4604.0 - Energy Account, Australia, 2009-10 Quality Declaration 
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 20/12/2011   
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Energy supply

  • Australia's domestic energy production in 2009-10 was 17,282 petajoules(PJ), a decrease of 3% from 2008-09.
  • Australia's energy imports increased 5% from 1,915 PJ in 2008-09 to 2,014 PJ in 2009-10.
  • Imports equated to 51% of domestic energy consumption in 2009-10, the main energy products used were crude oil 1,056 PJ and diesel 335 PJ.
  • Black coal production rose 8% from 9,066 PJ in 2008-09 to 9,827 PJ in 2009-10, and now accounts for over half (57%) of Australia's domestic energy production. Supply of natural gas rose 8% (2,005 PJ) and now accounts for nearly 12% of domestic energy production.
  • Renewable energy production contributed 2% (286 PJ) of domestic supply in 2009-10.

Energy use
  • Australia's domestic energy consumption (i.e. industry and household energy use) was 3,962 PJ in 2009-10, an increase of 39 PJ (1%) from 2008-09. The main fuels consumed were natural gas (24%), electricity (22%), diesel (18%) and petrol (16%).
  • Household energy use increased by 2% to 1,015 PJ in 2009-10, with the main energy sources being petrol (457 PJ), electricity (217 PJ) and natural gas (144 PJ).
  • The Manufacturing industry was the largest user of domestic energy (1,034 PJ) in 2009-10. Over one-third (35%) of manufacturing energy use occurred within Non-ferrous metals production.
  • The export market is the single largest destination for Australian energy products, accounting for 13,702 PJ, or 71% of energy production.

Energy intensity
  • The energy intensity of Australian industries declined by 1% between 2008-09 and 2009-10.
  • Australia's most energy intensive industries in 2009-10 were Manufacturing (9,600 GJ/$m of IGVA), Transport (8,291 GJ/$m of IGVA) and Mining (5,651 GJ/$m of IGVA).
  • The energy intensity of the Agriculture industry increased by 3% between 2008-09 and 2009-10.


Energy is of vital importance to policy makers and has both economic and environmental dimensions. Demand for energy products has risen in recent years, driven by growing exports and domestic use, which can in turn affect the price and security of supply. The Energy Account Australia (EAA), provides statistics to monitor changes over time in the supply and use of energy within Australia, both from an economic and an environmental perspective. The EAA forms part of a suite of environmental-economic accounts being developed for Australia.

The energy data contained in this publication are produced in accordance with the principles outlined within the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting for Energy (SEEA-E) - a satellite system of the System of National Accounts (SNA).

The diagram below presents a graphical view of Australia's supply and use system of energy. Further detail on supply and use frameworks is contained in the Explanatory Notes.

Physical supply is composed of:
  • Domestic production
  • Imports

Physical use is composed of:
  • Household final consumption
  • Industry intermediate consumption
  • Exports
  • Inventory changes
  • Conversions and losses
Supply and use, by components - 2009-10
Diagram: 1.1 Supply and use, by components—2009–10

The data on physical supply and use of energy products are primarily derived from the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences’ (ABARES) Australian Energy Statistics (AES) - Energy Update 2011. ABS uses the SEEA-E to transform AES into a framework consistent with the SNA, enabling linkages between energy supply, energy use and Australian National Accounts. A more detailed description of the data sources and processes used to develop the EAA is contained in the Explanatory Notes.


This edition of the Energy Account Australia consists of three sections; Explanatory Notes; Glossary; Abbreviations and a set of data cubes. Each section begins with an introduction and contains commentary to highlight key data and assist with interpretation of tables, which are interspersed within the section commentary.

The physical energy supply and use sections present commentary and summary graphs on the flow of energy through the Australian economy for 2008-09 and 2009-10. The complete physical supply and use tables for Australia can be found in the data cubes. Tables present volumes of energy supplied, used and energy losses by industry and energy product.

The energy intensity section presents commentary and summary graphs on the amount of energy industries consumed to produce one unit of economic output.


For further information about these and related statistics, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070.