Latest release

Government Finance Statistics, Education, Australia

Statistics about education related revenues and expenditures across various levels of government in Australia

Reference period
2018-19 financial year

Main features

Government expenditure on education in Australia

This release contains statistics on expenditure on education by the general government sector for the period 2009-10 to 2018-19. These data are presented on an accrual accounting basis and are taken from the system of Government Finance Statistics (GFS).

Government expenditure on education refers to expenditure on all levels of education, such as pre-primary, primary, secondary, university, and technical and further education (TAFE), by the general government sector. It excludes expenditure on courses provided by non-educational institutions, such as the vocational training programs of private businesses. In this release, school education collectively refers to pre-primary, primary and secondary education.

The summary tables below present government operating expenses on education by level of government, by purpose (i.e. by type of education), and by economic transaction (i.e. by type of expenditure) for the period 2013-14 to 2018-19.

Operating expenditure on education by all levels of general government increased by $5,523m (5.5%), from $99,579m in 2017-18 to $105,102m in 2018-19. Total expenditure on education by the Commonwealth Government was $38,264m, with expenditure by the state and local governments totalling $68,877m. Intra-sector transfers were $33,594m.

Of the total operating expenditure on education in 2018-19, $54,130m (51.5%) was spent on school education and $38,375m (36.5%) on tertiary education (universities and TAFEs). Employee expenses of $52,604m accounted for 50.1% of total educational expenses with the remaining 49.9% being on non-employee expenses ($26,201m), depreciation ($4,469m), and transfer expenses ($21,826m).

Download

Government operating expenses on education, by level of government

 2013-14
($m)
2014-15
($m)
2015-16
($m)
2016-17
($m)
2017-18
($m)
2018-19
($m)
Commonwealth Government33 29134 29434 65536 14837 25438 264
State and local governments55 57657 30059 50162 26665 17168 877
Control not further defined (a)23 58425 57526 63628 00829 44031 555
Less: Intra-sector transfers26 67028 65929 53931 06332 28533 594
All levels of government85 78188 51091 25395 35999 579105 102

a. The Control not further defined (n.f.d) sector contains units where jurisdiction is shared between two or more governments, or the classification of a unit to a jurisdiction is otherwise unclear. For education the only type of units falling into this category are public universities.

 

Government operating expenses on education, by purpose, all levels of government

 2013-14
($m)
2014-15
($m)
2015-16
($m)
2016-17
($m)
2017-18
($m)
2018-19
($m)
School education43 07544 64046 74348 89351 46954 130
Tertiary education30 54232 00533 02834 54036 00438 375
Other education12 16411 86511 48211 92612 10712 597
Total by purpose85 78188 51091 25395 35999 579105 102

 

 

Government operating expenses on education, by economic transaction, all levels of government

 2013-14
($m)
2014-15
($m)
2015-16
($m)
2016-17
($m)
2017-18
($m)
2018-19
($m)
Employee expenses42 30943 76245 69647 73249 95352 604
Non-employee expenses20 86421 72121 94423 03424 11526 201
Depreciation3 7263 8544 0204 1854 2754 469
Current transfer expenses18 44718 95419 35420 15220 99221 565
Capital transfer expenses436219240257244261
Total by economic transactions85 78188 51091 25395 35999 579105 102

 

 

Inquires

For further information about these and related statistics, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 or email client.services@abs.gov.au. The ABS Privacy Policy outlines how the ABS will handle any personal information that you provide to us.

Data downloads

Tables 1-19 Government finance statistics, education, Australia

Previous catalogue number

This release previously used catalogue number 5518.0.55.001.