Transport

Mnemonic Variable Release 
DTWP Distance to work (ranges)Early 2023
IFDTWP Imputed distance to workEarly 2023
MTW06P Method of travel to work (6 travel modes)October 2022
MTW15PMethod of travel to work (15 travel modes)October 2022
MTWPMethod of travel to workOctober 2022
VEHDNumber of motor vehiclesJune 2022
VEHRDNumber of motor vehicles (ranges) June 2022

Distance to work (ranges) (DTWP)

Definition

This variable presents the distance in kilometres between a person's Place of usual residence (PURP) and Place of work (POWP). The calculation of this variable uses existing Census data. This provides a way to increase the value of Census data without asking additional questions on the Census form.

Scope

Persons aged 15 years and over who stated their labour force status as ‘employed’

Categories

Distance to work (ranges) categories

1Nil distance    
 10Nil distance   
  100Nil distance 
   1000Nil distance
2Over 0 to less than 2.5   
 20Over 0 to less than 1  
  200Over 0 to less than 0.5 
   2000Over 0 to less than 0.5
  2010.5 to less than 1 
   20100.5 to less than 1
 211 to less than 2.5  
  2101 to less than 2.5 
   21001 to less than 1.5
   21011.5 to less than 2
   21022 to less than 2.5
32.5 to less than 10   
 302.5 to less than 5  
  3002.5 to less than 5 
   30002.5 to less than 3
   30013 to less than 4
   30024 to less than 5
 315 to less than 10  
  3105 to less than 10 
   31005 to less than 6
   31016 to less than 7
   31027 to less than 8
   31038 to less than 9
   31049 to less than 10
410 to less than 30   
 4010 to less than 20  
  40010 to less than 15 
   400010 to less than 11
   400111 to less than 12
   400212 to less than 13
   400313 to less than 14
   400414 to less than 15
  40115 to less than 20 
   401015 to less than 16
   401116 to less than 17
   401217 to less than 18
   401318 to less than 19
   401419 to less than 20
 4120 to less than 30  
  41020 to less than 25 
   410020 to less than 21
   410121 to less than 22
   410222 to less than 23
   410323 to less than 24
   410424 to less than 25
  41125 to less than 30 
   411025 to less than 26
   411126 to less than 27
   411227 to less than 28
   411328 to less than 29
   411429 to less than 30
530 to less than 50   
 5030 to less than 50  
  50030 to less than 40 
   500030 to less than 32
   500132 to less than 34
   500234 to less than 36
   500336 to less than 38
   500438 to less than 40
  50140 to less than 50 
   501040 to less than 42
   501142 to less than 44
   501244 to less than 46
   501346 to less than 48
   501448 to less than 50
650 to less than 250   
 6050 to less than 100  
  60050 to less than 60 
   600050 to less than 52
   600152 to less than 54
   600254 to less than 56
   600356 to less than 58
   600458 to less than 60
  60160 to less than 62 
   601060 to less than 62
   601162 to less than 64
   601264 to less than 66
   601366 to less than 68
   601468 to less than 70
   601570 to less than 72
   601672 to less than 74
   601774 to less than 76
   601876 to less than 78
   601978 to less than 80
  60280 to less than 100 
   602080 to less than 85
   602185 to less than 90
   602290 to less than 95
   602395 to less than 100
 61100 to less than 250  
  610100 to less than 250 
   6100100 to less than 110
   6101110 to less than 120
   6102120 to less than 130
   6103130 to less than 140
   6104140 to less than 150
   6105150 to less than 200
   6106200 to less than 250
7250 and over   
 70250 and over  
  700250 and over 
   7000250 to less than 300
   7001300 to less than 350
   7002350 to less than 400
   7003400 to less than 600
   7004600 to less than 800
   7005800 to less than 1000
   70061000 to less than 3000
   70073000 and over
@Not applicable   
 @@Not applicable  
  @@@Not applicable 
   @@@@Not applicable

Number of categories:

  • One digit: 8
  • Two digit: 12
  • Three digit: 18
  • Four digit: 79

The nil distance category comprises: 

  • Persons whose mesh block of PURP and mesh block of POWP were the same and stated they:
    • 'Worked from home'
    • 'Did not go to work'
    • 'Mode not stated’
  • Persons with the same mesh block of PURP and mesh block of POWP where the centre points were not weighted to different locations

The Not applicable (@) category comprises:

  • Persons who were unemployed, not in the labour force, or whose labour force status was not stated
  • Persons under 15 years of age
  • Overseas visitors
  • Persons who were coded to Special purpose codes

Question(s) from the Census form

Where does the person usually live?

Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

Person's usual address

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

Other country

More Information

Additional information relating to the question on: Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

If you have written 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box, make sure the other boxes are empty.

If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

For the main job held last week, what was the person’s workplace address?

For the main job held last week, what was the person’s workplace address?
For the main job held last week, what was Person 1's workplace address?

For people who work from home for an employer, write the employer's workplace address.

For people with no fixed place of work:
• if the person usually travels to a depot to start work, provide the depot address
• otherwise enter ‘None’ in the ‘Suburb/Locality’ box.
This information is used to calculate daytime populations and to plan transport activities.

More information

Street number Street name (examples: Graham Avenue, George Street)

Suburb/Locality State/Territory Postcode

Property/Building name (if any)

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: For the main job held last week, what was the person’s workplace address?
For the main job held last week, what was Person 1's workplace address?

For people who work from home for an employer, write the employer's workplace address.

For people with no fixed place of work:
• if the person usually travels to a depot to start work, provide the depot address
• otherwise enter ‘None’ in the ‘Suburb/Locality’ box.
This information is used to calculate daytime populations and to plan transport activities.

More information

If the complete address is not known, please provide as much of the address as possible.

Include the name of the building or property where the person works, if known.

For Norfolk Island and other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

For people currently working from home due to lockdown or other COVID-related reasons, write the employer's workplace address.

How this variable is created

This variable is created using a combination of existing statistical and geospatial data to make new calculations of the distance travelled by a respondent from their usual residence (PURP) mesh block, to that of their workplace (POWP).

History and changes

This variable was first introduced in 2016.

No changes have been made in 2021.

Data use considerations

Mesh blocks are the smallest geographical area defined by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and form the building blocks for the larger regions within the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS).

The distance to work data should be considered an estimate as it is a measurement between the centre point (or centroid) of the mesh block of PURP and mesh block of POWP. The location of the centroid in the mesh block was weighted based on the location of residential and commercial addresses respectively.

For some people, a small distance is calculated where the centre points for mesh block of PURP and mesh block of POWP are weighted to different locations.  This is the case for people who lived and worked in the same mesh block and their Method of travel to work (MTWP) was not recorded as:

  • Worked from home
  • Did not go to work
  • Mode not stated
Lockdown

A number of regions across the country were in various stages of lockdown on Census day, and the week preceding it, resulting in a greater number of people working from their homes.  Not only may this impact their responses for their place of work, but also, their travel to work.  Guidance on how to correctly respond was provided at the time on the Census website, as follows:

Answering questions about your workplace and job role

If you are currently working from home due to COVID restrictions, but usually attend a workplace, please write the employer's usual workplace address.

Answering questions about whether you had a job

If you were employed in the 4 weeks prior to the current lockdown period, but haven't been able to work in the last week due to lockdown or requirement to self-isolate, please select 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike or temporarily stood down'.

Answering questions about your workplace and job role

If you were employed in the 4 weeks prior to the current lockdown period, but haven't been able to work in the last week due to COVID restrictions or requirement to self-isolate, please answer all questions reflecting your usual occupation. This includes your role (such as occupation and tasks performed) and  information about your employer (such as industry and number of employees). 

Related variables and glossary terms

  • Place of usual residence (PURP)
  • Place of work (POWP)
  • Imputed distance to work (IFDTWP)

Other ABS sources

Imputed distance to work (IFDTWP)

Definition

This variable indicates whether a person's distance to work was calculated using a straight-line or road network distance. The straight-line distance was only used where there was a break in the underlying road network data, for example, a person travelled between an island and the Australian mainland.

Scope

Persons aged 15 years and over who stated their labour force status as ‘employed’

Categories

CodeCategory

1

Distance to work calculated with a straight-line distance

2

Distance to work calculated with a road network distance

@

Not applicable

Number of categories: 3

Not applicable (@) category comprises:

  • Persons who were unemployed, not in the labour force, or whose labour force status was not stated
  • Persons under 15 years of age
  • Overseas visitors

Persons who were coded to Special purpose codes

Question(s) from the Census form

Where does the person usually live?

Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

Person's usual address

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

Other country

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

If you have written 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box, make sure the other boxes are empty.

If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

For the main job held last week, what was the person’s workplace address?

For the main job held last week, what was the person’s workplace address?
For the main job held last week, what was Person 1's workplace address?

For people who work from home for an employer, write the employer's workplace address.

For people with no fixed place of work:
• if the person usually travels to a depot to start work, provide the depot address
• otherwise enter ‘None’ in the ‘Suburb/Locality’ box.
This information is used to calculate daytime populations and to plan transport activities.

More information

Street number Street name (examples: Graham Avenue, George Street)
Suburb/Locality State/Territory Postcode
Property/Building name (if any)

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: For the main job held last week, what was the person’s workplace address?
For the main job held last week, what was Person 1's workplace address?

For people who work from home for an employer, write the employer's workplace address.

For people with no fixed place of work:
• if the person usually travels to a depot to start work, provide the depot address
• otherwise enter ‘None’ in the ‘Suburb/Locality’ box.
This information is used to calculate daytime populations and to plan transport activities.

More information

If the complete address is not known, please provide as much of the address as possible.

Include the name of the building or property where the person works, if known.

For Norfolk Island and other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

For people currently working from home due to lockdown or other COVID-related reasons, write the employer's workplace address.

How this variable is created

The variable is created when the data for Distance to work (ranges) (DTWP) variable is processed. A code is assigned to the record depending on which method was used to derive distance to work. A straight-line distance is only used where the data is not available to calculate based on a road network.

History and changes

This variable was first introduced in 2016.

No changes have been made in 2021.

Data use considerations

A number of regions across the country were in various stages of lockdown on Census day, and the week preceding it, resulting in a greater number of people working from their homes.  Not only may this impact their responses for their place of work, but also, their travel to work.  Guidance on how to correctly respond was provided at the time on the Census website, as follows:

Answering questions about your workplace and job role

If you are currently working from home due to COVID restrictions, but usually attend a workplace, please write the employer's usual workplace address.

Answering questions about whether you had a job

If you were employed in the 4 weeks prior to the current lockdown period, but haven't been able to work in the last week due to lockdown or requirement to self-isolate, please select 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike or temporarily stood down'.

Answering questions about your workplace and job role

If you were employed in the 4 weeks prior to the current lockdown period, but haven't been able to work in the last week due to COVID restrictions or requirement to self-isolate, please answer all questions reflecting your usual occupation. This includes your role (such as occupation and tasks performed) and  information about your employer (such as industry and number of employees). 

Related variables and glossary terms

  • Place of usual residence (PURP)
  • Place of work (POWP)
  • Distance to work (ranges) (DTWP)

Other ABS sources

Method of travel to work (6 travel modes) (MTW06P)

Definition

This variable records the method of travel to work in six modes on Census day 10 August 2021. Data is derived from the Method of travel to work (MTWP) variable.

See also Method of travel to work (15 travel modes) (MTW15P).

Scope

Persons aged 15 years or over who have labour force status of ‘employed’

Categories

CodeCategory

1

Public transport

2

Vehicle

3

Other mode

4

Active transport

5

Worked at home or did not go to work

6

Not stated

@

Not applicable

V

Overseas visitor

Number of categories: 8

Not applicable (@) comprises:

  • Unemployed persons looking for either part-time or full-time work
  • Persons not in the labour force
  • Persons with Labour force status (LFSP) not stated
  • Persons aged under 15 years
  • Overseas visitors

Question(s) from the Census form

How did the person get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?

How did the person get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?
How did Person 1 get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?

If the person used more than one method of travel to work, select all methods used.

More information

How person got to work

Train

Bus

Ferry

Tram (including light rail)

Taxi or ride-share service

Car – as a driver

Car – as a passenger

Truck

Motorbike or motor scooter

Bicycle

Walked only

Other

Worked at home

Did not go to work

Example

Method of travel to work (6 travel modes) example - car as a driver response selected
How did Person 1 get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?

If the person used more than one method of travel to work, select all methods used.

More information

How person got to work

Train

Bus

Ferry

Tram (including light rail)

Taxi or ride-share service

Car – as a driver (selected response)

Car – as a passenger

Truck

Motorbike or motor scooter

Bicycle

Walked only

Other

Worked at home

Did not go to work

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: How did the person get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?
How did Person 1 get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?

If the person used more than one method of travel to work, select all methods used.

More information

Select all methods of travel used by the person to get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021.

For example, if the person drove a car to a train station and then took a train to work, select both 'Car – as a driver' and 'Train' boxes.

If the person walked all the way to work, select 'Walked only'.

Do not include methods of travel for the journey home.

How this variable is created

This variable is derived from the Census variable MTWP which records the method used to travel to work on the day of the Census. The MTWP classification has been sourced from the Bureau of Infrastructure and Transport Research Economics.

Method of travel to work (6 travel modes) can also be aggregated from the 15 travel modes as follows:

MTW15PMTW15P DescriptionMTW06PMTW06P Description

01

Train

1

Public transport

02

Bus

1

Public transport

03

Ferry

1

Public transport

04

Tram/light rail

1

Public transport

05

Taxi/ride-share service

1

Public transport

06

Car as driver

2

Vehicle

07

Car as passenger

2

Vehicle

08

Truck

2

Vehicle

09

Motorbike/scooter

2

Vehicle

10

Bicycle

3

Active transport

11

Other mode

4

Other mode

12

Walked only

3

Active transport

13

Worked at home

5

Worked at home or did not go to work

14

Did not go to work

5

Worked at home or did not go to work

15

Not stated

6

Mode not stated

@@

Not applicable

@

Not applicable

VV

Overseas visitor

V

Overseas visitor

 

History and changes

This variable was first introduced in 2016.

No changes have been made in 2021.  

Data use considerations

Mode 6 reflects the ‘main mode’ used in that journey from home to workplace. Each mode is part of a hierarchy (as listed above), so a train is rated higher on the hierarchy than a car and will be coded as the main mode to work if a person travelled to work by both train and car on the day of the Census.

Usual method of travel to work

When using this data with Place of work (POWP) data, users should be aware that POWP refers to the main job last week, while MTWP refers to Census day. This may explain why, for a small proportion of records, MTWP data may appear inconsistent with POWP or PURP information. 

For example, a person may have been working in the centre of Perth on 10 August 2021 and have travelled there by train, however in the week before the Census, they may have been working in an outer suburb of Perth and travelled there by car. In this case, the person would have their MTWP as 'Train' on the Census form, whilst their usual travel pattern would be by car.

Other scenario examples:

  • If a person who had a job became unemployed, retired or on leave on 10 August 2021, their method of travel to work would not reflect their usual travel pattern.
  • If a person who was unemployed but gained employment in the week before Census, their method of travel to work would not be captured. The sequencing of questions is based on labour force status in the week before Census.
  • If a person rides a bicycle a couple days per week, but ‘usually’ catches the bus, the Method of travel to work focuses on the activity specific to Census day, to capture the minor mode of travel i.e. bicycle.

Walked only

If a person walked some of the way to work and used other methods, it is not included as an additional method. For example, if they walked then caught the bus, then ‘Bus’ only should be selected. Only if the person walked all the way to work, should ‘Walked only’ be selected.

Lockdown

A number of regions across the country were in various stages of lockdown on Census day, and the week preceding it, resulting in a greater number of people working from their homes.  Not only may this impact their responses for their place of work, but also, their travel to work.  Guidance on how to correctly respond was provided at the time on the Census website, as follows:

Answering questions about your workplace and job role

If you are currently working from home due to COVID restrictions, but usually attend a workplace, please write the employer's usual workplace address.

Answering questions about whether you had a job

If you were employed in the 4 weeks prior to the current lockdown period, but haven't been able to work in the last week due to lockdown or requirement to self-isolate, please select 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike or temporarily stood down'.

Answering questions about your workplace and job role

If you were employed in the 4 weeks prior to the current lockdown period, but haven't been able to work in the last week due to COVID restrictions or requirement to self-isolate, please answer all questions reflecting your usual occupation. This includes your role (such as occupation and tasks performed) and  information about your employer (such as industry and number of employees). 

Related variables and glossary terms

  • Method of travel to work (MTWP)
  • Method of travel to work (15 modes) (MTW15P)
  • Place of usual residence (PURP)
  • Place of work (POWP)
  • Distance to work (ranges) (DTWP)

Other ABS sources

Method of travel to work (15 travel modes) (MTW15P)

Definition

These variables record the method of travel to work in 15 travel modes on Census day 10 August 2021. Data is derived from the Method of travel to work MTWP variable.

See also Method of travel to work (6 travel modes) (MTW06P).

Scope

Persons aged 15 years or over who stated their labour force status as ‘employed’

Categories

CodeCategory

01

Train

02

Bus

03

Ferry

04

Tram/light rail

05

Taxi/ride-share service

06

Car, as driver

07

Car, as passenger

08

Truck

09

Motorbike/scooter

10

Bicycle

11

Other Mode

12

Walked only

13

Worked at home

14

Did not go to work

15

Not stated

@@

Not applicable

VV

Overseas visitor

Number of categories: 17

Not applicable (@@) comprises:

  • Unemployed persons looking for either part-time or full-time work
  • Persons not in the labour force
  • Persons with Labour force status (LFSP) not stated

Persons aged under 15 years

Question(s) from the Census form

How did the person get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?

How did the person get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?
How did Person 1 get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?

If the person used more than one method of travel to work, select all methods used.

More information

How person got to work

Train

Bus

Ferry

Tram (including light rail)

Taxi or ride-share service

Car – as a driver

Car – as a passenger

Truck

Motorbike or motor scooter

Bicycle

Walked only

Other

Worked at home

Did not go to work

Example

Method of travel to work (15 travel modes) example - car as a driver response selected
How did Person 1 get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?

If the person used more than one method of travel to work, select all methods used.

More information

How person got to work

Train

Bus

Ferry

Tram (including light rail)

Taxi or ride-share service

Car – as a driver (selected response)

Car – as a passenger

Truck

Motorbike or motor scooter

Bicycle

Walked only

Other

Worked at home

Did not go to work

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: How did the person get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?
How did Person 1 get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?

If the person used more than one method of travel to work, select all methods used.

More information

Select all methods of travel used by the person to get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021.

For example, if the person drove a car to a train station and then took a train to work, select both 'Car – as a driver' and 'Train' boxes.

If the person walked all the way to work, select 'Walked only'.

Do not include methods of travel for the journey home.

How this variable is created

These variables are derived from the Census variable MTWP which records the method used to travel to work on the day of the Census. The MTWP classification has been sourced from the Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Research Economics.

The table in MTW06P shows how categories are aggregated to create Method of travel to work (15 travel modes).

History and changes

This variable was first introduced in 2016.

Minor updates to the category labels have been made to align with MTWP.

Mode 15 reflects the ‘main mode’ used in that journey from home to workplace. Where multiple methods of work are used, a priority hierarchy is used to make assumptions for the ‘main mode’. The priority hierarchy for mode 15 is:

  • Train
  • Bus
  • Ferry
  • Tram/Light rail
  • Taxi or ride-share service
  • Vehicle driver
  • Vehicle passenger
  • Truck
  • Motorbike or motor scooter
  • Bicycle
  • Other mode (not elsewhere specified)
  • Walked only

For example, if a person selected, ‘Train’ and ‘Bus’, their mode of transport would be coded to ‘1 Train’ for Mode of travel to work (15 modes), even if ‘bus’ made the majority of the trip, due to the higher ranking of ‘train’ in the priority list.

Usual method of travel to work

When using this data with Place of Work (POWP) data, users should be aware that POWP refers to the main job last week, while MTWP refers to Census day. This may explain why, for a small proportion of records, MTWP data may appear inconsistent with POWP or Place of usual residence (PURP) information. 

For example, a person may have been working in the centre of Perth on 10 August 2021 and have travelled there by train, however in the week before the Census, they may have been working in an outer suburb of Perth and travelled there by car. In this case, the person would have their MTWP as train on the Census form, whilst their usual travel pattern would be by car.

Other scenario examples:

  • If a person who had a job became unemployed, retired or on leave on 10 August 2021, their MTWP would not reflect their usual travel pattern
  • If a person who was unemployed but gained employment in the week before Census, their MTWP would not be captured. The sequencing of questions is based on labour force status in the week before Census.
  • If a person rides a bicycle a couple days per week, but ‘usually’ catches the bus, the MTWP focuses on the activity specific to Census day, to capture the minor mode of travel i.e. bicycle.
Walked only

If a person walked some of the way to work and used other methods, it is not included as an additional method. For example, if they walked then caught the bus, then ‘Bus’ only should be selected. Only if the person walked all the way to work, should ‘Walked only’ be selected.

Lockdown

A number of regions across the country were in various stages of lockdown on Census day, and the week preceding it, resulting in a greater number of people working from their homes.  Not only may this impact their responses for their place of work, but also, their travel to work.  Guidance on how to correctly respond was provided at the time on the Census website, as follows:

Answering questions about your workplace and job role

If you are currently working from home due to COVID restrictions, but usually attend a workplace, please write the employer's usual workplace address.

Answering questions about whether you had a job

If you were employed in the 4 weeks prior to the current lockdown period, but haven't been able to work in the last week due to lockdown or requirement to self-isolate, please select 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike or temporarily stood down'.

Answering questions about your workplace and job role

If you were employed in the 4 weeks prior to the current lockdown period, but haven't been able to work in the last week due to COVID restrictions or requirement to self-isolate, please answer all questions reflecting your usual occupation. This includes your role (such as occupation and tasks performed) and  information about your employer (such as industry and number of employees). 

Related variables and glossary terms

  • Method of travel to work (MTWP)
  • Method of travel to work (6 modes) (MTW06P)
  • Place of work (POWP)
  • Distance to work (ranges) (DTWP)

Other ABS sources

Method of travel to work (MTWP)

Definition

This variable records up to three methods, or means, of travel to work on the day of the Census, for each person aged 15 years and over who was employed during the week before the Census. The question allows for multiple responses across all categories except walked only, worked at home, and did not go to work.

Scope

Persons aged 15 years and over employed during the week before the Census

Categories

CodeCategory

001

Train

002

Bus

003

Ferry

004

Tram/light rail

005

Taxi/ride-share service

006

Car, as driver

007

Car, as passenger

008

Truck

009

Motorbike/scooter

010

Bicycle

011

Other

012

Train, bus

013

Train, ferry

014

Train, tram/light rail

015

Train, taxi/ride-share service

016

Train, car as driver

017

Train, car as passenger

018

Train, truck

019

Train, motorbike/scooter

020

Train, bicycle

021

Train, other

022

Bus, ferry

023

Bus, tram/light rail

024

Bus, taxi/ride-share service

025

Bus, car as driver

026

Bus, car as passenger

027

Bus, truck

028

Bus, motorbike/scooter

029

Bus, bicycle

030

Bus, other

031

Ferry, tram/light rail

032

Ferry, taxi/ride-share service

033

Ferry, car as driver

034

Ferry, car as passenger

035

Ferry, truck

036

Ferry, motorbike/scooter

037

Ferry, bicycle

038

Ferry, other

039

Tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service

040

Tram/light rail, car as driver

041

Tram/light rail, car as passenger

042

Tram/light rail, truck

043

Tram/light rail, motorbike/scooter

044

Tram/light rail, bicycle

045

Tram/light rail, other

046

Taxi/ride-share service, car as driver

047

Taxi/ride-share service, car as passenger

048

Taxi/ride-share service, truck

049

Taxi/ride-share service, motorbike/scooter

050

Taxi/ride-share service, bicycle

051

Taxi/ride-share service, other

052

Car as driver, car as passenger

053

Car as driver, truck

054

Car as driver, motorbike/scooter

055

Car as driver, bicycle

056

Car as driver, other

057

Car as passenger, truck

058

Car as passenger, motorbike/scooter

059

Car as passenger, bicycle

060

Car as passenger, other

061

Truck, motorbike/scooter

062

Truck, bicycle

063

Truck, other

064

Motorbike/scooter, bicycle

065

Motorbike/scooter, other

066

Bicycle, other

067

Train, bus, ferry

068

Train, bus, tram/light rail

069

Train, bus, taxi/ride-share service

070

Train, bus, car as driver

071

Train, bus, car as passenger

072

Train, bus, truck

073

Train, bus, motorbike/scooter

074

Train, bus, bicycle

075

Train, bus, other

076

Train, ferry, tram/light rail

077

Train, ferry, taxi/ride-share service

078

Train, ferry, car as driver

079

Train, ferry, car as passenger

080

Train, ferry, truck

081

Train, ferry, motorbike/scooter

082

Train, ferry, bicycle

083

Train, ferry, other

084

Train, tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service

085

Train, tram/light rail, car as driver

086

Train, tram/light rail, car as passenger

087

Train, tram/light rail, truck

088

Train, tram/light rail, motorbike/scooter

089

Train, tram/light rail, bicycle

090

Train, tram/light rail, other

091

Train, taxi/ride-share service, car as driver

092

Train, taxi/ride-share service, car as passenger

093

Train, taxi/ride-share service, truck

094

Train, taxi/ride-share service, motorbike/scooter

095

Train, taxi/ride-share service, bicycle

096

Train, taxi/ride-share service, other

097

Train, car as driver, car as passenger

098

Train, car as driver, truck

099

Train, car as driver, motorbike/scooter

100

Train, car as driver, bicycle

101

Train, car as driver, other

102

Train, car as passenger, truck

103

Train, car as passenger, motorbike/scooter

104

Train, car as passenger, bicycle

105

Train, car as passenger, other

106

Train, truck, motorbike/scooter

107

Train, truck, bicycle

108

Train, truck, other

109

Train, motorbike/scooter, bicycle

110

Train, motorbike/scooter, other

111

Train, bicycle, other

112

Bus, ferry, tram/light rail

113

Bus, ferry, taxi/ride-share service

114

Bus, ferry, car as driver

115

Bus, ferry, car as passenger

116

Bus, ferry, truck

117

Bus, ferry, motorbike/scooter

118

Bus, ferry, bicycle

119

Bus, ferry, other

120

Bus, tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service

121

Bus, tram/light rail, car as driver

122

Bus, tram/light rail, car as passenger

123

Bus, tram/light rail, truck

124

Bus, tram/light rail, motorbike/scooter

125

Bus, tram/light rail, bicycle

126

Bus, tram/light rail, other

127

Bus, taxi/ride-share service, car as driver

128

Bus, taxi/ride-share service, car as passenger

129

Bus, taxi/ride-share service, truck

130

Bus, taxi/ride-share service, motorbike/scooter

131

Bus, taxi/ride-share service, bicycle

132

Bus, taxi/ride-share service, other

133

Bus, car as driver, car as passenger

134

Bus, car as driver, truck

135

Bus, car as driver, motorbike/scooter

136

Bus, car as driver, bicycle

137

Bus, car as driver, other

138

Bus, car as passenger, truck

139

Bus, car as passenger, motorbike/scooter

140

Bus, car as passenger, bicycle

141

Bus, car as passenger, other

142

Bus, truck, motorbike/scooter

143

Bus, truck, bicycle

144

Bus, truck, other

145

Bus, motorbike/scooter, bicycle

146

Bus, motorbike/scooter, other

147

Bus, bicycle, other

148

Ferry, tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service

149

Ferry, tram/light rail, car as driver

150

Ferry, tram/light rail, car as passenger

151

Ferry, tram/light rail, truck

152

Ferry, tram/light rail, motorbike/scooter

153

Ferry, tram/light rail, bicycle

154

Ferry, tram/light rail, other

155

Ferry, taxi/ride-share service, car as driver

156

Ferry, taxi/ride-share service, car as passenger

157

Ferry, taxi/ride-share service, truck

158

Ferry, taxi/ride-share service, motorbike/scooter

159

Ferry, taxi/ride-share service, bicycle

160

Ferry, taxi/ride-share service, other

161

Ferry, car as driver, car as passenger

162

Ferry, car as driver, truck

163

Ferry, car as driver, motorbike/scooter

164

Ferry, car as driver, bicycle

165

Ferry, car as driver, other

166

Ferry, car as passenger, truck

167

Ferry, car as passenger, motorbike/scooter

168

Ferry, car as passenger, bicycle

169

Ferry, car as passenger, other

170

Ferry, truck, motorbike/scooter

171

Ferry, truck, bicycle

172

Ferry, truck, other

173

Ferry, motorbike/scooter, bicycle

174

Ferry, motorbike/scooter, other

175

Ferry, bicycle, other

176

Tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service, car as driver

177

Tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service, car or passenger

178

Tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service, truck

179

Tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service, motorbike/scooter

180

Tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service, bicycle

181

Tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service, other

182

Tram/light rail, car as driver, car as passenger

183

Tram/light rail, car as driver, truck

184

Tram/light rail, car as driver, motorbike/scooter

185

Tram/light rail, car as driver, bicycle

186

Tram/light rail, car as driver, other

187

Tram/light rail, car as passenger, truck

188

Tram/light rail, car as passenger, motorbike/scooter

189

Tram/light rail, car as passenger, bicycle

190

Tram/light rail, car as passenger, other

191

Tram/light rail, truck, motorbike/scooter

192

Tram/light rail, truck, bicycle

193

Tram/light rail, truck, other

194

Tram/light rail, motorbike/scooter, bicycle

195

Tram/light rail, motorbike/scooter, other

196

Tram/light rail, bicycle, other

197

Taxi/ride-share service, car as driver, car as passenger

198

Taxi/ride-share service, car as driver, truck

199

Taxi/ride-share service, car as driver, motorbike/scooter

200

Taxi/ride-share service, car as driver, bicycle

201

Taxi/ride-share service, car as driver, other

202

Taxi/ride-share service, car as passenger, truck

203

Taxi/ride-share service, car as passenger, motorbike/scooter

204

Taxi/ride-share service, car as passenger, bicycle

205

Taxi/ride-share service, car as passenger, other

206

Taxi/ride-share service, truck, motorbike/scooter

207

Taxi/ride-share service, truck, bicycle

208

Taxi/ride-share service, truck, other

209

Taxi/ride-share service, motorbike/scooter, bicycle

210

Taxi/ride-share service, motorbike/scooter, other

211

Taxi/ride-share service, bicycle, other

212

Car as driver, car as passenger, truck

213

Car as driver, car as passenger, motorbike/scooter

214

Car as driver, car as passenger, bicycle

215

Car as driver, car as passenger, other

216

Car as driver, truck, motorbike/scooter

217

Car as driver, truck, bicycle

218

Car as driver, truck, other

219

Car as driver, motorbike/scooter, bicycle

220

Car as driver, motorbike/scooter, other

221

Car as driver, bicycle, other

222

Car as passenger, truck, motorbike/scooter

223

Car as passenger, truck, bicycle

224

Car as passenger, truck, other

225

Car as passenger, motorbike/scooter, bicycle

226

Car as passenger, motorbike/scooter, other

227

Car as passenger, bicycle, other

228

Truck, motorbike/scooter, bicycle

229

Truck, motorbike/scooter, other

230

Truck, bicycle, other

231

Motorbike/scooter, bicycle, other

232

Walked only

233

Worked at home

234

Did not go to work

&&&

Not stated

@@@

Not applicable

VVV

Overseas visitor

Number of categories: 237

Not applicable (@@@) category comprises:

  • Unemployed persons looking for either part-time or full-time work
  • Persons not in the labour force
  • Persons with Labour force status (LFSP) not stated
  • Persons aged under 15 years

Question(s) from the Census form

How did the person get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?

How did the person get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?
How did Person 1 get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?

If the person used more than one method of travel to work, select all methods used.

More information

How person got to work

Train

Bus

Ferry

Tram (including light rail)

Taxi or ride-share service

Car – as a driver

Car – as a passenger

Truck

Motorbike or motor scooter

Bicycle

Walked only

Other

Worked at home

Did not go to work

Example

Method of travel to work example - car as a driver response selected
How did Person 1 get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?

If the person used more than one method of travel to work, select all methods used.

More information

How person got to work

Train

Bus

Ferry

Tram (including light rail)

Taxi or ride-share service

Car – as a driver (selected response)

Car – as a passenger

Truck

Motorbike or motor scooter

Bicycle

Walked only

Other

Worked at home

Did not go to work

More Information

Additional information relating to the question on: How did the person get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?
How did Person 1 get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?

If the person used more than one method of travel to work, select all methods used.

More information

Select all methods of travel used by the person to get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021.

For example, if the person drove a car to a train station and then took a train to work, select both 'Car – as a driver' and 'Train' boxes.

If the person walked all the way to work, select 'Walked only'.

Do not include methods of travel for the journey home.

How this variable is created

The responses to this question are captured automatically from mark box responses on the Census form. Respondents were able to select more than one response with up to three methods recorded. Where more than three methods were used, responses were accepted in the order they appeared on the form and the extra responses were rejected.

In cases where the combination of responses contained 'Did not go to work', 'Worked at home' or 'Walked only', then these unique responses override any others. If more than one of these unique responses is in the same combination, then a single response is selected in the order they appear. 

History and changes

The question relating to Method of travel to work (MTWP) was first asked in the 1976 Census. Similar questions have been asked in every Census since then.

In 2021 changes were made to the Census question for two categories:

  • 'Taxi' has been changed to 'Taxi/ride-share service'
  • 'Tram' has been changed to 'Tram/light trail'

Data use considerations

This variable is used with Place of usual residence (PURP) and Place of work (POWP) address to construct 'journey to work' data for transport planning.

Usual method of travel to work

When using this data with POWP data, users should be aware that POWP refers to the main job last week, while MTWP refers to Census day. This may explain why, for a small proportion of records, MTWP data may appear inconsistent with POWP or PURP information. 

For example, a person may have been working in the centre of Perth on 10 August 2021 and have travelled there by train, however in the week before the Census, they may have been working in an outer suburb of Perth and travelled there by car. In this case, the person would have their MTWP as 'Train' on the Census form, whilst their usual travel pattern would be by car.

Other scenario examples:

  • If a person who had a job became unemployed, retired or on leave on 10 August 2021, their method of travel to work would not reflect their usual travel pattern.
  • If a person who was unemployed but gained employment in the week before Census, their method of travel to work would not be captured. The sequencing of questions is based on labour force status in the week before Census.
  • If a person rides a bicycle a couple days per week, but ‘usually’ catches the bus, the Method of travel to work focuses on the activity specific to Census day, to capture the minor mode of travel i.e. bicycle.
Walked only

If a person walked some of the way to work and used other methods, it is not included as an additional method. For example, if they walked then caught the bus, then ‘Bus’ only should be selected. Only if the person walked all the way to work, should ‘Walked only’ be selected.

Lockdown

A number of regions across the country were in various stages of lockdown on Census day, and the week preceding it, resulting in a greater number of people working from their homes.  Not only may this impact their responses for their place of work, but also, their travel to work.  Guidance on how to correctly respond was provided at the time on the Census website, as follows:

Answering questions about your workplace and job role

If you are currently working from home due to COVID restrictions, but usually attend a workplace, please write the employer's usual workplace address.

Answering questions about whether you had a job

If you were employed in the 4 weeks prior to the current lockdown period, but haven't been able to work in the last week due to lockdown or requirement to self-isolate, please select 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike or temporarily stood down'.

Answering questions about your workplace and job role

If you were employed in the 4 weeks prior to the current lockdown period, but haven't been able to work in the last week due to COVID restrictions or requirement to self-isolate, please answer all questions reflecting your usual occupation. This includes your role (such as occupation and tasks performed) and  information about your employer (such as industry and number of employees). 

Related variables and glossary terms

Other ABS sources

Number of motor vehicles (VEHD)

Definition

This variable records the number of registered motor vehicles owned or used by household members that were garaged or parked at or near private dwellings on Census night. It includes vans and company-owned vehicles and excludes motorbikes, scooters and heavy motor vehicles.

Scope

Occupied private dwellings

Categories

CodeCategory

00

No motor vehicles

01-29

1-29 motor vehicles singly

30

30 or more motor vehicles

&&

Not stated

@@

Not applicable

Number of categories: 33

Not applicable (@@) comprises:

  • Unoccupied private dwellings
  • Non-private dwellings
  • Migratory, off-shore and shipping SA1

Question(s) from the Census form

How many registered motor vehicles owned or used by residents of this dwelling were garaged or parked at or near this dwelling on the night of Tuesday 10 August 2021?

How many registered motor vehicles owned or used by residents of this dwelling were garaged or parked at or near this dwelling on the night of Tuesday 10 August 2021?
How many registered motor vehicles owned or used by residents of this dwelling were garaged or parked at or near 1 Smith Street on the night of 10 August 2021?

Include vans and company vehicles kept at home.

Exclude motorbikes, motor scooters and heavy vehicles.

More information

Number of motor vehicles

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: How many registered motor vehicles owned or used by residents of this dwelling were garaged or parked at or near this dwelling on the night of Tuesday 10 August 2021?
How many registered motor vehicles owned or used by residents of this dwelling were garaged or parked at or near 1 Smith Street on the night of 10 August 2021?

Include vans and company vehicles kept at home.

Exclude motorbikes, motor scooters and heavy vehicles.

More information

Motor vehicles include passenger vehicles (cars, utilities, etc.), light trucks, and other vehicles like motor homes and motorised cranes.

Heavy vehicles should be excluded. Heavy vehicles are defined as having a gross vehicle mass (GVM) over 4.5 tonnes. Tractors, boats and caravans should also be excluded.

If there were no registered motor vehicles owned or used by the residents of this dwelling garaged or parked at or near this dwelling on the night of 10 August 2021, enter '0' in the box.

Information from this question is used for transport planning.

How this variable is created

Number of motor vehicles is a dwelling variable created from the number of motor vehicles owned or used question. Data for this variable is captured automatically from a written numeric response or by marking the 'None' mark box on the paper form.

This variable includes single fields for values from 0 to 29. Values of 30 or more are grouped together. The related variable Number of motor vehicles (ranges) (VEHRD) groups responses to this question differently, with responses for 1 to 3 motor vehicles available singly, and responses of 4 or more motor vehicles coded into the grouped category of 'Four or more motor vehicles'.

History and changes

This variable was first introduced in 1966. The question has remained in all subsequent Censuses.

In 2001 this question also asked for the number of motorbikes and motor scooters. In 2006, asking for motorbikes and motor scooters was removed because of their lesser impact on the transport system.

In 2021, additional instructional text was added to exclude heavy motor vehicles. This was done to better clarify the existing definition of a motor vehicle.

Data use considerations

Governments and councils use information from this question to plan transport. Motorbikes and motor scooters are excluded from this question because of their lesser impact on the transport system. The question also excludes heavy motor vehicles (over 4.5t GVM). Tractors, boats and caravans are also not included.

Dwellings with a high number of motor vehicles reported are checked manually to ensure that they match the actual response on the form. The data may include a small proportion of dwellings with unusually large numbers of vehicles, as all numeric responses are accepted as reported.

Related variables and glossary terms

  • Number of motor vehicles (ranges) (VEHRD)
  • Place of usual residence (PURP)

Other ABS sources

Number of motor vehicles (ranges) (VEHRD)

Definition

This variable records the number in ranges of registered motor vehicles owned or used by household members that were garaged or parked at or near private dwellings on Census night. It includes vans and company owned vehicles and excludes motorbikes, scooters and heavy motor vehicles.

Scope

Occupied private dwellings

Categories

CodeCategory

0

No motor vehicles

1

One motor vehicle

2

Two motor vehicles

3

Three motor vehicles

4

Four or more motor vehicles

&

Not stated

@

Not applicable 

Number of categories:  7

Not applicable (@) comprises:

  • Unoccupied private dwellings
  • Non-private dwellings
  • Migratory, off-shore and shipping SA1

Question(s) from the Census form

How many registered motor vehicles owned or used by residents of this dwelling were garaged or parked at or near this dwelling on the night of Tuesday 10 August 2021?

How many registered motor vehicles owned or used by residents of this dwelling were garaged or parked at or near this dwelling on the night of Tuesday 10 August 2021?
How many registered motor vehicles owned or used by residents of this dwelling were garaged or parked at or near 1 Smith Street on the night of 10 August 2021?

Include vans and company vehicles kept at home.

Exclude motorbikes, motor scooters and heavy vehicles.

More information

Number of motor vehicles

More Information

Additional information relating to the question on: How many registered motor vehicles owned or used by residents of this dwelling were garaged or parked at or near this dwelling on the night of Tuesday 10 August 2021?
How many registered motor vehicles owned or used by residents of this dwelling were garaged or parked at or near 1 Smith Street on the night of 10 August 2021?

Include vans and company vehicles kept at home.

Exclude motorbikes, motor scooters and heavy vehicles.

More information

Motor vehicles include passenger vehicles (cars, utilities, etc.), light trucks, and other vehicles like motor homes and motorised cranes.

Heavy vehicles should be excluded. Heavy vehicles are defined as having a gross vehicle mass (GVM) over 4.5 tonnes. Tractors, boats and caravans should also be excluded.

If there were no registered motor vehicles owned or used by the residents of this dwelling garaged or parked at or near this dwelling on the night of 10 August 2021, enter '0' in the box.

Information from this question is used for transport planning.

How this variable is created

Number of motor vehicles (ranges) is a dwelling variable created from the number of motor vehicles owned or used question. Data for this variable is captured automatically from a written numeric response or by marking the 'None' mark box on the paper form.

This variable groups responses to this question, with 1 to 3 motor vehicles available singly, then responses of 4 or more motor vehicles coded into the grouped category of 'Four or more motor vehicles'.  The related variable Number of motor vehicles (VEHD) groups these responses differently, with single fields for values from 0 to 29, and values of 30 or more grouped together. 

History and changes

This variable was first introduced in 1966. The question has remained in all subsequent Censuses.

In 2001 this question also asked for the number of motorbikes and motor scooters. In 2006, asking for motorbikes and motor scooters was removed because of their lesser impact on the transport system.

In 2021, additional instructional text was added to exclude heavy motor vehicles. This was done to better clarify the existing definition of a motor vehicle.

Data use considerations

Governments and councils use information from this question to plan transport. Motorbikes and motor scooters are excluded from this question because of their lesser impact on the transport system. The question also excludes heavy motor vehicles (over 4.5t GVM). Tractors, boats and caravans are also not included.

Dwellings with a high number of motor vehicles reported are checked manually to ensure that they match the actual response on the form. The data may include a small proportion of dwellings with unusually large numbers of vehicles, as all numeric responses are accepted as reported.

Related variables and glossary terms

  • Number of motor vehicles (VEHD)
  • Place of usual residence (PURP)

Other ABS sources