BUSINESS LONGITUDINAL ANALYSIS DATA ENVIRONMENT (BLADE) RESEARCH PROJECTS
This page will be updated on a quarterly basis.
Australian Bureau of Statistics
Use of micro-economic measures to inform macro-economic measures: the case of using BLADE (2020)
This project investigates how derived experimental business level growth measures from the BLADE data can inform existing aggregate economic growth measures
Scoping/feasibility study to include capital input measures for firm level productivity measurement in BLADE (with University of New South Wales) (2018)
The project aims to come up with some experimental firm level capital stock measures that can be used by BLADE users for micro-level productivity measurement and analysis.
Outputs from this project:
Australian Trade and Investment Commission (Austrade)
Impact Assessment of Austrade’s services (2019)
This project assists Austrade to establish a set of consistent, objective methodologies designed to provide robust quantitative estimates of the impact of many of Austrade’s services and programs aimed at promoting Australia’s trade and investment. The outcomes can provide evidence for how Austrade assists in strengthening Australia’s export base and investment, while shedding light on the areas requiring further attention.
Understanding structural change: A statistical analysis of the accommodation sector (2018)
This research examines a range of performance metrics for accommodation providers, measuring the extent of change over time and where reliable, providing analysis at the tourism region level. Analysis topics include characteristics of businesses entering and leaving the industry, the extent of change amongst existing businesses and the survival rate of new businesses.
Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics
Estimating the wider economic benefits of agglomeration (2019)
The wider economic benefits from transport infrastructure projects are a new concept in the practice of transport appraisal. There is currently a need to develop a more robust set of parameter value estimates with which to quantify productivity gains from greater agglomeration caused by transport infrastructure projects. This project will address this need by developing a set of parameter value estimates using the best data available, with nationwide applicability.
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)
Integrated Analysis for Sustainable Regional Development: Northern Australia with Indigenous extension (2018)
This project demonstrates the use of data to identify opportunities for regional economic development. The Indigenous extension pilot will seek to provide land and water policy-relevant insights for Indigenous communities and industries of the Darwin region.
Outputs from this research:
Water and society: the relationship between water conditions and regional socio-economic and human health outcomes (2018)
This project will provide new insights into how water conditions impact socio-economic metrics i.e. taking into account the flow, volume, and allocation of water for a given purpose, and how access to water affects communities. It will prototype benefits through a data-driven, robust and repeatable approach to being able to assess how decisions about water sharing will impact or benefit community and change over time.
Outputs from this research:
Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment
Agriculture Data Integration Project (2019)
This study will develop a better understanding of the effects of climate variability on the productivity and profitability of Australian farms, establishing the relationships between climate conditions (i.e., rainfall and temperature) and farm production and financial outcomes.
Socio Economic Analysis (2019)
This project will mine unit-level data assets held by the ABS (MADIP and BLADE) to create socio-economic profiles that the Department of the Environment and Energy could start to use in decision making as part of its core business.
Indigenous Environmental Programs (2019)
This project will assess, discover and synthesise new evidence in existing government datasets that highlights the return on investment from Australian Government support for Indigenous environmental programs.
Better understanding Industry Growth Centre firms (IGCs) (2018)
This project will paint a clearer picture of the composition of IGCs’ firm characteristics (employment, turnover and value-added, amongst others), and particularly their productivity dynamics and export performance to assess if publicly funded industry and business assistance measures are delivering outcomes as intended.
Business performance of participants in the Tasmanian Innovation and Investment Funds (2018)
The project assesses whether the Tasmanian Innovation and Investment Funds administered between 2008 and 2014 delivered outcomes as intended. This work provides a compact and compelling methodology that can be built upon further to allow for cost-effective analysis of the impacts of government assistance to firms.
Collaborative R&D and firm performance (2018)
This paper examines the impact of collaborative R&D on firms’ value added using fixed effects regression. It estimates how the effects of collaborative R&D accumulate in the years following R&D activity and finds statistically and economically significant benefits emerging after two years.
Comparing R&D data sources (2018)
This project aims to improve understanding of R&D activity in Australia using data from BLADE. The project aims to better gauge drivers of measured R&D and the characteristics of R&D-active firms.
Do manufacturing firms in Australia have (or develop) a productivity advantage? (2018)
This project focuses on entering firms and compares their productivity to other incumbent firms. The project will also characterise young firms that are more productive than incumbents and highlight the role of industry and innovation clusters in developing this productivity advantage.
Output from this research:
Drivers of the changes in Australian entrepreneurship trends (2018)
Integrated firm level data products such as BLADE offer increasing opportunities for insights into the economy, allowing analysis of elements of productivity performance such as entrepreneurship, innovation and management capability. In light of a decline in entrepreneurship, this study aims to find reasons why the number of entrepreneurs has declined and increase the evidence base needed to inform policy.
Output from this research:
Government financial assistance as a catalyst for private financing (2018)
This project uses the Taxation Data and Business Characteristics Survey components of the BLADE to determine whether government assistance has an impact on a firm’s credit worthiness, and therefore its ability to obtain external financing. The findings will shed light on the indirect benefits of government financial assistance, and provide evidence to facilitate better use of public funds, leading to more targeted policies and programs.
Output from this research:
International entrepreneurship: evidence on Australian born global firms (2018)
This research explores the characteristics of 'born global' firms, including the relationship between firm size, age, export status and growth. The results from the research can assist relevant policy areas to better target policies aimed at export promotion and entrepreneurship, potentially providing exposure for Australian firms to larger markets, innovation, technology and competition.
OECD MicroBERD (Business R&D structure and dynamics, and the impact of public support for business R&D) (2018)
This project uses the BLADE Business Expenditure on Research and Development (BERD) data set to generate statistics and estimates that will feed into the OECD’s MicroBERD project. It will provide an understanding of where Australia is performing strongly and where it needs to improve in the areas of R&D and innovation. International comparisons will also inform about the efficacy of the program on an international stage, and offer lessons on how other advanced economies have improved the efficacy of their tax programs.
Patterns and determinants of innovation by novelty (2018)
This project aims to improve our understanding of the drivers of business innovation by novelty (novelty = new to world, new to Australia, new to market, new to industry and new to firm) by examining the determinants of each type of innovation. The analysis will identify and assess recent innovation dynamics in Australia that can inform policy makers in adapting and refining policies designed to encourage innovation in the Australian economy.
Program Analytics Tool (PAT) (2018)
The Department of Industry, Innovation and Science's Program Analytics Tool (PAT) allows policy makers and other users to understand the patterns of departmental assistance and the characteristics of assisted firms. This work is designed to enable refinement of current departmental programs, the design and delivery of future programs as well as increasing these programs' accessibility and transparency.
Output from this project:
Strategic management in Australian firms (2018)
To improve understanding of management capability in Australia and facilitate self-assessment within firms, this project develops a simple classification for strategic management using a cross section of the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Management and Organisational Capabilities Module. This measure of strategic management correlates strongly with broader management practices and with a separately constructed, data-driven summary measure of management practices created using multiple correspondence analysis. The strategic management classification is positively associated with: rates of innovation; search for collaborative opportunities; responsiveness to skill and supply chain issues, and labour productivity at the firm level.
Output from this project:
The balance sheet health and debt servicing ability of Australian Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) – Insights from administrative data (2018)
This paper uses BLADE data to assess the financial performance, balance sheet health and survivability of employing SMEs over the period 2001-02 to 2015-16. There is evidence that small firms (those with 1 to 19 employees) and persistently loss-making SMEs suffered disproportionately during the last serious period of economic turmoil (the Global Financial Crisis years of 2008-9 to 2010-11). As such they remain the most vulnerable to any future shocks, and are a potential target for future government support.
The impact of the Research & Development Tax Incentive (R&DTI) on the composition and success of research (2018)
This research assesses whether the R&D Tax incentive program is leading to an increase in expenditure on R&D, and also whether it affects the composition of R&D conducted by Australian firms. The findings from this work can help to improve targeting and efficacy of government support for businesses.
Trends in Market Concentration of Australian Industries (2018)
This project looks at changes in the concentration of Australian industries and makes comparisons with other countries. The research aims to identify and characterise the types of industries where market concentration is increasing.
Output from this research:
What drives high growth? Characteristics of Australian Firms (2018)
Understanding high-growth firms is important as these types of firms have contributed most of the sales and value-add in the Australian economy over the past decade. This project estimates the impact of innovation and other business characteristics on turnover growth, focussing on the roles of innovation and research and development in driving turnover. Using unique unit record data and advanced panel data techniques, the patterns, characteristics and determinants of high-growth firms in Australia are examined.
Output from this project:
Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet
Business use of federal government assistance (2019)
This project explores the range of the association between business characteristics (e.g. industry, state, urban/regional location, business size) and participation in a range of government assistance programs. This work will assist with understanding the service landscape and how it can be better coordinated.
Migration’s impact on Australian society (2019)
This project will explore various impacts of international migration on Australia. It will aim to contribute to the evidence base for a broad range of policies, including migration program planning, migration labour market rules, and Commonwealth revenue management.
Characteristics and outcomes for businesses and employment in regions with early NBN rollout (2018)
This project will address the possible impact early NBN roll-out had in creating or influencing businesses and employment in regions.
Pathways for workers affected by industry downturn (2018)
This project examines the different pathways workers take when they are the subject of an industry downturn, with the aim of supporting economic structural adjustment policy measures based on the factors that limit or enable successful transitions for affected workers.
Recovery or decline? Examining the socio-economic impacts of drought (2018)
Using data from MADIP and BLADE, the project examines regional recovery from the millennium drought. The project explores a number of socio-economic factors in three drought affected Eastern Australia locations.
The impact of company tax cuts on Australian businesses (2018)
This project uses BLADE to examine business performance and the impact of company tax changes, initially focusing on changes since July 2015 when the tax rate for Australian businesses with a turnover of less than $2 million was lowered from 30 per cent to 28.5 per cent. Outcomes from this project will contribute to understanding the impacts of favourable tax treatment on small businesses.
Data61 Fellowship Programme (host agency for this research project: Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet)
Using machine learning on characteristics of small and medium sized Australian exports to design a tailored behavioural intervention (2018)
Recognising the high annual turnover rate of export market firm entry and exit, this project characterises small and medium sized Australian exporters and designs a personalised intervention to improve their business performance using causal analysis and unsupervised machine learning. It also outlines a randomised controlled trial protocol to evaluate that intervention. Ultimately, this project represents a new research approach to designing and evaluating personalised behavioural interventions for discrete populations.
Supporting development of a natural disaster impact forecasting capability (2018)
This project will produce a stronger evidence base for decisions about disaster mitigation and recovery investments, with the aim to reduce future disaster impacts through better informed policies. It will combine data available across Commonwealth and State Government portfolios and enable a better understanding of costs to, and services provided by the Australian Government to communities and businesses beyond direct relief and recovery payments in disaster affected regions.
Outputs from this research:
Trademarks and exporting: evidence from Australian microdata (2019)
The purpose of this project is to investigate how trademark use impacts the export behaviour and performance of Australian businesses. It also aims to profile: (i) how the characteristics of trademark-using businesses/exporters differ from non-trademark-using businesses/exporters (in terms of the level of employment, turnover, productivity, investment, etc.); (ii) whether trademark use impacts business survival probability; and (iii) which industries and geographic locations have a higher/lower than average concentration of trademarks and what factors could explain such differences. Its findings will inform export promotion policies and programs.
IP rights and business performance (2018)
By studying the impact of IP rights on business performance, this research aims to understand the incentive structure faced by economic agents as they seek to secure IP rights. The research will investigate: (i) the performance characteristics (in terms of turnover, employment, investment, etc.) of businesses with IP rights; (ii) how the performance of businesses with IP rights change over time; and (iii) whether businesses with IP rights perform better than otherwise similar businesses without IP rights.
IP rights, business profitability and competition (2018)
This project, by examining the relationship between business mark-ups and IP activity, aims to shed light on how IP rights affect competition across industries. The project is aligned with the Government’s response to the 2016 Productivity Commission inquiry into Australia’s Intellectual Property Arrangements. It will also inform future policy responses to the Competition Policy Review (2015).
Murray-Darling Basin Authority
Water and Society Extension Project (2019)
The Water and Society project will explore the relationship between water conditions (flow, volume, connectivity and allocations) and regional socio-economic and human health outcomes.
Firm-level insights into Australia’s productivity performance (2019)
This study will consider patterns of business entry and exit rates, and the contribution of small and large businesses to industry productivity growth.
Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA)
COVID-19 Economic Analysis (2020)
To analyse the economic impact of recent COVID-19 outbreak on Australian trade – to support policy response.
How do businesses respond to shocks and change (2019)
This project seeks to investigate how Australian businesses and labour markets respond to macroeconomic shocks and longer-term structural change.
Business Finance and Growth (2018)
This project explores how Australian businesses manage their balance sheets and how their financial structure affects various outcomes like investment, growth and survival. The financial structure of Australian businesses is important for understanding their resilience to financial shocks and their investment behaviour. Most existing research is based on the financial structure of publicly listed companies. But less than 1 in 1000 firms is a publicly listed company, so it is unclear how applicable these results are to the broader business population. There is also limited information on the extent to which Australian firms are financially constrained. This project provides the first direct estimates of self reported constraints based on business surveys.
Outputs from this project:
Business Productivity, Competition and Dynamism (2018)
This project is designed to assess the causes and effects of changes in business productivity in Australia. The project is divided into separate parts that explore the nature of firm-level production functions, the underlying trends in business entry and exit, profit mark-ups and rent sharing. Each of these projects is important to analysing and forecasting the business cycle, inflation and long-run potential growth.
Outputs from this project:
From Macro to Micro: The drivers of multi-factor productivity (MFP) growth in Australia (2019)
This project will use firm-level data from BLADE to better understand the micro-drivers of aggregate MFP growth in Australia. Productivity growth is one of the key drivers of future living standards, and this analysis can help to enhance government services by identifying structural reform opportunities.
Product and Labour Market Concentration: implications for the Australian economy (2019)
This project will use microdata to explore trends in labour and product market concentration in Australia. The analysis will help policy makers to better understand trends in labour and product market concentration, which has implications for wage and productivity growth, and will help inform policy making.
Trade Tensions and Firm Performance (2019)
This project is intended to help to us to understand the impacts external shocks on the Australian economy in a broad sense, but also more directly on firms, industries and regions. To do so, the project will try to examine a number of aspects of trade, including: the geographic concentration of firm exports; the ability for firms to change export markets; the geographic concentration of certain export industries within Australia; and the effect of foreign shocks, such as demand shocks, exchange rate shocks, and tariff changes, on firms performance and productivity.
Wage growth in Australia: lessons from longitudinal microdata (2019)
This project explores the extent to which changes in micro-mechanisms – such as the wages-productivity link and job switching patterns – can explain low aggregate wage growth. It will help policy makers better understand one of the major macro-economic challenges of our time – low wage growth, which is critical due its bearing on individual wellbeing, tax revenues and potential implications for policy making.
Outputs from this research:
Firming up Productivity in Australia (2018)
This project involves policy-relevant research into the micro-drivers of labour productivity growth to provide a stronger foundation to the Australian growth narrative.A body of evidence will be produced for use by Australian economic policy makers, particularly issues relating to micro-economic policy, with the aim of boosting living standards via productivity-enhancing reforms.
‘Reaching for the Stars’: Aussie firms and the global productivity frontier (2018)
This project investigates the productivity performance of Australian firms against OECD research showing a global productivity slowdown, and is part of a broader government initiative on productivity. The research will allow policy makers to better understand and support dynamic and resilient industries and firms.
STATE AND TERRITORY GOVERNMENT
New South Wales Department of Premier and Cabinet
Post Bushfire recovery construction capacity constraints (2020)
This project aims to understand the ability of local construction firms to deliver the anticipated program of works in their area of operations.
Construction Industry Capacity Constraints (2018)
The purpose of this work is to better understand the consequences of major infrastructure spend, eg: whether it builds long term capacity in the construction industry, how the effects of capacity building are distributed geographically and regional impacts of major construction works. This work analyses the costs and benefits of major construction work in the context of construction costs as a whole.
Firm Level Productivity and its drivers (2018)
This project is intended to be an empirical analysis to understand the productivity and competitiveness of firms, industries and regions in NSW, as well as their drivers. In particular it focusses on the role location plays in firm level productivity. This work can help the NSW Government formulate targeted interventions to create economic conditions favourable to increasing firm productivity and competitiveness.
New South Wales Treasury
NSW Employment Dynamics (2019)
This project is the exploratory phase of an ongoing data analytics project to better understand firm level job creation and destruction in NSW (and Australia). The findings of this project will contribute to the development of a robust evidence base regarding firm employment dynamics, informing further analyses and policy development. The first phase of the project is intended to be an exploratory analysis of longitudinal job creation and destruction across NSW and Australia. The overarching research question relates to identifying the subsets of firms (eg. young, small, specific industries) that are the greatest net creators of jobs.
Productivity insights: firm-level performance and characteristics (2018)
This ongoing project for the NSW Innovation and Productivity Council uses BLADE to analyse firm-level performance and characteristics to better understand productivity, growth and economic outcomes of Australian firms by cohort (eg: nationally, by state and territory, sub-state region and industry). This research will address: firm-level productivity, growth and economic contribution amongst various firm cohorts and drivers of change in productivity growth. It will look at correlation between measures, shared characteristics, the impacts of structural changes and include analysis at sub-state regional and firm levels.
South Australian Department of Premier and Cabinet
Industry and Employment Dynamics in South Australia (2018)
This is a pilot project, integrating data from BLADE with South Australian Government datasets for the financial year 2015/16. It assesses the feasibility of creating an evidence base to better understand overall employment and industry performance in South Australia, and inform economic policy development. This analysis is expected to enhance well-being for South Australians through effective government programs, and evaluate the cost benefit of and potential future utility of the integrated datasets for informing public policy.
Australian National University
The role of credit constraints in the labour decisions of small and medium-sized firms (2019)
The project aims to investigate the channels through which financial shocks affect firm-level decisions about employment both on the intensive and extensive market. The intention is that the outcomes will demonstrate the value of academic research using BLADE for producing policy-relevant research.
Non-Financial Performance Measurement and Organisational Outcomes (2020)
This project explores the effects of non-financial performance measurement on organisational outcomes by using state of the art causal inference methods. The purpose is to understand if and how non-financial performance measurement is able to assist SMEs to improve their financial and non-financial performance.
Queensland University of Technology
Entrepreneurial Quality Index Modelling for Australia and Advance Queensland Program Evaluation (2020)
There is an increasing appreciation for the role that innovation-driven entrepreneurship plays in delivering Australia’s economic growth and the centrality of start-up dynamism as a catalyst for the next stage of Australian economic performance. Importantly, though local and state governments are progressively engaging in policies and initiatives supporting the growth of regional entrepreneurial ecosystems, Australia has yet to undertake a systematic and granular assessment of these ecosystems, and the role that policy and initiatives play in shaping Australian economic performance. This project will develop Entrepreneurial Quality Index Modelling for Australia and undertake an evaluation of the Advance Queensland program to guide future investment in innovation-driven entrepreneurship in Australia.
Design Rights / Economic effect of Design Rights on design-intensive firms (2019)
This project will analyse the economic effect of Design Rights on design-intensive firms. Specifically:
(1) Change in the term of protection for designs under the Designs Act 2003.
(2) Changes to firm performance of Design Right holders following the change in jurisdiction to the Federal Magistrates Court/Federal Circuit Court in 2013.
(3) The (un) availability of unregistered protection for designs in the form of copyright post 2004 for industries which used copyright to protect designs.
Evaluate the Australian Research Council (ARC) Linkage program (2018)
The project aims to evaluate the effect of the ARC Linkage program on the performance of partnering businesses and to estimate the effect the program has on related businesses (competitors, suppliers and customers).
Building on previous project outputs:
Research & Development (R&D) ‘Spillovers’ investigation (2017)
In economic terms, ‘spillovers’ (also known as externalities) occur where the effects of an economic activity accrue to both those undertaking the activity, as well as to others. This project aims to estimate the value of R&D spillovers for Australian firms, focussing on sectoral differences, differences in firm size and the overall level of R&D spillovers occurring in the Australian economy.
Building on previous project outputs:
University of New England
Drivers of innovation, dynamics of innovation persistence and performance: The case of food industry businesses in Australia (2020)
This research dissertation investigates the dynamic relationships among the key drivers of innovation, innovation persistence and business performance within food industry businesses in Australia. Specifically, this dissertation provides evidence on: (1) the factors driving the food businesses to innovate in any of the four innovation dimensions—goods and services, organisational and managerial processes, operational processes and marketing methods; (2) the degree and dynamics of innovation persistence; and (3) their impacts on four business performance measures—gross output, gross value-added, labour productivity and productivity dispersion.
University of Queensland
Job creation in Australia: The role of Small Businesses (2020)
This research project aims to investigate the distribution of employment in small firms across industries and whether or not having a large fraction of small businesses in an industry can predict the degree of job creation or destruction within that industry.
The Nature of Firm Growth in Australia: The Role of Ex-Ante vs Ex-Post Factors (2020)
In Australia and in the rest of the world, a large number of start-up businesses fail early and those that survive grow at very different speeds. These differences in business exit and growth can be attributed to either ex-ante heterogeneity (e.g., differences in the qualities of business ideas) or ex-post factors (e.g., shocks to demand or productivity). Using microdata in BLADE, this project aims to measure the importance of ex-ante and ex-post factors in explaining firm dynamics in Australia by extending the methodology in Pugsley et al. (2020). These findings will allow us to: (1) shed light on the sources of decline in Australia's business dynamism over the last two decades, and (2) inform ongoing debates on business tax reform.
Pugsley, B. W., P. Sedláček, and V. Sterk (2020). The Nature of Firm Growth. Working paper.
Predicting the Value and Use of Urban Land (2019)
This project seeks to reduce state government revenue risks and improve resource management through accurate predictions of land values. The first phase of the project involves the analysis of the MADIP and BLADE data.
University of Technology Sydney
Management capability, firm performance, firm size evolution and survival (2018)
This project aims to improve understanding of the drivers of business performance in the Australian economy by investigating links between management capability and firm performance variables and characteristics, such as labour productivity, turnover growth, firm size evolution and survival. It will provide insight into the relationship between management capability and firm performance, inform the role of government in improving Australia’s management capability and demonstrates the utility of BLADE management capability data.