International Investment Position, Australia: Supplementary Statistics

Latest release

Supplementary statistics on Australia's international investment position by counterpart countries

Reference period
2021

Key statistics

  • Australia’s IIP was a liability of $809.4b at 31 December 2021, a narrowing of $183.0b from the end of 2020.
  • Foreign investment in Australia rose $92.3b to $4,136.1b.
  • Australian investment abroad rose $275.3b to $3,326.7b.

Level of investment

Signage not applied

Signage not applied

Level of foreign investment in Australia

The following graph and all subsequent graphs illustrate the levels of foreign investment from select countries and country groups for the past 5 years (2017-2021).

The EU figures in the graph above, represent EU27 (excluding UK) for all years 2017-2021.

Top 15 countries/country groups

Country / country group2017 ($m)2018 ($m)2019 ($m)2020 ($m)2021 ($m)
Total all countries3,385,1113,603,5483,923,6864,043,7744,136,120
United States of America918,337957,8751,014,305927,3351,053,019
EU (excludes UK)610,000645,640691,749780,321762,965
United Kingdom524,824614,777723,881769,807718,562
Japan226,627234,392244,536265,099258,735
ASEAN118,861122,988133,418149,616154,274
Hong Kong (SAR of China)108,690123,542144,312141,082126,850
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)65,08069,58480,57881,21991,795
Canada45,61653,32460,49866,32276,462
Switzerland54,96850,55858,44361,92369,234
New Zealand46,47048,65266,46368,37069,076
Bermuda45,92046,96445,14542,44942,600
Korea, Republic of (South)27,03130,82931,25531,13329,841
India15,40914,84716,082np27,776
Virgin Islands, British24,28523,98724,38325,34923,724
Cayman Islands16,91813,00014,29316,06714,981

Level of Australian investment abroad

    Levels of foreign investment from select countries and country groups for the past 5 years (2017-2021):

    The EU figures in the graph above, represent EU27 (excluding UK) for all years 2017-2021.

    Signage not applied

    Top 15 countries/country groups

    Country / country group2017 ($m)2018 ($m)2019 ($m)2020 ($m)2021 ($m)
    Total all countries-2,375,443-2,565,772-2,966,459-3,051,389-3,326,724
    United States of America-682,499-730,629-837,514-870,230-1,113,821
    United Kingdom-368,787-431,971-540,272-627,951-537,518
    EU (excludes UK)-278,682-296,723-327,350-336,650-368,785
    Japan-125,336-114,156-139,584-108,356-128,357
    New Zealand-105,020-97,689-132,699-126,256-114,428
    Canada-50,302-80,616-82,705-94,397-95,140
    ASEAN-99,960-108,206-125,489-93,374-94,438
    Cayman Islands-65,570-79,453-82,329-80,846-94,217
    China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)-77,483-79,335-85,430-65,323-74,824
    Hong Kong (SAR of China)-49,403-59,823-66,027-68,138-65,019
    Bermuda-41,983-38,242-39,020-38,234-39,239
    Switzerland-36,488-26,664-33,747-30,239-34,792
    Korea, Republic of (South)-19,990-21,373-22,253-24,985-27,068
    Papua New Guinea-18,233-17,414-17,058-17,174-24,829
    India-13,914-15,616-19,814-15,300-19,940

    Financial account transactions

    The financial account at 31 December 2021 recorded a deficit of $66.0b, following a deficit of $48.3b recorded at the end of 2020.

    Foreign investment in Australia, direct and portfolio investment transactions

    • Direct investment recorded an inflow of $33.4b; and
    • Portfolio investment recorded an inflow of $76.4b

    The EU figures in the graph above, represent EU27 (excluding UK) for all years 2017-2021.

    Top 10 countries/country groups

    Country / country group2017 ($m)2018 ($m)2019 ($m)2020 ($m)2021 ($m)
    Total all countries60,16891,44356,68624,30533,394
    United Kingdom16,3777,98527,5325,3299,287
    Canada3,1327,2745,6411,8848,825
    United States of America8,93123,994784-13,817-8,820
    ASEAN5,7345,6304,7113,8148,643
    EU (excludes UK)7,42119,448-2,3225,7778,374
    Japan6,3829,25811,96620,4343,352
    China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)8744,3854,3481,6131,943
    United Arab Emirates176284npnp1,247
    Switzerland6371,589-394151922
    New Zealand-54821-672566-709

    The EU figures in the graph above, represent EU27 (excluding UK) for all years 2017-2021.

    Top 10 countries/country groups

    Country / country group2017 ($m)2018 ($m)2019 ($m)2020 ($m)2021 ($m)
    Total all countries103,75661,32538,06462,84576,375
    United States of America46,914-10,172-6,063-34,97469,321
    United Kingdom-11,04442,538-2,844-32,47933,033
    Japan5,355-3,801-5,7089,635-8,778
    Hong Kong (SAR of China)37512,9066,824-5,307-8,222
    Switzerland1,4075971,9875,0776,558
    EU (excludes UK)45,94921,56531,52189,0766,401
    United Arab Emirates1,053-1,701518686-1,088
    Canada-2,092-185-45247-874
    South Africa6904544051,043663
    Kuwait75-13356277622

    Australian investment abroad, direct and portfolio investment transactions

    • Direct investment recorded an outflow of $12.3b; and
    • Portfolio investment recorded an outflow of $162.1b

    The EU figures in the graph above, represent EU27 (excluding UK) for all years 2017-2021.

    Signage not applied

    Top 10 countries/country groups

    Country / country group2017 ($m)2018 ($m)2019 ($m)2020 ($m)2021 ($m)
    Total all countries10,1779,55714,18114,43712,279
    United Kingdom3,43512,89714,087461-16,557
    United States of America8,1423,6253,7295,49211,400
    New Zealand1,136-1,0093,7282,2934,568
    Canada1,5387,2832,6631,977-2,424
    ASEAN1,330-4,4392,0022,8251,969
    Hong Kong (SAR of China)28648-759171,472
    EU3,56215,43014,9322,500255
    Bermudanp373np349232
    Cayman Islandsnp-1,199npnp228
    Mauritius-17np-1235146

    The EU figures in the graph above, represent EU27 (excluding UK) for all years 2017-2021.

    Signage not applied

    Top 10 countries/country groups

    Country / country group2017 ($m)2018 ($m)2019 ($m)2020 ($m)2021 ($m)
    Total all countries72,25782,60184,61687,160162,079
    United States of America2,48123,60026,21164,66888,982
    EU28,99020,3694095,59420,118
    Japan8,2881997,6313,83916,714
    United Kingdom17,2804,87410,5563,0796,503
    China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)1,7704,3486,826-5,5195,869
    ASEAN8,7925,09810,9594,3694,306
    Switzerland1,412699736-1,1243,650
    Canada4,3965,5992,01410,2042,632
    Korea, Republic of (South)8763,2134504152,601
    Taiwan9941,3912,124-1,5252,549

    Primary income

    Income debits

    Income debits totalled $116.2b during 2021, an increase of $35.9b from 2020.

    The EU figures in the graph above, represent EU27 (excluding UK) for all years 2017-2021.

    Signage not applied

    Top 10 countries/country groups

    Country / country group2017 ($m)2018 ($m)2019 ($m)2020 ($m)2021 ($m)
    Total all countries101,946118,272117,83880,290116,224
    United States of America24,59329,05128,86020,62927,748
    EU (excludes UK)26,93333,20530,67211,67417,638
    Japan9,88911,66912,5477,30013,995
    United Kingdom10,99014,40013,9906,50711,497
    ASEAN2,3702,3073,2151,7773,837
    China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)1,4612,1982,7521,7373,593
    Hong Kong (SAR of China)2,7903,1843,6832,0492,575
    Switzerland1,7721,6971,8821,0431,534
    Canada1,1421,2021,8951,2201,373
    New Zealand1,2531,2598501,1721,336

    Signage not applied

    Income credits

    Income credits totalled $72.7b during 2021, an increase of $9.7b from 2020.

    The EU figures in the graph above, represent EU27 (excluding UK) for all years 2017-2021.

    Top 10 countries/country groups

    Country / country group2017 ($m)2018 ($m)2019 ($m)2020 ($m)2021 ($m)
    Total all countries52,80862,62069,10962,98472,710
    United States of America12,61416,18117,84316,22522,029
    EU (excludes UK)10,15411,84013,0635,2866,125
    United Kingdom3,8744,5766,2504,0745,468
    New Zealand5,4215,4784,7562,7464,796
    ASEAN2,4712,6283,1823,8003,659
    Cayman Islands1,0845707358531,797
    Canada8231,3241,1471,2791,405
    China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)1,5442,0832,5141,8021,390
    Japan1,0181,0771,2811,2871,322
    Papua New Guinea595576683439853

    Data downloads

    Data files

    Excel files

    The data downloads are in .xlsx format instead of .xls format, as in previous years' publications.

    Changes in this issue

    Change to country groups

    Costa Rica became a member of OECD on 25 May 2021. The 2021 OECD figures in the data downloads include Costa Rica in their total, while previous years do not.

    Revisions

    Revisions include incorporation of new estimates from the latest survey and administrative data which has resulted in revisions to International Investment data back to calendar year 2017.

    Rounding

    Discrepancies may occur between totals in this publication and the same aggregates from other sources, and between sums of component items and totals due to rounding.

    Inquiries

    For further information about these and related statistics, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 or International Accounts in Canberra at international.accounts@abs.gov.au.

    Previous catalogue number

    This release previously used catalogue number 5352.0

    Post-release changes

    06/05/2022 Note: Updates to tables 1-6

    Changes made to table 1 - 6 due to an issue with signage in "total all countries" and "total unspecified"

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