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This refers to a method of transport that involves physical activity. For children/young people in this survey, this included walking, riding a bike, or riding a skateboard/scooter/rollerblades to get to or from places.
Adequate fruit and vegetable consumption
This refers to adequate fruit or vegetable dietary intake as reported by the respondent, based on the NHMRC Dietary Guidelines for Australian Adults and Dietary Guidelines for Children and Adolescents in Australia. See Dietary guidelines.
Australian Health Survey (AHS)
The Australian Health Survey 2011-13 is composed of three separate surveys:
In addition to this, the AHS Survey contains a Core dataset, which is produced from questions that are common to both the NHS and NNPAS. See About the Australian Health Survey for details.
Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED)
See High blood pressure, Normal blood pressure, Systolic blood pressure, Diastolic blood pressure.
Body Mass Index (BMI)
Body Mass Index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify underweight, normal weight, overweight and obesity. It is calculated from height and weight information, using the formula weight (kg) divided by the square of height (m). To produce a measure of the prevalence of underweight, normal weight, overweight or obesity in adults, BMI values are grouped according to the table below which allows categories to be reported against both the World Health Organization (WHO) and National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) guidelines.
A respondent who reported at the time of interview that they smoked cigarettes, cigars or pipes. See also Smoker status.
Diastolic blood pressure
Measures the pressure in the arteries as the heart relaxes before the next beat. It is the lower number of the blood pressure reading.
The estimates in this publication for whether a person has met the guidelines for adequate fruit and vegetable consumption are based on the following guidelines specified by the National Health and Medical Research Council:
A serve of fruit is approximately 150 grams of fresh fruit or 50 grams of dried fruit. A serve of vegetables is approximately half a cup of cooked vegetables or one cup of salad vegetables - equivalent to approximately 75 grams.
Persons aged 15 years and over who had a job or business, or who undertook work without pay in a family business for a minimum of one hour per week. Includes persons who were absent from a job or business. See also Unemployed and Not in the labour force.
Equivalised household income
Equivalised household income is total household income adjusted by the application of an equivalence scale to facilitate comparison of income levels between households of differing size and composition, reflecting the requirement of a larger household to have a higher level of income to achieve the same standard of living as a smaller household.
A respondent who reported they did not currently smoke, but had regularly smoked daily, or had smoked at least 100 cigarettes, or smoked pipes, cigars, etc at least 20 times in their lifetime. See also Smoker status.
Health risk factors
High blood pressure
A measured blood pressure reading of 140/90 mmHg (millimetres of mercury) or higher. Data on high blood pressure in this publication refer to measured blood pressure only, and do not take into account whether people who might otherwise have high blood pressure are managing their condition through the use of blood pressure medications.
Refers to the composition of the household to which the respondent belonged. In the NNPAS summary of findings, the categories “Couple with children “ and “One person with children” include all couples/single persons living with children of any age as well as including, if applicable, one other relative aged 15 years or older who is not more closely related to anyone else in the household. This definition may vary from other AHS releases where household type categories which include “one other relative aged 15 years or older who is not more closely related to anyone else in the household” were grouped with the “Other households” category. For further details on available categories for Household type please refer to the data item list in Australian Health Survey: Users' Guide, 2011-13 (cat. no. 4363.0.55.001).
Level of highest non-school educational qualification
This term is used in relation to persons aged 18 years and older, who did not do any physical activity (including walking for transport and fitness, and moderate and vigorous activity) in the week before interview.
Inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption
This refers to inadequate fruit or vegetable dietary intake as reported by the respondent, based on the NHMRC Dietary Guidelines for Australian Adults and Dietary Guidelines for Children and Adolescents in Australia. See also Dietary guidelines.
Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage
A lower Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage quintile (e.g. the first quintile) indicates relatively greater disadvantage and a lack of advantage in general. A higher Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage (e.g. the fifth quintile) indicates a relative lack of disadvantage and greater advantage in general. The 2011 IRSD SEIFA was used in this publication. For further information about SEIFA see Australian Health Survey: Users' Guide, 2011-13 (cat. no. 4363.0.55.001).
This term is used in relation to persons aged 18 years and older, who are not completely inactive but who fail to meet the requirement of at least 150 minutes of physical activity (including walking for transport and fitness, and moderate and vigorous activity) over five separate sessions in a given week. For the purpose of this measure, vigorous activity time is multiplied by a factor of two.
Labour force status
See also Employed, Unemployed, In the labour force, Not in the labour force.
Margin of Error (MoE)
Describes the distance from the precision of the estimate at a given confidence level, and is specified at a given level of confidence (95% in this publication). In this publication, Margin of error has only been provided for proportions and averages tables. For more information see the Technical notes of this publication.
Metabolic Equivalent Task (MET)
Metabolic Equivalent of Task (MET) or intensity values are a measure of the energy expenditure required to carry out exercise, expressed as a multiple of the resting metabolic rate (RMR). MET is defined as the ratio of metabolic rate (and therefore the rate of energy consumption) during a specific physical activity to a reference rate of metabolic rate at rest. For further information about METs see Australian Health Survey: Users' Guide, 2011-13 (cat. no. 4363.0.55.001).
Moderate physical activity
This refers to physical activity undertaken by adults for fitness, recreation, or sport that was more moderate, and not already reported as vigorous physical activity. For children, see Physical Activity.
National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (NNPAS)
The National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey focused on collecting information on:
A respondent who reported they had never regularly smoked daily, and had smoked less than 100 cigarettes in their lifetime and/or had smoked pipes, cigars, etc less than 20 times in their lifetime. See also Smoker status.
See Body Mass Index (BMI).
Not in the labour force
Persons aged 15 years or older who are not employed or unemployed as defined, including persons who:
(See also Labour force status).
See Body Mass Index (BMI).
Organised physical activity
Physical activity that was organised by a club, association, or other type of organisation.
See Body Mass Index (BMI).
Pedometer day threshold
To be included in some of the summary pedometer data items on the person level a minimum days threshold was applied. This required a respondent to report at least four days of pedometer data, including at minimum one week and one weekend day.
Pedometer recommended thresholds
As there are no current standard National recommendations for Pedometer data, results from the data collected were measured against thresholds for young people aged 5-17 years and adults found in other published sources. The following are those thresholds presented in this publication, based on calculations of average steps over days reported:
For more information see the Pedometer Steps chapter of the Australian Health Survey: Users' Guide, 2011-13 (cat. no. 4363.0.55.001).
Any bodily movement that requires energy expenditure. For the purposes of the NNPAS survey, the definition is slightly different for each age group:
For more detailed information see the Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour chapter of the Australian Health Survey: Users' Guide, 2011-13 (cat. no. 4363.0.55.001).
Physical activity recommendation
A recommended amount of physical activity to undertake, based on the National Physical Activity Recommendations. These vary according to age group:
For more detailed information see the Australian Health Survey: Users' Guide, 2011-13 (cat. no. 4363.0.55.001).
A proxy is a person who answers the survey questions when the person selected for the interview is incapable of answering for themselves. Reasons the selected person may not be able to answer for themselves include illness/injury or language difficulties. A proxy also answers on behalf of a child under 15 years of age; or for a child aged 15-17 years when parental consent is not given to interview them personally.
The portion of a frequency distribution containing one fifth of the total sample.
Relative Standard Error (RSE)
The standard error expressed as a percentage of the estimate. For more information see the Technical notes in this publication.
The Remoteness Structure for the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) 2011, has five categories based on an aggregation of geographical areas which share common characteristics of remoteness, determined in the context of Australia as a whole. These categories are:
The five categories are generally aggregated in some way for use in output.
The 2011 Remoteness Structure has been built using the same principles as the 2006 Remoteness Structure. The primary difference is that it was built from ASGS Statistical Area Level 1 (SA1) regions rather than from 2006 Census Collection Districts (CCD).
The criteria for these categories are based on the Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia (ARIA) developed by the Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing (DoHA) and the National Key Centre for Social Applications of GIS (GISCA). ARIA measures the remoteness of a point based on the physical road distance to the nearest Urban Centre in each of five size classes. For more information on how ARIA is defined see Information Paper: ABS Views on Remoteness, 2001 (cat. no. 1244.0) and Information Paper: Outcomes of ABS Views on Remoteness Consultation, Australia, Jun 2001 (cat. no. 1244.0.00.001). Also refer to Census Geography Paper 03/01 - ASGC Remoteness Classification - Purpose and Use, available from the ABS web site.
The difference between estimates, derived from a sample of persons, and the value that would have been produced if all persons in scope of the survey had been included. For more information see the Explanatory notes in this publication.
Use of a screen-based device such as television, computer, or electronic gaming device. For this survey, screen-based activities were collected as a sedentary behaviour, that is activities that occurred when sitting or lying down.
A recommended amount of time to be spent on screen-based activities, based on the National Physical Activity Recommendations. These vary according to age group:
For more information see the Australian Health Survey: Users' Guide, 2011-13 (cat. no. 4363.0.55.001).
Sitting or lying down for activities, does not include sleeping.
Sedentary Leisure Activities
Sitting or lying down for activities outside of work. This includes sitting while travelling, and sitting or lying down while watching TV, playing electronic games, using a computer or a phone, and other social or leisure activities.
Sedentary screen-based activity
Sitting or lying down to use screen-based devices such as television, computer, or electronic gaming devices.
Self-assessed health status
A person's general assessment of their own health against a five point scale from excellent through to poor.
The extent to which a person aged 15 years and over was smoking at the time of interview, referring to regular smoking of tobacco, including manufactured (packet) cigarettes, roll-your-own cigarettes, cigars and pipes, but excluding chewing tobacco and smoking of non-tobacco products. Categorised as:
See also: Current smoker, Ex-smoker, Never smoked.
Strength and toning
Activities designed with the intention to increase muscle strength or tone, such as lifting weights, pull-ups, push-ups, or sit ups. Excludes incidental activity, such as carrying or lifting wood for a wood fire or heavy grocery bags.
Sufficiently active for health
This term is used in relation to persons aged 18 years and over, who participated in at least 150 minutes of physical activity (including walking for transport and fitness, and moderate and vigorous activity) over five separate sessions in a given week. See also: Inactive, Insufficiently active and Sufficient physical activity.
Sufficient physical activity
This term refers to the concept of respondents meeting the recommendations of time and sessions for physical activity during a week. For persons aged 18 years and older to have met these guidelines they must have participated in at least 150 minutes of physical activity (including walking for transport and fitness, and moderate and vigorous activity) over five separate sessions in a given week. For the purpose of this measure, vigorous activity time is multiplied by a factor of two. See also: Inactive, Insufficiently active and Sufficiently active for health.
Systolic blood pressure
Measures the pressure in the arteries as the heart pumps blood during each beat. It is the higher number of the blood pressure reading.
See Pedometer recommended thresholds.
See Body Mass Index (BMI).
Any gardening or heavy work around the yard that caused the respondent to breathe harder or puff and pant.
Vigorous physical activity
This refers to physical activity undertaken by adults for fitness, recreation, or sport that caused a respondent to breathe harder or puff and pant. This does not include walking, moderate physical activity, household chores, or vigorous gardening/yard work. For children, see Physical activity.
Walking for fitness, recreation or sport
Walking that was continuous for at least 10 minute intervals for the purpose of improving fitness, or as part of recreational or sporting activities.
Walking for transport
Walking that was continuous for at least 10 minute intervals for the purpose of getting to or from places.
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