4715.0 - National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey, 2018-19 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 11/12/2019   
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Smoking


Tobacco smoking is one of the main preventable causes of death. It is associated with an increased risk of a wide range of health conditions, including heart disease, diabetes, stroke, cancer, kidney disease, eye disease and respiratory conditions such as asthma, emphysema and bronchitis.

Current smokers

Around four in 10 (41%) people aged 15 years and over were current smokers — 37% smoked every day and 3% smoked but not every day.

The proportion of people who smoked every day was:

    • lower than in 2012–13 (41%)
    • about the same for males (39%) and females (36%)
    • higher for people living in remote areas (49%) than in non-remote areas (35%)
    • lowest for people aged 15–17 years (10%), compared with around four in 10 for all other age groups.

People aged 15 years and over who smoked every day averaged 12 cigarettes per day.

The proportion of people aged 18 years and over who smoked every day steadily decreased in non-remote areas over the last 14 years, from 49% in 2004–05 to 37% in 2018–19, while the proportion in remote areas did not change significantly.


Current daily smokers, by remoteness, 2001 to 2018–19 — people aged 18 years and over
Graph shows the proportion of people who smoked daily steadily decreased in non-remote areas over the last 14 years, from 49% in 2004–05 to 37% in 2018–19, while the proportion in remote areas remained steady at 52%.

(a) The differences between 2001 and 2004–05 for non-remote, and between non-remote and remote in 2004–05, are not statistically significant. (b) The differences between 2001, 2004–05, 2012–13 and 2018–19 for remote are not statistically significant.

Source(s): 2001 National Health Survey, 2004–05 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey, 2012–13 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey and 2018–19 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey



Ex-smokers

More than two in 10 (22%) people aged 15 years and over were ex-smokers.

The proportion of people who were ex-smokers was:
    • about the same as in 2012–13 (21%)
    • about the same for males (21%) and females (23%)
    • higher for people living in non-remote areas (24%) than in remote areas (15%).

People who had never smoked

More than three in 10 (37%) people aged 15 years and over had never smoked.

The proportion of people who had never smoked was:
    • about the same for males (36%) and females (39%)
    • higher for people living in non-remote areas (40%) than in remote areas (29%).

There was no change in the proportion of people who had never smoked between 2012–13 and 2018–19 (both 37%). However, the proportion of young people who had never smoked increased — from 77% to 85% for those aged 15–17 years and from 43% to 50% for those aged 18–24 years.


Never smoked, by age, 2012–13 and 2018–19

Graph shows between 2012–13 and 2018–19 the proportion of people who had never smoked increased for those aged 15–17 years (77% to 85%) and 18–24 years (43% to 50%) and did not change for people aged 25 years and over (about three in 10).

(a) The difference between 2012–13 and 2018–19 is not statistically significant.

Source(s): 2012–13 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey and 2018–19 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey