The total fertility rate (TFR) required for replacement is currently considered to be around 2.1 babies per woman to replace herself and her partner.
Total fertility rate, 1934 to 2018(a)
(a) Births per woman.
Age-specific fertility rates
- In 2018, Australia's total fertility rate (TFR) was 1.74 babies per woman, decreasing from 2.02 babies per woman since 2008.
- Australia's TFR has been below replacement since 1976.
- In recent decades, the average age of mothers has been increasing.
- In 2018, women aged 30-34 years had the highest fertility rate of 120 babies per 1,000 women, increasing from 107 babies in 1998.
- Conversely, the teenage fertility rate declined. There were 9.5 babies per 1,000 women aged 15-19 years in 2018, down from 19 babies in 1998.
For more information see the dataset Fertility, by age, by state
from the Downloads tab.
Age-specific fertility rates, 1937 to 2018(a)
(a) Births per 1,000 women.