3236.0 - Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2016 to 2041 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 14/03/2019   
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People age 0–14 years

The number of children aged 0–14 years in Australia is projected to increase to 6.1 million in 2041, up from 4.6 million in 2016.
  • Around 4 in 5 children are projected to live in couple families in 2041 (82% to 83%, compared to 82% in 2016).
  • Most of the remaining children are projected to live in single-parent families (17% to 18%, compared to 18% in 2016).
  • Only a very small number of children are projected to live in non-private dwellings such as boarding schools or hospital accommodation (0.2%, the same as in 2016).

The proportion of children living in couple families decreases with age, and the proportion living in one-parent families increases. In 2041, 86% to 88% of 0–4 year olds are projected to live in couple families, compared to 82% to 83% of 5–9 year olds and 78% of 10–14 year olds.

Graph Image for Projected 0-14 year olds by living arrangement, Series II, 30 June 2041

Source(s): Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2016 to 2041




People aged 15–29 years

People in this age group move from mainly living as a child in a one or two-parent family at age 15–19, to mainly living with a partner at ages 25–29.

People living as a child in a one or two-parent family in 2041 are projected to make up:
  • 9 in 10 teenagers aged 15–19 (87% to 90%).
  • 5 in 10 people aged 20–24 (49% to 51%).
  • 2 in 10 people aged 25–29 (20% to 21%).

In contrast, those living with a partner (with or without children) in 2041 made up:
  • 1% of 15–19 year olds.
  • 11% to 16% of 20–24 year old.
  • 39% to 46% of 25–29 year olds.

The proportion of 25-29 year olds who are parents living with their child (11% to 21% in 2041) is projected to remain higher than for 20-24 year olds (2% to 6% in 2041).

The proportion of 15-29 year olds who are parents living with their child is projected to decline from 10% in 2016 to between 5% and 10% in 2041, reflecting the continuing trend of women delaying childbirth until their thirties.

Those living as group household members is projected to be similar for 20–24 year olds (14% to 15%) and 25–29 year olds (13% to 17%).

Graph Image for Projected 15-29 year olds by living arrangement, Series II, 30 June 2041

Source(s): Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2016 to 2041




People aged 30–44 years

Most people (50% to 55%) aged 30–44 years are projected to be living as partners with children in 2041. This figure increases with age, from 34% to 43% of 30–34 year olds, to 61% to 63% of 40–44 year olds.

The second most common living arrangement for this age group in 2041 is living as a partner without children (15% to 19%), followed by living alone (6% to 8%).

Graph Image for Projected 30-44 year olds by living arrangement, Series II, 30 June 2041

Source(s): Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2016 to 2041




People aged 45–59 years

Living as partners with children is projected to be the most common living arrangement for 45–59 year olds (48% to 51% in 2041). This figure decreases with age, from 58% to 59% of 45–49 year olds, to 34% to 40% of 55–59 year olds.

By ages 55–59, it is projected to be more common to be living as a partner without children than as a partner with children in series I (35% in 2041). Living as a partner with children is projected to remain the most common living arrangement in series II and III.

Single parents and parents in couple families with children are projected to increase among this age group by 2041 (series II and III), while living as a partner without children is projected to become less common. Series I projects similar proportions in 2041 as in 2016.

Graph Image for Projected 45-59 year olds by living arrangement, Series II, 30 June 2041

Source(s): Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2016 to 2041




People aged 60–74 years

The majority of 60–74 year olds are projected to be living as partners without children (51% to 54% in 2041).

Living alone (19% to 20%) is projected to be the next most common living arrangement among this age group in 2041, followed by living as a partner with children (14%).

The likelihood of living alone increases with age, from 17% to 19% of 60–64 year olds to 19% to 23% of 70–74 year olds, reflecting the death of partners at this age.

Graph Image for Projected 60-74 year olds by living arrangement, Series II, 30 June 2041

Source(s): Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2016 to 2041




People aged 75 years and over

People in this age group are projected to move from mainly living as a partner without children at ages 75–79, to mainly living alone at ages 85 years and over.

People living as a partner without children in 2041 is projected to make up:
  • 53% to 61% of 75–79 year olds.
  • 43% to 54% of 80–84 year olds.
  • 23% to 33% of people aged 85 years and over.

In contrast, those living alone in 2041 made up:
  • 18% to 27% of 75–79 year olds.
  • 22% to 32% of 80–84 year olds.
  • 34% to 35% of people aged 85 years and over.

The likelihood of living in a non-private dwelling increases with age, from 2% to 4% of 75–79 year olds to 18% to 26% of people aged 85 years and over.

Graph Image for Projected persons aged 75 years and over, by living arrangement, Series II, 30 June 2041

Source(s): Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2016 to 2041