Attributing ABS material


Use of Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) material licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution licence requires you to attribute the work in the manner specified by the ABS. Where ABS has given permission to publish for material released under full copyright, the material must also be attributed. Attribution cannot be done in any way that suggests that the ABS endorses you or your use of the material.

The way the material is attributed depends on whether the material is used 'as supplied' or derivative.

ABS material (including – but not restricted to – data, text and images) is used 'as supplied' provided you have not modified or transformed ABS material in any way.

Material is considered derivative if you have modified or transformed ABS material, or derived new material from those of the ABS in any way, including, for example, by:

  • changing the ABS text
  • calculating percentage changes
  • graphing or charting data
  • deriving new statistics from published ABS statistics.

ABS material used 'as supplied':
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics  OR  Source: ABS

Derivative material:
Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics data  OR  Based on ABS data


The ABS may produce works in partnership with other organisations or individuals. In these instances, the works will be clearly labelled with all partners to the cooperative venture. Where use of the material is allowed by licensing, attributions must be as follows:

Material used 'as supplied':
Sources: Australian Bureau of Statistics; <partner 1>; <partner 2>; etc.

Derivative material:
Based on data supplied by: Australian Bureau of Statistics; <partner 1>; <partner 2>; etc.


The ABS may also publish works to release statistical and/or related information not necessarily representing an official ABS position. These will be released as research papers and are generally of a technical or exploratory nature. They may include conference papers, papers published in journals by ABS officers (possibly in partnership with external authors), or papers prepared by ABS research fellows.

These papers can be identified by the disclaimer, which generally reads:
Views expressed in this paper are those of the author(s), and do not necessarily represent those of the Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Where use of the material is allowed by licensing, material must be clearly attributed to the author(s).


Where your use of ABS material requires citation, see Guide to citing ABS sources for advice.

Back to top of the page