3302.0 - Deaths, Australia, 2018 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/09/2019   
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Death rates

Crude death rates

  • The crude death rate (CDR) in Australia decreased to 6.3 deaths per 1,000 population, from 6.5 in the previous year.
  • During 2008 to 2018, CDRs have been relatively stable with the highest rate at 6.8 deaths per 1,000 population in 2008 and the lowest at 6.3 in 2018.

More detail on mortality rates can be found in the ABS.Stat Datasets available to download from the 'Downloads’ tab of this product:
  • Deaths, Year of registration, Summary data, Sex, States, Territories and Australia
  • Deaths, Year of registration, Age at death, Age-specific death rates, Sex, States, Territories and Australia.


Age-specific death rates
  • People aged 5-9 and 10-14 years had the lowest age-specific death rate (ASDR) in Australia (both 0.1 deaths per 1,000 population).
  • ASDRs for the other age groups below 35-39 (except age 0) years were all under 1 death per 1,000 population.
  • ASDRs begin to increase from 40-44 years, then more rapidly from 50-54 years.
  • ASDRs were higher for males than for females for nearly all age groups, with few exceptions.
  • ASDRs for males increase gradually until the age group 55-59 years, then they increase more quickly in the older age groups.
  • ASDRs for females aged 15-49 years are relatively low and consistently under 2 deaths per 1,000 population. Increases in female ASDRs are evident beyond the 50-54 years age group, with rates increasing more rapidly with age.


Standardised death rates

Australia
  • The standardised death rate (SDR) decreased to 5.1 deaths per 1,000 standard population, from 5.3 in the previous year.
  • For the period 2008 to 2018, the SDR showed an overall decline, from 6.1 in 2008 to 5.1 in 2018, with SDRs for both males and females showing a similar decline (see graph 1.3).

1.3 Standardised death rates(a), Australia - 1976 to 2018
Standardised Death Rates, Australia - 1976 to 2018. In 2018, the standardised death rate (SDR) decreased to 5.1 deaths per 1,000 standard population, from 5.3 in 2017.

(a) Deaths per 1,000 standard population. Standardised death rates use the age distribution of total persons in the Australian population at 30 June 2001 as the standard population.
Source(s): Deaths, Australia (3302.0)


States and territories
  • The Northern Territory had the highest SDR (7.2 deaths per 1,000 standard population).
  • Tasmania recorded the second highest SDR (5.6) followed by South Australia (5.3), New South Wales and Queensland (both 5.2) and Western Australia and Australian Capital Territory (both 5.0).
  • Victoria had the lowest SDR (4.7).
  • Over the past ten years, SDRs declined in all states and territories.
  • The Northern Territory experienced the largest decline (2.3 deaths per 1,000 standard population).
  • This was followed by Tasmania (1.3), Victoria and Queensland (each falling by 1.2 deaths per 1,000), Western Australia (1.0), New South Wales (0.9) then South Australia and Australian Capital Territory (each falling by 0.8 deaths per 1,000). (see graph 1.4).

1.4 Standardised death rates(a), States and territories - 2008 and 2018

Standardised Death Rates, States & Territories - 2008 & 2018. In 2018, the Northern Territory had the highest SDR (7.2 deaths per 1,000 standard population).

(a) Deaths per 1,000 standard population. Standardised death rates use the age distribution of total persons in the Australian population at 30 June 2001 as the standard population.
Source(s): Deaths, Australia (3302.0)


Remoteness areas
  • The SDR was lowest in Australia's Major Cities, with 5.0 deaths per 1,000 standard population. ASDRs then increase with increasing remoteness.
  • Infant mortality shows a similar pattern. The infant mortality rate was lowest in Major Cities (2.9 deaths per 1,000 live births) and highest in Very Remote areas (7.3 deaths per 1,000 live births).
For detailed data, see data cube Deaths, Summary, Remoteness Areas - 2012 to 2018, from the Downloads tab.