4130.0 - Housing Occupancy and Costs, 2017-18 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 17/07/2019   
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HOUSING COSTS

In this publication, housing costs are defined as the sum of rent payments; rate payments (water and general); and mortgage or unsecured loan payments (if the initial purpose of the loan was primarily to buy, add, or alter the dwelling). The complexities in measuring different types of housing costs mean that care should be taken when comparing housing costs and affordability ratios across tenure types.

In 2017–18, the average weekly housing costs for all Australian households were $311 but vary significantly for different tenure types. They were:
    • $53 for owners without a mortgage
    • $484 for owners with a mortgage
    • $366 for renters

In the past two decades, from 1997–98 to 2017–18, housing costs (adjusted for inflation) for major tenure and landlord types have increased by:
    • 51% for home owners without a mortgage
    • 40% for home owners with a mortgage
    • 52% for state or territory housing tenants
    • 51% for private renters

Graph Image for Mean weekly housing costs (a), tenure and landlord type, 1997-98 to 2017-18

Annotation(s): Note: Survey not run in 1998–99, 2001–02, 2004–05, 2006–07, 2008–09, 2010–11, 2012–13, 2014–15 or 2016–17. Values have been interpolated for these years.

Footnote(s): (a) Adjusted for changes in the Consumer Price Index to 2017–18 dollars

Source(s): Survey of Income and Housing



Housing costs are not uniform across Australia. In 2017–18, average weekly housing costs for households in each state and territory were:
    • New South Wales ($334)
    • Victoria ($307)
    • Queensland ($302)
    • South Australia ($239)
    • Western Australia ($327)
    • Tasmania ($207)
    • Northern Territory ($394)
    • Australian Capital Territory ($337)

More detail about housing costs can be found in the data cubes available to download from the 'Downloads’ tab of this product.
    • Data cube 1 contains a time series of housing costs for Australia from 1994–95 to 2017–18.
    • Data cube 3 features estimates of housing costs by selected household characteristics.
    • Data cube 6 features estimates of housing costs by family and household composition.
    • Data cube 8 features estimates of housing costs by selected household characteristics for lower income households.
    • Data cubes 11 and 12 contain housing costs by selected household characteristics for each Greater Capital City Statistical Area and state or territory in 2017–18.
    • Data cubes 13 through to 20 contain a time series of housing costs for each state or territory from 1994–95 to 2017–18.