3301.0 - Births, Australia, 2018 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 11/12/2019   
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States and Territories

New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland and the Northern Territory Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages (RBDM) took a number of initiatives in recent years to improve processing systems and timeliness of registrations of births. These issues affected the birth counts of these jurisdictions. Care should therefore be taken when interpreting changes in fertility rates for New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, the Northern Territory and Australia. For more information, see Explanatory Notes - State and territory data and Explanatory Notes - Data Quality.

  • In 2018, there were 315,147 births registered in Australia, an increase of 6,005 births from 2017.
  • New South Wales was the largest contributor to this increase (11,043 births or 11.7%).
  • Queensland recorded an increase of 649 births (or 1.1 %) from 2017.
  • Victoria recorded the largest decrease in registered births (-3,756 births or -4.5%).

Births registered, States and Territories - 2017 and 2018

2017
2018
Change 2017-2018
no.
no.
no.
%

New South Wales(a)
94 420
105 463
11 043
11.7
Victoria(b)
83 431
79 675
-3 756
-4.5
Queensland
61 307
61 956
649
1.1
South Australia
19 087
19 154
67
0.4
Western Australia
34 461
33 211
-1 250
-3.6
Tasmania
5 562
5 525
-37
-0.7
Northern Territory
3 815
4 051
236
6.2
Australian Capital Territory
7 059
6 112
-947
-13.4
Australia
309 142
315 147
6 005
1.9

(a) Some of the increases were due to a catch-up in registration processing lags. For more information, see explanatory note 21.
(b) Victorian Registry addressed their backlog of registrations in 2016 and 2017, as a result, birth registrations for 2016 and 2017 were higher than usual. Registrations for 2018 returned to normal and hence show a decrease when compared with the 2016 and 2017 registrations.

  • The total fertility rate (TFR) of Australia in 2018 was 1.74 babies per woman.
  • Northern Territory recorded the highest TFR (2.03 babies per woman), followed by New South Wales (1.86 babies per woman).
  • Australian Capital Territory recorded the lowest TFR (1.55 babies per woman).
For more information see the dataset Fertility, by age, by state from the Downloads tab.


Total Fertility Rate, states and territories(a)
Total fertility rates for states in 2008, 2017 and 2018.
(a) Births per woman.
(b) Includes Other Territories.


Total Fertility Rates, states and territories(a)

2008
2017
2018

New South Wales
2.052
1.708
1.862
Victoria
1.878
1.724
1.598
Queensland
2.136
1.772
1.761
South Australia
1.972
1.684
1.671
Western Australia
2.095
1.825
1.759
Tasmania
2.235
1.823
1.767
Northern Territory
2.228
1.909
2.027
Australian Capital Territory
1.738
1.833
1.547
Australia(b)
2.023
1.741
1.740

(a) Births per woman.
(b) Includes Other Territories.


Consistent with Australia, women aged 30-34 years also had the highest fertility rates in all states and territories in 2018. For more information see the dataset Fertility, by age, by state from the Downloads tab.
  • In 2018, the median age of mothers in Australia was 31.4 years.
  • Australian Capital Territory recorded the highest median ages for both mothers and fathers (32.3 years and 34.2 years respectively), followed by Victoria (32.0 years for mothers and 33.9 years for fathers).
  • Mothers in the Northern Territory recorded the youngest median age (29.7 years), followed by Tasmania (30.2 years). This order was reversed for the father's median age, with 32.1 years for Tasmania and 32.5 years for the Northern Territory.

For all median age data, see the dataset Confinements, by nuptiality, by state from the Downloads tab.

The Australian net reproductive rate remained steady at 0.838 during 2017 and 2018.


Net reproductive rates, by state or territory of registration(a)

Year of registration
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Australia

2017
0.825
0.829
0.844
0.806
0.880
0.889
0.917
0.876
0.837
2018
0.897
0.770
0.846
0.804
0.846
0.849
0.973
0.755
0.838

(a) Daughters surviving to reproductive age, per woman.