3236.0 - Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2016 to 2041 Quality Declaration 
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Living with a partner

Between 14.8 and 15.4 million people are projected to be living with a partner in 2041 (up from 10.9 million in 2016) – or 43% to 45% of Australians.
  • In 2041, around half (53%) of people living with a partner are projected to have children living with them as well (down from 54% in 2016).
  • Most of the projected increase of people living with a partner without children is due to increases of older people (aged 70 and over).


Graph Image for Proportion of partners in couple families, Series II, 30 June 2041

Source(s): Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2016 to 2041




Living as a single parent

The number of single parents is projected to increase from 1.1 million in 2016 to between 1.5 and 1.6 million in 2041.
  • Female lone parents are projected to increase by between 43% and 50%, from 878,200 in 2016 to 1.3 million in 2041.
  • Male lone parents are projected to increase by between 44% and 65%, from 193,900 in 2016 to between 279,100 and 320,900 in 2041.
  • Around 4 in 5 lone parents are projected to be female (between 80% and 82% in 2041, compared to 82% in 2016).


Graph Image for Proportion of single parents, Series II, 30 June 2041

Source(s): Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2016 to 2041




Living with parents

Nearly one-third (30% to 31%) of Australia's population are projected to live with their parents in 2041 (31% in 2016).

Of those living with parents (or parent figures):
  • around 3 in 4 (75% to 77%) are projected to be living with two parents and 1 in 4 living with one parent in 2041.
  • around 1 in 7 are projected to be aged in their twenties (15%), and a further 6% to 8% aged over 30 in 2041.

Families with children can include children of any age. They may be families with dependent children, students or adult children, while in some families an adult child may be caring for an elderly parent.


Graph Image for Proportion of persons living with parents, Series II, 30 June 2041

Source(s): Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2016 to 2041




Living with other relatives

In 2041, around 2.5% to 2.7% of the population are projected to live with other relatives (2.4% in 2016), such as elderly parents living with their adult child's family or adult siblings living together. That's between 858,400 and 904,600 Australians in 2041 (592,600 in 2016).

People living with other relatives are projected to:
  • decrease for 20–29 year olds, from 30% in 2016 to between 27% and 29% in 2041.
  • potentially increase for 50–59 year olds, from 11% in 2016 to between 10% and 15% in 2041.
  • potentially increase for those aged 80 years and over, from 9% in 2016 to between 8% and 14% in 2041.


Living alone

Between 3.0 and 3.5 million people are projected to be living alone in 2041 (up from 2.3 million in 2016). That's an increase of between 32% and 53%, mainly because of the ageing population.
  • Half of all people living alone are women (55% in 2016, and between 53% and 57% in 2041).
  • Under the age of 60, men are more likely to be living alone than women (56% in 2016 and projected to be between 53% and 56% in 2041).
  • Over age 60 years, there are more women then men living alone (65% in 2016 and projected to be between 57% and 66% in 2041), reflecting the higher life expectancy of women.


Graph Image for Proportion of lone persons, Series II, 30 June 2041

Source(s): Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2016 to 2041




Living in a group household

In 2041, there are projected to be between 1.3 and 1.5 million people in group households (up from 954,400 in 2016). That's an increase of 34% to 62%.
  • Group households make up a small part of the population – projected to be only 4% to 5% in 2041 (compared to 4% in 2016).
  • Half (50%) of all group household members were in their twenties in 2016, but this is projected to decline to between 46% and 48% in 2041.
  • 6% of group household members are projected to be aged 70 years and over in 2041, up from 4% in 2016.


Graph Image for Proportion of group household members, Series II, 30 June 2041

Source(s): Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2016 to 2041




Living in a non-private dwelling

Between 828,300 and 868,300 people are projected to live in non-private dwellings in 2041, up from 490,800 in 2016. That's an increase of between 69% and 77% – faster than the projected population increase of 40%.

Around one third (between 200,800 and 282,200) of all people projected to be living in non-private dwellings in 2041 are aged 85 years and over, up from 123,800 in 2016. The large majority of elderly people living in non-private dwellings in 2016 were in nursing homes or retirement homes.

Another quarter (between 169,100 and 242,200) are projected to be younger people aged 15–29 in 2041, up from 129,400 in 2016.

In 2016, most people aged 18–24 living in non-private dwellings were in university accommodation.


Graph Image for Proportion of usual residents in a non-private dwelling, Series II, 30 June 2041

Source(s): Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2016 to 2041




Projected persons, Living arrangement – Australia, at 30 June

2016
2021
2026
2031
2036
2041
Living arrangement
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000

SERIES I

Family households
Couple families with children
Husband, wife or partner
5 913.5
6 363.1
6 838.3
7 303.5
7 749.6
8 173.8
Child
5 817.0
6 248.3
6 686.1
7 073.9
7 430.6
7 769.8
Other related individual
155.5
172.0
188.6
204.4
219.0
233.3
Couple families without children
Husband, wife or partner
5 025.4
5 581.4
6 067.5
6 482.1
6 874.2
7 273.8
Other related individual
93.8
102.4
111.8
122.1
132.7
142.7
One-parent families
Male parent
193.9
208.8
225.0
242.8
261.3
279.1
Female parent
878.2
948.4
1 024.5
1 104.8
1 184.3
1 257.3
Child
1 690.1
1 817.1
1 941.1
2 053.2
2 162.0
2 267.7
Other related individual
93.9
103.2
112.8
121.8
130.3
138.8
Other families
Related person living in an other family
249.4
270.6
289.4
308.0
325.8
343.6
Unrelated individuals in an other family
334.7
360.5
382.1
403.3
424.9
446.1
Total living in families
20 445.3
22 175.7
23 867.2
25 420.0
26 894.8
28 326.0
Group households
Group household member
954.4
1 032.2
1 092.7
1 154.5
1 217.5
1 277.8
Lone-person households
Male lone person
1 045.8
1 148.2
1 248.5
1 345.6
1 440.0
1 531.0
Female lone person
1 254.6
1 404.1
1 560.3
1 715.1
1 859.8
1 992.9
Usual resident of a non-private dwelling
490.8
541.1
603.7
679.1
760.0
828.3
Total
24 190.9
26 301.3
28 372.3
30 314.3
32 172.1
33 955.9

SERIES II

Family households
Couple families with children
Husband, wife or partner
5 913.5
6 323.8
6 769.8
7 218.5
7 664.9
8 093.0
Child
5 817.0
6 267.6
6 714.4
7 108.2
7 467.4
7 808.0
Other related individual
155.5
178.8
198.8
216.1
230.7
245.4
Couple families without children
Husband, wife or partner
5 025.4
5 502.6
5 963.3
6 368.1
6 753.3
7 138.0
Other related individual
93.8
107.2
119.0
130.3
140.3
150.2
One-parent families
Male parent
193.9
214.9
234.6
254.7
274.6
294.0
Female parent
878.2
949.0
1 025.2
1 107.7
1 190.9
1 268.3
Child
1 690.1
1 864.8
2 017.3
2 147.1
2 261.0
2 373.0
Other related individual
93.9
107.9
120.4
131.4
140.5
149.8
Other families
Related person living in an other family
249.4
262.4
275.6
289.8
306.0
322.6
Unrelated individual in an other family
334.7
406.9
457.2
496.3
522.8
548.6
Total living in families
20 445.3
22 185.8
23 895.6
25 468.2
26 952.5
28 390.8
Group households
Group household member
954.4
1 078.9
1 165.9
1 243.3
1 311.3
1 376.2
Lone-person households
Male lone person
1 045.8
1 133.3
1 224.2
1 316.2
1 410.8
1 502.2
Female lone person
1 254.6
1 352.4
1 469.8
1 595.7
1 729.8
1 853.8
Usual resident of a non-private dwelling
490.8
550.9
616.8
691.0
767.8
832.9
Total
24 190.9
26 301.3
28 372.3
30 314.3
32 172.1
33 955.9

SERIES III

Family households
Couple families with children
Husband, wife or partner
5 913.5
6 323.8
6 741.5
7 135.4
7 496.8
7 825.8
Child
5 817.0
6 267.6
6 720.9
7 121.1
7 486.8
7 828.8
Other related individual
155.5
178.8
202.5
225.5
248.2
272.8
Couple families without children
Husband, wife or partner
5 025.4
5 502.6
5 931.4
6 297.2
6 626.6
6 944.6
Other related individual
93.8
107.2
121.9
138.0
155.3
174.2
One-parent families
Male parent
193.9
214.9
237.8
263.2
291.3
320.9
Female parent
878.2
949.0
1 026.9
1 115.3
1 212.6
1 313.0
Child
1 690.1
1 864.8
2 043.0
2 215.4
2 390.8
2 572.4
Other related individual
93.9
107.9
122.9
138.1
153.2
169.1
Other families
Related person living in an other family
249.4
262.4
271.1
277.7
283.1
288.5
Unrelated individual in an other family
334.7
406.9
484.6
572.2
673.7
787.4
Total living in families
20 445.3
22 185.8
23 904.3
25 499.1
27 018.5
28 497.5
Group households
Group household member
954.4
1 078.9
1 189.9
1 304.2
1 424.9
1 544.5
Lone-person households
Male lone person
1 045.8
1 133.3
1 216.0
1 294.8
1 371.6
1 444.3
Female lone person
1 254.6
1 352.4
1 439.7
1 511.5
1 565.8
1 601.4
Usual resident of a non-private dwelling
490.8
550.9
622.4
704.7
791.4
868.3
Total
24 190.9
26 301.3
28 372.3
30 314.3
32 172.1
33 955.9