International Trade Price Indexes, Australia

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Contains indexes measuring changes in prices of imports of merchandise landed in Australia and exports of merchandise shipped from Australia

Reference period
June 2022

Key statistics

  • Export price index rose 10.1% this quarter and 38.7% through the year.
  • Import price index rose 4.3% this quarter and 22.1% through the year.

Export price index

The main contributor to the rise was:

  • Coal, coke and briquettes (+31.6%), driven by disruptions in supply linked to both the Russia-Ukraine conflict and adverse weather conditions.

Other contributors to the rise were:

  • Gas, natural and manufactured (+4.5%), due to the rise in oil-linked contracts capturing the continuing rise in oil prices in early 2022, and
  • Metalliferous ores and metal scrap (+2.3%), driven by demand for iron ore and alumina.

Through the year, the Export Price Index rose 38.7%. The main contributors were:

  • Coal, coke and briquettes (+270.9%), and
  • Gas, natural and manufactured (+105.4%).

Import price index

The main contributor to the rise was:

  • Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials (+31.0%), driven by refined petroleum, due to strong demand, higher crude oil prices and limited refining capacity.

A small offset to the rise was driven by:

  • Road vehicles (-3.5%), due to a combination of factors, including planned end of financial year pricing adjustments.

Through the year, the Import Price Index rose 22.1%. The main contributors were:

  • Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials (+103.0%), and
  • Fertilisers (excluding crude fertilisers) (+133.1%).

Data downloads

Time series spreadsheets

Data files
Data files

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Use of price indexes in contracts

Price indexes published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) provide summary measures of the movements in various categories of prices over time. They are published primarily for use in Government economic analysis. Price indexes are also often used in contracts by businesses and government to adjust payments and/or charges to take account of changes in categories of prices (Indexation Clauses).

Use of Price Indexes in Contracts sets out a range of issues that should be taken into account by parties considering including an Indexation Clause in a contract using an ABS published price index.

Previous catalogue number

This release previously used catalogue number 6457.0.

Changes in this issue

This issue contains Export Price Indexes for June quarter 2022, calculated from revised March quarter 2022 indexes for Coal (Coal, coke & briquettes) and Liquified Natural Gas (Other mineral fuels) (see Post-release changes, International Trade Price Indexes, Australia, March 2022). Revised figures are included in Time series spreadsheets (Tables 7, 9, 10, 11, 18, 19) and Data cubes (Tables 8, 17).

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