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Agricultural income account

Australian System of National Accounts: Concepts, Sources and Methods
Reference period
2020-21 financial year

21.185    The agricultural income account details the primary income flows for the agriculture industry, corresponding to ANZSIC Subdivision 01 Agriculture. It combines estimates for agricultural GVA, GOS/GMI and COE with other expenses to produce agricultural income.

21.186    The key aggregates of agricultural income are:

  • agriculture GVA at basic prices;
  • agriculture GVA at producer prices; and
  • agricultural income.

21.187    Agricultural income is calculated as follows:

= agricultural GOS/GMI 
 –  property income payable
 –  consumption of fixed capital

where agricultural GOS/GMI is calculated as:

= agricultural gross value added 
 –  agricultural compensation of employees
 –  agricultural other taxes on production
  + agricultural other subsidies on production

21.188    The following calculation shows how gross value added for both basic prices and producer prices is derived from agricultural income:

Gross value of agricultural production 
lessIntermediate input costs
equalsGross agricultural value added at basic prices
  
plusTaxes less subsidies on products
equalsGross agricultural value added at producers' prices

21.189    The following table outlines the components of the agricultural income account and data sources used to allocate the national total across the states:

Table 21.56 agricultural income account – by components
ItemComment
Agricultural output
 Agricultural output data is collected from the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics (ABARE) and Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced, Australia. See Table 21.26 for more details.
Agricultural input costs
 Agricultural input costs are calculated as the sum of marketing costs, fodder costs, seed costs and other costs. See Table 21.26 for more details.
Agricultural gross value added at basic prices

 

Agricultural gross value added at basic prices

= Agricultural output

– Agricultural input costs.

Agricultural compensation of employees (COE)

 

The national ratio of the ANZSIC Subdivision 01 Agriculture COE to the ANZSIC Division A Agriculture, forestry and fishing COE is applied to all states. The assumption is made that the same proportions apply across all states.

Consumption of fixed capital (COFC)
 National benchmarks are allocated to states using fixed weights based on the ABS Agricultural Finance Survey (AFS), which ceased in 2001.
Net property income payable
 National benchmarks are allocated to states using fixed weights based on the ABS Agricultural Finance Survey (AFS) which ceased in 2001.
Agricultural expenses

 

Agricultural expenses = Agricultural COE

       + COFC

       + Net property income payable

Other taxes less subsidies on production

 

The national ratio of the ANZSIC Subdivision 01 Agriculture Other taxes less subsidies on production to ANZSIC Division A Agriculture, forestry and fishing Other taxes less subsidies on production is applied to all states. This assumes the same proportion exists for all states.
Agricultural income

 

Agricultural income = Agricultural gross value added

                                – Other taxes less subsidies on production

                                – Agricultural expenses

Taxes less subsidies on products
 The national benchmark is allocated to states using the proportions of state agricultural output.
Agricultural gross value added (GVA) at producers' prices

 

Agricultural GVA at producers' prices

= GVA at basic prices

+ Taxes less subsidies on products