Multiple job-holders are people who work in more than one job at the same time. This multi-source release includes estimates of the number and prevalence of multiple job-holders, as well as socio-demographic, employment and industry characteristics of multiple job-holders.
Multiple job-holders may have varying reasons for holding more than one job. In most cases, a person's main job has a wages or hours constraint to it, which is why people look to working more jobs.
A ‘wages constraint’ is where someone has a job that does not pay enough for them during the week. They may then choose to work in a second job to supplement their wages.
An ‘hours constraint’ is where someone may work during the week, and have a second job on the weekends. This second job may have a higher wage but may not be available on a more frequent basis. An example of this is tutoring, working in elections, or refereeing sports games.
However, it should be noted that in some industries, a second job is used to expand job experience and portfolios. An example is the Health care and social assistance industry. Health care practitioners could work in their own private practice, as well as being a salaried hospital employee where they can gain experience or gain access to hospital facilities and equipment.