6227.0 - Education and Work, Australia, May 2019 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 13/11/2019   
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Engagement in employment and/or education

Key statistics

  • The vast majority of young Australians (aged 15-24 years) were doing at least some work or study or a combination of both (92% or 3.0 million people).
  • Four in five working age Australians (aged 15-64 years) were engaged in work and/or study (83% or 13.6 million people). This includes people who were either fully engaged or partially engaged.
  • In this age group, it was more common for men (78%) than women (53%) to be fully engaged (that is, working full-time, studying full-time, or working and studying), however rates for young men and women (15-24 years) were more similar (83% compared with 79%).

Young Australians (aged 15-24 years)
  • Four in five young Australians (81%) were fully engaged in work and/or study (including those still in school), and a further 11% were partially engaged.
  • Around 8.7% of young men and 8.1% of young women were not engaged in any work or study in 2019. Differences in rates of non-engagement for young men and women have been converging since 2004 as young women have increased their engagement (see Table 34 in the downloads tab for more detail).

Graph 2: Proportion of 15-24 year olds not engaged in employment or study, by sex, 2004-2019
Proportion of 15-24 year olds not engaged in employment or study, by sex, 2004-2019
  • Young people living outside major cities were less likely to be fully engaged in work and/or study. Around 83% of young people in major cities were fully engaged, but this dropped to 74% in inner regional areas and 72% in outer regional and remote areas.


Graph 3: Proportion of 15-24 year olds fully engaged, partially engaged or not engaged in work and/or study, by remoteness, 2019
Proportion of 15-24 year olds fully engaged, partially engaged or not engaged in work and/or study, by remoteness, 2019
  • Since 2010, the proportion of young people fully engaged in work and/or study has been consistently higher in major cities than in regional and remote Australia. (Remoteness time series available from 2010).


Graph 4: Proportion of 15-24 year olds fully engaged in work and/or study, by remoteness, 2010-2019
Proportion of 15-24 year olds fully engaged in work and/or study, by remoteness, 2010-2019

Young Australians not in school (aged 17-24 years)
  • Three-quarters (74%) of Australians aged 17-24 years who were not still at school were fully engaged in work and/or further study.
  • Around 36% were in full-time work, and a further 36% were in full-time study.
  • The Australian Capital Territory had the highest rate of full engagement for this group (83%), followed by Victoria (79%) (see Table 33 in the downloads tab for more detail).

Working age Australians (aged 15-64 years)
  • Including people still at school, two-thirds of Australians aged 15 to 64 years were fully engaged in work and/or study (66%).
  • From the age of 20, it was more common for men to be fully engaged in work and/or study than women (see Table 32 in the downloads tab for more detail).

Graph 5: Proportion of persons fully engaged in work and/or study, by sex and age, 2019
Proportion of persons fully engaged in work and/or study, by sex and age, 2019