3301.0 - Births, Australia, 2018 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 11/12/2019   
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Fertility rates


The total fertility rate (TFR) required for replacement is currently considered to be around 2.1 babies per woman to replace herself and her partner.

  • In 2018, Australia's total fertility rate (TFR) was 1.74 babies per woman, decreasing from 2.02 babies per woman since 2008.
  • Australia's TFR has been below replacement since 1976.


Total fertility rate, 1934 to 2018(a)
Fertility rates from 1934, peaking in 1961 at 3.5.
(a) Births per woman.


Age-specific fertility rates
  • In recent decades, the average age of mothers has been increasing.
  • In 2018, women aged 30-34 years had the highest fertility rate of 120 babies per 1,000 women, increasing from 107 babies in 1998.
  • Conversely, the teenage fertility rate declined. There were 9.5 babies per 1,000 women aged 15-19 years in 2018, down from 19 babies in 1998.

For more information see the dataset Fertility, by age, by state from the Downloads tab.


Age-specific fertility rates, 1937 to 2018(a)
Shows ages of the mother showing decreases in younger age groups.
(a) Births per 1,000 women.