intensive Courses for Overseas Students.

                Visitor arrivals - financial year - 2019-20

                Compares annual international travel arrivals overtime by source country, by state and territory, by age and sex, by main reason for journey and by median duration of trip. All analysis in this section is done on short-term trips (less than 1 year).

                Key findings

                Visitors arriving in Australia in 2019-20.

                • There were 6.7 million visitor arrivals, down 27.9% on the previous year and the lowest since 2013-14
                • New Zealand was the largest source country, with over 1 million visitors nationally, and the largest for Qld and Tas.
                • China was the largest for NSW, Vic., SA and the ACT, with almost 900,000 visitors nationally
                • There were more visits by women than men. Ten years earlier, the opposite was true.
                • The main reason for travel was holiday (46%)
                • Nationally, the median duration of stay in Australia was 12 days.
                   

                ​​​​​​​Short-term visitor arrivals

                There were 6.7 million visitor arrivals in 2019-20. This was down 27.9% on the previous year with 2.6 million fewer arrivals. This was the lowest annual number of visitors since 2013-14.

                The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on travel to and from Australia commenced in February 2020 with the start of border entry restrictions by the Australian Government to those from mainland China. Monthly declines of nearly 100% have been recorded since the tighter border restrictions of entry or exit were introduced from 20 March 2020.

                13.1 Short-term visitor arrivals by month

                2019-20'000% change(a)
                Jul
                790.4
                2.1
                Aug
                789.2
                6.4
                Sep
                695.0
                0.7
                Oct
                774.0
                2.7
                Nov
                815.9
                1.7
                Dec
                1 077.7
                1.9
                Jan
                766.6
                4.8
                Feb
                685.4
                -26.1
                Mar
                331.9
                -60.3
                Apr
                2.2
                -99.7
                May
                3.4
                -99.5
                Jun
                5.4
                -99.2
                Annual total
                6 737.2
                -27.9
                a. Percentage change when compared to the same period of the previous year.

                 

                Visitor arrivals to Australia has generally been increasing over recent decades, with a strong continuous increase over the past ten years.

                • Peaks were seen during Brisbane Expo in 1988 and the Sydney Olympics in 2000
                • Decreases were experienced during the Asian financial crisis in 1998, after the 2001 September 11 attacks in the USA, the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003 and the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) in 2008.


                However, due to the impact of COVID-19, a significant decline has been observed from February 2020 onwards. Prior to the pandemic there were a record 9.5 million visitors to Australia in the year ending January 2020.

                13.2 Short-term visitor arrivals (m), Australia - year ending up to June 2020

                Short-term visitor arrivals (m), Australia - year ending up to June 2020

                13.2 Short-term visitor arrivals (m), Australia - year ending up to June 2020

                This graph represents the historic peaks and troughs in short-term visitor arrivals to Australia from 1980 through to 2020.
                Events impacting short-term visitor arrivals include:
                Brisbane Expo in 1988;
                Asian Financial Crisis in 1998;
                Sydney Olympics in 2000;
                2001 September 11 attacks on September 11 in 2001;
                Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003;
                Global Financial Crisis (GFC) in 2008;
                COVID-19 outbreak from February 2020 onwards.

                Graph and data - short-term visitor arrivals

                Download

                Source countries

                Residents from nearly every country around the world visited Australia in 2019-20:

                • New Zealand (1.0 million visits) was the largest source country for visitor arrivals
                • China (900,000) was the second largest with strong growth (130%) over the decade
                • Short-term visitor arrivals from all top 5 source countries fell from early 2020 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
                   
                Download

                a. Top 5 source countries based on year ending June 2020.
                b. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.
                c. Includes United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
                 

                Among the top 10 source countries, there was also strong growth from other Asian countries over the last decade until recent declines were recorded for all due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

                13.4 Short-term visitor arrivals, Australia - top 10 source countries(a) - 2019-20

                Country of Residence'0002018-19 to 2019-20
                % change
                2009-10 to 2019-20
                % change
                New Zealand
                1 028
                -26.9
                -7.4
                China(b)
                900
                -37.2
                130.4
                USA
                581
                -28.4
                17.7
                UK(c)
                562
                -21.7
                -17.1
                Japan
                375
                -22.5
                3.8
                Singapore
                316
                -32.1
                27.0
                India
                285
                -23.4
                122.3
                Malaysia
                259
                -33.5
                26.5
                Hong Kong
                227
                -26.5
                60.8
                Korea, South
                192
                -31.5
                -4.3
                a. Top 10 source countries based on year ending June 2020.
                b. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.
                c. Includes United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.

                 

                State or territory of stay

                All travellers are asked their intended address in Australia upon arrival. The proportion of short-term visitor arrivals by intended state or territory in 2019-20, were as follows:

                • NSW (36.0% of all short-term visitors)
                • Vic. (26.5%)
                • Qld (21.6%)
                • SA (3.0%)
                • WA (9.9%)
                • Tas. (1.1%)
                • NT (0.8%)
                • ACT (1.2%).


                In 2009-10 this pattern was slightly different, with more visitors intending to stay in Qld than in Vic.

                All states and territories recorded growth in international visitors in the ten year period except for the Northern Territory and Queensland. Victoria had the largest growth with 655,000 more visitors.

                Download


                At the state and territory level, the mix of source countries varies from that at the national level.

                During 2019-20:

                • China was the leading source country for NSW, Vic., SA and the ACT
                • New Zealand provided the most visitors for Qld and Tas.
                • The UK for WA
                • The USA for the NT.
                   

                Ten years earlier in 2009-10, New Zealand was the leading source country for NSW, Vic., Qld, and Tas. However, the UK was the leading source country for SA and WA, and the USA for the NT and ACT.

                Age and sex

                There were more visits to Australia by women than men in 2019-20 (3.5 million women compared with 3.2 million men). The opposite was true in 2009-10 (2.9 million men and 2.7 million women).

                In 2019-20, men visiting Australia had a median age of 41 years while women visiting had a median age of 40 years. The largest group of visitor arrivals was aged between 25 and 29 years. There was a comparatively large number of 56 year old women who arrived in 2019-20. The largest source country for this age group was China. This is due to the combined effect of a large volume of Chinese visitors during the year and the demography of China with its largest age cohort of women being 56.

                Download

                Main reason for journey

                In 2019-20, the most frequently stated main reason for journey by short-term visitors to Australia was:

                • Holiday (46.3%)
                • Visiting friends and relatives (30.9%)
                • Business (6.7%)
                • Education (6.9%).
                   

                Female visitors were more likely than males to record their main reason for journey as holiday (48.7% of all females compared with 43.7% of all males), visiting friends and relatives (33.5% compared with 28.0%), and education (7.0% compared with 6.8%). Male visitors, on the other hand were more likely to travel to Australia for business (10.5% of all males compared with 3.3% of all females), to attend a convention/conference (4.1% compared with 2.6%), and for employment (3.1% compared with 1.9%).

                Duration of stay

                Visitors are asked their intended duration in Australia upon arrival.

                During 2019-20, the median duration of stay in Australia was 12 days. However, this varied between the states and territories and between the numerous source countries. It also varied depending on a traveller's main reason for journey.

                In 2019-20, the median duration of days for those visiting SA was 18 days, whereas for Qld it was 10 days. Those from India (with a median duration of stay of 53 days) stated their intention to stay longer than most others but this also varied between the states and territories. Those from Japan only visited for 6 days on average.

                13.7 Short-term visitor arrivals, Australia - top 10 source countries(a) by state/territory of stay - median duration of stay - 2019-20

                 NSW
                days
                Vic.
                days
                Qld
                days
                SA
                days
                WA
                days
                Tas.
                days
                NT
                days
                ACT
                days
                Aust.(b)
                days
                India
                34
                61
                31
                76
                61
                91
                91
                62
                53
                UK(c)
                18
                20
                21
                22
                21
                22
                19
                20
                20
                China(d)
                13
                15
                12
                31
                15
                21
                13
                90
                14
                USA
                10
                12
                12
                14
                14
                14
                15
                12
                11
                Hong Kong
                10
                11
                10
                12
                10
                10
                11
                14
                10
                Malaysia
                9
                9
                8
                11
                7
                11
                9
                11
                8
                Singapore
                8
                9
                9
                10
                8
                11
                7
                9
                8
                Korea (South)
                7
                11
                10
                16
                10
                14
                9
                13
                8
                New Zealand
                6
                6
                8
                7
                11
                9
                11
                7
                7
                Japan
                6
                7
                6
                11
                7
                8
                6
                7
                6
                All countries
                11
                13
                10
                18
                14
                14
                16
                17
                12
                a. Top 10 source countries are based at the Australia level.
                b. Includes Other Territories.
                c. Includes United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
                d. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.

                 

                The median duration of stay of short-term visitors to Australia varied by their reason for journey:

                • Those travelling for education (123 days) and employment (122 days) stayed the longest
                • Visiting friends and relatives (17 days)
                • Holiday (10 days)
                • Business travellers stayed the shortest (6 days).

                Resident returns - financial year - 2019-20

                Compares annual international travel for resident returns overtime by destination country, by state and territory, by age and sex, by main reason for journey and by median duration of trip. All analysis in this section is done on short-term trips (less than 1 year).

                Key findings

                Australian residents returning to Australia in 2019-20.

                • There were 8.6 million resident returns from overseas, down 23.8% on the previous year and the lowest since 2012-13
                • New Zealand continued to be the leading destination country for Australians travelling overseas, with 1.1 million trips
                • New Zealand was the leading destination for those living in NSW, Vic., Qld, Tas. and the ACT and Indonesia for those in SA, WA and the NT
                • The main reason for travel was holiday (57%)
                • Nationally, the median duration away was 15 days.
                   

                Short-term resident returns

                There were 8.6 million resident trips overseas in 2019-20. This was down 23.8% on the previous year with 2.7 million fewer trips taken. This was the lowest annual number of resident trips since 2012-13.

                The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on travel to and from Australia commenced in February 2020 with the start of border entry restrictions by the Australian Government to those from mainland China. Monthly declines of nearly 100% have been recorded since the tighter border restrictions of entry and exit were introduced from 20 March 2020.

                14.1 Short-term resident returns by month

                2019-20'000% change(a)
                Jul
                1 122.6
                -1.0
                Aug
                931.0
                1.6
                Sep
                992.8
                1.9
                Oct
                1 146.0
                -0.2
                Nov
                849.8
                4.9
                Dec
                749.7
                2.3
                Jan
                1 397.4
                0.3
                Feb
                785.4
                5.3
                Mar
                538.4
                -28.6
                Apr
                17.0
                -98.1
                May
                13.4
                -98.5
                Jun
                15.8
                -98.1
                Annual total
                8 559.2
                -23.8
                a. Percentage change when compared to the same period of the previous year.

                 

                Australian residents travelling overseas has generally been increasing over recent decades, with a number of decreases observed over time due to various historical events such as the:

                • Early 1990s recession in Australia
                • September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001
                • Bali bombings in 2002
                • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003
                • Global Financial Crisis (GFC) in 2008
                   

                For the past 15 years, a strong continuous increase can be seen up until March 2020 onwards due to the impact of COVID-19. Prior to the pandemic, there were 11.4 million resident trips overseas in the year ending February 2020.

                14.2 Short-term resident returns, Australia - year ending up to June 2020

                Short-term resident returns (m), Australia - year ending up to June 2020

                14.2 Short-term resident returns, Australia - year ending up to June 2020

                This graph represents the historic peaks and troughs in short-term resident returns to Australia from 1980 through to 2020.
                Events impacting short-term resident returns include:
                Early 1990's Recession in the early 1990's;
                2001 September 11 attack on September 11 in 2001;
                2002 Bali bombings in 2002;
                Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003;
                Global Financial Crisis (GFC) outbreak in 2008;
                COVID-19 outbreak from February 2020 onwards.

                Graph and data - short-term resident returns

                Download

                Destination countries

                Australians travelled across the globe during 2019-20:

                • New Zealand (1.14 million trips) remained the leading destination country
                • Indonesia was the second most popular destination (1.08 million)
                • The USA (778,700) was the third leading destination but with a peak in 2016-17
                • Short-term resident returns from all top 5 destination countries fell from early 2020 due to the impact of COVID-19.
                   
                Download

                a. Top 5 destination countries based on year ending June 2020.
                b. Includes United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
                c. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.
                 

                Among the top 10 destination countries, the strongest growth over the last decade was for Australians visiting Asian countries until recent declines were recorded for all due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

                14.4 Short-term resident returns, Australia - top 10 destination countries(a) - 2019-20

                Destination Country'0002018-19 to 2019-20
                % change
                2009-10 to 2019-20
                % change
                New Zealand
                1 145
                -20.7
                8.8
                Indonesia
                1 077
                -17.9
                66.4
                USA
                779
                -27.8
                22.7
                UK(b)
                528
                -20.9
                11.5
                China(c)
                397
                -35.0
                38.5
                Japan
                393
                -18.7
                128.4
                Thailand
                383
                -32.3
                -10.0
                India
                347
                -16.6
                119.3
                Singapore
                304
                -25.1
                26.8
                Fiji
                256
                -25.9
                -12.6
                a. Top 10 destination countries based on year ending June 2020.
                b. Includes United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
                c. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.

                 

                ​​​​​​​State or territory of residence

                All travellers are asked their intended address in Australia upon arrival. The proportion of short-term resident returns by their state or territory of residence in 2019-20, were as follows:

                • NSW (33.4% of all short-term resident returns)
                • Vic. (27.4%)
                • Qld (18.3%)
                • SA (4.5%)
                • WA (12.6%)
                • Tas. (1.0%)
                • NT (0.8%)
                • ACT (1.9%).
                   

                In 2009-10, this pattern was very similar with a slightly higher proportion of those travelling overseas from NSW (35.6%) and WA (14.6%).

                All states and territories recorded growth in residents taking overseas trips in the ten year period. Victoria had the largest growth with 741,000 more trips.

                Download

                At the state and territory level, the mix of destination countries varied from that at the national level.

                During 2019-20:

                • New Zealand was the leading destination country for residents of NSW, Vic., Qld, Tas. and the ACT
                • Indonesia was the leading destination for those from SA, WA and the NT.
                   

                Ten years earlier in 2009-10, New Zealand was the leading destination for residents of all state and territories except for WA and the NT (for which Indonesia was the leading destination).

                Age and sex

                There were more trips taken overseas by Australian men than women in 2019-20 (4.4 million men compared with 4.1 million women), similar to 2009-10 (3.5 million men and 3.2 million women).

                In 2019-20, Australian men and women travelling overseas had a similar median age (42 years and 40 years respectively). Among those aged 18 to 30, there were more trips undertaken by women than men.

                Download

                Main reason for journey

                In 2019-20, the most frequently stated main reason for journey by Australian residents returning home after a short-term trip was:

                • Holiday (57%)
                • Visiting friends and relatives (27%)
                • Business (7%).


                Female residents were more likely than males to record their main reason as a holiday (60% of all females compared with 55% of all males), visiting friends and relatives (29% compared with 25%) and for education (1.4% compared with 1.2%). Male residents were more likely to travel overseas for business (11% of all males compared with 4% of all females), to attend a convention/conference (3% compared with 2%), and for employment (2% compared with 1%).

                Duration of stay

                For Australian residents returning from overseas their exact duration away is measured.

                During 2019-20, the median duration away for Australians on a short-term trip was 15 days. However, this varies between the states and territories and between the numerous destination countries. It also varies greatly depending on a traveller's main reason for journey.

                In 2019-20, the median duration away overseas for Victorians, South Australians, Tasmanians and those from the ACT was 16 days, whereas for those from WA was 13 days. Those travelling to the UK and India were usually away for an average of 25 days each which was longer than all the other top 10 destinations. Those travelling to Fiji and New Zealand were away for 8 days on average.

                14.7 Short-term resident returns, Australia - top 10 destination countries(a) by state/territory of residence - median duration of stay - 2019-20

                 NSW
                days
                Vic.
                days
                Qld
                days
                SA
                days
                WA
                days
                Tas.
                days
                NT
                days
                ACT
                days
                Aust.(b)
                days
                UK(c)
                25
                26
                27
                26
                24
                32
                22
                26
                25
                India
                23
                27
                25
                29
                24
                21
                31
                25
                25
                China(d)
                20
                21
                18
                19
                18
                18
                18
                20
                20
                USA
                15
                17
                17
                18
                20
                19
                21
                16
                16
                Japan
                14
                15
                14
                16
                15
                17
                16
                16
                15
                Thailand
                12
                12
                14
                13
                12
                13
                13
                14
                12
                Indonesia
                11
                10
                10
                9
                8
                11
                9
                10
                9
                Singapore
                8
                9
                9
                10
                8
                11
                7
                9
                9
                New Zealand
                8
                8
                9
                11
                13
                12
                13
                9
                8
                Fiji
                8
                9
                8
                8
                9
                8
                11
                8
                8
                All countries
                15
                16
                15
                16
                13
                16
                14
                16
                15
                a. Top 10 destination countries are based at the Australia level.
                b. Includes Other Territories.
                c. Includes United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
                d. Excludes SARs & Taiwan.

                 

                The duration of stay of short-term trips by Australian residents going overseas varied by their reason for journey:

                • Those travelling for employment stayed away the longest (28 days)
                • Education (23 days)
                • Visiting friends and relatives (22 days)
                • Holiday (14 days)
                • Business travellers stayed the shortest (7 days).

                Recent changes

                Suspension of seasonally adjusted and trend estimates from Apr and Feb 2020

                The seasonally adjusted estimates have been suspended from April 2020 for all Short-term Visitor Arrival (STVA) and Short-term Resident Return (STRR) series due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on international travel.

                The trend estimates have been suspended from February 2020 for all STVA and STRR series.

                Both series will be reintroduced when patterns in the underlying behaviour of passenger travel movements stabilise. Original estimates can be produced and will continue to be published as usual. For more details please see paragraphs 20-35 of the Methodology and the ABS Feature Articles: Methods changes during the COVID-19 period (cat. no. 1359.0 for June 2020); When It's not "Business-as-usual": Implications for ABS Time Series (cat. no. 1350.0 for Aug 2009).

                COVID-19 From Feb 2020

                In response to the need for additional data and analysis due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the ABS is releasing a series of feature articles containing additional state and territory level analysis of overseas visitor arrivals over the coming months, as well as national and state and territory information on arrivals of overseas students. See the left hand navigation pane to access information on a specific state/territory or article.

                The World Health Organisation (WHO) commenced daily situation reports of the COVID-19 outbreak on 21 January 2020 and identified it as an international health emergency on 30 January. This was less than a month after suspected cases were reported in Wuhan, China. The Australian Government placed travel restrictions on those travelling to Australia initially from mainland China commencing 1 February. Other restrictions from other countries soon followed as the crisis worsened around the globe. From 20 March 2020, all overseas travel was banned, with few exceptions. For more information, see the Prime Minister's media release on border restrictions or the Smartraveller page from the Australian government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade website.

                Data notes

                This release contains overseas movement data which should not be interpreted as 'persons'. See Explanatory Note 7 in the Methodology for more detail.

                The statistics in this release have been rounded. See Explanatory Notes 36-38 in the Methodology for more detail.

                Inquiries

                For further information about these and related statistics, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070. The ABS Privacy Policy outlines how the ABS will handle any personal information that you provide to the ABS.

                Data downloads

                I-notes

                1. For all Short-term Visitor Arrivals (STVA) and Short-term Resident Returns (STRR) series, the trend estimates have been suspended from February 2020 and the seasonally adjusted estimates have been suspended from April 2020 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on international travel. For more information, see the end of the Data Quality Issues Appendix.
                2. For further information about the data, including updates or changes, see the Methodology page of this issue and the related Appendices such as Data Quality Issues.
                3. Short-term arrival movements are usually based on a sample and subject to sampling error. However, from April 2020 a full enumeration has been undertaken due to the small volume of international travel movements caused by the impact of COVID-19. See paragraphs 10-12 of the Methodology page of this issue.
                4. Occasionally situations occur that necessitate breaks being applied to the trend series. For an overview of the breaks currently included in the trend series, see paragraphs 32-33 of the Methodology page of this issue.

                Table 1: Total movement, arrivals - category of movement

                Table 2: Total movement, departures - category of movement

                Table 3: Short-term movement, visitors arriving - selected countries of residence: trend

                Table 4: Short-term movement, visitors arriving - selected countries of residence: seasonally adjusted

                Table 5: Short-term movement, visitors arriving - selected countries of residence: original

                Table 6: Short-term movement, visitors arriving - intended length of stay and main reason for journey: original

                Table 7: Short-term movement, residents returning - selected destinations: trend

                Table 8: Short-term movement, residents returning - selected destinations: seasonally adjusted

                Table 9: Short-term movement, residents returning - selected destinations: original

                Table 10: Short-term movements, residents returning - length of stay and main reason for journey: original

                Table 11: Short-term movement, visitors arriving - state of intended stay: original

                Table 12: Short-term movement, residents returning - state of intended stay: original

                Previous catalogue number

                This release previously used catalogue number 3401.0.