4604.0 - Energy Account, Australia, 2009-10 Quality Declaration 
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/07/2012   
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For information on the institutional environment of the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), including the legislative obligations of the ABS, financing and governance arrangements, and mechanisms for scrutiny of ABS operations, please see ABS Institutional Environment.

The key source of data used in this publication is produced by the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES). For information about ABARES, please see About ABARES. The other main data source used to construct this publication is the Energy, Water and Environment Management (cat. no. 4660.0) (EWES) conducted by the ABS. For information about this survey please see EWES Explanatory Notes.


Energy Account, Australia, 2009–10 (cat. no. 4604.0) presents physical supply and use data by energy product and industry for 2008–09 and 2009–10 and a Hybrid Physical–Monetary Energy Use table (Hybrid energy use table) for 2008–09. The physical supply and use and Hybrid energy use tables allow analysts to better understand energy use patterns in Australia. Energy Account, Australia, 2009–10 also analyses energy intensity trends for 2008–09 and 2009–10.


Physical energy supply and use data in Energy Account, Australia are released within 18 months of the end of the reference period and contain the latest available ABARES data. The Hybrid Physical–Monetary Energy Use table is released approximately 3 years after the reference period. It utilises data principally from ABARES, ABS Input–Output tables and the ABS EWES. For more information about ABS Input–Output Tables, see Australian National Accounts: Input–Output Tables – Electronic Publication (cat. no. 5209.0.55.001).


Physical data in Energy Account, Australia, 2009–10 are based on ABARES' Australian Energy Statistics. These data have been adjusted to better accord with an Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC) industry–based view, using data from the ABS Economic Activity Survey, the Survey of Motor Vehicle Use (cat. no. 9208.0) and the EWES. Monetary estimates in the Hybrid table are derived from both the ABS EWES and ABS Input–Output tables at a detailed product classification level, where data quality permits. For some minor energy products, especially those without an established market, estimates of sufficient quality for publication were not possible.


Data for total physical flows of energy are coherent with data published in earlier editions of Energy Account, Australia. The allocation of energy conversions by industry in this edition is not completely coherent with previous editions. Monetary data in the Hybrid table is largely coherent with the 2004–05 Hybrid table but has been able to incorporate findings from the ABS EWES to help derive implicit unit prices and industry monetary use, especially below ANZSIC division level.

As data presented in the Energy Account are presented using the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC) (cat. no. 1292.0) it allows data in the Energy Account to be related to other economic statistics that use this classification, most notably the Australian System of National Accounts (cat. no. 5204.0).

In compiling the Hybrid (Physical-Monetary Energy Use) table for 2008-09, extensive work was undertaken to ensure consistency between Input-Output (I-O) table estimates and monetary use estimates within the Energy Account, Australia. As a result of this reconciliation process, there is coherence between the Hybrid table and I-O tables for each energy product at the level of total intermediate use, as well as for household use and exports. There are some small differences in inventories. A perfect alignment between Hybrid Energy Use tables and Input-Output tables within specific industries is not possible because of the iterative balancing process in the production of I-O tables. Though these differences are expected to be limited they are inevitable when the Hybrid Energy Use table is published before the corresponding Input-Output table. The reconciliation of monetary estimates in Hybrid tables and I-O tables will be undertaken in future releases of those publications.


There are three sections of explanatory notes in this publication, which cover:

  • Environmental Accounting Framework;
  • Supply and Use; and
  • Energy Intensity.


The data contained in this publication comprise the full detail of data compiled for the Energy Account, Australia and as such it would not be possible to provide any further information beyond what is presented in the publication. Tables contained in this publication are available in spreadsheet format in the downloads tab. For more detail on the publication please contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070.