3301.0 - Births, Australia, 2018 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 11/12/2019   
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Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Births and Fertility

  • There were 21,928 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander births registered in Australia, an increase of 7.5% (or 1,528 babies) from 2017. This represents 7.0% of all births registered in Australia in 2018.
  • New South Wales and Queensland recorded the highest number of births registered in Australia (7,339 and 6,405 respectively).
  • Australian Capital Territory recorded the lowest number of births in Australia (259).
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women give birth at young ages. Almost three-quarters (72.4%) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander births registered in 2018 were to women under 30 years of age.
  • This compares to 40.1% births of all Australian women of the same age.

The total fertility rate (TFR) for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women was 2.37 babies per woman, compared to the TFR of 1.74 for all Australian women.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander births, Year of Registration

2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018

State of Registration
New South Wales(a)
5 475
5 353
5 801
4 931
5 911
5 577
5 905
7 339
Victoria
1 202
1 438
1 502
1 462
1 370
1 640
1 837
1 864
Queensland(b)
5 280
5 648
5 205
5 394
5 248
5 456
6 615
6 405
South Australia
919
868
940
925
949
952
1 016
1 068
Western Australia
2 486
2 652
2 734
2 795
2 985
2 750
2 773
2 704
Tasmania
486
536
526
545
515
585
612
578
Northern Territory
1 588
1 588
1 445
1 486
1 365
1 373
1 402
1 711
Australian Capital Territory
185
212
215
241
194
227
240
259
Australia
17 621
18 295
18 368
17 779
18 537
18 560
20 400
21 928

(a) Some of the increases were due to a catch-up in registration processing lags. For more information, see explanatory note 21.
(b) Some of the increases in 2017 were due to a catch-up in registration processing lags. For more information, see explanatory note 28.


Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander median age
  • The median age of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women who registered a birth in 2018 was 26.0 years, approximately six years younger than the median age of all mothers (31.4 years).
  • The median age of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men who registered a birth in 2018 was 28.2 years, approximately five years younger than the median age of all fathers (33.5 years).


Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander age-specific fertility rates
  • Teenage (15-19 years) fertility rate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women was five times the teenage fertility rate for all Australian women (48.1 and 9.5 births per 1,000 women respectively).
  • Fertility rate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women aged 20-24 was three times the fertility rate for all Australian women of the same age (129.0 and 42.6 respectively).
  • Conversely, fertility rate for all Australian women aged 40-44 years was one and a half times the fertility rate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women (16.0 and 11.1 respectively).


Age-specific fertility rates, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and all women - 2018(a)
Age groups from 15 to 44 years of fertility rates for Indigenous women compared to all women.
(a) Births per 1,000 women.


For more information see the datasets Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander births and confinements, summary, by state; and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander fertility, by age, by state, from the Downloads tab.