Latest release

Job Vacancies, Australia

Results of the quarterly Job Vacancies Survey containing estimates of job vacancies classified by industry, sector and state/territory.

Reference period
November 2020
Released
13/01/2021
Future releases
  • Next Release 1/04/2021
    Job Vacancies, Australia, February 2021
  • Next Release 1/07/2021
    Job Vacancies, Australia, May 2021
  • Next Release 30/09/2021
    Job Vacancies, Australia, August 2021
  • View all releases

Key statistics

The seasonally adjusted estimates for the November 2020 quarter are as follows :

  • Total job vacancies were 254,400, an increase of 23.4% from August 2020.
  • Private sector vacancies were 228,800, an increase of 24.2% from August 2020.
  • Public sector vacancies were 25,600, an increase of 16.9% from August 2020.
Nov 2020 ('000)Aug 2020 to Nov 2020 (% change)Nov 2019 to Nov 2020 (% change)
Private sector228.824.212.9
Public sector25.616.94.8
Private and public sectors254.423.412.1
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Survey Impacts

Continued suspension of trend estimates

Given the extent of change in the Job Vacancies time series, the ABS temporarily suspended trend series and moved to using forward factors for seasonal adjustment for a range of series, including some job vacancies estimates. For more information, please refer to: Spotlight: Job Vacancies Survey Methods During COVID-19.

Survey responses remain high in November

Responses for the Job Vacancies Survey November 2020 quarter remained high, with similar levels of responses to previous quarters. The ABS would like to thank the Australian business community for their continued support in responding to our surveys during such a difficult time, given how critically important this information is.

Comparing job vacancies with other measures of labour demand

In addition to Job Vacancies, there are a number of non-ABS measures that measure labour demand using alternative concepts, sources and methods. These are also widely used as leading indicators of employment. Prominent examples include the ANZ Job Advertisement Series, the SEEK Employment Report, and the Department of Education, Skills and Employment's Internet Vacancy Index. 

Measures of job vacancies and job advertisements will differ for a number of reasons. One of the key differences is that job vacancies includes jobs for which job advertisements are undertaken but also include jobs where other recruitment approaches are exclusively used, such as word of mouth or social media. According to the National Skills Commission's Survey of Employer's Recruitment Experience, 19 per cent of jobs are not advertised (i.e. recruitment is done through word of mouth alone or by considering people who approach the business). For further details on recruitment practices, please see the Survey of Employer's Recruitment Experiences 2019 Data Report.

Furthermore, job vacancies count every position advertised within a single notice, while some job advertisements may be used to fill multiple positions. 

COVID-19 impacts on job vacancies

Job vacancies increased by 23.4% (48,200 vacancies) in the three months to November 2020 (seasonally adjusted).  This follows the largest fall in job vacancies in the history of the series in May 2020, a reflection of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and the associated restrictions on people and businesses.

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All states and territories recorded increases in job vacancies in November 2020 compared with August 2020 and all states and territories, with the exception of Victoria, surpassed the pre-pandemic levels of vacancies in February 2020. The slight lag in the recovery of Victoria's job vacancies reflects the second wave of COVID-19 experienced in the state. 

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The chart below shows the annual percentage change in job vacancies by industry. Vacancies in many industries surpassed the pre-pandemic levels of February, reflecting changes in COVID-19 restrictions and labour shortages in some industries.

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While not a regular output from the survey, a measure of the number of businesses reporting any vacancies also shows the extent of the acute reduction in labour demand in May 2020, as well as the subsequent recovery to November 2020. In May 2020, a much lower proportion of businesses reported at least one vacancy (6.5%). By November 2020, this had increased to 14.7% of businesses compared with 14.0% in the previous November.

Proportion of businesses reporting vacancies - industry
Nov-20May-20Nov-19
Mining16.3%8.3%11.0%
Manufacturing14.6%4.4%11.1%
Electricity, gas, water and waste services18.5%11.8%11.6%
Construction13.0%4.6%14.0%
Wholesale trade17.8%14.1%14.7%
Retail trade17.8%9.7%16.8%
Accommodation and food services16.9%2.3%16.1%
Transport, postal and warehousing4.3%4.1%2.1%
Information media and telecommunications14.0%7.0%5.6%
Financial and insurance services15.7%5.0%12.8%
Rental, hiring and real estate services12.8%4.1%10.2%
Professional, scientific and technical services14.2%9.2%11.4%
Administrative and support services18.9%7.8%31.6%
Public administration and safety35.4%22.6%31.5%
Education and training5.2%4.0%11.0%
Health care and social assistance13.6%6.5%13.6%
Arts and recreation services21.0%0.5%5.4%
Other services16.7%5.6%16.1%
All Industries14.7%6.5%14.0%
Proportion of businesses reporting vacancies - states and territories
Nov-20May-20Nov-19
New South Wales15.1%5.8%15.1%
Victoria15.5%6.0%13.8%
Queensland12.9%10.5%13.7%
South Australia9.1%2.9%11.2%
Western Australia16.7%5.5%11.7%
Tasmania14.2%4.5%14.7%
Northern Territory21.0%6.7%23.7%
Australian Capital Territory17.3%3.5%10.4%
Australia14.7%6.5%14.0%

States and territories

Job vacancies ('000), states and territories
 NSWVicQldSAWATasNTACTAustraliaAustralia
(Seasonally
Adjusted)
Aug-1972.861.239.111.326.43.64.37.6226.3224.2
Nov-1980.260.139.211.425.73.63.57.7231.4227
Feb-2079.359.738.411.727.63.42.96.6229.5227.3
May-2039.828.725.26.816.81.91.73.6124.5129.2
Aug-2062.245.842.112.532.23.44.25.6208206.1
Nov-2082.758.447.915.637.45.14.27.9259.2254.4
Change from previous quarter (%)
 NSWVicQldSAWATasNTACTAustraliaAustralia
(Seasonally
Adjusted)
Aug-19-5.61.817.91.213.611.33.112.23.3-1.7
Nov-1910.1-1.70.20.4-2.6-0.7-19.522.21.3
Feb-20-1.1-0.8-22.77.3-5.7-17.8-13.8-0.80.1
May-20-49.9-51.9-34.3-41.6-39.1-45.7-39.7-46.2-45.8-43.1
Aug-2056.459.56783.291.484.7146.357.267.159.5
Nov-2032.927.613.724.616.250.40.140.424.623.4
Change from corresponding quarter of previous year (%)
 NSWVicQldSAWATasNTACTAustraliaAustralia
(Seasonally
Adjusted)
Nov-186.210.8918.145.539.326.19.212.712.7
Nov-19-4-2.43.76.2-3.90.5-8.910.2-1.4-1.5
Nov-203.1-2.922.436.945.342.122.12.31212.1
All figures are original unless stated otherwise
Trend figures are not currently available

Private sector, states and territories

Job vacancies ('000), private sector - states and territories
 NSWVicQldSAWATasNTACTAustraliaAustralia
(Seasonally
Adjusted)
Aug-1965.355.935.39.524.533.75.1202.3200.6
Nov-1972.254.935.59.523.52.935.3206.7202.6
Feb-2071.453.734.91025.42.92.14.9205.1202.1
May-2033.424.322.95.215.4*1.61.32.5106.5111.3
Aug-205540.639.210.630.22.83.63.7185.7184.3
Nov-2074.452.84413.3354.43.56233.3228.8
Change from previous quarter (%)
 NSWVicQldSAWATasNTACTAustraliaAustralia
(Seasonally
Adjusted)
Aug-19-6.12.417.2-112.513.20.652.8-2.5
Nov-1910.4-1.80.5-0.5-3.9-3.3-18.43.42.21
Feb-20-1.1-2.2-1.85.67.9-0.6-31.1-6.2-0.7-0.3
May-20-53.2-54.8-34.3-48.1-39.2-46.6-39-48.8-48.1-44.9
Aug-2064.567.471.1104.795.782186.846.274.365.5
Nov-2035.43012.125.216.153.2-2.962.125.624.2
Change from corresponding quarter of previous year (%)
 NSWVicQldSAWATasNTACTAustraliaAustralia
(Seasonally
Adjusted)
Nov-1877.97.513.749.342.926.416.712.212.2
Nov-19-6.2-1.32.33.3-6-4.7-5-0.5-2.9-3
Nov-203.2-3.823.940.64948.116.913.912.912.9
All figures are original unless stated otherwise
Trend figures are not currently available
* estimate has a relative standard error of 25% to 50% and should be used with caution

Public sector, states and territories

Job vacancies ('000), public sector - states and territories
 NSWVicQldSAWATasNTACTAustraliaAustralia
(Seasonally
Adjusted)
Aug-197.55.33.81.820.6*0.72.52423.5
Nov-1985.23.61.92.20.70.52.524.724.4
Feb-207.963.51.72.20.50.81.724.425.2
May-206.34.42.31.6*1.40.30.5117.917.9
Aug-207.25.12.91.820.6*0.61.922.321.9
Nov-208.25.63.92.22.40.8*0.81.925.825.6
Change from previous quarter (%)
 NSWVicQldSAWATasNTACTAustraliaAustralia
(Seasonally
Adjusted)
Aug-19-1.2-4.324.214.630.22.219.730.685.9
Nov-197.3-0.8-2.95.11412.6-25.4-0.82.73.5
Feb-20-114.4-3.6-12.10.3-27.763-30-1.23.3
May-20-20.2-26.1-34.3-2.7-37.1-40.8-41.5-38.8-26.5-28.9
Aug-201416.126.414.343.899.137.883.524.622
Nov-2013.98.534.721.217.936.316.7-1.215.716.9
Change from corresponding quarter of previous year (%)
 NSWVicQldSAWATasNTACTAustraliaAustralia
(Seasonally
Adjusted)
Nov-18-2.348.630.654.5721.324.7-8.917.417.6
Nov-1922.3-12.719.823.725.531.3-27.4431313.3
Nov-202.66.57.818.4716.353.3-22.44.74.8
All figures are original unless stated otherwise
Trend figures are not currently available
* estimate has a relative standard error of 25% to 50% and should be used with caution

Industry

Job vacancies ('000), industry
Aug-19Nov-19Feb-20May-20Aug-20Nov-20
Mining6.46.26.54.35.66.3
Manufacturing11.610.912.2713.515.3
Electricity, gas, water and waste services2.21.82.11.61.92.2
Construction14.916.616.68.315.917.9
Wholesale trade10.411.812.66.59.913.4
Retail trade22.124.818.911.418.525.7
Accommodation and food services14.514.514.7*5.013.522.4
Transport, postal and warehousing6.47.17.53.35.56.6
Information media and telecommunications2.73.33.422.42.7
Financial and insurance services12.11111.97.812.312.8
Rental, hiring and real estate services4.12.73.2*1.0*3.64.4
Professional, scientific and technical services2523.726.313.123.527
Administrative and support services34.234.531.217.524.226.8
Public administration and safety13.212.913.38.613.416.7
Education and training6.67.37.73.66.46.7
Health care and social assistance27.42829.819.728.437.7
Arts and recreation services3.62.82**0.11.24
Other services911.49.4*3.68.310.6

All figures are original

* estimate has a relative standard error of 25% to 50% and should be used with caution

** estimate has a relative standard error greater than 50% and is considered too unreliable for general use

Downloads

Time series spreadsheets

Data files

Previous catalogue number

This release previously used catalogue number 6354.0.