National, state and territory population

Latest release

Statistics about the population and components of change (births, deaths, migration) for Australia and its states and territories

Reference period
March 2022
Released
21/09/2022
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    National, state and territory population, June 2022
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    National, state and territory population, September 2022
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    National, state and territory population, December 2022
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Key statistics

Statistics in this release are commonly known as Estimated Resident Population (ERP).
 

In this issue, the ABS has rebased the population estimates to the 2021 Census of Population. Rebased estimates supersede all estimates from June 2016, for further information see Methodology used in rebased population estimates, June 2021.
 

  • Australia’s population was 25,890,773 people at 31 March 2022.
  • The quarterly growth was 124,200 people (0.5%).
  • The annual growth was 234,100 people (0.9%).
  • Annual natural increase was 130,200 and net overseas migration was 109,600.

Note: This publication was re-released on 26 September 2022. Estimates for September 2020 to March 2022 have been updated since first release on 21 September 2022.

National

Annual population change

In the year ending 31 March 2022, Australia's population grew by 234,100 people (0.9%).

  1. Annual growth calculated at the end of each quarter.
  2. All data after 30 June 2016 is subject to revision.

Australia's population growth is comprised of natural increase (births minus deaths) and net overseas migration (migration arrivals minus migration departures).

Components of quarterly population change

In the March 2022 quarter, natural increase:

  • was 28,000 people
  • decreased by 6,200 people since the previous quarter
     

In the March 2022 quarter, net overseas migration:

  • was 96,100 people
  • increased by 67,400 people since the previous quarter
     

Components of annual population change

In the year ending 31 March 2022, natural increase:

  • was 130,200 people
  • decreased by 6,300 people (4.6%) since the previous year

 

In the year ending 31 March 2022, net overseas migration:

  • was 109,600 people
  • increased by 203,900 people since the previous year
  1. Annual components calculated at the end of each quarter.

Births and deaths

Births

In the year ending 31 March 2022:

  • there were 309,300 births
  • births increased by 10,000 (3.4%) since the previous year
     

Deaths

In the year ending 31 March 2022:

  • there were 179,100 deaths
  • deaths increased by 16,300 (10.0%) since the previous year
     

Overseas migration arrivals and departures

Overseas migration arrivals

In the year ending 31 March 2022:

  • there were 320,000 people immigrating to Australia
  • arrivals increased by 207,000 people (183.1%) since the previous year
     

Overseas migration departures

In the year ending 31 March 2022:

  • there were 210,400 people emigrating from Australia
  • departures increased by 3,000 people (1.5%) since the previous year

States and territories

Annual population change

  • All states and territories had positive population growth over the year ending 31 March 2022.
  • Queensland had the highest growth rate (1.8%).
  • Northern Territory had the smallest growth rate (0.4%).
 Population at 31 Mar 2022 ('000)Change over previous year ('000)Change over previous year (%)
New South Wales8130.144.40.5
Victoria6593.341.50.6
Queensland5296.192.11.8
South Australia1815.515.40.9
Western Australia2773.432.21.2
Tasmania571.24.10.7
Northern Territory250.41.00.4
Australian Capital Territory455.93.40.7
Australia (a)25890.8234.10.9

a. Includes Other Territories comprising Jervis Bay Territory, Christmas Island, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.

State and territory population change is comprised of natural increase, net overseas migration, and net interstate migration (interstate arrivals minus interstate departures).

Components of annual population change

For the year ending 31 March 2022:

  • natural increase was the major contributor to population change in Western Australia and the Australian Capital Territory.
  • net interstate migration was the major contributor to population change in Queensland and the Northern Territory.
  • net overseas migration was the major contributor to change in New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania .
     

Natural increase by state and territory

 NSWVic.QldSAWATas.NTACT
Births101,66475,90663,77919,67533,0655,8603,7325,604
Deaths59,16245,11735,44614,76016,2284,9101,2122,275
Natural increase42,50230,78928,3334,91516,8379502,5203,329

Net overseas migration by state and territory

 NSWVic.QldSAWATas.NTACT
Overseas arrivals124,72396,10745,47416,38621,6574,4044,0997,066
Overseas departures77,62862,41633,4938,21919,0231,8862,4305,249
Net overseas migration47,09533,69111,9818,1672,6342,5181,6691,817

Net interstate migration by state and territory

 NSWVic.QldSAWATas.NTACT
Interstate arrivals108,72790,917148,37233,01244,31016,55718,05624,750
Interstate departures148,784108,91494,38832,33934,73916,97021,38627,181
Net interstate migration-40,057-17,99753,9846739,571-413-3,330-2,431

Notes

COVID-19

Statistics in this release are impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and the resulting Australian Government closure of the international border from 20 March 2020.

To ensure the ongoing production of fit-for-purpose official population estimates through the COVID-19 pandemic, the ABS has been assessing the likely impact of changed traveller behaviour on preliminary overseas migration estimates, a component of ERP. The ABS has introduced more frequent revisions to overseas migration to ensure the suite of demographic statistics continue to be of high quality and reflect the most timely data available. Preliminary overseas migration estimates will be revised every quarter over four quarters, instead of once after four quarters, until it becomes final. These more frequent revisions will ensure the most timely and accurate data flows through to ERP.

For further information see the Improvements to estimation of net overseas migration.

Data downloads - time series spreadsheets

Population and components of change - national

Quarterly population and components of change, national, from June 1981 onwards

Components of population change - states and territories

Quarterly components of change, by state and territory, from June 1981 onwards

Population - states and territories

Quarterly population by sex, by state and territory, from June 1981 onwards

Interstate migration arrivals

Quarterly interstate migration arrivals, from June 1981 onwards

Interstate migration departures

Quarterly interstate migration departures, from June 1981 onwards

Population - New South Wales

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, NSW, from 1971 onwards

Population - Victoria

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, Vic., from 1971 onwards

Population - Queensland

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, Qld, from 1971 onwards

Population - South Australia

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, SA, from 1971 onwards

Population - Western Australia

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, WA, from 1971 onwards

Population - Tasmania

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, Tas., from 1971 onwards

Population - Northern Territory

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, NT, from 1971 onwards

Population - Australian Capital Territory

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, ACT, from 1971 onwards

Population - Australia

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, Aust., from 1971 onwards

All time series spreadsheets

Data downloads - data cubes

National, state and territory population tables

Various tables of population, components of change and rates, by state and territory. 

Population by age and sex - national

Summary statistics of Australia's population by age and sex

Standard population

Standard population used in age-standardised rates

All data cubes

Previous catalogue number

This release previously used catalogue number 3101.0

Rebasing of Australia's population estimates using the 2021 Census

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