Latest release

Tourism Satellite Accounts: quarterly tourism labour statistics, Australia, experimental estimates

Experimental estimates of quarterly tourism employment and jobs to help explain the impacts of COVID-19 on tourism activity.

Reference period
December 2021
Released
18/03/2022
  • Next Release 23/06/2022
    Tourism Satellite Accounts: quarterly tourism labour statistics, Australia, experimental estimates, March 2022
  • Next Release 23/09/2022
    Tourism Satellite Accounts: quarterly tourism labour statistics, Australia, experimental estimates, June 2022
  • Next Release 22/12/2022
    Tourism Satellite Accounts: quarterly tourism labour statistics, Australia, experimental estimates, September 2022
  • View all releases

Key statistics

In December quarter 2021, there were 628,900 tourism jobs. This was:

  • 75,100 (13.6%) more jobs than September quarter 2021
  • 200 (0.0%) more jobs than December quarter 2020
  • 1 in 23 (4.3%) filled jobs in the economy

Overview

Change in number and percentage of jobs, original series (a)
Sep-20 to Dec-20Dec-20 to Mar-21Mar-21 to Jun-21Jun-21 to Sep-21Sep-21 to Dec-21Dec-20 to Dec-21
Tourism800-5,900-13,500-55,50075,100200
(0.1%)(-0.9%)(-2.2%)(-9.1%)(13.6%)-
Whole economy525,60052,000134,200-402,100653,300437,400
(3.9%)(0.4%)(0.9%)(-2.8%)(4.7%)(3.1%)

(a) Change on preceding quarter, except for the last column which shows the change on corresponding quarter of the previous year

Filled jobs

All references to "jobs" are referring to "filled jobs" unless otherwise specified. For information on the various measures of jobs (filled job, Labour Account main job and Labour Account secondary job), please refer to the Glossary in Methodology.

Key COVID-19 dates

2020

  • January-March: Bushfires heavily impacted various regions across Australia. States of emergency were declared across New South Wales, Victoria and the Australian Capital Territory
  • 20 March: Australia's international borders closed to all non-citizens and non-residents
  • 21 March: Domestic travel restrictions began. Tasmania first state to require people entering to self-isolate for 14 days from arrival
  • 22 March: Prime Minister announced Stage 2 lock down changes, which were progressively implemented
  • 30 March: Prime Minister announced JobKeeper program
  • First week of May: JobKeeper payment from ATO commenced
  • Mid-May: Initial progressive easing of social distancing and trading restrictions commenced
  • July-August: Progressive stage 3 and 4 restrictions commenced for different parts of Victoria
  • July-September: State border restrictions frequently reviewed and progressively updated (tightened/relaxed)
  • 28 September: JobKeeper extension (with modified eligibility test) commenced
  • October: Restrictions in Victoria progressively eased
  • 16 October: Travellers from New Zealand allowed to fly into Australia as part of the one-way quarantine-free travel bubble agreement.
  • November-December: Alternation between re-impositions and easing of restrictions for various local government areas affected by local outbreaks in South Australia and New South Wales, and closing and reopening of various State and Territory borders

2021

  • January-March: Alternation between re-impositions and easing of restrictions for various local government areas affected by local outbreaks in New South Wales, Western Australia, Queensland and Victoria, and closing and reopening of various State and Territory borders. Continuation of the one-way quarantine-free travel bubble for travellers flying into Australia from New Zealand. Some temporary suspensions were put in place during the quarter due to localised COVID-19 outbreaks
  • 11 March: Prime Minister announced the $1.2 billion Tourism Aviation Network Support package
  • 28 March: JobKeeper program ended
  • 19 April: 2-way Australia/New Zealand travel bubble commenced
  • From late April: State border and COVID-19 restrictions were frequently reviewed and updated to contain COVID-19 outbreaks in New South Wales, Western Australia, Queensland, South Australia, Northern Territory and Victoria
  • Late May-June: Temporary disruption to quarantine-free travel between New Zealand and Australia
  • 23 July: The New Zealand and Australian travel bubble was suspended
  • July-September: COVID-19 Delta strain outbreaks in New South Wales, Victoria and the Australian Capital Territory resulted in state/territory lockdowns for most of the September quarter 2021. Other jurisdictions closed interstate borders to these affected areas 
  • Victoria, Australian Capital Territory and New South Wales Greater Sydney lockdown ended mid October 2021
  • Majority of state borders opened to fully vaccinated travellers in the December quarter 2021
  • Australia opened international borders on 1 November 2021 for fully vaccinated overseas travellers with no quarantine requirement for some states

Tourism industry

Change in number and percentage of jobs by industry, original series (a)
Sep-20 to Dec-20Dec-20 to Mar-21Mar-21 to Jun-21Jun-21 to Sep-21Sep-21 to Dec-21Dec-20 to Dec-21
Accommodation3,300-10,100-8,40011,80013,500
(4.3%)-(12.5%)(-9.2%)(14.3%)(16.7%)
Cafes, restaurants and takeaway food services7,40012,700-3,300-29,10033,80014,100
(3.6%)(5.9%)(-1.4%)(-13.0%)(17.3%)(6.6%)
Clubs, pubs, taverns and bars1,8002,100-1,600-5,4008,5003,600
(3.4%)(3.8%)(-2.8%)(-9.8%)(17.1%)(6.6%)
Rail transport100---100200100
(5.3%)--(-5.0%)(10.5%)(5.0%)
Road transport and transport equipment rental200100--600800300
(2.9%)(1.4%)-(-8.5%)(12.3%)(4.3%)
Air, water and other transport7004,500200-3,2002,5004,000
(3.6%)(22.3%)(0.8%)(-12.9%)(11.5%)(19.8%)
Travel agency and information centre services900600100-3,1004,3001,900
(2.7%)(1.8%)(0.3%)(-9.0%)(13.7%)(5.6%)
Cultural services200800-800-100500400
(2.1%)(8.2%)(-7.5%)(-1.0%)(5.2%)(4.1%)
Casinos and other gambling services200-100-300400200
(5.9%)-(2.8%)(-8.1%)(11.8%)(5.6%)
Sports and recreation services800600100-2,8003,8001,700
(2.7%)(2.0%)(0.3%)(-9.1%)(13.6%)(5.6%)
Retail trade-900-10,200-2,900-1,7007,700-7,100
(-0.8%)(-8.9%)(-2.8%)(-1.7%)(7.8%)(-6.2%)
Education and training-14,700-17,300-15,800-100--33,200
(-30.4%)(-51.3%)(-96.3%)(-16.7%)-(-98.5%)
All other industries900200200-400700700
(3.9%)(0.8%)(0.8%)(-1.6%)(2.9%)(2.9%)
Tourism total (b)800-5,900-13,500-55,50075,100200
(0.1%)(-0.9%)(-2.2%)(-9.1%)(13.6%)-

(a) Change on preceding quarter, except for the last column which shows the change on corresponding quarter of the previous year 
(b) Totals may not add due to rounding
- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)

During this quarter, industries with the largest quarterly change in number of jobs were:

  • cafes, restaurants and takeaway food services: 33,800 jobs (17.3%)
  • accommodation: 11,800 jobs (14.3%)
  • clubs, pubs, taverns and bars: 8,500 jobs (17.1%)
  • retail trade: 7,700 jobs (7.8%)

Comparing December quarter 2020 with 2021, industries with the largest change in number of jobs were:

  • cafes, restaurants and takeaway food services: 14,100 jobs (6.6%)
  • accommodation: 13,500 (16.7%)
  • air, water and other transport: 4,000 (19.8%)
  • education and training: -33,200 (-98.5%)

Employment status

Change in number and percentage of jobs by employment status, original series (a)
Sep-20 to Dec-20Dec-20 to Mar-21Mar-21 to Jun-21Jun-21 to Sep-21Sep-21 to Dec-21Dec-20 to Dec-21
Full-time-4,1006,900-15,600-25,70047,10012,700
(-1.4%)(2.3%)(-5.2%)(-9.0%)(18.1%)(4.3%)
Part-time4,900-12,9002,200-29,80028,000-12,500
(1.5%)(-3.9%)(0.7%)(-9.2%)(9.5%)(-3.7%)

(a) Change on preceding quarter, except for the last column which shows the change on corresponding quarter of the previous year

During this quarter:

  • full-time increased 18.1% while part-time jobs increased 9.5%

Between December quarter 2020 and 2021:

  • full-time jobs increased 4.3% while part-time jobs decreased 3.7%

Sex

Change in number and percentage of jobs by sex, original series (a)
Sep-20 to Dec-20Dec-20 to Mar-21Mar-21 to Jun-21Jun-21 to Sep-21Sep-21 to Dec-21Dec-20 to Dec-21
Male4,5003,800-13,200-17,90025,800-1,500
(1.6%)(1.3%)(-4.5%)(-6.4%)(9.8%)(-0.5%)
Female-3,800-9,800-300-37,50049,4001,800
(-1.1%)(-2.9%)(-0.1%)(-11.4%)(17.0%)(0.5%)

(a) Change on preceding quarter, except for the last column which shows the change on corresponding quarter of the previous year

During this quarter:

  • jobs worked by females increased 17.0% while jobs worked by males increased 9.8%

From December quarter 2020 to 2021:

  • jobs worked by females increased 0.5% while jobs worked by males decreased 0.5%

Sex by employment status

Change in number and percentage of jobs by sex by employment status, original series
MaleFemale
Full-timePart-timeFull-timePart-time
Sep-21 to Dec-2115,9009,90031,10018,200
(12.5%)(7.2%)(23.3%)(11.6%)
Dec-20 to Dec-214,700-6,2008,000-6,300
(3.4%)(-4.1%)(5.1%)(-3.5%)

During this quarter:

  • jobs worked by females increased more than males for both full-time and part-time with full-time jobs worked by females increasing the most

From December quarter 2020 to 2021: 

  • full-time jobs worked by females had the largest positive yearly change while part-time jobs decreased for both males and females

Measuring the impacts of COVID-19 on tourism activity

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to have an impact on the Australian tourism sector. This section looks at how tourism has been impacted over the period by comparing estimates of tourism jobs at the end of December 2019 with those in the current quarter. The key points are:

  • Tourism jobs peaked at 749,400 in December 2019, and in December quarter 2021 is now at its highest level (628,900) since the pandemic started
  • This represents 16.1% (-120,500) less tourism jobs, compared to 2.0% (290,400) more jobs in the whole economy as at the end of this quarter

Related release

Australian National Accounts: Tourism Satellite Account (previously used cat. no. 5249.0)

The 2020-21 issue of Australian National Accounts: Tourism Satellite Account was released on 10 December 2021. Users are reminded that the estimates in this quarterly release are based on a different data source and are not directly comparable to the estimates provided in the annual TSA publication. For more information on the strengths and differences between the two employment measures, please refer to the article published in March quarter 2020.

Feedback

This new TSA publication contains experimental estimates of quarterly tourism labour statistics. The ABS welcomes comments and suggestions from users regarding this release. If you are interested in contributing, please contact the Customer Assistance Service via the ABS website Contact Us page. 

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Previous catalogue number

This release previously used catalogue number 5249.0.55.005.