6160.0 - Jobs in Australia, 2011-12 to 2016-17 Quality Declaration 
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 01/08/2019   
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Adjusted employee income per job

A supplementary view of income per job that accounts for the length of time an employee job was held. Duration adjusted income divides regular payments by the number of days the job was held, and then multiplies this figure by the number of days in the reference year.

Age

Age of employed person as at 30 June of the reference year.

Australian Bureau of Statistics Business Register

A register of all Australian businesses and organisations maintained by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) for the purpose of producing statistical frames and business demography outputs. It contains identifying and classificatory data for each business and organisation.

Information to populate the ABS Business Register is largely sourced from the Australian Business Register.

The ABS Business Register consists of two subpopulations, the profiled population and the non-profiled population. The ABS Business Register uses an economic units model to describe the characteristics of businesses and the structural relationships between related businesses.

Australian Business Number

A unique identifier. To be entitled to an Australian Business Number (ABN), an organisation must be one or more of the following:

  • a company registered under the Corporations Act 2001
  • an entity carrying on an enterprise in Australia
  • a government entity
  • a non-profit sub-entity for Goods and Services Tax purposes
  • a superannuation fund.

A non-resident entity may be entitled to an ABN if they are carrying on an enterprise in Australia and/or, in the course of carrying on an enterprise, the entity makes sales that are connected with Australia.

Australian Business Register

The data store containing details about businesses and organisations that have registered for an Australian Business Number. More information can be found on the ABR website.

Business Longitudinal Analytical Data Environment

Combines business tax data and information from ABS surveys with data about the use of government programs. Business Longitudinal Analytical Data Environment (BLADE) contains data on all active businesses from 2001-02 to 2016-17, sourced from:
  • Department of Industry, Innovation and Science programs
  • the Australian Taxation Office
  • Intellectual Property Government Open Data, produced by IP Australia
  • ABS surveys, including the Business Characteristics Survey, Economic Activity Survey and the Survey of Research and Experimental Development.

Concurrent job

A job that has an overlap with another job held by the same person of more than 31 days.

Contributing family workers

Persons who work without pay in an economic enterprise operated by a relative. Contributing family worker jobs are not included in this publication.

Duration adjusted employee income per job

See adjusted employee income per job.

Duration of job

The number of days a job was held during the financial year. This is calculated by subtracting the start date of a job from the end date. Duration can not be determined for owner manager of unincorporated enterprise jobs of for employee jobs where start and end dates are unavailable or of insufficient accuracy.

Employed person

Any person with one or more job. Employed persons in this publication can be employees, owner managers of unincorporated enterprises, or both. Employed persons are persons who have employment income in the reference year, excluding those whose employment income is made up entirely of an employment termination payment. Employed persons have one or more jobs on the job file.

Employee

Persons who work for a private or public sector employer and receive pay in the reference period in the form of wages or salaries, a commission while also receiving a retainer, tips, piece rates or payments in kind. In this publication, persons who operated their own incorporated enterprises are also included as employees.

Employee income per job

Employee income received in relation to each job in the financial year. In this publication employee income is limited to income types that are conceptually consistent with the definition of employee income described in Standards for Income Variables (cat. no. 1287.0), and are available in the underlying dataset.

Employee job

A job for which the occupant receives remuneration in wages, salary, payment in kind, or piece rates. This excludes self-employment jobs held by owner mangers of unincorporated enterprises.

Employer

An organisation with an Australian Business Number that provides employment income to one or more people.

Employer file

Part of the Linked Employer Employee Dataset, which lists all organisations with an active Goods and Services Tax role identified in the reference year, as listed in the Business Longitudinal Analytical Data Environment; supplemented with a list of unincorporated enterprises identified as generating self-employment income in the personal income tax dataset.

Employment income

Employment income received in the financial year. Includes employee income and own unincorporated business income. In this publication employment income is limited to income types that are conceptually consistent with the definition of employment income described in Standards for Income Variables (cat. no. 1287.0), and are available in the underlying dataset.

Employment income per job

Employment income received in relation to each job in the financial year.

Employment income per person

Employment income received by employed persons in the financial year, from all jobs worked during that year.

Employment size

The closing stock headcount derived from business activity statements, as presented in the Business Longitudinal Analytical Data Environment.

Employing businesses and organisations are categorised as having:
  • 4 or fewer employees
  • 5-19 employees
  • 20-199 employees
  • 200+ employees

The employment sizes are not actual counts of linked employed persons in the underlying data, and cannot be compared to these counts. This is because the number of linked employed persons in the underlying data is a measure for the entire reference year, and not the closing stock.

End date

See start and end dates.

Enterprise group

A statistical unit that includes all the Australian operations of one or more legal entities under common ownership and/or control. Multiple legal entities can operate within a single enterprise group, and each enterprise group is broken up into one or more types of activity units.

First concurrent job

The job with the highest employment income that is held concurrently with another job (see second concurrent job). The first concurrent job may also be the main job.

Geography

See Greater capital city statistical area and Statistical area entries. For more information, see the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS): Volume 1 – Main Structure and Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (cat. no. 1270.0.55.001).

Goods and Services Tax

A tax on most goods, services and other items sold or consumed in Australia. Most business entities are required to register for a Goods and Services Tax (GST) role with the Australian Tax Office (ATO) and report on GST collected and paid. An entity is said to have a GST role if it has registered for GST. The ABS defines the role as active if the business has provided remittances to the ATO within the past five quarters (or three years for annual remitters), otherwise the role is inactive.

Greater capital city statistical area

Greater capital city statistical areas (GCCSAs) are designed to represent the functional extent of each of the eight State and Territory capital cities. They include the people who regularly socialise, shop or work within the city, but live in the small towns and rural areas surrounding the city. GCCSAs are not bound by a minimum population size criterion. GCCSAs are built from SA4s.

Individual tax return

The annual tax return submitted by individuals to the Australian Taxation Office.

Industry

A homogenous grouping of economic activities undertaken to produce goods and services. The Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (cat. no. 1292.0) is used to classify an entity to an industry based on its dominant activity.

Industry division

The broadest grouping of industries within the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification. The main purpose of the industry division level is to provide a limited number of categories, which give a broad overall picture of the economy. There are 19 mutually exclusive divisions. For more information see the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (cat. no. 1292.0).

Industry subdivision

The second broadest grouping of industries within the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification. Industry subdivisions are built up from industry groups which, in turn, are built up from industry classes. For more information see the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (cat. no. 1292.0).

Institutional sector

Institutional sector of each employing business aligns with the Standard Institutional Sector Classification of Australia outlined in Standard Economic Sector Classifications of Australia (cat. no. 1218.0).

Job

A relationship between an employed person and their employing enterprise. This can be a relationship between an employee and an employer (an employee job) or between an owner manager of an unincorporated enterprise and their own enterprise (a self-employment job).

A person can have a number of jobs throughout the year, and only some jobs will be held concurrently with others. Similarly, a business can have many job relationships throughout the year, and only some of these will be held concurrently.

Job duration

See duration of job.

Job file

Part of the Linked Employer Employee Dataset, which lists all jobs identified in the reference year.

Labour force

The Labour Force, also referred to as the current economically active population, is the aggregate of employed and unemployed persons. This gives a measure of the number of people contributing to, or actively looking and immediately available for, the supply of labour at a point in time.

Legal entity

A unit in the ABS economic units model, and usually relates to an Australian Business Number.

In this publication, the legal entity is used to represent employers in the non-profiled population.

Linked Employer Employee Dataset

A Linked Employer Employee Dataset (LEED) is any dataset that integrates information about employers and their employees. The LEED used to compile this publication includes cross-sectional employer, person and job files that integrate personal income tax data with employer information from the Business Longitudinal Analytical Data Environment.

Main job

The main source of employment income for an employed person. This definition differs from other ABS publications such as Labour Force, Australia, and Australian Labour Account, which define the main job as the job in which a person usually works the most hours. An employed person can only have one main job.

Maximum concurrent jobs

The highest number of jobs held by a person at any one point in time. It may be different to the total jobs held during the reference year.

Median employment income per job

A mid-point measure of the employment income received as a result of a single job.

Median employment income per person

A mid-point measure of the sum of employment income received as a result of all jobs held by a person.

Multiple job holder

An employee with two or more concurrent employee jobs at any point during the financial year (see first concurrent job and second concurrent job). Owner manager of unincorporated enterprise jobs are excluded due to the inability to determine the start and end dates of these jobs.

Non-profiled population

The non-profiled population is one of the two employer populations in this publication. Businesses and organisations in the non-profiled population have simple structures and the Australian Business Number (ABN) unit is suitable for statistical purposes. For the non-profiled population, one ABN unit equates to one employer. Most employers are in this group.

Not published (np)

Statistic is not able to be published. This can be to protect the confidentiality of data providers or to prevent misinterpretation of statistics due to poor quality.

Occupation in main job

A collection of jobs that are sufficiently similar in their title and tasks, skill level and skill specialisation, which are grouped together for the purposes of classification. Occupation refers to Major Group as defined by the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (cat. no. 1220.0) of the job which the employed person identifies as their main wage or salary job.

Owner-manager of incorporated enterprises (OMIE)

People who work in their own incorporated enterprise, which is a business entity registered as a separate legal entity to its members or owners (may also be known as a limited liability company). In this publication, OMIEs are included in counts of employees.

Incorporated enterprises are further defined in the Standard Economic Sector Classifications of Australia (cat. no. 1218.0).

Owner-manager of unincorporated enterprises (OMUE)

A person who operates their own unincorporated enterprise, which does not possess a separate legal identity to that of its owner(s), or engages independently in a profession or trade.

OMUEs can also be referred to as self-employed. The employed population is made up of OMUEs and employees (including owner managers of incorporated enterprises).

Unincorporated enterprises are further defined in the Standard Economic Sector Classifications of Australia (cat. no. 1218.0).

Own unincorporated business income per job

Income from self-employment received in the financial year. In this publication own unincorporated business income is limited to income types that are conceptually consistent with the definition of own unincorporated business income described in Standards for Income Variables (cat. no. 1287.0), and are available in the underlying dataset. Data items included as own unincorporated business income are listed in Table 3 of the Explanatory Notes.

Pay As You Go (PAYG) payment summary

The annual summary provided by an employer to the Australian Taxation Office with respect to an employee, as part of the Pay As You Go taxation system. It records job level information reported by employers about the payments made to an employee, tax withheld, and the start and end dates for each job.

Person file

Part of the Linked Employer Employee Dataset, which lists all persons who submitted a tax return or who were provided with an individual non-business payment summary in relation to the reference year.

Profiled population

The profiled population is one of the two employer populations in this publication. Businesses and organisations in the profiled population have large, complex structures that are not suitable for statistical purposes at the Australian Business Number level. These organisations include one or more legal entity that form an enterprise group. The enterprise group is divided up into types of activity unit which form the unit of analysis in the profiled population.

Second concurrent job

The job with the highest employment income that is held concurrently with the first concurrent job. Other concurrent jobs not held concurrently with the first concurrent job may have higher employment income.

Secondary job

Any job held by an employed person, other than their main job. A person can have multiple secondary jobs.

Self-employment job

A job that is held by an owner manager of an unincorporated enterprise as a result of the relationship between the owner manager and their own enterprise. Due to data limitations a person can only hold one self-employment job.

Sex

The self reported sex of a person as recorded by the Australian Tax Office. Binary coding to female and not female is undertaken for privacy and confidentiality purposes.

Start and end dates

Start and end dates associated with each job as reported on individual payments summaries. These are in reference to the financial year only and do not necessarily reflect when a job was actually started or ended. For example, a job with a start date of 01 July 2015 may have been held before this date and a job with an end date of 30 June 2016 may be held after this date.

Statistical area level 2

The smallest geographical region used in the Jobs in Australia publication. Statistical area level 2 (SA2s) regions aim to represent a community that interacts together socially and economically. They are generally designed to be within the population range 3,000 to 25,000 persons, and on average have a population of approximately 10,000 persons.

Statistical area level 3

Geographical areas built from whole SA2s, which are designed for statistical output purposes and to provide a regional breakdown of Australia. Statistical area level 3 (SA3s) regions create a standard framework for the analysis of ABS data at the regional level that have similar regional characteristics, administrative boundaries or labour markets. SA3s generally have populations between 30,000 and 130,000 persons.

Statistical area level 4

Geographical areas built from whole SA3s, Statistical area level 4 (SA4) regions are specifically designed to reflect labour markets within each state and territory within population limits. In regional areas, SA4s tend to have lower populations (100,000 to 300,000), while in metropolitan areas, SA4s tend to have larger populations (300,000 to 500,000).

Total jobs held during the year

The total number of jobs held by a person during the financial year. This includes jobs that were held concurrently and those that were not.

Type of activity unit

The statistical unit for more significant and diverse businesses in the profiled population. A type of activity unit (TAU) is a constructed unit that can practically group and report on homogenous production activities at the industry sub-division level.

In this publication, the TAU is used to represent employers in the profiled population.

Type of legal organisation

All legal entities on the ABS Business Register are classified according to their type of legal organisation, of which there are three types:
  • incorporated private sector entities
  • unincorporated private sector entities
  • public sector entities.

The type of legal organisation indicates whether a business is part of the private or public sector and the type of ownership structure. For more information see the Standard Economic Sector Classifications of Australia (cat. no. 1218.0).