People in Australia who were born in Vietnam

Latest release
2016 Census Country of birth QuickStats
Area code 0 by 5105
People 219,357
Male 98,072
Female 121,285
Australian citizen 75.9%
Not an Australian citizen 22.2%
Families 97,106
Couples with children 55,028
Couples without children 20,736
One parent families 19,237
Other families 2,108
All private dwellings 108,885
Median monthly mortgage repayment $1,733
Median weekly rent paid $300
To view Census data for a different area, see Search Census data.
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People

demographics & education | cultural & language diversity | employment

Demographics & education

People Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Male 98,072 44.7 2,997,173 48.6 7,735,362 49.5 11,546,638 49.3
Female 121,285 55.3 3,166,493 51.4 7,880,175 50.5 11,855,248 50.7

In the 2016 Census, there were 219,357 people in Australia who were born in Vietnam. Of these 44.7% were male and 55.3% were female.

View the data quality statements for: Place of Usual Residence (PURP) Country of birth of person (BPLP)

Age
People
Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
0-14 years 6,404 2.9 366,872 6.0 3,777,875 24.2 4,364,607 18.7
15-24 years 18,775 8.6 612,643 9.9 2,197,847 14.1 2,988,390 12.8
25-34 years 33,604 15.3 1,130,884 18.3 1,994,601 12.8 3,368,449 14.4
35-44 years 48,804 22.2 1,021,528 16.6 1,911,355 12.2 3,144,935 13.4
45-54 years 47,680 21.7 961,980 15.6 1,920,340 12.3 3,105,007 13.3
55-64 years 40,784 18.6 840,595 13.6 1,704,198 10.9 2,753,734 11.8
65 years and over 23,301 10.6 1,229,161 19.9 2,109,310 13.5 3,676,765 15.7
Median age 45 -- 44 -- 34 -- 38 --

Of the population born in Vietnam who usually live in Australia, 2.9% were aged 0 - 14 years and 10.6% were aged 65 years and over. The median age of people in Australia who were born in Vietnam was 45 years.

View the data quality statement for Age (AGEP)
Registered marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Married 126,735 59.5 3,362,174 58.0 5,158,710 43.6 9,148,218 48.1
Separated 8,548 4.0 178,867 3.1 376,863 3.2 608,059 3.2
Divorced 24,337 11.4 464,766 8.0 1,021,844 8.6 1,626,890 8.5
Widowed 7,868 3.7 326,987 5.6 560,940 4.7 985,204 5.2
Never married 45,469 21.4 1,463,996 25.3 4,719,302 39.9 6,668,910 35.0

Of people in Australia aged 15 years and over who were born in Vietnam, 59.5% were married, 4.0% were separated, and 11.4% were divorced.

View the data quality statement for Registered marital status (MSTP)
Education Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Pre-school 377 0.2 21,982 0.4 323,754 2.1 347,621 1.5
Primary 3,066 1.4 197,196 3.2 1,717,830 11.0 1,926,880 8.2
Secondary 5,613 2.6 224,770 3.6 1,211,676 7.8 1,446,506 6.2
University or tertiary institution 13,876 6.3 440,789 7.2 713,008 4.6 1,160,630 5.0
Technical or further education 7,031 3.2 152,909 2.5 267,689 1.7 424,870 1.8
Other 4,699 2.1 97,890 1.6 98,429 0.6 198,383 0.8
Institution attended, type not stated 4,735 2.2 117,292 1.9 329,449 2.1 1,707,023 7.3
Not attending an educational institution 179,959 82.0 4,910,840 79.7 10,953,685 70.1 16,189,980 69.2

Of the population born in Vietnam who usually live in Australia, 18.0% were attending an educational institution. There were 1.4% in primary school, 2.6% in secondary school and 9.5% in a tertiary or technical institution.

View the data quality statement for Educational institution attendee status (TYSTAP)
Level of highest educational attainment
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Bachelor Degree level and above 43,718 20.5 1,830,410 31.6 2,320,141 19.6 4,181,406 22.0
Advanced Diploma and Diploma level 14,947 7.0 587,176 10.1 1,079,954 9.1 1,687,893 8.9
Certificate level IV 2,976 1.4 120,064 2.1 425,836 3.6 551,767 2.9
Certificate level III 11,100 5.2 565,803 9.8 1,831,323 15.5 2,442,203 12.8
Year 12 58,133 27.3 1,051,623 18.1 1,902,337 16.1 2,994,097 15.7
Year 11 7,907 3.7 200,856 3.5 724,761 6.1 941,531 4.9
Year 10 17,679 8.3 418,929 7.2 1,588,715 13.4 2,054,331 10.8
Certificate level II 239 0.1 3,313 0.1 9,848 0.1 13,454 0.1
Certificate level I 75 0.0 863 0.0 1,266 0.0 2,176 0.0
Year 9 or below 28,732 13.5 458,176 7.9 1,027,299 8.7 1,529,897 8.0
No educational attainment 15,218 7.1 114,870 2.0 26,748 0.2 145,844 0.8
Not stated 7,942 3.7 264,618 4.6 570,419 4.8 1,974,794 10.4

Of the population born in Vietnam who usually live in Australia, 27.3% reported having completed Year 12 as their highest level of educational attainment, 6.6% had completed a Certificate III or IV and 7.0% had completed an Advanced Diploma or Diploma.

View the data quality statement for Level of highest educational attainment (HEAP)

Cultural & language diversity

Year of arrival Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Before 1941 9 0.0 9,289 0.2 -- -- -- --
1941 - 1950 24 0.0 84,378 1.4 -- -- -- --
1951 - 1960 100 0.0 321,721 5.2 -- -- -- --
1961 - 1970 407 0.2 590,106 9.6 -- -- -- --
1971 - 1980 29,057 13.2 541,319 8.8 -- -- -- --
1981 - 1990 68,947 31.4 768,312 12.5 -- -- -- --
1991 - 2000 41,316 18.8 766,940 12.4 -- -- -- --
2001 - 2005 11,901 5.4 559,084 9.1 -- -- -- --
2006 - 2010 24,411 11.1 985,332 16.0 -- -- -- --
2011 - 2016 34,705 15.8 1,324,426 21.5 -- -- -- --
Born in Australia -- -- -- -- 15,615,531 -- -- --

In Australia of people who were born in Vietnam, 15.8% arrived in Australia from 2011 - 2016 and 11.1% from 2006 - 2010.

View the data quality statement for Year of arrival in Australia (YARP)
Citizenship Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Australian citizen 166,595 75.9 3,652,290 59.3 15,304,785 98.0 19,278,834 82.4
Not an Australian citizen 48,739 22.2 2,402,591 39.0 86,884 0.6 2,507,458 10.7

In Australia of people who were born in Vietnam, 75.9% were Australian citizens.

View the data quality statement for Australian citizenship (CITP)
Birthplace of spouse or partner Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Spouse or partner born overseas 115,024 91.1 2,533,692 72.3 874,386 14.5 3,432,017 35.9
Spouse or partner born in Australia 9,088 7.2 874,386 25.0 4,975,104 82.7 5,872,893 61.4

In Australia of people who were born in Vietnam and had a spouse or partner, 91.1% had a spouse or partner who was born overseas and 7.2% had a spouse or partner born in Australia.

Note: Total does not include those spouses or partners who did not state their country of birth.

View the data quality statements for: Country of birth of person (BPLP) Relationship in household (RLHP) Family/household reference person indicator (RPIP)

Religious affiliation, top responses
Results may include 'nfd' for 'not further defined'
Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Buddhism 103,650 47.3 400,332 6.5 156,171 1.0 563,674 2.4
No Religion, so described 53,934 24.6 1,647,084 26.7 5,197,438 33.3 6,933,708 29.6
Catholic 44,227 20.2 1,306,565 21.2 3,895,007 24.9 5,291,834 22.6
Baptist 2,264 1.0 105,653 1.7 234,177 1.5 345,142 1.5
Christian, nfd 1,566 0.7 211,734 3.4 391,430 2.5 612,371 2.6

In Australia of people who were born in Vietnam, the most common responses to the religion question were Buddhism 47.3%, No Religion, so described 24.6%, Catholic 20.2%, Baptist 1.0% and Christian, nfd 0.7%.

View the data quality statement for Religious affiliation (RELP)
English language proficiency Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Speaks English only 8,574 3.9 2,581,282 41.9 14,190,672 90.9 17,020,421 72.7
Speaks other language and speaks English:  null  null  null  null  null  null
Very well or well 121,554 55.4 2,885,219 46.8 1,122,966 7.2 4,068,598 17.4
Not well or not at all 86,806 39.6 648,470 10.5 157,704 1.0 819,925 3.5

In Australia of people who were born in Vietnam, 3.9% spoke English only at home. A further 55.4% spoke another language but also spoke English very well or well.

View the data quality statement for Proficiency in spoken English/language (ENGLP)

Employment

Employment
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Worked full-time 71,543 55.8 2,052,828 58.4 4,491,739 57.5 6,623,065 57.7
Worked part-time 37,754 29.4 1,025,198 29.2 2,421,402 31.0 3,491,503 30.4
Away from work 5,516 4.3 158,027 4.5 397,088 5.1 569,276 5.0
Unemployed 13,414 10.5 277,586 7.9 498,013 6.4 787,452 6.9
Not in the labour force 82,430 38.7 2,221,922 38.3 3,913,066 33.1 6,297,600 33.1

In Australia of people who were born in Vietnam and who were in the labour force, 55.8% worked full-time, 29.4% worked part-time and 10.5% were unemployed.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status (LFSP)
Employment - hours worked
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
1-15 hours per week 13,108 11.4 313,561 9.7 890,779 12.2 1,218,823 11.4
16-24 hours per week 13,326 11.6 358,890 11.1 706,291 9.7 1,079,236 10.1
25-34 hours per week 11,329 9.9 352,748 10.9 824,331 11.3 1,193,445 11.2
35-39 hours per week 30,325 26.4 705,848 21.8 1,300,092 17.8 2,031,263 19.0
40 hours or more per week 41,220 35.9 1,346,985 41.6 3,191,643 43.7 4,591,801 43.0

In Australia of people who were born in Vietnam and who were employed, 35.9% worked 40 hours or more per week and 26.4% worked 35-39 hours per week.

View the data quality statement for Hours worked (HRSP)
Occupation, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Labourers 20,718 18.0 354,542 11.0 638,102 8.7 1,011,520 9.5
Professionals 18,628 16.2 815,695 25.2 1,536,662 21.0 2,370,966 22.2
Technicians and Trades Workers 15,385 13.4 405,055 12.5 1,021,688 14.0 1,447,414 13.5
Community and Personal Service Workers 13,328 11.6 351,854 10.9 789,597 10.8 1,157,003 10.8
Machinery Operators and Drivers 12,351 10.8 210,138 6.5 447,114 6.1 670,106 6.3

In Australia of people who were born in Vietnam, the most common responses for occupation were Labourers 18.0%, Professionals 16.2%, Technicians and Trades Workers 13.4%, Community and Personal Service Workers 11.6% and Machinery Operators and Drivers 10.8%.

View the data quality statement for Occupation (OCCP)
Industry of employment, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Cafes and Restaurants 6,710 5.8 121,097 3.7 130,007 1.8 253,385 2.4
Hairdressing and Beauty Services 6,072 5.3 27,502 0.8 59,893 0.8 88,901 0.8
Takeaway Food Services 2,819 2.5 50,880 1.6 137,140 1.9 189,447 1.8
Supermarket and Grocery Stores 2,175 1.9 63,537 2.0 187,929 2.6 254,275 2.4
Banking 2,115 1.8 56,849 1.8 86,366 1.2 144,232 1.3

In Australia of people who were born in Vietnam, the most common responses for industry of employment were Cafes and Restaurants 5.8%, Hairdressing and Beauty Services 5.3%, Takeaway Food Services 2.5%, Supermarket and Grocery Stores 1.9% and Banking 1.8%.

View the data quality statement for Industry of employment (INDP)
Median weekly income
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Personal 456 -- 615 -- 688 -- 662 --
Family 1,366 -- 1,725 -- 1,834 -- 1,734 --
Household 1,438 -- 1,562 -- 1,539 -- 1,438 --

In Australia of people who were born in Vietnam, the personal weekly median income was $456. Family median weekly income was $1,366 and Household median weekly income was $1,438.

Median personal weekly income for persons aged 15 years and over born in the selected country. Excludes those who did not state an income.

Family for the selected country of birth is determined by the reference person and/or their spouse/partner's response to country of birth. Median family income excludes families where at least one family member aged 15 years and over did not state an income.

Household for the selected country of birth is determined by the response of any household member (enumerated in the dwelling) to country of birth. Median household income excludes households where at least one member aged 15 years and over did not state an income.

View the data quality statements for: Total personal income (INCP) Total family income (FINF) Total household income (HIND)

Travel to work
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Car 81,311 70.8 1,986,872 61.4 5,009,484 68.5 7,090,101 66.4
Bus or train 13,745 12.0 453,292 14.0 454,116 6.2 915,328 8.6
Other 9,532 8.3 381,664 11.8 672,865 9.2 1,066,965 10.0

In Australia 70.8% of employed people who were born in Vietnam travelled to work on census day by car, while 12.0% travelled by bus or train.

View the data quality statement for Method of travel to work (MTWP)
Unpaid work
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 127,347 59.8 3,964,948 68.4 9,000,198 76.0 13,143,914 69.0
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 68,313 32.1 1,677,392 28.9 3,507,061 29.6 5,259,400 27.6
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 23,052 10.8 613,990 10.6 1,489,817 12.6 2,145,203 11.3
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 20,728 9.7 941,091 16.2 2,634,097 22.3 3,620,726 19.0

In Australia 59.8% of people who were born in Vietnam did unpaid domestic work in the week before the census, and 32.1% cared for a child or children in the two weeks before the census.

View the data quality statements for: Unpaid domestic work (DOMP) Unpaid child care (CHCAREP) Unpaid assistance (UNCAREP) Voluntary work (VOLWP)

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Less than 5 hours per week 38,372 18.0 1,234,900 21.3 3,013,177 25.5 4,298,593 22.6
5 to 14 hours per week 46,279 21.7 1,509,217 26.0 3,371,602 28.5 4,944,578 26.0
15 to 29 hours per week 23,066 10.8 678,501 11.7 1,479,061 12.5 2,189,776 11.5
30 hours or more per week 19,631 9.2 542,335 9.4 1,136,359 9.6 1,710,970 9.0

In Australia of people who were born in Vietnam and who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the census, 21.7% worked 5 to 14 hours, 10.8% worked 15 to 29 hours and 9.2% worked 30 hours or more.

View the data quality statement for Unpaid domestic work, number of hours (DOMP)

Families

family composition | employment status of couple families

Family composition

For information on how migrant families are classified, see the User guide for QuickStats

Family composition Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Couple family without children 20,736 21.4 1,012,440 39.3 1,240,422 36.6 2,291,987 37.8
Couple family with children 55,028 56.7 1,248,241 48.4 1,434,939 42.3 2,716,224 44.7
One parent family 19,237 19.8 282,463 11.0 648,590 19.1 959,543 15.8
Other family 2,108 2.2 34,059 1.3 65,896 1.9 102,559 1.7
Families with a child under 5 18,248 18.8 446,733 17.3 591,182 17.4 1,037,904 17.1
Families with a child aged 0-15 years 45,962 47.3 977,697 37.9 1,379,763 40.7 2,357,465 38.8

These statistics are for families in Australia. They are for families where the reference person and/or their spouse or partner was born in Vietnam. Of these families, 56.7% were couple families with children, 21.4% were couple families without children and 19.8% were one parent families.

Note: Totals for families with a child under 5 and for families with a child aged 0-15 years does not include those families where the reference person and/or their spouse/partner did not state their country of birth.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)

Employment status of couple families

Employment status of parents in couple families
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Both employed, worked full-time 16,458 21.7 475,278 21.0 600,260 22.4 1,084,006 21.6
Both employed, worked part-time 3,570 4.7 97,948 4.3 103,266 3.9 203,596 4.1
One employed full-time, one part-time 11,377 15.0 424,478 18.8 652,771 24.4 1,086,460 21.7
One employed full-time, other not working 15,308 20.2 390,307 17.3 352,203 13.2 749,886 15.0
One employed part-time, other not working 6,627 8.7 156,274 6.9 141,852 5.3 302,037 6.0
Both not working 16,153 21.3 492,423 21.8 488,403 18.3 1,006,697 20.1
Other (includes away from work) 3,261 4.3 107,664 4.8 152,346 5.7 264,145 5.3
Labour force status not stated (by one or both parents in a couple family) 3,009 4.0 116,299 5.1 184,264 6.9 311,381 6.2

These statistics are for families in Australia. They are for families where the reference person and/or their spouse or partner was born in Vietnam. Of these families, 21.7% of families had both parents working full-time, 15.0% of families had one parent working full-time and one parent working part-time, and 21.3% of families stated that both parents were not working.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status of parents / partners in families (LFSF)

Dwellings

dwelling structure | mortgage & rent | household composition

Dwelling structure

For information on how migrant households are classified, see the User guide for QuickStats

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling structure
Occupied private dwellings
Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Separate house 78,095 71.7 2,212,954 67.1 5,074,866 76.9 6,041,788 72.9
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 15,225 14.0 466,800 14.1 779,497 11.8 1,055,016 12.7
Flat or apartment 14,658 13.5 585,471 17.7 668,862 10.1 1,087,434 13.1
Other dwelling 527 0.5 20,721 0.6 48,617 0.7 64,425 0.8

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in Vietnam, 71.7% were a separate house, 13.5% were a flat or apartment, and 14.0% were a semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling structure (STRD)
Number of bedrooms
Occupied private dwellings
Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
None (includes bedsitters) 466 0.4 17,187 0.5 23,956 0.4 39,769 0.5
1 bedroom 3,816 3.5 176,922 5.4 254,884 3.9 411,252 5.0
2 bedrooms 16,975 15.6 658,470 20.0 1,119,772 17.0 1,562,759 18.9
3 bedrooms 44,529 40.9 1,264,755 38.3 2,787,246 42.2 3,403,190 41.1
4 or more bedrooms 40,630 37.3 1,110,865 33.7 2,287,725 34.7 2,670,758 32.2
Number of bedrooms not stated 2,472 2.3 71,635 2.2 126,102 1.9 198,351 2.4

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in Vietnam, 15.6% had two bedrooms, 40.9% had three bedrooms and 37.3% had four or more bedrooms.

View the data quality statement for Number of bedrooms in a private dwelling (BEDD)

Mortgage & rent

Mortgage and rent
Occupied private dwellings
Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Owned outright 30,746 28.2 970,425 29.4 2,013,505 30.5 2,565,695 31.0
Owned with a mortgage 45,998 42.2 1,122,252 34.0 2,474,999 37.5 2,855,222 34.5
Rented 28,550 26.2 1,099,840 33.3 1,907,007 28.9 2,561,302 30.9
Other tenure type 670 0.6 25,380 0.8 59,681 0.9 78,994 1.0
Tenure type not stated 2,928 2.7 81,928 2.5 144,494 2.2 224,869 2.7
Median monthly mortgage repayment 1,733 -- 1,950 -- 1,742 -- 1,755 --
Median weekly rent paid 300 -- 370 -- 330 -- 335 --

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in Vietnam, 28.2% were owned outright, 42.2% were owned with a mortgage and 26.2% were rented. The median monthly mortgage repayment was $1,733 and the median weekly rent paid was $300.

Median monthly mortgage repayment relates only to occupied private dwellings that are owned with a mortgage (including those being purchased under a rent/buy scheme). It excludes 'visitor only' and 'other non-classifiable' households and dwellings that did not state a monthly repayment value.

Median weekly rent paid relates to occupied private dwellings being rented (including rent-free accommodation). It excludes 'visitor only' and 'other non-classifiable' households and dwellings that did not state a weekly payment value.

View the data quality statements for: Tenure type (TEND) Rent weekly payments (RNTD) Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED)

Household composition

Household composition Born in Vietnam % Born in Vietnam All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
One family households 85,531 78.5 2,465,248 74.7 4,809,352 72.9 5,751,635 69.4
Multiple family households 7,889 7.2 101,470 3.1 137,593 2.1 155,992 1.9
Single (or lone) person households 10,469 9.6 559,665 17.0 1,403,935 21.3 2,023,542 24.4
Group households 5,002 4.6 173,452 5.3 248,803 3.8 354,917 4.3

All occupants of a private dwelling complete one census form and are counted as a household. 'Born in Vietnam' includes households in Australia where at least one person was born in Vietnam. Of those households, 78.5% were one family households and 9.6% were lone person households.

View the data quality statement for Household composition (HHCD)

Small random adjustments have been made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals. For further information, go to the User Guide for QuickStats.

Data reported for Australia and Other Territories now includes Norfolk Island, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. Because Norfolk Island has not previously been included in the Census, any 2011 benchmarks will not include Norfolk Island.