The average daily per capita apparent consumption of saturated fat was 36 grams. This provided 1,333 kJ or 15.2% of all dietary energy. This amount exceeds the recommendation in the Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand (NRVs) that the combined energy from saturated fat and trans fatty acids together make up less than 10% of dietary energy. Trans fatty acids, although chemically different from saturated fat are also associated with risk of chronic disease. While intakes of the trans fatty acids were relatively low (providing 0.7% of dietary energy), their presence gives a combined total of 15.9% of energy.
The Major food groups contributing most to saturated fat consumption were:
- Milk products (31.7%)
- Meat and poultry (16.8%)
- Fats and oils (14.8%)
- Cereal based products and dishes (e.g. biscuits, cakes, pastries, mixed savoury dishes) (11.9%).
By Sub-major groups, the leading contributors were:
Contribution to saturated fat, leading Sub-major food groups
Source: Apparent Consumption of Selected Foodstuffs, Australia, 2018–19.
- Cheese (10.6%)
- Dairy milk (9.6%)
- Chocolate (7.4%)
- Beef, lamb and pork (6.2%)
- Butter (5.1% )
- Cream (4.8%).