3101.0 - Australian Demographic Statistics, Dec 2019 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 18/06/2020   
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States and territories

Annual population change

  • All states and territories, except the Northern Territory, had positive population growth over the year ending 31 December 2019.
  • Victoria had the highest growth rate (1.9%).
  • The Northern Territory had the lowest growth rate (-0.4%).
Annual population change by state and territory

Population at 31 Dec 2019
Change over previous year
Change over previous year
'000
'000
%

New South Wales
8 129.0
90.9
1.1
Victoria
6 651.1
122.2
1.9
Queensland
5 130.0
79.3
1.6
South Australia
1 759.2
15.7
0.9
Western Australia
2 639.1
33.2
1.3
Tasmania
537.0
5.2
1.0
Northern Territory
244.8
-0.9
-0.4
Australian Capital Territory
427.4
4.2
1.0
Australia (a)
25 522.2
349.8
1.4

(a) Includes Other Territories comprising Jervis Bay Territory, Christmas Island, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.


Components of annual population change

State and territory population change is comprised of natural increase, net overseas migration, and net interstate migration (interstate arrivals minus interstate departures).

For the year ending 31 December 2019:
  • natural increase was the major contributor to population change in Queensland and the Australian Capital Territory
  • net interstate migration loss was the largest component of population change in the Northern Territory
  • net overseas migration was the major contributor to population change in New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania.

Components of annual population growth
Graph: Components of annual population growth


Natural increase

NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT

Births
98 905
77 221
61 734
19 490
33 539
5 753
3 659
5 521
Deaths
56 066
41 266
32 470
13 964
15 040
4 664
1 142
2 033
Natural increase
42 839
35 955
29 264
5 526
18 499
1 089
2 517
3 488


Overseas migration

NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT

Overseas arrivals
185 125
164 027
90 006
26 792
47 928
5 692
4 936
8 974
Overseas departures
114 580
88 470
62 862
12 718
29 066
3 057
4 401
7 683
Net overseas migration
70 545
75 557
27 144
14 074
18 862
2 635
535
1 291


Interstate migration

NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT

Interstate arrivals
95 315
87 879
106 628
24 603
32 018
14 041
13 942
21 675
Interstate departures
117 762
77 230
83 700
28 464
36 142
12 603
17 936
22 264
Net interstate migration
-22 447
10 649
22 928
-3 861
-4 124
1 438
-3 994
-589