4316.0 - Apparent Consumption of Selected Foodstuffs, Australia, 2018-19 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 26/06/2020  First Issue
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Dietary guidelines

The 2013 Australian Dietary Guidelines (ADG) recommends that Australians “enjoy a wide variety of nutritious foods from the five food groups every day”. The five food groups are:

  • Grain (cereal) foods,
  • Vegetables and legumes/beans,
  • Fruit,
  • Milk, yoghurt, cheese and/or alternatives, and
  • Lean meat and poultry, fish, eggs, tofu, nuts and seeds and legumes/beans (lean meats and alternatives).

The ADG include minimum recommended daily serves of the five food groups to be consumed (by age and sex groups) to satisfy nutrient requirements and minimise the risk of diet related chronic disease. Because the ADG also recommend limiting consumption of discretionary foods (i.e. those containing relatively higher amounts of saturated fat, added salt, added sugars and alcohol), the ADG recommended daily serves are only compared to the apparent consumption of non-discretionary foods for each of the five food groups.

The daily serves per capita available from food sales were lower than the average recommendations in the ADG for each of the five food groups.

Compared to the average recommended serves per day, the apparent daily consumption per capita by Australians was:
  • 3.9 serves of grains and cereals (average recommendation 5.5 serves)
  • 2.3 serves of vegetables (average recommendation 5.0 serves)
  • 1.5 serves of milk, yoghurt, cheese and alternatives (average recommendation 3.0 serves)
  • 1.8 serves of lean meat and alternatives (average recommendation 2.5)
  • 1.5 serves of fruit (average recommendation 2.0 serves).


Average daily serves of ADG food groups per capita(a)

Mean daily serves of ADG food groups per capita(a)
Note(s): Orange dots indicate the (population weighted) average recommended serves across life stage age groups.
Footnote(s): (a) Non-discretionary foods. See Glossary for more information. (b) Vegetables and legumes/beans. (c) Includes fruit juice. (d) Milk, yoghurt, cheese and/or alternatives. (e) Meats, poultry, fish, eggs, tofu, nuts and seeds and legumes/beans.
Source: Apparent Consumption of Selected Foodstuffs, Australia, 2018–19.


Discretionary foods

Over one-third (38.2%) of the dietary energy from the food and non-alcoholic beverage sales was derived from discretionary foods. Discretionary foods (such as biscuits, confectionery, pastries, processed meats, salty snack foods and sugar sweetened beverages) are discouraged in the ADG because they are considered a poor source of nutrients and their energy density can displace more nutritious food choices.

A majority of the discretionary energy (72%) was contributed by six Major food groups led by:
  • Cereal based products (21.1%)
  • Confectionery (15.0%)
  • Meat and poultry products (9.9%)
  • Non-alcoholic beverages (8.9%)
  • Sugar products (8.7%)
  • Snack foods (8.3%).

Within the Sub-major food groups, the leading contributors of discretionary energy included:
  • Chocolate (9.8%)
  • Sweet biscuits (8.0%)
  • Sugar, honey and syrups (6.5%)
  • Processed meat (5.4%)
  • Pastries (4.9%)
  • Soft drinks (4.7%)
  • Potato snacks (4.5%).


Contribution to discretionary energy, leading Sub-major food groups

Contribution to discretionary energy, leading Sub-major food groups
Source: Apparent Consumption of Selected Foodstuffs, Australia, 2018–19.