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International Investment Position, Australia: Supplementary Statistics

Supplementary statistics on Australia’s international investment position by counterpart countries

Reference period
2018
Released
8/05/2019

Key statistics

  • Australia's net international liability was $975.7b, an increase of $6.9b.
  • Foreign investment reached $3514.4b, an increase of 6%.
  • Investment abroad reached $2538.8b, an increase of 8%.
  • Income debits totalled $117.5b. Income credits totalled $61.4b.

Analysis and comments

International investment position

Australia's net international liability position as at 31 December 2018 was $975.7b, an increase of $6.9b on the previous year.

Level of foreign investment in Australia

The level of foreign investment in Australia reached $3,514.4b for the year ended 31 December 2018, an increase of $187.1b (6%) on the previous year. Portfolio investment accounted for $1,836.3b (52%), direct investment for $967.5b (28%), other investment for $508.0b (14%) and financial derivatives $202.6b (6%). Of the portfolio investment liabilities, debt securities accounted for $1,287.6b (37% of foreign investment in Australia) and equity securities for $548.7b (16% of foreign investment in Australia).

The leading investor countries for the year ended 31 December 2018 were:

  • United States of America $939.5b (27%)
  • United Kingdom $574.8b (16%)
  • Belgium $316.9b (9%)
  • Japan $229.3b (7%)
  • Hong Kong (SAR of China) $118.8b (3%)
  • Singapore $85.4b (2%).
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Level of Australian investment abroad

The level of Australian investment abroad reached $2,538.8b for the year ended 31 December 2018, an increase of $180.2b (8%) on the previous year. Portfolio investment accounted for $1,124.8b (44%), direct investment for $695.6b (27%), other investment for $439.7b (17%), financial derivatives for $197.2b (8%) and reserve assets for $81.5b (3%). Of the portfolio investment assets, equity securities accounted for $713.0b (28% of Australian investment abroad) and debt securities $411.7b (16% of Australian investment abroad).

The leading investment destination countries for the year ended 31 December 2018 were:

  • United States of America $718.9b (28%)
  • United Kingdom $408.0b (16%)
  • Japan $113.0b (4%)
  • New Zealand $96.7b (4%)
  • Cayman Islands $77.5b (3%)
  • Germany $77.3b (3%).
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Financial account transactions

The financial account for the year ended 31 December 2018 recorded a net inflow of $45.2b. This result is a decrease of $1.1b on a net inflow of $46.3b recorded for the previous year.

Foreign investment in Australia - transactions

Foreign investment in Australia recorded a net inflow of $37.0b for the year ended 31 December 2018, an increase of $1.7b (5%) on the net inflow of $35.3b for the previous year.

Leading countries recording net inflows during 2018 were:

  • France $19.4b
  • United Kingdom $18.3b
  • Belgium $15.3b.
     

Partly offsetting these, net outflows were recorded for the following countries:

  • United States of America $10.6b
  • Switzerland $7.7b
  • Taiwan $5.7b.
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Australian investment abroad - transactions

Australian investment abroad recorded a net inflow of $8.2b for the year ended 31 December 2018, a decrease of $2.8b (26%) on the net inflow of $11.0b for the previous year.

Leading countries recording net inflows during 2018 were:

  • Japan $19.0b
  • United Kingdom $17.4b
  • Switzerland $8.9b.

Partly offsetting these, net outflows were recorded for the following countries:

  • United States of America $13.6b
  • Canada $11.2b
  • Cayman Islands $7.7b.
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Income

Income debits

Income debits totalled $117.5b for the year ended 31 December 2018, an increase of $15.9b on income debits from the previous year. The main countries to which income accrued for the year ended 31 December 2018 were:

  • United States of America $28.3b (24%)
  • United Kingdom $13.9b (12%)
  • Japan $11.8b (10%)
  • Belgium $7.7b (7%)
  • Bermuda $4.0b (3%)
  • Netherlands $3.5b (3%).

Income credits

Income credits totalled $61.4b for the year ended 31 December 2018, an increase of $9.1b on income credits from the previous year. The main countries from which income accrued for the year ended 31 December 2018 were:

  • United States of America $16.4b (27%)
  • New Zealand $5.5b (9%)
  • United Kingdom $4.5b (7%)
  • Germany $2.2b (4%)
  • China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) $2.1b (3%)
  • Netherlands $1.5b (2%).

Changes in this issue

Country name change

There are six countries that have name changes in this year's publication:

SACC 2011, Version 2.3SACC 2016
Czech RepublicCzechia
SwazilandEswatini
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)North Macedonia
Myanmar, The Republic of the Union ofMyanmar
Bolivia, Plurinational State ofBolivia
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVenezuela

The following country name changes reflected in the above table and result in changing of country order are:

  • "Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)" to "North Macedonia";
  • "Swaziland" to "Eswatini";

The other minor name changes won't impact the country order.

New country group

This issue includes data from the Pacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations (PACER). member nations of PACER are Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Federated States of, Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu.

Revisions

Revisions include incorporation of new estimates from the latest survey and administrative data which has resulted in revisions to International Investment data back to calendar year 2014. A review of confidentiality has resulted in suppression of some data cell contents from 2001 to 2017.

Rounding

Discrepancies may occur between totals in this publication and the same aggregates from other sources, and between sums of component items and totals due to rounding.

Privacy

The ABS Privacy Policy outlines how the ABS would handle any personal information that you provide to us.

Inquiries

For further information about these and related statistics, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 or International Accounts in Canberra at international.accounts@abs.gov.au.

Data downloads

Table 1. Foreign investment in Australia: financial account transactions by country and country groups by type of investment and year ($million)

Table 2. Foreign investment in Australia: level of investment by country and country groups by type of investment and year ($million)

Table 3. Foreign investment in Australia: income debits by country and country groups by type of income and year ($million)

Table 4. Australian investment abroad: financial account transactions by country and country groups by type of investment and year ($million)

Table 5. Australian investment abroad: level of investment by country and country groups by type of investment and year ($million)

Table 6. Australian investment abroad: income credits by country and country groups by type of income and year ($million)

Table 7. Portfolio investment assets by country of residency ($million)

Table 8. Portfolio investment assets by country of residency by sector ($million)

Table 9. Portfolio investment assets by country of residency by sector - equity securities ($million)

Table 10. Portfolio investment assets by country of residency by sector - debt securities ($million)

Table 11. Portfolio investment assets by country of residency by sector - debt securities - long term ($million)

Table 12. Portfolio investment assets by country of residency by sector - debt securities - short term ($million)

Table 13. Portfolio investment liabilities by country of residency ($million)

Table 14. Foreign investment in Australia: financial account transactions by industry division (ANZSIC) - direct investment in Australia ($million)

Table 15. Foreign investment in Australia: level of investment at 31 December by industry division (ANZSIC) - direct investment in Australia ($million)

Table 16. Australian investment abroad: financial account transactions by industry division (ANZSIC) - direct Investment abroad ($million)

Table 17. Australian investment abroad: level of investment at 31 December by industry division (ANZSIC) - direct investment abroad ($million)

Table 18.Foreign investment in Australia: primary income debits by industry division (ANZSIC) - direct investment in Australia ($million)

Table 19. Australian investment abroad: primary income credits by industry division (ANZSIC) - direct investment abroad ($million)

History of changes

Show all

10/05/2019 - Note: The description of a new country group was omitted from the release of the International Investment Position, Australia: Supplementary Statistics, 2018. This update provides for its inclusion to the list of country groupings. No data was affected.