KLEMS provides a detailed statistical decomposition on the contributions to output growth, represented by five input categories - capital (K), labour (L), energy (E), materials (M), and services (S). This allows for analysis on the changes to the input mix, such as the role of labour hours and composition of relative capital services or intermediate inputs, observed in industry output growth.
The 2020-21 financial year marked the first full year of the economy impacted by Covid-19. The following key things happened in the Australian economy in 2020-21:
- The Australian economy rebounded, growing 2.2% in real terms, following a contraction in 2019-20.
- Restrictions, including border closures and lockdowns, continued into 2020-21 to contain the spread of Covid-19. This had a marked impact on production capacity for businesses across industries and limited migrant labour supply into Australia.
- Easing drought conditions and more favourable weather assisted output growth in several industries, including Agriculture, forestry and fishing, Retail trade and Wholesale trade.
- The recovery of economic activity pushed hours worked beyond its pre-pandemic (2018-19) levels in several industries, including Professional, scientific and technical services and Financial and insurance services. However, hours worked was yet to recover fully in industries such as Accommodation and food services and Agriculture, forestry and fishing due to pandemic-related restrictions.