5352.0 - International Investment Position, Australia: Supplementary Statistics, 2019  
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Analysis and comments


International investment position (IIP)

Australia's net IIP liability position at 31 December 2019 was $891.5b, a decrease of $126.4b on the previous year revised figure of $1,017.9b.


Level of foreign investment in Australia

The level of foreign investment in Australia reached $3,844.5b at 31 December 2019, an increase of $278.9b (8%) on the previous year. Portfolio investment accounted for $1,996.4b (52%), direct investment for $1,019.5b (27%), other investment for $542.8b (14%) and financial derivatives for $285.8b (7%). Of the portfolio investment liabilities, debt securities accounted for $1,334.3b (35% of foreign investment in Australia) and equity securities for $662.1b (17% of foreign investment in Australia).

The leading investor countries were:

  • United States of America $983.7b (26%)
  • United Kingdom $686.1b (18%)
  • Belgium $348.1b (9%)
  • Japan $241.1b (6%)
  • Hong Kong (SAR of China) $140.7b (4%)
  • Singapore $99.9b (3%).

Foreign investment in Australia, levels, 31 December 2019
Graph. This graph shows the levels of Foreign Investment in Australia as at 31 December 2019


Level of Australian investment abroad

The level of Australian investment abroad reached $2,953.1b at 31 December 2019, an increase of $405.4b (16%) on the previous year. Portfolio investment accounted for $1,314.8b (45%), direct investment for $826.8b (28%), other investment for $450.7b (15%), financial derivatives for $275.1b (9%) and reserve assets for $85.7b (3%). Of the portfolio investment assets, equity securities accounted for $886.9b (30% of Australian investment abroad) and debt securities for $427.9b (14% of Australian investment abroad).

The leading investment destination countries were:
  • United States of America $837.4b (28%)
  • United Kingdom $507.4b (17%)
  • Japan $139.6b (5%)
  • New Zealand $130.5b (4%)
  • Germany $97.1b (3%)
  • China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) $85.3b (3%).


Australian investment abroad, levels, 31 December 2019
Graph. This graph shows the levels of Australian Investment Abroad as at 31 December 2019


Financial account transactions

The financial account at 31 December 2019 recorded a deficit of $8.1b, a turnaround of $55.1b on the surplus of $47.1b recorded for the previous year.


Foreign investment in Australia - Transactions

Foreign investment in Australia recorded an outflow of $10.1b at 31 December 2019, a turnaround of $60.5b on the inflow of $50.5b for the previous year.

Leading countries recording an outflow during 2019 were:
  • United Kingdom $46.0b
  • United States of America $36.3b
  • France $17.3b.

Partly offsetting these, leading countries recorded an inflow were:
  • Belgium $27.3b
  • Hong Kong (SAR of China) $14.4b
  • New Zealand $10.5b.


Foreign investment in Australia, transactions, 31 December 2019
Graph. This graph shows the Transactions of Foreign Investment in Australia as at 31 December 2019


Australian investment abroad - Transactions

Australian investment abroad recorded an inflow of $2.0b at 31 December 2019, a turnaround of $5.4b on an outflow of $3.4b for the previous year.

Leading countries recording an inflow during 2019 were:
  • United Kingdom $58.8b
  • France $10.8b
  • Luxembourg $3.0b.

Partly offsetting these, leading countries recording an outflow were:
  • Japan $19.4b
  • United States of America $14.5b
  • Singapore $8.0b.


Australian investment abroad, transactions, 31 December 2019
Graph. This graph shows the Transaction of Australian Investment Abroad as at 31 December 2019


Income

Income debits

Income debits recorded $117.6b at 31 December 2019, an increase of $0.1b on the previous year. The main countries to which income accrued at 31 December 2019 were:
  • United States of America $29.0b (25%)
  • United Kingdom $14.3b (12%)
  • Japan $12.6b (11%)
  • Belgium $5.1b (4%)
  • Hong Kong (SAR of China) $3.6b (3%)
  • Netherlands $3.4b (3%).


Income credits

Income credits recorded $67.8b at 31 December 2019, an increase of $5.8b on the previous year. The main countries from which income accrued at 31 December 2019 were:
  • United States of America $17.8b (26%)
  • United Kingdom $5.9b (9%)
  • New Zealand $4.7b (7%)
  • China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) $2.5b (4%)
  • Germany $2.1b (3%)
  • Singapore $1.9b (3%).


New ABS website

The ABS will be launching a new website in 2020. You will soon be able to see how this release will appear on the new website by exploring our Beta site. Regular users of this information are encouraged to explore the Beta site and consider if this will affect the way you access and consume ABS data and information. If you would like more information on the new ABS website, or want to discuss how the transition to the new site might impact you, please email newABSwebsite@abs.gov.au.