People in Australia who were born in Portugal

2016 Census Country of birth QuickStats
Area code 0 by 3106
People 15,809
Male 7,996
Female 7,813
Australian citizen 76.3%
Not an Australian citizen 22.0%
Families 8,434
Couples with children 4,249
Couples without children 3,293
One parent families 806
Other families 67
All private dwellings 10,622
Median monthly mortgage repayment $2,000
Median weekly rent paid $400

(a) This label has been updated to more accurately reflect the Census concept shown in this data item. The data has not changed.

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People

demographics & education | cultural & language diversity | employment

Demographics & education

People Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Male 7,996 50.6 2,997,173 48.6 7,735,362 49.5 11,546,638 49.3
Female 7,813 49.4 3,166,493 51.4 7,880,175 50.5 11,855,248 50.7

In the 2016 Census, there were 15,809 people in Australia who were born in Portugal. Of these 50.6% were male and 49.4% were female.

View the data quality statements for: Place of Usual Residence (PURP) Country of birth of person (BPLP)

Age
People
Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
0-14 years 385 2.4 366,872 6.0 3,777,875 24.2 4,364,607 18.7
15-24 years 339 2.1 612,643 9.9 2,197,847 14.1 2,988,390 12.8
25-34 years 1,581 10.0 1,130,884 18.3 1,994,601 12.8 3,368,449 14.4
35-44 years 2,480 15.7 1,021,528 16.6 1,911,355 12.2 3,144,935 13.4
45-54 years 3,061 19.4 961,980 15.6 1,920,340 12.3 3,105,007 13.3
55-64 years 3,472 22.0 840,595 13.6 1,704,198 10.9 2,753,734 11.8
65 years and over 4,485 28.4 1,229,161 19.9 2,109,310 13.5 3,676,765 15.7
Median age 55 -- 44 -- 34 -- 38 --

Of the population born in Portugal who usually live in Australia, 2.4% were aged 0 - 14 years and 28.4% were aged 65 years and over. The median age of people in Australia who were born in Portugal was 55 years.

View the data quality statement for Age (AGEP)
Registered marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Married 10,079 65.4 3,362,174 58.0 5,158,710 43.6 9,148,218 48.1
Separated 540 3.5 178,867 3.1 376,863 3.2 608,059 3.2
Divorced 1,500 9.7 464,766 8.0 1,021,844 8.6 1,626,890 8.5
Widowed 1,059 6.9 326,987 5.6 560,940 4.7 985,204 5.2
Never married 2,242 14.5 1,463,996 25.3 4,719,302 39.9 6,668,910 35.0

Of people in Australia aged 15 years and over who were born in Portugal, 65.4% were married, 3.5% were separated, and 9.7% were divorced.

View the data quality statement for Registered marital status (MSTP)
Education Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Pre-school 31 0.2 21,982 0.4 323,754 2.1 347,621 1.5
Primary 214 1.4 197,196 3.2 1,717,830 11.0 1,926,880 8.2
Secondary 244 1.5 224,770 3.6 1,211,676 7.8 1,446,506 6.2
University or tertiary institution 293 1.9 440,789 7.2 713,008 4.6 1,160,630 5.0
Technical or further education 238 1.5 152,909 2.5 267,689 1.7 424,870 1.8
Other 121 0.8 97,890 1.6 98,429 0.6 198,383 0.8
Institution attended, type not stated 364 2.3 117,292 1.9 329,449 2.1 1,707,023 7.3
Not attending an educational institution 14,314 90.5 4,910,840 79.7 10,953,685 70.1 16,189,980 69.2

Of the population born in Portugal who usually live in Australia, 9.5% were attending an educational institution. There were 1.4% in primary school, 1.5% in secondary school and 3.4% in a tertiary or technical institution.

View the data quality statement for Educational institution attendee status (TYSTAP)
Level of highest educational attainment
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Bachelor Degree level and above 1,881 12.2 1,830,410 31.6 2,320,141 19.6 4,181,406 22.0
Advanced Diploma and Diploma level 1,037 6.7 587,176 10.1 1,079,954 9.1 1,687,893 8.9
Certificate level IV 295 1.9 120,064 2.1 425,836 3.6 551,767 2.9
Certificate level III 2,107 13.7 565,803 9.8 1,831,323 15.5 2,442,203 12.8
Year 12 1,779 11.5 1,051,623 18.1 1,902,337 16.1 2,994,097 15.7
Year 11 401 2.6 200,856 3.5 724,761 6.1 941,531 4.9
Year 10 1,645 10.7 418,929 7.2 1,588,715 13.4 2,054,331 10.8
Certificate level II 17 0.1 3,313 0.1 9,848 0.1 13,454 0.1
Certificate level I 0 0.0 863 0.0 1,266 0.0 2,176 0.0
Year 9 or below 4,159 27.0 458,176 7.9 1,027,299 8.7 1,529,897 8.0
No educational attainment 670 4.3 114,870 2.0 26,748 0.2 145,844 0.8
Not stated 949 6.2 264,618 4.6 570,419 4.8 1,974,794 10.4

Of the population born in Portugal who usually live in Australia, 11.5% reported having completed Year 12 as their highest level of educational attainment, 15.6% had completed a Certificate III or IV and 6.7% had completed an Advanced Diploma or Diploma.

View the data quality statement for Level of highest educational attainment (HEAP)

Cultural & language diversity

Year of arrival Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Before 1941 3 0.0 9,289 0.2 -- -- -- --
1941 - 1950 15 0.1 84,378 1.4 -- -- -- --
1951 - 1960 241 1.5 321,721 5.2 -- -- -- --
1961 - 1970 2,741 17.3 590,106 9.6 -- -- -- --
1971 - 1980 3,694 23.4 541,319 8.8 -- -- -- --
1981 - 1990 5,015 31.7 768,312 12.5 -- -- -- --
1991 - 2000 1,140 7.2 766,940 12.4 -- -- -- --
2001 - 2005 387 2.4 559,084 9.1 -- -- -- --
2006 - 2010 631 4.0 985,332 16.0 -- -- -- --
2011 - 2016 1,456 9.2 1,324,426 21.5 -- -- -- --
Born in Australia -- -- -- -- 15,615,531 -- -- --

In Australia of people who were born in Portugal, 9.2% arrived in Australia from 2011 - 2016 and 4.0% from 2006 - 2010.

View the data quality statement for Year of arrival in Australia (YARP)
Citizenship Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Australian citizen 12,070 76.3 3,652,290 59.3 15,304,785 98.0 19,278,834 82.4
Not an Australian citizen 3,476 22.0 2,402,591 39.0 86,884 0.6 2,507,458 10.7

In Australia of people who were born in Portugal, 76.3% were Australian citizens.

View the data quality statement for Australian citizenship (CITP)
Birthplace of spouse or partner Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Spouse or partner born overseas 8,050 75.8 2,533,692 72.3 874,386 14.5 3,432,017 35.9
Spouse or partner born in Australia 2,363 22.2 874,386 25.0 4,975,104 82.7 5,872,893 61.4

In Australia of people who were born in Portugal and had a spouse or partner, 75.8% had a spouse or partner who was born overseas and 22.2% had a spouse or partner born in Australia.

Note: Total does not include those spouses or partners who did not state their country of birth.

View the data quality statements for: Country of birth of person (BPLP) Relationship in household (RLHP) Family/household reference person indicator (RPIP)

Religious affiliation, top responses
Results may include 'nfd' for 'not further defined'
Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Catholic 12,589 79.6 1,306,565 21.2 3,895,007 24.9 5,291,834 22.6
No Religion, so described 1,764 11.2 1,647,084 26.7 5,197,438 33.3 6,933,708 29.6
Jehovah's Witnesses 222 1.4 24,747 0.4 56,118 0.4 82,510 0.4
Christian, nfd 201 1.3 211,734 3.4 391,430 2.5 612,371 2.6
Pentecostal 85 0.5 91,349 1.5 165,897 1.1 260,558 1.1

In Australia of people who were born in Portugal, the most common responses to the religion question were Catholic 79.6%, No Religion, so described 11.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.4%, Christian, nfd 1.3% and Pentecostal 0.5%.

View the data quality statement for Religious affiliation (RELP)
English language proficiency Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Speaks English only 3,567 22.6 2,581,282 41.9 14,190,672 90.9 17,020,421 72.7
Speaks other language and speaks English:  null  null  null  null  null  null
Very well or well 9,338 59.1 2,885,219 46.8 1,122,966 7.2 4,068,598 17.4
Not well or not at all 2,712 17.2 648,470 10.5 157,704 1.0 819,925 3.5

In Australia of people who were born in Portugal, 22.6% spoke English only at home. A further 59.1% spoke another language but also spoke English very well or well.

View the data quality statement for Proficiency in spoken English/language (ENGLP)

Employment

Employment
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Worked full-time 5,643 64.9 2,052,828 58.4 4,491,739 57.5 6,623,065 57.7
Worked part-time 2,141 24.6 1,025,198 29.2 2,421,402 31.0 3,491,503 30.4
Away from work 467 5.4 158,027 4.5 397,088 5.1 569,276 5.0
Unemployed 439 5.1 277,586 7.9 498,013 6.4 787,452 6.9
Not in the labour force 6,534 42.4 2,221,922 38.3 3,913,066 33.1 6,297,600 33.1

In Australia of people who were born in Portugal and who were in the labour force, 64.9% worked full-time, 24.6% worked part-time and 5.1% were unemployed.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status (LFSP)
Employment - hours worked
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
1-15 hours per week 585 7.1 313,561 9.7 890,779 12.2 1,218,823 11.4
16-24 hours per week 736 8.9 358,890 11.1 706,291 9.7 1,079,236 10.1
25-34 hours per week 819 9.9 352,748 10.9 824,331 11.3 1,193,445 11.2
35-39 hours per week 1,802 21.8 705,848 21.8 1,300,092 17.8 2,031,263 19.0
40 hours or more per week 3,843 46.6 1,346,985 41.6 3,191,643 43.7 4,591,801 43.0

In Australia of people who were born in Portugal and who were employed, 46.6% worked 40 hours or more per week and 21.8% worked 35-39 hours per week.

View the data quality statement for Hours worked (HRSP)
Occupation, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Technicians and Trades Workers 1,804 21.8 405,055 12.5 1,021,688 14.0 1,447,414 13.5
Labourers 1,406 17.0 354,542 11.0 638,102 8.7 1,011,520 9.5
Professionals 1,145 13.9 815,695 25.2 1,536,662 21.0 2,370,966 22.2
Clerical and Administrative Workers 971 11.8 393,619 12.2 1,040,953 14.2 1,449,681 13.6
Managers 950 11.5 403,585 12.5 970,340 13.3 1,390,047 13.0

In Australia of people who were born in Portugal, the most common responses for occupation were Technicians and Trades Workers 21.8%, Labourers 17.0%, Professionals 13.9%, Clerical and Administrative Workers 11.8% and Managers 11.5%.

View the data quality statement for Occupation (OCCP)
Industry of employment, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Building and Other Industrial Cleaning Services 326 4.0 64,744 2.0 64,388 0.9 131,908 1.2
Hospitals (except Psychiatric Hospitals) 299 3.7 141,550 4.4 265,609 3.6 411,808 3.9
Carpentry Services 232 2.8 11,745 0.4 43,589 0.6 55,885 0.5
Non-Residential Building Construction 212 2.6 17,976 0.6 48,677 0.7 67,107 0.6
Cafes and Restaurants 196 2.4 121,097 3.7 130,007 1.8 253,385 2.4

In Australia of people who were born in Portugal, the most common responses for industry of employment were Building and Other Industrial Cleaning Services 4.0%, Hospitals (except Psychiatric Hospitals) 3.7%, Carpentry Services 2.8%, Non-Residential Building Construction 2.6% and Cafes and Restaurants 2.4%.

View the data quality statement for Industry of employment (INDP)
Median weekly income
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Personal 615 -- 615 -- 688 -- 662 --
Family 1,837 -- 1,725 -- 1,834 -- 1,734 --
Household 1,675 -- 1,562 -- 1,539 -- 1,438 --

In Australia of people who were born in Portugal, the personal weekly median income was $615. Family median weekly income was $1,837 and Household median weekly income was $1,675.

Median personal weekly income for persons aged 15 years and over born in the selected country. Excludes those who did not state an income.

Family for the selected country of birth is determined by the reference person and/or their spouse/partner's response to country of birth. Median family income excludes families where at least one family member aged 15 years and over did not state an income.

Household for the selected country of birth is determined by the response of any household member (enumerated in the dwelling) to country of birth. Median household income excludes households where at least one member aged 15 years and over did not state an income.

View the data quality statements for: Total personal income (INCP) Total family income (FINF) Total household income (HIND)

Travel to work
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Car 5,761 69.8 1,986,872 61.4 5,009,484 68.5 7,090,101 66.4
Bus or train 840 10.2 453,292 14.0 454,116 6.2 915,328 8.6
Other 699 8.5 381,664 11.8 672,865 9.2 1,066,965 10.0

In Australia 69.8% of employed people who were born in Portugal travelled to work on census day by car, while 10.2% travelled by bus or train.

View the data quality statement for Method of travel to work (MTWP)
Unpaid work
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 10,471 67.9 3,964,948 68.4 9,000,198 76.0 13,143,914 69.0
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 4,268 27.7 1,677,392 28.9 3,507,061 29.6 5,259,400 27.6
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 1,809 11.7 613,990 10.6 1,489,817 12.6 2,145,203 11.3
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 1,366 8.9 941,091 16.2 2,634,097 22.3 3,620,726 19.0

In Australia 67.9% of people who were born in Portugal did unpaid domestic work in the week before the census, and 27.7% cared for a child or children in the two weeks before the census.

View the data quality statements for: Unpaid domestic work (DOMP) Unpaid child care (CHCAREP) Unpaid assistance (UNCAREP) Voluntary work (VOLWP)

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours
People aged 15 years and over
Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Less than 5 hours per week 3,052 19.8 1,234,900 21.3 3,013,177 25.5 4,298,593 22.6
5 to 14 hours per week 4,010 26.0 1,509,217 26.0 3,371,602 28.5 4,944,578 26.0
15 to 29 hours per week 1,826 11.8 678,501 11.7 1,479,061 12.5 2,189,776 11.5
30 hours or more per week 1,579 10.2 542,335 9.4 1,136,359 9.6 1,710,970 9.0

In Australia of people who were born in Portugal and who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the census, 26.0% worked 5 to 14 hours, 11.8% worked 15 to 29 hours and 10.2% worked 30 hours or more.

View the data quality statement for Unpaid domestic work, number of hours (DOMP)

Families

family composition | employment status of couple families

Family composition

For information on how migrant families are classified, see the User guide for QuickStats

Family composition Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Couple family without children 3,293 39.0 1,012,440 39.3 1,240,422 36.6 2,291,987 37.8
Couple family with children 4,249 50.4 1,248,241 48.4 1,434,939 42.3 2,716,224 44.7
One parent family 806 9.6 282,463 11.0 648,590 19.1 959,543 15.8
Other family 67 0.8 34,059 1.3 65,896 1.9 102,559 1.7
Families with a child under 5 1,118 13.3 446,733 17.3 591,182 17.4 1,037,904 17.1
Families with a child aged 0-15 years 2,699 32.1 977,697 37.9 1,379,763 40.7 2,357,465 38.8

These statistics are for families in Australia. They are for families where the reference person and/or their spouse or partner was born in Portugal. Of these families, 50.4% were couple families with children, 39.0% were couple families without children and 9.6% were one parent families.

Note: Totals for families with a child under 5 and for families with a child aged 0-15 years does not include those families where the reference person and/or their spouse/partner did not state their country of birth.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)

Employment status of couple families

Employment status of parents in couple families
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Both employed, worked full-time 1,636 21.7 475,278 21.0 600,260 22.4 1,084,006 21.6
Both employed, worked part-time 249 3.3 97,948 4.3 103,266 3.9 203,596 4.1
One employed full-time, one part-time 1,457 19.3 424,478 18.8 652,771 24.4 1,086,460 21.7
One employed full-time, other not working 1,334 17.7 390,307 17.3 352,203 13.2 749,886 15.0
One employed part-time, other not working 366 4.9 156,274 6.9 141,852 5.3 302,037 6.0
Both not working 1,767 23.5 492,423 21.8 488,403 18.3 1,006,697 20.1
Other (includes away from work) 429 5.7 107,664 4.8 152,346 5.7 264,145 5.3
Labour force status not stated (by one or both parents in a couple family) 292 3.9 116,299 5.1 184,264 6.9 311,381 6.2

These statistics are for families in Australia. They are for families where the reference person and/or their spouse or partner was born in Portugal. Of these families, 21.7% of families had both parents working full-time, 19.3% of families had one parent working full-time and one parent working part-time, and 23.5% of families stated that both parents were not working.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status of parents / partners in families (LFSF)

Dwellings

dwelling structure | mortgage & rent | household composition

Dwelling structure

For information on how migrant households are classified, see the User guide for QuickStats

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling structure
Occupied private dwellings
Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Separate house 7,560 71.2 2,212,954 67.1 5,074,866 76.9 6,041,788 72.9
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 1,524 14.3 466,800 14.1 779,497 11.8 1,055,016 12.7
Flat or apartment 1,473 13.9 585,471 17.7 668,862 10.1 1,087,434 13.1
Other dwelling 40 0.4 20,721 0.6 48,617 0.7 64,425 0.8

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in Portugal, 71.2% were a separate house, 13.9% were a flat or apartment, and 14.3% were a semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling structure (STRD)
Number of bedrooms
Occupied private dwellings
Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
None (includes bedsitters) 41 0.4 17,187 0.5 23,956 0.4 39,769 0.5
1 bedroom 456 4.3 176,922 5.4 254,884 3.9 411,252 5.0
2 bedrooms 1,822 17.2 658,470 20.0 1,119,772 17.0 1,562,759 18.9
3 bedrooms 4,381 41.3 1,264,755 38.3 2,787,246 42.2 3,403,190 41.1
4 or more bedrooms 3,705 34.9 1,110,865 33.7 2,287,725 34.7 2,670,758 32.2
Number of bedrooms not stated 213 2.0 71,635 2.2 126,102 1.9 198,351 2.4

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in Portugal, 17.2% had two bedrooms, 41.3% had three bedrooms and 34.9% had four or more bedrooms.

View the data quality statement for Number of bedrooms in a private dwelling (BEDD)

Mortgage & rent

Mortgage and rent
Occupied private dwellings
Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
Owned outright 4,054 38.2 970,425 29.4 2,013,505 30.5 2,565,695 31.0
Owned with a mortgage 3,599 33.9 1,122,252 34.0 2,474,999 37.5 2,855,222 34.5
Rented 2,644 24.9 1,099,840 33.3 1,907,007 28.9 2,561,302 30.9
Other tenure type 45 0.4 25,380 0.8 59,681 0.9 78,994 1.0
Tenure type not stated 277 2.6 81,928 2.5 144,494 2.2 224,869 2.7
Median monthly mortgage repayment 2,000 -- 1,950 -- 1,742 -- 1,755 --
Median weekly rent paid 400 -- 370 -- 330 -- 335 --

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in Portugal, 38.2% were owned outright, 33.9% were owned with a mortgage and 24.9% were rented. The median monthly mortgage repayment was $2,000 and the median weekly rent paid was $400.

Median monthly mortgage repayment relates only to occupied private dwellings that are owned with a mortgage (including those being purchased under a rent/buy scheme). It excludes 'visitor only' and 'other non-classifiable' households and dwellings that did not state a monthly repayment value.

Median weekly rent paid relates to occupied private dwellings being rented (including rent-free accommodation). It excludes 'visitor only' and 'other non-classifiable' households and dwellings that did not state a weekly payment value.

View the data quality statements for: Tenure type (TEND) Rent weekly payments (RNTD) Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED)

Household composition

Household composition Born in Portugal % Born in Portugal All overseas born % All overseas born Australian born % Australian born Total % Total
One family households 8,344 78.6 2,465,248 74.7 4,809,352 72.9 5,751,635 69.4
Multiple family households 382 3.6 101,470 3.1 137,593 2.1 155,992 1.9
Single (or lone) person households 1,590 15.0 559,665 17.0 1,403,935 21.3 2,023,542 24.4
Group households 306 2.9 173,452 5.3 248,803 3.8 354,917 4.3

All occupants of a private dwelling complete one census form and are counted as a household. 'Born in Portugal' includes households in Australia where at least one person was born in Portugal. Of those households, 78.6% were one family households and 15.0% were lone person households.

View the data quality statement for Household composition (HHCD)

Small random adjustments have been made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals. For further information, go to the User Guide for QuickStats.

Data reported for Australia and Other Territories now includes Norfolk Island, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. Because Norfolk Island has not previously been included in the Census, any 2011 benchmarks will not include Norfolk Island.